Abnormal Psychology
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BPS Research Digest: Do urban environments trigger a mindset that's focused on the bigger picture?

BPS Research Digest: Do urban environments trigger a mindset that's focused on the bigger picture? | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it

The artcile talks about Autism and detail orientation, but does not mention Schizophrenia and global bias; also the fact that schizophrenia is more found in urban aera complements the findings.  

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Abnormal Psychology
a mix of clinical psychology and psychiatry
Curated by Sandeep Gautam
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Michael Phelps: 'I am extremely thankful that I did not take my life'

Michael Phelps: 'I am extremely thankful that I did not take my life' | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
The most decorated Olympian of all time, swimmer Michael Phelps, opened up about his battle with depression and said he contemplated suicide at the height of his career.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
depression and other mental illness can strike anyone, anytime.
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Study: Machine Learning Algorithms Correctly Classify 93% of Suicidal Patients

Study: Machine Learning Algorithms Correctly Classify 93% of Suicidal Patients | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Machine learning algorithms fed verbal and non-verbal language data from 379 patients were able to identify those who were suicidal, had a mental illness, or neither in most cases. With 80,000 people dying from suicide every year, any technology that could lead to better support for handling cases of suicidal behavior warrants investigation.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
good omens of times to come; this combined with AI based chatbots delivering therapy can be a game changer.
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The Moral Urgency of Mental Health by Michael Plant & Peter Singer - Project Syndicate

The Moral Urgency of Mental Health by Michael Plant & Peter Singer - Project Syndicate | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
If we can prevent great suffering at no cost to ourselves, we ought to do so. Yet Western governments are neglecting an opportunity to reduce the great misery caused by mental illness, even though the net cost would be nil.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Focusing on Mental Heath is of the utmost moral imperative!
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Quynh Phan's curator insight, December 13, 2017 5:06 PM

The major factors that affect feeling of great distress of mind and body are  mental health and physical health.  Eliminating depression and anxiety might reduce misery. Some mental illnesses are more difficult to treat than depression or anxiety because reducing misery in the developed world, mental health is the biggest challenge we need to overcome.

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Why we need to get better at critiquing psychiatric diagnosis

Why we need to get better at critiquing psychiatric diagnosis | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
This piece is based on my talk to the UCL conference 'The Role of Diagnosis in Clinical Psychology'. It was aimed at an audience of clinical psychologists but should be of interest more widely. I've been a long-term critic of psychiatric diagnoses but I've become increasingly frustrated by the myths and over-generalisations that get repeated…
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
some thought provoking comments on the debate about classification and diagnosis.
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A New Hope for Depression

A New Hope for Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Ketamine is best known as a psychedelic club drug that makes people hallucinate, but it may also have the ability to ease depression — fast.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
A good article about ketamine and other options
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How to Turn Stigma about Mental Illness into Compassion

How to Turn Stigma about Mental Illness into Compassion | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Stephen Hinshaw explores what it meant to be raised by a father with psychosis—and how that experience has informed his work as a psychologist.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Time to end the stigma and talk about our struggles and triumph against mental illness
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You May Soon Be Able To Take A Drug To Prevent Depression

You May Soon Be Able To Take A Drug To Prevent Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
At TED, neuroscientist Rebecca Brachman talked about pharmaceutical methods of preventing stress as a way to stop depression before it starts.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Preventive psychopharmacology---seems like a  promising new field, but this is juts the beginning and all precautions need to betaken before actually starting prescribing Ketamine for potentially acutely stressful situations. 
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They battled depression as students. Here’s how they won the fight

They battled depression as students. Here’s how they won the fight | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Every hour, a student in India commits suicide. Read four true stories about what it feels like to be at war with yourself and emerge victorious.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
The problem of student depression in India; wish colleges were sensitive and did something about it!
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Growing From Depression

