Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries
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Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries
Recent advancements, discoveries, and breakthroughs in technology, science, medical, etc.
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How can technology help humans and animals communicate? Speech vests for service dogs, of course

How can technology help humans and animals communicate? Speech vests for service dogs, of course | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

The new field of animal-computer interaction is developing tech to help service dogs and other animals communicate more effectively with humans.

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Human-Like Neural Networks Make Computers Better Conversationalists - The Crux

Human-Like Neural Networks Make Computers Better Conversationalists - The Crux | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it
If you’ve ever tried to hold a conversation with a chatbot like CleverBot, you know how quickly the conversation turns to nonsense, no matter how hard you try to keep it together.

But now, a research team led by Bruno Golosio, assistant professor of applied physics at Università di Sassari in Italy, has taken a significant step toward improving human-to-computer conversation. Golosio and colleagues built an artificial neural network, called ANNABELL, that aims to emulate the large-scale structure of human working memory in the brain — and its ability to hold a conversation is eerily human-like.
Natural Language Processing

Researchers have been trying to design software that can make sense of human language, and respond coherently, since the 1940s. The field is known as natural language processing (NLP), and although amateurs and professionals enter their best NLP programs into competitions every year, the past seven decades still haven’t produced a single NLP program that allows computers to consistently fool questioners into thinking they’re human.

NLP has attracted a wide variety of approaches over the years, and linguists, computer scientists and cognitive scientists have focused on designing so-called symbolic architectures, or software programs that store units of speech as symbols. It’s an approach that requires a lot of top-down management.

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Google Science Fair winner: Conn. teen invents new Ebola test

Google Science Fair winner: Conn. teen invents new Ebola test | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

A 16-year-old and her science teacher designed an Ebola test that doesn't need refrigeration

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How a group of neighbors created their own Internet service

How a group of neighbors created their own Internet service | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

Powered by radios in trees, homegrown network serves 50 houses on Orcas Island.

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Tech removes snow, dust and mist from videos - CNET

Tech removes snow, dust and mist from videos - CNET | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

Morpho shows off technology that can remove obstructing particles like dust and snow from videos. It's being designed for use in trains and trucks but will eventually be available to consumers.

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Would you wear a chip in your brain? (Wired UK)

Would you wear a chip in your brain? (Wired UK) | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it
Biodigital brains are made by fusing chips with brain tissue. The technology is racing beyond most people's ability to comprehend the potential to transform how we think and feel. As a physician, I'm fascinated.

More than 400,000 human beings already have a digital device inside their heads, with more than 50,000 new surgical operations taking place every year. Most of these devices are connected to the auditory nerve as cochlear implants, to treat deafness, and a few to the optic nerve or the retina. But a rapidly growing number of people have chips which are directly fused with their own brains.

In many cases, this is to help control involuntary tremors in Parkinson's disease. In other cases, the aim is to give muscle control to paralysed people. For example, Erik Sorto is a tetraplegic who moves his robotic arm by thinking, using an implanted device created by Caltech.

Connecting brains to chips is really easy -- once you have got the chip safely embedded inside someone's head. Brain cells instantly recognise digital intelligence, because both chips and brain cells use tiny electrical signals to communicate.

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Alcatel-Lucent sees 'major breakthrough' in tech for 1,000Tbps speeds

Alcatel-Lucent sees 'major breakthrough' in tech for 1,000Tbps speeds | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

Alcatel-Lucent's research arm, Bell Labs, has announced that ongoing testing of its prototype real-time space-division multiplexed optical multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO-SDM) system could see the company attain speeds of 1 petabit per second in time for the arrival of 5G and the Internet of Things.

 

In what the company called a "major breakthrough", a trial of the 6x6 real-time MIMO transmission technology in New Jersey saw Bell Labs successfully remove for the first time crosstalk from multiple signals on the fibre supporting the six parallel optical signal paths using real-time processing.

 

"This experiment represents a major breakthrough in the development of future optical transport," Marcus Weldon, CTO of Alcatel-Lucent and president of Bell Labs, said.

"We are at the crossroads of a huge change in communications networks, with the advent of 5G wireless and cloud networking under way. Operators and enterprises alike will see their networks challenged by massive increases in traffic. At Bell Labs, we are continuously innovating to shape the future of communications networks to meet those demands."

The successful experiment used six transmitters and six receivers alongside real-time digital signal processing over coupled fibre stretching 60km in Bell Labs' global headquarters.


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Philippe J DEWOST's curator insight, November 24, 2015 1:22 PM

The race is certainly not over. Nokia might appreciate.

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Meet Li-Fi, the Breakthrough Technology That's 100 Times Faster Than Wi-Fi

Meet Li-Fi, the Breakthrough Technology That's 100 Times Faster Than Wi-Fi | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

Slow internet got you down? Check out the technology that's got everyone talking.

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Li-Fi: 100 times faster than Wi-Fi, tests prove

Li-Fi: 100 times faster than Wi-Fi, tests prove | Advancements Breakthroughs & Discoveries | Scoop.it

With speeds of 1GBps, the technology could enable a high-definition film to be
downloaded in seconds

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