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AWS IAM – Best Practices

AWS IAM – Best Practices | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
We encourage you to review our recommended AWS Identity & Access Management (IAM) best practices. Use IAM users instead of your AWS root account
Sam Jain's insight:

Follow these AWS IAM Best Practices for a better security. 

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Cloud For Unlimited Storage & Content Delivery!!

Cloud For Unlimited Storage & Content Delivery!! | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

Content Storage, On-Demand Discovery and Seamless Delivery are the most critical IT function for Media industry. 

This session will provide practical insights on how TechMinfy can provide a platform to enable this critical business function by demonstrating a workable solution.


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*Limited Seats Only !!

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How to use AWS Calculator ?

How to use AWS Calculator ? | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
The AWS calculator helps customers to effectively estimate the costs of running their specific project on AWS.
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Auto Scaling for E-Commerce & Web Portals !!

Auto Scaling for E-Commerce & Web Portals !! | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
Cloud auto scaling function is to ensure complex E-Commerce- & Web Applications are available at all times.Auto scaling is referred as automatic elasticity.
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Improvise Your Cloud Strategy !! | TechMinfy

Improvise Your Cloud Strategy !! | TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
Sam Jain's insight:

TechMinfy can help youleverage your strategy before you make a move to the cloud . 


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Web Services + Cloud Services Is Worthwhile !! | TechMinfy

The similarity between Web services and cloud services has become an archaic concern. However, they are not the same. But they are increasingly dependent on each. Technically, organizations can have a Cloud Services without Web Services or vice versa, but when these two services are combined together one can get superior business efficiency. Web Services is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network.  Cloud services are the servers that store the data, security and other infrastructure pieces needed to allow Web services to provide unique value as Web-accessible applications. Even though they aren’t the same thing the two services are joined at the hip and both work together to provide the maximum value in ones business. - See more at:

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Myths Of Cloud Computing !! | TechMinfy

Myths Of Cloud Computing !! | TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

Cloud computing is uniquely vulnerable to the risks of myths. It’s all about capabilities delivered as a service, between the service  provider and the end user. From an end user’s perspective, 'in the cloud' means where the implementation details are supposed to be out of sight and the magic happens. So there should be no shock that such an environment is prevalent with myths and misunderstandings.

Here’s a look at some of the most hazardous and ambiguous cloud myths:


Myth 1: Cloud Is Always About Money


While the prices are dropping for infrastructure as a service (IaaS), not all cloud service pricing is coming down (for example, software as a service [SaaS]). Assuming that the cloud always saves money can lead to career-limiting promises. Saving money may end up one of the benefits, but it should not be taken for granted.


Myth 2: We Need One Cloud policy or Vendor


Cloud computing is not one thing and a cloud strategy has to be based on this reality. Cloud services are broad and span multiple levels (IaaS, SaaS), models, scope and applications. A cloud strategy should be based on aligning business goals with potential benefits. Those goals and benefits are different in various use cases and should be the driving force for businesses, rather than any attempts to standardize on one offering or strategy.


Myth 3: Cloud Is Less Secure Than On-Premises Capabilities


Cloud computing is professed as less secure. This is more of a trust issue than based on any reasonable analysis of actual security capabilities. There have been very few security breaches in the public cloud, till date and the most breaches continue to involve on-premises data center environments. While cloud providers should have to demonstrate their capabilities, once they have done so there is no reason to believe their offerings cannot be secure.


Myth 4: Cloud Is Not for Mission-Critical Use


Cloud computing is not all or nothing. It is being adopted in steps and in specific cases. Therefore, it is not surprising that early use cases are mainly not for mission-critical systems. However, many organizations have progressed beyond early use cases, experimenting and are utilizing the cloud for mission-critical workloads. There are also many enterprises (not just small startups) that are "born in the cloud" and run their business  completely in the cloud.


Myth 5: Cloud  is equivalent to Data Center


Most cloud decisions are not (and should not be) about completely shutting down data centers and moving everything to the cloud. Nor should a cloud strategy be equated with a data center strategy. Neither should be done in a vacuum — there should be data center space for things not in the cloud and, if things are moved out of the data center, there are allegations. But they are not the same thing.

