Agricultural Biodiversity
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Mashua is Like Marmite

Mashua is Like Marmite | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
RT @Rhizowen: @BotanyRocks Anyone ever eaten any of the mashua you grow at Eden? Get em to fill in my survey: http://t.co/TfRQ3XhY
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Agricultural Biodiversity
Genetic and species diversity of crops, trees, livestock, pets, fish, pollinators, microbes etc etc...
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Are we making progress to conserve biodiversity or are we still destroying it? A round up of the IPBES regional assessments – Jane Feeney –

Are we making progress to conserve biodiversity or are we still destroying it? A round up of the IPBES regional assessments – Jane Feeney – | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Biodiversity refers to the complex web of genes, species, communities of creatures and entire ecosystems that make up our planet. Biodiversity is the Earth’s living fabric, vital for sustaining ecosystems and for human survival. Biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people are, according to the Chair of IPBES Sir Robert Watson, “the bedrock of our food,…
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Effects of elevated CO2 on the protein concentration of food crops: a meta‐analysis - TAUB - 2008 - Global Change Biology - Wiley Online Library

Abstract Meta‐analysis techniques were used to examine the effect of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide [CO2] on the protein concentrations of major food crops, incorporating 228 experimental observations on barley, rice, wheat, soybean and potato.
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CABI joins international team of experts to develop a Global Surveillance System for crop diseases –

CABI joins international team of experts to develop a Global Surveillance System for crop diseases – | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
CABI has joined an international team of experts in the field of agricultural science to develop a framework for Global Surveillance System (GSS) for crop diseases that could help ensure greater food security around the world. Dr Roger Day, Programme Executive for the recently launched Action on Invasives programme led by CABI, was of one…
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Lost rice found, again – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Lost rice found, again – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
First there was Carolina Gold. Now there is “upland red bearded” or “Moruga Hill” rice. Mr. Dennis had heard about hill rice…through the culinary organization Slow Food USA and the Carolina Gold Rice Foundation, the group that brought back Carolina Gold in the early 2000s. He’d also heard stories about it from elderly cooks in … Continue reading "Lost rice found, again"
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Crowdsinking seeds – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

The saddest cereal box I’ve ever seen: Honey Nut Cheerios now includes a pack of flower seeds you can plant to help bring back the bees. Source: https://t.co/bSw8vrltvZ pic.twitter.com/rdl5KnlZbp — Simon Kuestenmacher (@simongerman600) March 9, 2018 Sounds like a cool idea, no? Well, maybe not so much: “context is important.”
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Experts lay the ground for a global system to protect the world’s most important crops | CIAT Blog

Experts lay the ground for a global system to protect the world’s most important crops | CIAT Blog | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
A proposed global surveillance system will consolidate best practices in preventing crop diseases.
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Happy 10th birthday, Svalbard Global Seed Vault! – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Happy 10th birthday, Svalbard Global Seed Vault! – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Yeah, so this happened. But let’s not make it about me. For once. Let’s hear it for the Global Gatekeepers of Crop Diversity. Live the whole thing again vicariously on Twitter. And go to Mike Jackson for a round-up.
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This Colorado vault is keeping your favorite foods from going extinct

This Colorado vault is keeping your favorite foods from going extinct | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Inside the the vault preserving the world's biodiversity, hundreds of thousands of seeds and animal cells at a time.
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Plant genetic resources and resilient seed systems for sustainable food security. | Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research

Plant genetic resources and resilient seed systems for sustainable food security. | Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Promoting crop genetic diversity, social interdependence, adaptability and autonomy are important topics to empower smallholders farmers. This course brings state-of-the-art strategies in managing crop genetic resources and building resilient seed systems for sustainable food security and reducing climatic risks. By the end of the course you will be able to: Be familiar with contemporary approaches […]
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ICARDA Scientist Receives “Gatekeeper” Award for Conserving Crops

ICARDA Scientist Receives “Gatekeeper” Award for Conserving Crops | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
The award recognizes gene bank managers from CGIAR for their life-time achievement.
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Mass Industrial Crops Are Killing Off Local Plants And Food Diversity

Mass Industrial Crops Are Killing Off Local Plants And Food Diversity | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Agrobiodiversity should be preserved against the global spread of cheap, low-quality genetically uniform industrial foods. This has benefits for nutrition, health, the environment, and maintains variety in taste and flavours.
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Stirring up a rabbit controversy – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

In 600 AD… …Pope Gregory the Great … decreed that laurices — newborn or fetal rabbits — didn’t count as meat. Christians could therefore eat them during Lent. They became a popular delicacy, and hungry monks started breeding them. Their work transformed the wild, skittish European rabbit into a tame domestic animal that tolerates humans. … Continue reading "Stirring up a rabbit controversy"
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Spatial data everywhere – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Spatial data everywhere – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Looks like mapping is in the air. Hardly had I finished messing around with European trees maps that I ran across this random dump of Brazilian crop distribution data. The source is given as the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), but I was not able to find the original maps there. I still … Continue reading "Spatial data everywhere"
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Use patterns, use values and management of Afzelia africana Sm. in Burkina Faso: implications for species domestication and sustainable conservation | Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Fu...

