Amazing Brain
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Amazing Brain
Articles and news on brain research. Learning and the brain, and many other topics.
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Animation: Inside Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's disease is an area of intense preclinical and clinical research. In this animated video, Nature Neuroscience introduces the molecular, cellular and physiological mechanisms associated with the disease, highlighting some of the most recent advances in our understanding of the onset and progression of this devastating neurological condition. The video also illustrates current gaps in our scientific knowledge that will be important to address to generate effective treatments for the disease.

Produced with support of a grant from F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
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To Recover Faster from Rejection, Shift Your Mindset

To Recover Faster from Rejection, Shift Your Mindset | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
They found that rejection made participants with more of a fixed mindset more likely to worry that there is something wrong with them. Compared to people with more of a growth mindset, they experienced more negative emotions, such as shame, embarrassment, anger, and frustration. They also agreed more strongly that talking about the past would harm new relationships — even though, on average, people were thinking about rejections that had happened five years ago.
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The Internet Makes You Think You’re Smarter Than You Are: An Interview with Matthew Fisher

The Internet Makes You Think You’re Smarter Than You Are: An Interview with Matthew Fisher | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Plus, searching the internet is almost effortless, and it’s almost always accessible. You never face your ignorance when it’s there. Because we’re so deeply plugged into it, we misattribute the connection to knowledge to actually having the knowledge ourselves. It becomes an appendage. We like to use the term “cognitive prosthesis.”
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Managing the Critical Voices Inside Your Head

Managing the Critical Voices Inside Your Head | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
So, I said to her, it’s a good idea to get used to the different responses without getting thrown off balance. You can’t control how people respond to you, but you can control how you take them in and how you respond to them.

But let’s go one step deeper. The truth is, we all have a Joey and a Vicky inside, and they can both be useful.  Joey might seem unkind, but his high expectations and low tolerance for failure can be helpful in driving us to be our best. On the other hand, sometimes we need empathetic support. To some, Vicky may appear soft. But her comfort and reassurance can be useful, especially during times of stress.

Here’s the key: Be strategic and intentional about who you listen to  – and when – even if the voices are inside your head. In fact, especially if the voices are inside your head. Those can be the sneakiest. It’s pretty easy to call Joey a jerk and ignore him; it’s much harder to dismiss the voice in your head because, well, it’s you.
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Posture Affects How Robots and Infants Map Words to Objects

Posture Affects How Robots and Infants Map Words to Objects | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
For infants, the first problem in learning a word is to map the word to its referent; a second problem is to remember that mapping when the word and/or referent are again encountered. Recent infant studies suggest that spatial location plays a key role in how infants solve both problems. Here we provide a new theoretical model and new empirical evidence on how the body – and its momentary posture – may be central to these processes. The present study uses a name-object mapping task in which names are either encountered in the absence of their target (experiments 1–3, 6 & 7), or when their target is present but in a location previously associated with a foil (experiments 4, 5, 8 & 9). A humanoid robot model (experiments 1–5) is used to instantiate and test the hypothesis that body-centric spatial location, and thus the bodies’ momentary posture, is used to centrally bind the multimodal features of heard names and visual objects. The robot model is shown to replicate existing infant data and then to generate novel predictions, which are tested in new infant studies (experiments 6–9). Despite spatial location being task-irrelevant in this second set of experiments, infants use body-centric spatial contingency over temporal contingency to map the name to object. Both infants and the robot remember the name-object mapping even in new spatial locations. However, the robot model shows how this memory can emerge –not from separating bodily information from the word-object mapping as proposed in previous models of the role of space in word-object mapping – but through the body’s momentary disposition in space.

Via Ashish Umre
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How Meditation May Change the Brain

How Meditation May Change the Brain | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
People who meditated 30 minutes a day for eight weeks had changes in parts of the brain associated with memory, sense of self, empathy and stress.
D.B.'s insight:

Previous studies have also shown that there are structural differences between the brains of meditators and those who don’t meditate, although this new study is the first to document changes in gray matter over time through meditation.

