ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross
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ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross
What I learned in 2011
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Formal CMC-LinkedIn

Formal CMC-LinkedIn | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

         Formal CMC can be described as an authority-organization or hierarchical structure, and Content- Focused, which connects with the professional social networking site for professionals, LinkedIn. LinkedIn connects you to your trusted contacts and helps you exchange knowledge, ideas, and opportunities with a broader network of professionals.

Formal networks typically have a hierarchy in structure, and this is definitely shown through LinkedIn. All 500 of the fortune 500 companies are active on linkedIn, with not only lower level employees being the only representatives, but executives and directors as well. Having LinkedIn allows me to connect with all types of businesses in the field of study im looking to go into all over the country. Linked in helps me find what qualifications I need to better prepare myself for potential jobs. I use linked in to find the people that you’re meeting. Knowing that you went to the same school, has some of the same interests or people you may know is a lot better than an awkward silence during an interview. 

 

         In the article by Hrastinski, it clearly shows how LinkedIn is apart of formal cmc.  With linkedin, information you advertise to people is very content-focused. You are promoting yourself to other businesses to see if you are something they'd be looking for as an addition to their company, and establishing a good structure within your linkedIn page is the best way to get yourself noticed. The language is clearly organized into categories, education, connections, recommendations are just some of the things you will find among your profile's content.

 

Resources:

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf

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Informal CMC- Twitter

Informal CMC- Twitter | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

After setting up a twitter account for this class, it reminded me of lame facebook status' and I didn't really know what twitter was about. Now, I realize it was a part of informal communication at its very finest. In building your image, you start to informally communication, which is communication that's not planned or organized in any way. It’s more relaxed, casual and tends to be spread by word-of-mouth quickly throughout the retweeting option people have if they like what you have to say. Twitter also only allows 140 characters per post, so most posts are in short-hand CMC language. You can post links in your tweets, which allows them to be filled with a lot of information at once, therefore their context is able to be rich.

 

Hrastiaski's article also gives certain guidlines that encompass informal CMC. These guidelines are, "unscheduled, random participants, unarranged agenda, interactive, rich content, informal speech, and speech register. As I stated before, this is what makes twitter the most informal way to commmunicate, because it's on a whenever you can reply understanding after you tweet at someone. This informal form of communication is like a “nudge/poke” feature on Facebook. It allows the other party to know that you exist and are interested in the events in his/her life This perfectly describes how I use twitter. I never plan my tweets, I just like to join conversations of interest and post things that I think are funny or people will enjoy. All in all, Twitter enables individuals to communicate with others commonly on an informal basis, which at times is more capable than a single formal one.

 

Resources:

 

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organizations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf 

http://www.expressyourselftosuccess.com/formal-informal-communication-channels/ 

 

 

 

 

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Networking Example- Twitter

Networking Example- Twitter | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

This is a marvelous example because twitter is an unbelievable way to distribute your opinion or information amongst the world, or to a specific target category. An important part of networking for Twitter is using Hashtags, which can target a group of people only interested in that topic or word selection. This evolves twitter into a social network of communication amongst one another and evaluating everyone's voice. Within my twitter, I had implemented a strategy of following my interests, and within time, more things I were interested started following me, especially after I continued to tweet. This displays the value in twitter and it's effective ways of marketing, because some of these small business companies I would not be aware of if it wasnt for twitter. This is an exemplary example of effective marketing and twitter displays all of these qualities in quality in facilitating a strong network.

Danah M. Boyd’s and Nicole B. Ellison's article on Social Network Sites introduces key aspects of the Social Networking Era. The article defines social network sites as “web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi public profile within a bounded system”. The article continues to define the structure of a social networking site, shedding light on various profiles, limitation of users, and the replacing of ones self in a cyber world; having a virtual self that is always present to the outside world. Although twitter might not be as flexible in this regard as facebook is, twitters social networking capabilities should not go unquestioned. Although you have the ability to friend anyone on facebook, they don't necessary hear what you have to say. With twitter, networking on the internet involves actually going out and tweeting people, updates about yourself and your next moves, and listening to people as they retweet and respond to you. Its a beautiful form of networking that twitter should not be taken kindly in. Although the personal picture profile isn't as if you are getting to know someone like you would be on facebook, you relate with them on their interests or comments that you enjoyed. Having a network around you that is giving you updates from all your interests and followers is only making you stronger and knowledgeable as a person. Boyd and Ellison would definitely agree on twitter being a valuable networking attribute.