In general, data center outsourcing, data center modernization and data center strategies are not synonymous with the cloud.


Myth 6: Migrating to the Cloud Means You Automatically Get All Cloud Characteristics


Don't assume that "migrating to the cloud" means that the characteristics of the cloud are automatically inherited from lower levels (like IaaS). Cloud attributes are not transitive. Distinguish between applications hosted in the cloud from cloud services. There are "half steps" to the cloud that have some benefits (there is no need to buy hardware, for example) and these can be valuable. However, they do not provide the same outcomes.


Myth 7: Virtualization is a counterpart to the Private Cloud


The word "cloud" is often thrown around as an umbrella term, while "virtualization" is often confused with cloud computing. Although the two technologies are similar, they are not interchangeable, and the difference is significant enough to affect your business decisions.


Virtualization is software that separates physical infrastructures to create various dedicated resources. It is the fundamental technology that powers cloud computing. However, it is not the only way to implement cloud computing. Even if virtualization is used, the result is not cloud computing. This is most relevant in private cloud discussions where highly virtualized, automated environments are common and, in many cases, are exactly what is needed. Unfortunately, these are often erroneously described as "private cloud."

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5 Best Practices To Be Adopted To Secure Your AWS Cloud

5 Best Practices To Be Adopted To Secure Your AWS Cloud | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

Every customer has a question that “how secure their data / applications are while using AWS cloud.” The biggest thing to remember is that when customers use the cloud, security is not intrinsically provided for all workloads. AWS provides an “shared security” model i.e., Because you’re building systems on top of the AWS cloud infrastructure, the security responsibilities will be shared: AWS has secured the underlying infrastructure and you must secure anything you put on the infrastructure or connect to the infrastructure. AWS will provide security for its physical data centers (the virtual machines, storage and even security features), but it is up to customers to implement security services on top of their AWS infrastructure.

Below are best practices to follow while using AWS’s cloud or any IaaS cloud:

1. Enable Multi-factor authentication (MFA) : A common method for making it hard for hackers to get into your account is by enabling MFA. AWS (MFA) is a simple best practice that adds an extra layer of protection on top of your username and password. With MFA enabled, when a user signs in to an AWS website, they will be prompted for their username and password (the first factor – what they know), as well as for an authentication code from their AWS MFA device (the second factor – what they have). Taken together, these multiple factors provide increased security for your AWS account settings and resources.


You can enable MFA for your AWS account and for individual IAM users you have created under your account. MFA can be also be used to control access to AWS service APIs. Once you've obtained a supported hardware or virtual MFA device, AWS does not charge any additional fees for using MFA. You can also protect cross-account access using MFA.


2. Monitor your cloud for suspicious activity: Users can make it hard for hackers to get into the cloud, but you’ll probably also want to make sure that no unauthorized users actually have gotten in. There are a variety of options to monitor AWS usage, including some free AWS tools, and many other services that you can buy in the AWS Marketplace.


One AWS tool is called CloudTrail. It creates an API-log that reports all of the activity in a user’s account. This data can be dumped into monitoring solutions and analyzed. With CloudTrail, you can get the history of AWS API calls for your account, including API calls made via the AWS Management Console, AWS SDKs, command line tools, and higher-level AWS services (such as AWS CloudFormation). The AWS API call history produced by CloudTrail enables security analysis, resource change tracking, and compliance auditing.


3. Encryption: There are a variety of other ways to ensure that hackers can’t cause damage, even if they get into your AWS account. One is by encrypting the information stored in AWS’s cloud. AWS’s marketplace has many different encryption vendors, such as SafeNet and Vormetric, which provides various encryption services. Note that AWS provides some base-level encryption for its Simple Storage Service (S3) and some other services, but that is meant to protect mass attacks against the entire system. If a hacker gains access to a user’s account, this encryption will not be effective to prevent intruders from modifying the data.