Growing From Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
"Growing from depression" is a short, easy read on the subject of the depressive experience and how to make best use of and grow from that experience. The book
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
#LetsTalkDepression on World Heath Day; reposting a recent book review on growing from depression.
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This Type of Thinking Can Help with Depression

This Type of Thinking Can Help with Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
The secret to better mental health may be learning how not to dwell on these negative thoughts, according to new research.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
A new kind of therapy for depression 
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The Four Neural Sub-Types of Depression

The Four Neural Sub-Types of Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Regular readers of The Mouse Trap will be familiar with my obsession with knowing how nature is carved at its joints or in other words what are the natural
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Different subtypes of depression
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Brain Imaging Identifies Different Types of Depression

Brain Imaging Identifies Different Types of Depression | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Biological markers could enable tailored therapies that target individual differences in symptoms
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
of the four sub-types identified, one is quite responsive to TMS
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Frontiers | Quality of Acute Psychedelic Experience Predicts Therapeutic Efficacy of Psilocybin for Treatment-Resistant Depression | Pharmacology

Frontiers | Quality of Acute Psychedelic Experience Predicts Therapeutic Efficacy of Psilocybin for Treatment-Resistant Depression | Pharmacology | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Introduction: It is a basic principle of the ‘psychedelic’ treatment model that the quality of the acute experience mediates long-term improvements in mental health. In the present paper we sought to test this using data from a clinical trial assessing psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). In line with previous reports, we hypothesized that the occurrence and magnitude of Oceanic Boundlessness (OBN) (sharing features with mystical-type experience) and Dread of Ego Dissolution (DED) (similar to anxiety) would predict long-term positive outcomes, whereas sensory perceptual effects would not. Material and Methods: Twenty patients with treatment resistant depression underwent treatment with psilocybin (two separate sessions: 10mg and 25mg psilocybin). The Altered States of Consciousness (ASC) questionnaire was used to assess the quality of experiences in the 25mg psilocybin session. From the ASC, the dimensions OBN and DED were used to measure the mystical-type and challenging experiences, respectively. The Self-Reported Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms (QIDS-SR) at 5 weeks served as the endpoint clinical outcome measure, as in later time points some of the subjects had gone on to receive new treatments, thus confounding inferences. In a repeated measure ANOVA, Time was the within-subject factor (independent variable), with QIDS-SR as the within-subject dependent variable in baseline, 1-day, 1-week, 5-weeks. OBN and DED were independent variables. OBN-by-time and DED-by-time interactions were the primary outcomes of interest. Results: For the interaction of OBN and DED with Time (QIDS-SR as dependent variable), the main effect and the effects at each time point compared to baseline were all significant (p = 0.002 and p = 0.003, respectively, for main effects), confirming our main hypothesis. Furthermore, Pearson’s correlation of OBN with QIDS-SR (5 weeks) was specific compared to perceptual dimensions of the ASC (p < 0.05). Discussion: This report further bolsters the view that the quality of the acute psychedelic experience is a key mediator of long-term changes in mental health. More specifically, future therapeutic work with psychedelics may consider investigating ways which enhance mystical-type experience and reduce anxiety, given the growing evidence that this serves the efficacy of the treatment model.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Psychedlic treatments for treatment resistant depression, should not be construed as a pharmacological treatment, but as a form of helped-by-drugs (single session/ actute) psychotherapy
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Is everything you think you know about depression wrong?

Is everything you think you know about depression wrong? | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
In this extract from his new book, Johann Hari, who took antidepressants for 14 years, calls for a new approach
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Depression is more than a chemical imbalance; its also deeply rooted in a power imbalance, or so this article argues.
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Addiction doc says: It’s not the drugs. It’s the ACEs…adverse childhood experiences.