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Pandora Internet Radio - Listen to Free Music You'll Love

Pandora Internet Radio - Listen to Free Music You'll Love | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Pandora is free, personalized radio that plays music you'll love. Discover new music and enjoy old favorites. Start with your favorite artist, song or composer and Pandora will create a custom station that plays similar tracks.
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Robots Are Starting to Make Offshoring Less Attractive

Robots Are Starting to Make Offshoring Less Attractive | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
U.S. companies are bringing jobs back home.
D.B.'s insight:

Despite the doom and gloom, advances in robotics and associated technology are having a positive impact on local manufacturing and services and both sustaining and creating jobs. I

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Symptoms Of Dementia Warded Off By The Bilingual Brain

Symptoms Of Dementia Warded Off By The Bilingual Brain | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
New research explains how speaking more than one language may translate to better mental health.
D.B.'s insight:

We need to continue to promote learning a second langague!

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Splintered system often fails 1.5 million in U.S. who have both mental illness and developmental disability.

Splintered system often fails 1.5 million in U.S. who have both mental illness and developmental disability. | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
The estimated 1.5 million people in the U.S. who suffer from a debilitating combination of mental illness and developmental disability face huge challenges in getting coordinated treatment.
D.B.'s insight:

Ms. Clark has schizophrenia and an IQ of 63. The voices she hears are a symptom of her mental illness, and her childlike mental functioning is a developmental disability. While her case ended in extreme tragedy, it spotlights the huge challenges facing an estimated 1.5 million people in the U.S. who suffer from a debilitating combination of mental illness and developmental disability.

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Faster growing babies have higher IQ: study

Faster growing babies have higher IQ: study | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Newborn babies who grow faster in the first four weeks are likely to have a higher IQ later in life, a new study has found.
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Brainsway Agrees on Neurological Device U.S. Marketing

Brainsway Agrees on Neurological Device U.S. Marketing | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Brainsway Ltd., the developer of a magnetic device for treating neurological conditions, said a U.S. company will help the Israeli manufacturer market the product in that country.
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10 Reasons Your Kids Don’t Listen to You - Aha!NOW

10 Reasons Your Kids Don’t Listen to You - Aha!NOW | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Do your kids listen to you? If not, have you tried to analyze why children don't listen to their parents? Has this anything to do with parenting? Let's see.
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If Democrats Want to Challenge Trump, They Need a New Strategy

If Democrats Want to Challenge Trump, They Need a New Strategy | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
What Hasn’t Worked
So far, Trump’s opponents have used three relatively ineffective strategies.

Attempting to portray Trump as temperamentally unfit for the presidency, the approach primarily adopted by Hillary Clinton’s campaign, clearly didn’t work. Continued attacks on Trump’s character, intellect, or ignorance about government are a waste of energy at best and counterproductive at worst, since they could simply amplify the class resentments between Middle America Trump supporters and the coastal and urban elite.

Attacks on Trump’s conflicts of interest have also failed, and will keep failing until or unless they are tied to particular actions that are seen to harm his supporters. Until then, his supporters will simply that assume all politicians are corrupt and that Trump’s wealth somehow insulates him from such conflicts.

Since Trump’s inauguration, the opposition has taken a third approach: arguing that Trump has broken American democratic norms. Given what has happened with similar leaders in other countries, this line of attack is unlikely to have much effect on Trump’s political standing (at least in the short term, and unless he ventures much, much further from such norms).
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Brain Training for Anxiety, Depression and Other Mental Conditions

Brain Training for Anxiety, Depression and Other Mental Conditions | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Neurofeedback uses real-time scans to teach patients to try to change how they think.
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The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think

The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
This gives us an insight that goes much deeper than the need to understand addicts. Professor Peter Cohen argues that human beings have a deep need to bond and form connections. It's how we get our satisfaction. If we can't connect with each other, we will connect with anything we can find -- the whirr of a roulette wheel or the prick of a syringe. He says we should stop talking about 'addiction' altogether, and instead call it 'bonding.' A heroin addict has bonded with heroin because she couldn't bond as fully with anything else.