4. Backup: A best practice for security is to backup your data. Backing up data may not prevent an attack, but it could help you quickly recover from one.


Many people have a misconception that data stored in the cloud will automatically be backed up. That’s true for some services, but not for all. AWS Elastic Block Store (EBS) and S3, for example, are highly available, meaning that AWS promises with a high degree of confidence that the data will not be lost because it is backed up within the system (if a user gains access to the management console this data can be modified though, rendering the built-in backups useless). EC2 virtual machine instances are not automatically backed up.


If a hacker gains access to an account and grounds damage, the user has a backup copy of the data that it can revert to. Each user has to evaluate what data they want to back up. Some organizations back up everything; others daily, weekly, monthly or in whatever interval the customer wants.


5. Updating apps: Another misconception is that applications in the cloud will always be updated. This may be true in a SaaS environment, but not in IaaS. AWS provides the base-level infrastructure to host applications. It’s up to the customer to control the applications that run on those virtual machines. Many vendors update their software frequently to scrap bugs and update their security features. All those advancements are useless if you do not have the latest version of the software running on it.


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A NoSQL for Analytics and Transactions - TechMinfy

A NoSQL for Analytics and Transactions - TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
A Cloud based Enterprise NoSQL for Transactional & Analytical Database.Analytics & Transaction Processing can happen in a single Operational NoSQL Database.
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TechMinfy-AWS Standard Consulting Partner | USA | India |

TechMinfy-AWS Standard Consulting Partner | USA | India | | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
TechMinfy has been announced as AWS Standard Consulting Partner in April,2014 and helps clients deploy and manage applications in the AWS cloud.
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Cloud Security Concerns For Businesses - Techminfy

Cloud Security Concerns For Businesses - Techminfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
Some businesses are hesitant to move to the cloud because of the security concerns,here are some reasons for you which will set your mind at ease.
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SaaS (Software as a Service) on AWS !! | TechMinfy

SaaS (Software as a Service) on AWS !! | TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |
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Auto Scale Can Benefit As Well Outrage Your Execution !! | TechMinfy

Auto Scale Can Benefit As Well Outrage Your Execution !! | TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

You might have some knowledge about auto-scaling, but have some questions like, why and how to go about it.


Why auto-scale?


One of the most popular benefits of auto-scaling is to control infrastructure costs by shrinking/escalating your application infrastructure to meet the actual demand. The cost savings are realized by taking advantage of the cloud utility-based pricing model where you only pay for the resources you use.


Another major benefit of auto-scaling is to ensure your application availability. With this approach, you develop a solution that can identify failing server instances and automatically replace them with healthy instances in a way that is seamless to the application.


How to auto-scale?


The first method is called bootstrapping. With this method, the server instance is dynamically configured as it is booting up. For example, if your application needs another web server, the server would download the necessary software, install, and configure itself as a web server during the boot process. This method could create quite a bit of complexity, as it requires a set of third-party tools to provide the automation functions.There are two main methods for implementing an auto-scaling solution. The option you choose will depend on a number of factors, including the tools available to you as well as your development team’s ability to effectively use those tools.


The second method of implementing auto-scaling is to have pre-configured virtual machines that can be powered on and added into your environment when needed. So, if you have a three-tier application architecture which includes web, app, and database tiers, you would have additional web, app, and database servers in a powered off state ready to be powered on when needed.


You may face many challenges when selecting the best application to meet your current and future business needs. Couple that decision with having to select the best cloud IaaS provider to host your application. Understand the benefits of auto-scaling, its key considerations, and how to perform a cost/benefit analysis will prepare you to select the best IaaS provider to meet your needs.


Auto Scaling In AWS:


Auto Scaling is an AWS service that allows you to increase or decrease the number of EC2 instances within your application’s architecture. With Auto Scaling, you create collections of EC2 instances, called Auto Scaling groups.You can create these groups from scratch, or from existing EC2 instances that are already in production.