Addiction doc says: It’s not the drugs. It’s the ACEs…adverse childhood experiences. | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
He says: Addiction shouldn’t be called “addiction”. It should be called “ritualized compulsive comfort-seeking”. He says: Ritualized compulsive comfort-seeking (what traditionalists call addiction) is a normal response to the adversity experienced in childhood, just like bleeding is a normal response to being stabbed. He says: The solution to changing the illegal or unhealthy ritualized compulsive comfort-seeking behavior…
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Adverse childhood experiences raise the risk of addiction and other metal health issues. 
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Andy Richter Hits Back at a 'Depression Is a Choice' Claim

Andy Richter Hits Back at a 'Depression Is a Choice' Claim | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Andy Richter shares his own personal struggle with depression to silence someone who said "depression is a choice" on Twitter.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Neither depression, nor other more soft mental illness targets like addiction, are a choice! That doesn't mean there is nothing in your control (taking therapy/ medication and maintaining your condition, is in your control) , but there is a lot of biological susceptibility involved too.
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The bold new fight to eradicate suicide

The bold new fight to eradicate suicide | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
The long read: Suicide is the leading cause of death among young people in the UK. Now an ambitious initiative is trying to reduce rates to zero
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
". He recognised the myriad pressures on a suicidal mind – such as substance abuse, genetic predisposition to mental illness, and poverty – but identified three factors present in all of those most at risk: a genuine belief, however irrational, that they have become a burden to those around them; a sense of isolation; and the ability, which goes against our hard-wired instincts of self-preservation, to hurt oneself"
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Mental Illness Is Far More Common Than We Knew

Mental Illness Is Far More Common Than We Knew | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
New research suggests that nearly everyone will develop a psychological disorder at some point in their lives—but for most, it’s temporary
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
The all-too-ordinariness of mental illness!
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Could a drug prevent depression and PTSD?

Could a drug prevent depression and PTSD? | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
The path to better medicine is paved with accidental yet revolutionary discoveries. In this well-told tale of how science happens, neuroscientist Rebecca Brachman shares news of a serendipitous breakthrough treatment that may prevent mental disorders like depression and PTSD from ever developing. And listen for an unexpected -- and controversial -- twist.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Ketamine use for depression prevention/ treatment is very promising; but given the potential for abuse, there is also need to ensure all safeguards are in place. 
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There's Now a Brain Scan to Tell if You're Depressed – And What Treatment Is Needed

There's Now a Brain Scan to Tell if You're Depressed – And What Treatment Is Needed | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Yes!
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Looks promising 
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Patient Voices: Bipolar Disorder

Patient Voices: Bipolar Disorder | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Riding the ups and downs of bipolar disorder can cause havoc for those with the condition and their loved ones. Here are firsthand accounts of living with bipolar disorder.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Bipolar voices: #LetsTalk Mental illness
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Could a blood test accurately diagnose autism?

Could a blood test accurately diagnose autism? | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
A new study reveals a potential new diagnostic tool that could allow doctors to identify whether a child is on the autism spectrum through a simple blood test. But can the mystery of autism be reduced to a few simple biomarkers or is the disorder much more complex?
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
Hope more work is focused on the metabolite pathways 
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Drugs Don't Cause Addiction: This Brilliant Animated Video Will Change Your View on Drugs Forever

The brilliant short animated video below will explain to you why drugs don't actually cause addiction, changing your view on drugs forever.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
In the same league as " Pakistan didn't kill my dad' - addiction is a complex phenomena and while social factors are very important , genetic vulnerability for some and the presence and ease of availability of drugs all are instrumental- but ya, the video makes a very good point! 'Other people matter'
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Depression and its Antecedents

Depression and its Antecedents | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
Today I will approach the problem of depression, but from a particular vantage point - that steeped in cognitive theory and informed by the work of Martin
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Depression and its relation to rumination, learned helplessness and pessimism.
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What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? | Abnormal Psychology | Scoop.it
A brain region known as the basal ganglia appears to be important in treating and understanding obsessive compulsive disorder.
Sandeep Gautam's insight:
OCD as a dysfunction of basal ganglia?
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