Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice
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We know how food production needs to change if crisis is to be avoided – so why isn't this happening?

We know how food production needs to change if crisis is to be avoided – so why isn't this happening? | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Multiple reports have convincingly demonstrated that agroecology is the most promising pathway to sustainable food systems on all continents. But governments aren't doing enough to support it.
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Disembedding grain: Golden Rice, the Green Revolution, and heirloom seeds in the Philippines

Disembedding grain: Golden Rice, the Green Revolution, and heirloom seeds in the Philippines | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
“Golden Rice” has played a key role in arguments over genetically modified (GM) crops for many years. It is routinely depicted as a generic GM vitamin tablet in a generic plant bound for th
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The Pesticide Treadmill | Pesticide Action Network

The Pesticide Treadmill | Pesticide Action Network | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
THESE ARE DARK DAYS FOR SCIENCE
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The determinants of dietary diversity and nutrition: ethnonutrition knowledge of local people in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania | Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Full Text

The determinants of dietary diversity and nutrition: ethnonutrition knowledge of local people in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania | Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Full Text | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Diet and nutrition-related behaviours are embedded in cultural and environmental contexts: adoption of new knowledge depends on how easily it can be integrated into existing knowledge systems. As dietary diversity promotion becomes an increasingly common component of nutrition education, understanding local nutrition knowledge systems and local concepts about dietary diversity is essential to formulate efficient messages. This paper draws on in-depth qualitative ethnographic research conducted in small-scale agricultural communities in Tanzania. Data were collected using interviews, focus group discussions and participant observation in the East Usambara Mountains, an area that is home primarily to the Shambaa and Bondei ethnic groups, but has a long history of ethnic diversity and ethnic intermixing. The data showed a high degree of consensus among participants who reported that dietary diversity is important because it maintains and enhances appetite across days, months and seasons. Local people reported that sufficient cash resources, agrobiodiversity, heterogeneity within the landscape, and livelihood diversity all supported their ability to consume a varied diet and achieve good nutritional status. Other variables affecting diet and dietary diversity included seasonality, household size, and gender. The results suggest that dietary diversity was perceived as something all people, both rich and poor, could achieve. There was significant overlap between local and scientific understandings of dietary diversity, suggesting that novel information on the importance of dietary diversity promoted through education will likely be easily integrated into the existing knowledge systems.
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“I would say that might be all it is, is hope”: The framing of herbicide resistance and how farmers explain their faith in herbicides - ScienceDirect

“I would say that might be all it is, is hope”: The framing of herbicide resistance and how farmers explain their faith in herbicides - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
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“Measurement drives diagnosis and response”: Gaps in transferring food security assessment to the urban scale - ScienceDirect

“Measurement drives diagnosis and response”: Gaps in transferring food security assessment to the urban scale - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
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‘Triple wins’ or ‘triple faults’? Analysing the equity implications of policy discourses on climate-smart agriculture (CSA)

(2018). ‘Triple wins’ or ‘triple faults’? Analysing the equity implications of policy discourses on climate-smart agriculture (CSA) The Journal of Peasant Studies: Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 150-174.
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The unequal allocation of PRONAF resources: Which factors are determining the intensity of the program across Brazil?

The family farming sector in Brazil is an important player in the country’s economy, especially in poor rural areas, and it is a relevant supplier of staple food as well. In order to stimulate the development of family farming, the government has created the National Program for Strengthening Family Agriculture (PRONAF). PRONAF is a credit program that offers loans at a subsidized interest rate. However, studies have shown that wealthier farmers and more developed regions have more…
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Gardener Well-Being along Social and Biophysical Landscape Gradients

Gardener Well-Being along Social and Biophysical Landscape Gradients | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Increasing human populations are challenging cities to grow sustainably while maintaining green spaces that deliver ecosystem services and well-being benefits. Community gardens are green spaces that provide food, community, and health benefits, but gardens often are non-permanent due to development and green space loss. Thus, investigating their significance and benefit across urban regions is critical for research and policy alike. This study investigated the role of community gardens in providing human well-being benefits across three counties in the California Central Coast—a region undergoing massive urban transformation in the last century. We measured how multiple aspects of self-reported gardener well-being varied in relation to the social opportunities of surrounding neighborhoods and the biophysical features of the landscapes in which the gardens were embedded. The results document improvements in gardener well-being through gardening across social and biophysical gradients. Gardeners are motivated by diverse reasons, varying from gardening in order to connect to nature, to gardening for improved food access, or to enhance time spent with family. Community gardens are therefore important for supporting many well-being benefits. Policies to maintain and protect gardens should prioritize neighborhoods with needs for connecting to nature and enhancing social interaction within the community.
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Assessing the long-term performance of large-scale land transfers: Challenges and opportunities in Malawi’s estate sector

Assessing the long-term performance of large-scale land transfers: Challenges and opportunities in Malawi’s estate sector | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Large farms underperformed small ones and failed to generate positive spillovers.
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Big Food and Little Data: The Slow Harvest of Corporate Food Supply Chain Sustainability Initiatives

(2017). Big Food and Little Data: The Slow Harvest of Corporate Food Supply Chain Sustainability Initiatives. Annals of the American Association of Geographers: Vol. 107, No. 6, pp. 1389-1406.
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Food security monitoring in Brazil and other Latin American countries: Support for governance with the participation of civil society - ScienceDirect