So the opposite of addiction is not sobriety. It is human connection.
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Alzheimer's shows up decades before symptoms - Futurity

Alzheimer's shows up decades before symptoms - Futurity | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
“These exciting findings are the first to confirm what we have long suspected, that disease onset begins years before the first sign of cognitive decline or memory loss,” says Laurie Ryan, clinical trials program director at the National Institute on Aging, part of the NIH. “And while DIAN participants are at risk for the rare, genetic form of the disease, insights gained from the study will greatly inform our understanding of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease.”
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Why Everyone Should Learn A Second Language

Why Everyone Should Learn A Second Language | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Protects against Alzheimer’s and dementia

Studies have shown that adults who speak two or more languages experience the onset of Alzheimer’s and dementia later than monolingual adults. This mental health advantage even extended to people who were illiterate, meaning that simply knowing how to speak two languages is beneficial even if you can’t read.
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Mindfulness Can Literally Change Your Brain - HBR

Mindfulness Can Literally Change Your Brain - HBR | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
It’s good for resilience and decision making.
D.B.'s insight:

The business world is abuzz with mindfulness. But perhaps you haven’t heard that the hype is backed by hard science. Recent research provides strong evidence that practicing non-judgmental, present-moment awareness (a.k.a. mindfulness) changes the brain, and it does so in ways that anyone working in today’s complex business environment, and certainly every leader, should know about.

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Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks

Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
We show, via a massive (N = 689,003) experiment on Facebook, that emotional states can be transferred to others via emotional contagion, leading people to experience the same emotions without their awareness. We provide experimental evidence that emotional contagion occurs without direct interaction between people (exposure to a friend expressing an emotion is sufficient), and in the complete absence of nonverbal cues.
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Create a Work Environment That Fosters Flow

Create a Work Environment That Fosters Flow | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Start by getting the challenge/skills ratio right.
D.B.'s insight:

Fascinating:

"In flow, the brain releases norepinephrine, dopamine, endorphins, anandamide, and serotonin. All five affect performance. Norepinephrine and dopamine tighten focus, helping us shut out the persistent distractions of our multi-tasked lives. Endorphins block pain, letting us burn the candle at both ends without burning out altogether. Anandamide prompts lateral connections and generates gestalt insights far more than most brainstorming sessions.  And serotonin, that feel-good chemical at the heart of the Prozac revolution, bonds teams together more powerfully than the best-intentioned offsite."


"Motivationally, these five chemicals are the biggest rewards the brain can produce, and flow is one of the only times the brain produces all five simultaneously. This makes the state one of the most pleasurable, meaningful and — literally — addictive experiences available."

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Auto industry's fat profits about to confront law of supply and demand.

Auto industry's fat profits about to confront law of supply and demand. | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
The auto industry's recent fat profits from rising demand for new cars in North America is about to confront the law of supply and demand: A string of new factories in the region will start cranking out a million or more cars over the next several...
D.B.'s insight:

At the North American International Auto Show in Detroit on Monday, Volkswagen AGVOW.XE +3.07% said it would build a new North American plant as part of a plan to invest $7 billion in the region over the next five years. That will be in addition to a factory already under construction in Mexico and its two-year-old plant in Chattanooga, Tenn., which is currently operating at about half of its full potential.

 

 

 

Honda Motor Co. 7267.TO +0.85% and Mazda Motor Corp. 7261.TO +2.18% also are building new plants in Mexico. Nissan Motor Co.7201.TO +0.43% began making cars at a new Mexican plant in November. On top of that, Honda,Ford Motor Co. F +0.52% , Toyota Motor Corp.7203.TO +1.48% and General Motors Co.GM -0.92% are all expanding capacity at their existing plants in the U.S. and Canada.

 
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Should Leaders Focus on Results, or on People?

Should Leaders Focus on Results, or on People? | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
It's a trick question.
D.B.'s insight:

As I describe in my book, Social: Why our brains are wired to connect, our brains have made it difficult to be both socially and analytically focused at the same time.  Even though thinking social and analytically don’t feel radically different, evolution built our brain with different networks for handling these two ways of thinking.  In the frontal lobe, regions on the outer surface, closer to the skull, are responsible for analytical thinking and are highly related to IQ.  In contrast, regions in the middle of the brain, where the two hemispheres touch, support social thinking.  These regions allow us to piece together a person’s thoughts, feelings, and goals based on what we see from their actions, words, and context.

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'Indo-Pak bilateral trade to benefit both countries'

'Indo-Pak bilateral trade to benefit both countries' | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
The improvement in Indo-Pak trade ties would not only increase the bilateral trade 10 times but also expand market access, economic growth, energy benefits, and regional stability, a top international business school professor has said.
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How to Get Kids to Listen to You - Aha!NOW

How to Get Kids to Listen to You - Aha!NOW | Amazing Brain | Scoop.it
Do you wish that your kids listen to you more than they do now? You can get kids to listen to you if you change your parenting ways and connect with them.
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