 

Resources:

 

Boyd D. M., & Ellison, N.B (2007) "Social networking sites: Definition, history, and scholarship." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. Available at Library in eholding database.

https://blackboard.albany.edu/bbcswebdav/courses/2119-ACOM-375-9281/boyd-ellison%20social%20network%20history.pdf

 

 

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Web 2.0 Example- Blogger

Web 2.0 Example- Blogger | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

I chose to use blogger for my example of web 2.0. Blogger is a web site where users have the ability to create any blog of their interest and share it to the public. Other than connecting you with other potential bloggers and benefiting your research and writing, blogging is a very essential part of growing, as a person or business. The way the blog is setup is almost similar to Microsoft word options, which makes it similar to what users are accustomed to. You can organize your blogs into lists so you can have different categories and easily determine which list it goes into for each new post you have regarding those topics. Blogger ties into Web 2.0 with its goal to facilitate participating in information sharing, interacting on the comments section, and collaborating together as a community. Blogger gives users that dimension of everybody having the ability to be their own author and being able to share these same freedom in contributing sharing this content all over the world wide web.

 

This article and video clip portray the different characteristics of web 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 and what websites fall under the different web platforms. The blog website blogger.com is shown that it indeed falls under the web 2.0 categorization. Blogger.com is a web 2.0 because everyone is in charge of the content that they wish to share, and this content can be shared to social networking sites and commented on by anyone. This is different from web 1.0 and 3.0 because web 1.0 is just a message or a newsletter sent to a number a people, but has no interactive ability, and web 3.0 is out of the question because blogger is just accessible via desktop or laptop, and has not yet reached the applicability of mobile devices. Blogger's a great example of a web 2.0 format because it is more relevant and personable to readers with this public social network platform, and since readers and bloggers have control over their feelings about different blogs, it creates motivation to reach out and share things with the world. Again, the main focus on how blogger relates to web 2.0 is the ability of its members to publish any desired content on social networking sites so other people can share this information to whoever they feel necessary, making it a prime example of web 2.0 technology.

 

Resources:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsNcjya56v8

http://nonprofitorgs.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/web-1-0-web-2-0-and-web-3-0-simplified-for-nonprofits/

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Identity Development Example-Facebook

Identity Development Example-Facebook | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

Facebook is a powerful social network that connects people, to keep up with friends, upload photos, and share everything there is that you want people to know about you. Facebook lets you customize your profile so that anything you wish to share about yourself regarding hobbies, favorite likes of different media, interests or desires, all the way down to employment, past/current schooling, and location. I believe my facebook is an absolute representation of my identity because everything I have chosen to place on my profile is a part of me and who I am. The thing about facebook that lets me feel comfortable about posting my identity, even though all content is never hidden, is that there is a privacy policy that can be inflicted among users you wish to not be able to know or see as much about you. You can organize your facebook friends into specific lists, such as close friends and acquaintances, where you can open all your identity to your close friends, but limit the distribution of information or pictures to people you wish they did not have access to.

Elison, Heino, and Gibbs wrote an article on image management and self-promotion and showed how users acting amongst an online dating community carefully watched over their image. This article discussed how important a profile was as a self-presentation tool being that it's really the first means of connecting with someone and either creating or preventing a relationship. With only having the internet as a means of communication, a profile becomes one of the most important ways you can present yourself and try and give yourself credibility. This article relates to identity development in that people use many different self-presentation strategies on how one is represented on facebook, and how people describe themselves the way they want to be their ideal selves. For example, people claiming they do all different extreme sports and adventurous activities, meanwhile they might enjoy the interest but rarely take part in the activity. Some people hide things or choose to leave out key details about their lives if they believe it could hinder them in some way. On the other hand, people also may over-exaggerate things that make them look better than they are so they are portrayed more positively. Facebook for me, I would still say defines my identity, because all things I am or want to take interest in, are represented in my profile. Although everyone exaggerates some things at times, my facebook profile does define who I am and it is important to me that privacy of my identity is administered only to friends that I feel comfortable sharing with.