Adding Auto Scaling to your network architecture is one way to maximize the benefits of the AWS cloud. With Auto Scaling, you can make your applications:


Auto Scaling is enabled by Amazon CloudWatch and carries no additional fees.More fault tolerant.Auto Scaling can detect when an instance is unhealthy, terminate it, and launch a new instance to replace it.More highly available.You also don’t pay for Auto Scaling. Instead, you pay only for the EC2 instances launched, and only for as long as you use them.




Auto scaling is a very powerful tool, but it can also be a double-edged sword. Without the proper configuration and testing, it can harm you more than good. A number of edge cases may occur when attempting to optimize or make the configuration more complex. TechMinfy can help you configure carefully and suitably, by decreasing your overall cost while increasing the availability.


Sam Jain's insight:

TechMinfy can help you configure carefully and suitably, by decreasing your overall cost while increasing the availability.


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Strategize Your Over-Provisioning In AWS | TechMinfy

Strategize Your Over-Provisioning In AWS | TechMinfy | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

The organizations that have already moved to the cloud, they might be practicing the old habits which might cost them merely as they over-provision the resources without any cost-control strategies or tools geared up.


There is plenty of precedence in the enterprise computing community to defend the concept of over-provisioning. With traditional architectures, one must build their systems such that they can handle peak capacities without breaking up to halt. However, resource provisioning doesn’t work the same way in the cloud. The over-provisioning approach is biased, if not absurd, when organizations move to the cloud. With cloud-based systems, an organization minimizes their costs when capacity is provisioned based on average, non-peak, usage.


The organizations which leverage IaaS and PaaS based systems dissipate money by under-utilizing the resources. What does under-utilization look like? In some cases, a company might use the incorrect usage tier, and the significant savings could be achieved, if they moved from a medium-usage tier to a micro-usage tier. In other cases, it might be running of extravagant number of EC2 instances. Such reckless negligence can result in recurring cost that can go on for months if the right checks and balances aren’t in place.


There are some organizations which runs a very firm-hand, where AWS and other cloud-based usage is monitored quite closely, and utilization monitoring only identifies a minimal amount of waste.


What’s the expensive mistake AWS clients are making?  The biggest mistake is that people are a too slow in buying reserved instances, in this way one can lower the hourly cost of infrastructure.


TechMinfy helps you to solve the problem of over-provisioning & provides best practices to carry out and consult enterprises to choose what type of reserved instance to buy. Clients are worried that they’re going to make a mistake that might cost them more, instead of saving money. There are over 2000 different types of reservations you can buy; depending on the instance type, the availability zone you buy it in and the operating system, and each one of those reservations has a different break-even point. And with so many different variables going into choosing the right reserved instance, many organizations are simply choosing not to make the decision for fear of making the wrong one.

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5 things to be considered before you move to the cloud !!

5 things to be considered before you move to the cloud !! | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

Organizations are expected to be very hesitant about the potential risks of moving IT infrastructure to the cloud. Therefore, to make the move fruitfully, there are a number of key considerations that need to be evaluated, analyzed and considered.


Let’s take a closer look at these:


1) Which cloud is right for you? 

When talking about a move to the cloud, some individual’s think of just the public cloud. Keep in mind that public cloud is for everyone, but not everything. Hybrid Cloud is a combination of public cloud, private cloud and dedicated hosting with a secure mechanism to combine and switch amongst the three and getting the right type of cloud to fit your architecture and applications than force-fitting everything into the public cloud.


The public cloud is best suited for non-competitively differentiating applications, with relatively easier management control, with low entitlement of highly niche applications, security and compliance needs and which are highly variable in nature, often spiking or dipping in terms of loads.  Dedicated hosting is best suited to applications that have very high performance requirements in terms of input/output and latency, besides stringent management control, compliance and security requirements. Private cloud would fall somewhere in the middle of the spectrum.


2)  Which apps should you move?  