Food security monitoring in Brazil and other Latin American countries: Support for governance with the participation of civil society - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
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Agroecology as a vehicle for contributive justice

Agroecology as a vehicle for contributive justice | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Agroecology has been criticized for being more labor-intensive than other more industrialized forms of agriculture. We challenge the assertion that labor input in agriculture has to be generally minim
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Land | Free Full-Text | System Properties Determine Food Security and Biodiversity Outcomes at Landscape Scale: A Case Study from West Flores, Indonesia | HTML

Land | Free Full-Text | System Properties Determine Food Security and Biodiversity Outcomes at Landscape Scale: A Case Study from West Flores, Indonesia | HTML | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
The food-biodiversity nexus is a concept that defines and characterizes the complex interactions between agricultural systems and biodiversity conservation. Here we use a social-ecological systems approach that combines fuzzy cognitive mapping and graph theoretic analyses to uncover system properties that determine food security and biodiversity outcomes at a landscape scale. We studied a rice-based agricultural landscape system situated in Mbeliling district of West Flores, Indonesia. A graphical representation of the Mbeliling district food-biodiversity nexus was created by local experts. The representation revealed system properties that help reconcile the trade-offs between food security and biodiversity conservation. The graph represented a diverse set of food security and biodiversity nodes, and showed that there is not a simple dichotomy between ‘production and protection’. The analysis captured greater complexity than popular academic concepts such as land sparing–land sharing or sustainable intensification. Three major themes emerged from the graph. We found distinct clusters of factors influencing biodiversity and food security. We named these sources of influence (1) Modernisation and sustainable farming; (2) Knowledge and management; and (3) Governance and processes. Component 2 was the most representative of emergent system properties that contribute positively to managing a sustainable food-biodiversity nexus in the Mbeliling landscape. The key determinants of outcomes were: improving agronomic practices, diversifying production, maintaining forest cover and connectivity, and using knowledge and natural resource management processes to mitigate the main drivers of change. Our approach highlights the complexities in the food-biodiversity nexus, and could have wide application in other locations.
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Beginning to End Hunger: Food and the Environment in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and Beyond » Real Food Media » Stories from the heart of the food movement

Beginning to End Hunger: Food and the Environment in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and Beyond » Real Food Media » Stories from the heart of the food movement | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Stories from the heart of the food movement
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Cultivar mixtures: a meta-analysis of the effect of intraspecific diversity on crop yield - Reiss - 2017 - Ecological Applications - Wiley Online Library

Cultivar mixtures: a meta-analysis of the effect of intraspecific diversity on crop yield - Reiss - 2017 - Ecological Applications - Wiley Online Library | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Extensive research has shown that greater plant community diversity leads to higher levels of productivity and other ecosystem services, and such increased diversity has been suggested as a way t
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The Ideology of U.S. Agriculture: How Are Integrated Management Approaches Envisioned?: Society & Natural Resources: Vol 30, No 11

The Ideology of U.S. Agriculture: How Are Integrated Management Approaches Envisioned?: Society & Natural Resources: Vol 30, No 11 | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
(2017). The Ideology of U.S. Agriculture: How Are Integrated Management Approaches Envisioned? Society & Natural Resources: Vol. 30, No. 11, pp. 1311-1327.
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A Municipal-level analysis of secular trends in severe food insecurity in Brazil between 2004 and 2013 - ScienceDirect

A Municipal-level analysis of secular trends in severe food insecurity in Brazil between 2004 and 2013 - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
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Cultivating climate resilience: a participatory assessment of organic and conventional rice systems in the Philippines | Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems | Cambridge Core

Cultivating climate resilience: a participatory assessment of organic and conventional rice systems in the Philippines - Amber Heckelman, Sean Smukler, Hannah Wittman
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Climate-smart agriculture: what is it good for?

(2018). Climate-smart agriculture: what is it good for? The Journal of Peasant Studies: Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 89-107.
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Reducing pesticide use while preserving crop productivity and profitability on arable farms

Reducing pesticide use while preserving crop productivity and profitability on arable farms | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Letter
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The Great Recession, the Treadmill of Production and Ecological Disorganization: Did the Recession Decrease Toxic Releases Across US States, 2005–2014? - ScienceDirect

The Great Recession, the Treadmill of Production and Ecological Disorganization: Did the Recession Decrease Toxic Releases Across US States, 2005–2014? - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Steady-state, treadmill of production, and ecological Marxism arguments are supported.
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The Land Sparing Complex: Environmental Governance, Agricultural Intensification, and State Building in the Brazilian Amazon

(2017). The Land Sparing Complex: Environmental Governance, Agricultural Intensification, and State Building in the Brazilian Amazon. Annals of the American Association of Geographers: Vol. 107, No. 6, pp. 1424-1443.
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Rethinking the measurement of undernutrition in a broader health context: Should we look at possible causes or actual effects? - ScienceDirect

Rethinking the measurement of undernutrition in a broader health context: Should we look at possible causes or actual effects? - ScienceDirect | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
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The trade deal that triggered a health crisis in Mexico – in pictures

The trade deal that triggered a health crisis in Mexico – in pictures | Agroecology, Food Security, Food Sovereignty, and Food Justice | Scoop.it
Mexico has become a tariff-free dumping ground for soft drinks and junk food imported from the US. James Whitlow Delano reports from a country in crisis
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