 

Resources:

 

Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Managing impressions online: Self-presentation processes in the online dating environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(2), article

http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol11/issue2/ellison.html 

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Language CMC- Twitter

Language CMC- Twitter | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

Today, much of the communicating is done through “text-based” messages that are sent through computers and digital devices. The example I found to have an interesting display of CMC language was through my Twitter account online. This text based site is a new social networking site that involves “tweets” or written text in the form of a status reporting a message or sending to someone. Twitter allows users the ability to update their profile by using their mobile phone either by text messaging or by apps released for certain smartphones / tablets. 

 

In Herrings article, she says CMC language can also be different letters put together to mimic sounds people make to emit different emotions. Twitter used this all the time with people writing in how they would react emotionally, such as "hahahaha" for laughter emotions, or "mwah" to kiss them through message. A criticism of text-based CMC is that there are limitations in understanding. It is difficult to really capture the emotion or tone someone says something through text. This language is administered all the time on twitter and it is an issue when talking about how the language is on twitter. It's quick thoughts, quick reactions and emotions, therefore, it is in short hand and sometimes difficult to understand the meaning, but overall, if you have the time, write in it at least proper understandable text-based language. I say twitter language has a lasting impact inhibiting our youth learning how to read and write properly, but at the same time, it is teaching kids different ways to express their emotions and question or comment on things they might not normally have spoken up about.

 

Resources:
Herring, S. (Classification) (2007) A Faceted Classification Scheme for Computer-Mediated Discourse. Language@Internet (4). Available at http://www.languageatinternet.de/articles/2007/761/index_html/

 

 

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Web 3.0 Example - Facebook

Web 3.0 Example - Facebook | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

Facebook is the best example of what web 3.0 information is flowing from so many directions and sources, that its impossible not to mention because it has taken over the social world. Not only websites, but mobile websites, text campaigns and smartphone apps is what separates web 3.0 from the rest. In the EPN video clip, they mentioned that the big aspect of Web 3.0 is that the "sites are in a continuous learning process and anticipate what the users like, or dislike." On Web 3.0, the internet is "a web of appliances that communicate with each other by exchanging information." Facebook represents this definition vividly with its takeover of web, mobile, and console communication integration. Facebook has become so part of our integration that phones are being made that have special automatic go to facebook buttons you can click. We use facebook for everything our profile can handle, which can consist of several blocks of detail regarding personal life, location, interests, and so on. 

 

In the nonprofit article Web 3.0 is everything web 1.0 and 2.0 has to offer without the limitation of where the info is accessed such as desktop or laptop. This info instead can be expressed as “on the go” info, fueled by mobile phones and tablets. Facebook text and other mobile applications all play role in the dispersion of ideas throughout the world. When linking all three you obtain the integrated web communications. All three eras of the web support and back up each other, without the first you could not have the last. Although these tools are constantly updating, being left behind in the dust is not a worrying matter. The article states that it is important to understand this paradigm shift, where previous web versions still matter, and are integrated as well. It is important to understand that all these tools are now available to the public for an affordable price even for non profits, and have the potential to be used to their fullest extent. The web is revolutionizing at a rate that no one thought possible 20 years ago, and facebook has completely changed the way web 3.0 can be integrated through this king of  a social network.

 

Resources:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bsNcjya56v8  

http://nonprofitorgs.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/web-1-0-web-2-0-and-web-3-0-simplified-for-nonprofits/

 

 

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Community Building Example- Facebook

Community Building Example- Facebook | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

Taking advantage of your community is very crucial to one's success. It is the only way to withstand the shrinking job opportunities we are facing as a nation, and the people that are staying connected with their community through the use of the internet and social networks, are gaining a considerable advantage. Our community is related to networking because these are the people we're either competing with or are using to help us achieve jobs in the outside world. As the saying goes, "keep you friends close, and your enemies closer". It's important to understand how people's thoughts and actions relay amongst the real world. Tools that I would use to network within the community and to develop my blogs further would use many of the social networks that are at our availability today, such as the most popular, Facebook. Facebook Communities are important to our lives for the many opportunities that networking and communicating have with each other.