Organizations should have a strategically well thought out approach towards moving their apps to the Cloud. Organizations should look for applications that;

Have significant interaction with external applications or servicesAre variable in their usage with significant spikes and dips on a periodic basisAre not a point of differentiation between the organization and its competitors


3) Security & compliance considerations of adopting cloud 

Organizations should be aware that security is a partnership between the vendor and the user. They should therefore clearly ascertain which aspects of security are the responsibility of the vendor and which are the responsibility of the user.  Organizations should fully appraise and be aware of their own compliance requirements, and therefore examine to what degree cloud computing meets these requirements


4) Migration strategy

 Often disregarded, the cost and time it takes to move an existing workload to the Cloud. Specific factors to think about here include:

Advice and workload analysis of which type of hosting – dedicated hosting, private cloud or public cloud is the best fitThe bandwidth cost of moving significant amounts of data to the CloudThe time taken to transfer data in the migration process In the case of an application, the business process involved in a migration (downtime, business continuity, training etc)


5) Architecting - the cloud

 The applications being deployed sometimes need to be architected (or re-architected) to take advantage of the inherently scalable nature of cloud computing. Legacy applications, for instance, may not be able to truly leverage the benefits the public cloud can bring without significant re-architecting. It may be better to leave them in dedicated hosting environments and combine with other applications on public cloud for optimal performance and cost considerations.


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Amazon and Google to dominate the cloud—and Amazon takes it away !!

Amazon and Google to dominate the cloud—and Amazon takes it away !! | TechMinfy- Tech !! |

 “The cloud” is a term so amorphous that it hardly does justice to the specifics of Google’s and Amazon’s respective strategies. Generically, the cloud is just a vast mass of computers connected to the internet, on which people or companies can rent processing power or data storage as they need it. It’s used for everything from hosting websites to running massive data-crunching operations to storing archives.

Unless you work in technology or corporate logistics, you might not know that Amazon is ahead of Google in the cloud business. Most consumers will have encountered the cloud in the form of services where Google is strong—email (Gmail), document storage (Google Drive), and the like. But Amaz

on Web Services has been the front-runner in the cloud computing race for years, and it doesn't seem to be slowing down. AWS continues to make moves to keep its customers happy and attract enterprise IT, and it has an array of cloud services that gives customers loads of options to best fit their IT environments.


To understand the scale of the 

war brewing between them, it helps to 

understand that what Amazon and Google are really contesting is who gets to eat a bigger portion of the total corporate information-technology pie. All the warehouses of servers that run the whole of the internet, all the software used by companies the world over, and all the other IT services companies hire others to provide, or which they provide internally, will be worth some $1.4 trillion in 2014, according to Gartner Research—some six times Google and Amazon’s combined annual revenue last year. Not surprisingly, both companies have said at one point or another that this new revenue stream has the potential to be larger than all their current sources of income.

But wait, you say; that stuff isn’t all in the cloud. Most IT services are still provided much closer to w

here they are used, on PCs themselves or in “private clouds” run by companies and their contractors.

When that time comes, all the world’s business IT needs will be delivered as a service, like electricity; you won’t much care where it was generated, as long as the supply is reliable. And Google and Amazon both want to be the utility company that provides it—minus the government regulation that usually attends utilities.


In response to Google’s price cuts, Amazon fought back with price cuts of its own, leaving the two companies’ services more or less at parity with each other in terms of cos

t, if not performance.

There’s a problem with Google’s cloud push, It arrives eight years too late. Way back in 2006, Amazon had the prudence to start renting out portions of its own, already substantial cloud—the data centers on which it was running—to startups th

at wanted to pay for servers by the hour, instead of renting them individually, as was typical at the time.

Because Amazon was so early, and so aggressive—it has lowered prices for its cloud services 42 times since first unveiling them, according to the company—it first defined and then swallowed whole the market for cloud computing and storage.


AWS named as a leader in the Infrastructure as a Service Magic Quadrant report for the 3rd consecutive year:


In the year 2014, Cloud Infrastructure as a Service Magic Quadrant, Gartner placed Amazon Web Services in the “Leaders” quadrant and rated AWS as having the furthest completeness of vision and highest ability to execute.

With a mature range of flexible IT resources available globally and at low cost, AWS is providing greater business agility and significant cost savings across virtually 

every industry. 





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