Use patterns, use values and management of Afzelia africana Sm. in Burkina Faso: implications for species domestication and sustainable conservation | Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine | Fu... | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
The lack of literature on the interactions between indigenous people and the valuable agroforestry trees hinder the promotion of sustainable management of plant resources in West African Sahel. This study aimed at assessing local uses and management of Afzelia africana Sm. in Burkina Faso, as a prerequisite to address issues of domestication and sustainable conservation. One thousand forty-four peoples of seven dominant ethnic groups were questioned in 11 villages through 221 semi-structured focus group interviews. The surveys encompassed several rural communities living around six protected areas along the species distribution range. Questions refer mainly to vernacular names of A. africana, locals’ motivations to conserve the species, the uses, management practices and local ecological knowledge on the species. Citation frequency was calculated for each response item of each questionnaire section to obtain quantitative data. The quantitative data were then submitted to comparison tests and multivariate statistics in R program. A. africana is a locally well-known tree described as a refuge of invisible spirits. Due to this mystery and its multipurpose uses, A. africana is conserved within the agroforestry systems. The species is widely and mostly used as fodder (87.55%), drugs (75.93%), fetish or sanctuary (70.95%), food (41.49%), and raw material for carpentry (36.19%) and construction (7.05%). While the uses as fodder, food and construction involved one organ, the leaves and wood respectively, the medicinal use was the most diversified. All tree organs were traditionally used in 10 medical prescriptions to cure about 20 diseases. The species use values differed between ethnic groups with lower values within the Dagara and Fulani. The findings reveal a total absence of specific management practices such as assisted natural regeneration, seeding, or transplantation of A. africana sapling. However, trees were permanently pruned and debarked by local people. Harvesting of barks mostly contributed to the decline of the species populations. Local people acknowledged declining populations of A. africana with lower densities within the agroecosystems. They also perceived between individuals, variations in the traits of barks, leaves, fruits and seeds. Significant differences were found between ethnic groups and gender regarding the species uses. Local knowledge on the species distribution differed between ethnic groups. This study showed the multipurpose uses of A. africana throughout Burkina Faso. The results provide relevant social and ecological indicators to all stakeholders and constitute a springboard towards the species domestication and the elaboration of efficient sustainable conservation plans.
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Herbarium data: Global biodiversity and societal botanical needs for novel research - James - 2018 - Applications in Plant Sciences - Wiley Online Library

Research use of herbarium data Herbarium specimens and their data are, for the most part, verifiable, repeatable, sustainable, and persistent (Page et al., 2015; Holmes et al., 2016). Temporal data across taxonomic groups, communities, and habitats enable assessment of changes in species...
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That Pawnee corn thread – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

As one of those who prefers not to visit some social sites unless I need to, let’s see whether this works. Unrolled thread from @AgBioWorld
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northamerica's curator insight, March 17, 5:50 AM
One family had saved last 50 kernels taken with them when they were exiled from Nebraska to Oklahoma in the 1870s.
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Crowdsourcing genebank training needs – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

USDA-ARS and Colorado State University are organizing a workshop: To identify the pedagogical options, logistics, and curriculum topics for a U.S. plant genetic resource management training effort, with major emphasis on a distance-learning course. To design a strategy to develop, deliver, and sustain a plant genetic resource management training program. They’re asking me for an … Continue reading "Crowdsourcing genebank training needs"
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Genetic diversity of Avena ventricosa populations along an ecogeographical transect in Cyprus is correlated to environmental variables

Genetic diversity of Avena ventricosa populations along an ecogeographical transect in Cyprus is correlated to environmental variables | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Avena ventricosa Balansa ex Coss. is considered the C-genome donor of the cultivated hexaploid oat and is a ‘priority’ species for conservation, since it has limited geographic distribution and the only recorded populations in Europe are present in Cyprus. The current study attempts to characterize the genetic structure and fragmentation of the species via the application of genotypic markers. It was revealed that the genetic variety was mainly allocated among the populations collected, since clustering obtained was according to the geographic origin of the samples and the habitat. Species distribution modeling showed that the most important climatic variable defining A. ventricosa distribution is the mean diurnal temperature. Furthermore, significant association of the genetic structure to environmental variables was detected; overall, a negative association to precipitation was confirmed, while significant correlations of genetic structure and the temperature at the time of anthesis and germination were established. The safeguarding of this valuable genetic resource is discussed.
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Inside the Colorado Vault That Keeps Your Favorite Foods From Going Extinct | Science

Inside the Colorado Vault That Keeps Your Favorite Foods From Going Extinct | Science | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it

From heirloom potatoes to honeybee sperm, this collection works to preserve our invaluable agricultural diversity
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How a British botanist opened China to the west

How a British botanist opened China to the west | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
A remarkable archive from the 18th century is on show at a newly opened US garden
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Simulating the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Varietal Diversity in Mali (West-Africa) Using Agent-Based Modeling Approach

Simulating the Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Varietal Diversity in Mali (West-Africa) Using Agent-Based Modeling Approach | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
by Mahamadou Belem, Didier Bazile and Harouna Coulibaly
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Spatial data everywhere, but is that enough? – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

Last week saw something of a Big Spatial Data blitz, and not just Kofi Annan’s Nature piece in which he pithily set out why data — both big and small — is important: Data gaps undermine our ability to target resources, develop policies and track accountability. Without good data, we’re flying blind. If you can’t … Continue reading "Spatial data everywhere, but is that enough?"
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Seed Sharing in the Age of Climate Change

Seed Sharing in the Age of Climate Change | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Sharing seeds is the age-old practice of saving seeds from your own plants and sharing them with others. At first glance, it can seem like a quaint hobby, but seed saving and sharing can actually be an act of building resilience.
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Why a global decline in genetic crop variety matters for the future of food

Why a global decline in genetic crop variety matters for the future of food | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Preserving the genetic diversity of edible plants could help us develop new crop varieties, with useful traits such as drought and disease-resistance.
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European community genebanks organize – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog

European community genebanks organize – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog | Agricultural Biodiversity | Scoop.it
Yes, even Europe has community seed banks, and a website to tell you all about them. Here’s where they are: A lot more than I thought.
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