 

In the article by Ellison, Steinfeld, and Lampe, relationship between the formation and maintenance of social capital and the use of Facebook was examined in a study conducted with 800 Michigan State University students. Information was collected about descriptive variables and whether the respondents were members of Facebook or not, along with how much time they used on facebook. In the findings of the study, a positive relationship between the use of Facebook and amount of social capital accumulated was established.

 

The increase in social capital suggests that Facebook usage could help maintain and improve relationships with offline communities. The use of Facebook does not only help the student population with future in terms of jobs, internships, and other opportunities, and colleges may want to explore ways to encourage this sort of usage. In addition to helping student populations, this use of technology could cornerstone an array of populations, including professional researchers, neighborhood and community members, employees of companies, or others who aid from preserved ties. I believe if your not community building in this day and age, then you are not looking to succeed as a person looking for work, or an organization looking to portray their message. Taking advantage of Facebook and all of it's benefits in building relationships is the only way to achieve success in this ever-changing technological world.

 

Resources:

Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook "friends:" Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), article 1. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue4/ellison.html 

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Filtering/Curating Example- Delicious

Filtering/Curating Example- Delicious | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

Delicious is a perfect example of being able to filter/curate through searches. Delicious lets its users bookmark multiple sites of interest they have and along with sharing these links to your network, you can see what sites other people have bookmarked as well. With delicious you use hash tags to filter out how it can be seen by others. You start this hash business by tagging your post to relevant or irrelevant keywords, depending on who you want to see it. For most of my work on delicious, I kept the hash tag tweets limited to #COM375, so it would be limited to only students of this class. The only people I wanted to portray my desired links to were my classmates, and since I knew we all had com375 in common, it was a perfect way to filter it to them and only them.

 

Hash tags are useful when journalists need help finding what people are tweeting about. It filters and curates news and updates on just about everything. It’s a good way to follow news through multiple tweets of the masses because it helps sort and give things definitive search specifications regarding the information presented. Clues are also offered when it comes to hash tags. Hash tags can be searched through Google as well, so the more keywords associated with the article posted, the easier it is for someone looking for it to find it. It helps your tweets on a particular topic get aggregated along with other tweets on that topic. Overall, it’s about engaging and filtering out what keywords are necessary for people searching specifically on the internet.

 

Resources:

 

Gorman, T. (2011) Social Media Curation Tool Storyful Helps Separate News From Noise. Available at
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/social-media-curation-tool-separates-news-from-noise.html

 

Masullo-Chen, G. (2011) How to use twitter hashtag. Save the media blog. Available at

http://savethemedia.com/2011/03/04/howtousetwitterhashtag/

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Web 1.0 Example- Scoop It

Web 1.0 Example- Scoop It | ACOM 375 Portfolio - Dylan Ross | Scoop.it

For the group project we had, we used scoop it, a program that allows you to create an information resource to your own personal page for any interest our topic, ours being LinkedIn. We portrayed this scoop.it page to our target market, which was to educate the students of UAlbany about LinkedIn and how beneficial it can be for a multitude of reasons. Scoop.it helps make the page you create look professionally and dynamically displays all the headlines from your favorite topics.

 

In the non profit article, Web 1.0 is defined as a one person organization that sends out certain content via email. There is no interaction and the communications is private.Web 2.0 in opposition to web 1.0 is the introduction to two-way communication online. The communication consists of one person or an organization giving content to a social networking site, which in turn then gets re-sent to friends, fans and followers, of these sites. Scoop it relates to Web 1.0 because of its nature of just outsourcing news or information, it doesn't have the social network of user communication regarding everything on there. It was easier to do the project when using scoop.it, cause you can only focus on one thing, which is the content. There is no necessary special designs we needed or ways to animate the page so users will be drawn more. Everything became focused on delivering the best information and ways students can be more well equipped on the benefits of using LinkedIn. We didn't have to worry about the back and forth communication with an author and comments from outside people, we just were able to stay on track with managing, updating, and delivering the best information possible. Getting our message across was our only specified task that we had to master, and because of the not having to deal with animations, or video on Web 1.0 pages, it was very easy to make the page full of important content and important content only. In being able to achieve this kind of web 1.0 page directed content, my group was able to construct our Scoop.It profile into a mode of communication.

 

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_1.0

http://nonprofitorgs.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/web-1-0-web-2-0-and-web-3-0-simplified-for-nonprofits/

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