Afganistan
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Afghanistan

Afghanistan | Afganistan | Scoop.it
Facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, foreign relations of Afghanistan.

(I used the geography reference)
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The Geography and Politics of ... - Google Books

The Geography and Politics of ... - Google Books | Afganistan | Scoop.it
(This publication talks about the land-locked position of Afghanistan and its strategic importance to the surrounding countries including Russia)
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Afghanistan Elections 2010: 'Serious Concerns' Fraud Concerns, Dead Election Workers Found

Afghanistan Elections 2010: 'Serious Concerns' Fraud Concerns, Dead Election Workers Found | Afganistan | Scoop.it
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP)-- The main Afghan election observer group said it had serious concerns about the legitimacy of this weekend's parliamentary vote because of reported fraud, even as President Hamid Karzai commended the balloting as a solid success. The conflicting statements underscored the difficulty of determining the credibility of the vote also hit by militant attacks that hurt the turnout.

(Hamid Karzai has won reelection under a cloud of suspision about the legitimacy of the vote)
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The IRC in Afghanistan

The IRC in Afghanistan | Afganistan | Scoop.it
IRC has assisted refugees and displaced people from Afghanistan since 1980. The IRC has since expanded its relief work, focusing on providing refugees returning to Afghanistan with shelter, clean water, education and economic opportunities.

The International Rescue Committee responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster.

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Comparing Canada to Afghanistan.

Comparing Canada to Afghanistan. | Afganistan | Scoop.it
If Afghanistan were your home instead of Canada you would...have 30.4 times higher chance of dying in infancy

The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in Afghanistan is 151.50 while in Canada it is 4.99.
This entry gives the number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year; included is the total death rate, and deaths by sex, male and female. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
Source: CIA World Factbook
have 4.1 times more chance of being unemployed

Afghanistan has an unemployment rate of 35.00% while Canada has 8.50%
This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs.
Source: CIA World Factbook
have 3.7 times more babies

The annual number of births per 1,000 people in Afghanistan is 38.11 while in Canada it is 10.28.
This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population.
Source: CIA World Factbook
die 36.64 years sooner

The life expectancy at birth in Afghanistan is 44.65 while in Canada it is 81.29.
This entry contains the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. The entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. It can also be thought of as indicating the potential return on investment in human capital and is necessary for the calculation of various actuarial measures.
Source: CIA World Factbook
use 99.95% less electricity

The per capita consumption of electricity in Afghanistan is 8kWh while in Canada it is 15,880kWh.
This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.
Source: CIA World Factbook
consume 99.74% less oil

Afghanistan consumes 0.0072 gallons of oil per day per capita while Canada consumes 2.8116
This entry is the total oil consumed in gallons per day (gal/day) divided by the population. The discrepancy between the amount of oil produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes, refinery gains, and other complicating factors.
Source: CIA World Factbook
make 97.92% less money

The GDP per capita in Afghanistan is $800 while in Canada it is $38,400
This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity (PPP) exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States. This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measure is difficult to compute, as a US dollar value has to be assigned to all goods and services in the country regardless of whether these goods and services have a direct equivalent in the United States (for example, the value of an ox-cart or non-US military equipment); as a result, PPP estimates for some countries are based on a small and sometimes different set of goods and services. In addition, many countries do not formally participate in the World Bank's PPP project that calculates these measures, so the resulting GDP estimates for these countries may lack precision. For many developing countries, PPP-based GDP measures are multiples of the official exchange rate (OER) measure. The differences between the OER- and PPP-denominated GDP values for most of the wealthy industrialized countries are generally much smaller.
Source: CIA World Factbook
spend 97.52% less money on health care

Per capita public and private health expenditures combined in Afghanistan are $91 USD while Canada spends $3,673 USD
This entry contains the per capita public and private health expenditure at purchase power parity using US Dollars. This figure combines government, personal, and employer spending on health care
Source: World Health Organization
be 97.5% less likely to have HIV/AIDS
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Nan for Sale photo - Clayton Esterson photos at pbase.com

Nan for Sale photo - Clayton Esterson photos at pbase.com | Afganistan | Scoop.it
Hazara selling Naan. Digitally remastered from a photo taken in 1967.
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Afghanistan and the new great game - thestar.com

Afghanistan and the new great game - thestar.com | Afganistan | Scoop.it
Afghanistan is adjacent to Middle Eastern countries that are rich in oil and natural gas. And though Afghanistan may have little petroleum itself, it borders both Iran and Turkmenistan, countries with the second and third largest natural gas reserves in the world. (Russia is first.) Rivalry for pipeline routes and energy resources reflects competition for power and control in the region. Pipelines are important today in the same way that railway building was important in the 19th century. They connect trading partners and influence the regional balance of power. Afghanistan is a strategic piece of real estate in the geopolitical struggle for power and dominance in the region.



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Newsroom: Afghanistan Special Report

Newsroom: Afghanistan Special Report | Afganistan | Scoop.it
CARE has worked to alleviate poverty in Afghanistan since 1961. Presently, almost 900 staff members (of which over 99% are Afghans) work in the central, southern and southeastern portions of the country on projects focusing on:

•Community-based education for over 50,000 girls and boys in remote areas
•Water and sanitations projects which have provided 55,000 households with potable water
•Nutrition support and skills training for 10,000 widows in Kabul
•Emergency response programs to assist populations affected by disasters such as floods
•Agricultural and vocational training for former soldiers to assist in their transition to civilian life
•Income generation programs to help build infrastructure while providing livelihoods to vulnerable groups
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Stewart, Rory (Interview) - The Canadian Encyclopedia -- Afghanistan

Stewart, Rory (Interview) - The Canadian Encyclopedia -- Afghanistan | Afganistan | Scoop.it
In January 2002, only two months after the Taliban were overthrown, Rory Stewart walked across Afghanistan from Herat to Kabul... We need to be considerably more realistic about Afghanistan. We are in danger of pursuing utopian fantasies that have no connection to either our own capacity or knowledge, or the capacities and desires of Afghans. The international community is simultaneously trying to fight the Taliban, create a liberal democracy, exterminate narcotics, create a strong central government throughout the country and defend human rights...They may be interested in freedom from torture, but they may not be interested in a free media. Millions of Afghans support sharia law and believe women should wear burkas. Millions of Afghans would probably prefer the Taliban to the international community. We need to take these things on board. We need to drop our expectations.
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