A New Paradigm of Development
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How LinkedIn Quietly Built a Massive Media Empire

How LinkedIn Quietly Built a Massive Media Empire | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Imagine an online publication with over 200 million readers. Now imagine that this publication's writers included Barack Obama, Richard Branson, Deepak Chopra, Jack Welch, Tony Robbins, Mark Cuban,

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Good  news  for  development  Nanotechnology  /New IP of Nano/.

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A New Paradigm of Development
Unfavorable conditions dictate a New Paradigm of Development, namely the introduction of Nanotechnology for consumers.
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BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH, HARRISON FORD & the New Star Wars movie - The Graham Norton Show BBC AMERICA

BENEDICT CUMBERBATCH & HARRISON FORD are talking about their possible roles in the new STAR WARS movie - and Harrison's love for Sherlock! - on the premiere ...

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*/S.Y\  Old Actor  or  Young  Actor   /  A  Comparison  for  Understanding .
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Tee Poulson's curator insight, October 12, 2013 2:43 AM

Still looking for the full interview, but here's a clip of the nicest bit - Ford praises Cumberbatch and he looks like he's going to start crying tears of pride!

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Ways to Invest in Bitcoins?

As bitcoin may be the brand new currency which has lately come forward, many people are not essentially aware of what it truly is and how it may be valuable. It can be related to the US Dollar, Peso, and also Euro but the only difference is the fact that a single government or even a single business cannot manage it. Get a lot more information about Comprare bitcoin https://www.bitdigital.it/



Bitcoin can be a decentralized peer to peer currency. It is connected for the computer system of every individual functioning with it. In brief, it can be digital currency and there is no will need of a central bank for performing transactions working with this currency. It has now develop into a hot commodity amongst the spectators. The transactions applying digital currencies come about instantly and there is absolutely no transaction fee involved. The best element is that no one can manipulate the bitcoin network.



Should you are considering digital currencies then you definitely ought to understand how to get bitcoins also. Many people say that it can be seriously tough to cope with bitcoins however the truth is the fact that obtaining bitcoins is quite effortless. It is even a lot easier than opening a bank account.



If you want to understand the best way to buy bitcoins, you'll need to begin understanding how you can make use of the wallet software. Then you may have to understand the way to send and receive money in order that you can really acquire bitcoins. Initial of all, you will need to have a wallet. You'll be able to do that by registering oneself with any exchange that hosts a wallet. If you will get into the exchanges, you'll want extra wallets. It is best to have one particular at your own Pc too in order to fully grasp bitcoins because some experimental exchanges are going to be involved. If you need to maintain your funds secure, it can be finest to maintain on moving it by exchanging coins.



One of the most common strategy of getting bitcoins is to buy them from an exchange. You will discover an abundance of sites accessible right now that facilitate in the purchase of digital currencies. These exchanges usually do not truly sell the bitcoins themselves. They pair a purchaser with a bitcoin seller. These exchanges ask the user to provide some personal facts just before the exchange can really take place.



A different way to obtain bitcoins is to mine them. Just about every bitcoin that exists today was when mined by way of the Bitcoin Mining Network. Even so, mining may be extremely risky. It is difficulty increases with time and it becomes just about not possible for a user to achieve earnings.



That is not all; you could invest in digital currency from a private broker as well. You'll be able to enter into an exchange with the broker to have bitcoins but this comes with some drawbacks. The exchange is going to become anonymous. You don't even know any real information concerning the broker except for his wallet quantity but you nevertheless must transfer funds in an effort to make the exchange occur. There is a danger of acquiring ripped off if the bitcoin exchanges disappear. That could make you shed your bitcoins also.



In short, bitcoins can help you earn funds and for this, you just ought to know the ideal time for you to make the exchange.


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WHAT YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT BITCOIN MINING  -  However, there is a solution to this problem. You can buy cloud mining power, meaning that you can purchase power from a computer that is located in a different part of the world. – */S.Y\ New Step of Evolution on Digital World .
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Bitcoin Poses no Risks to Warrant Regulation: Singapore Central Bank Chief

Bitcoin Poses no Risks to Warrant Regulation: Singapore Central Bank Chief | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Singapore has no plans of regulating cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and the central bank will keep “an open mind”, the authority’s chief has revealed.

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), the country’s central bank and financial regulator, will not regulate cryptocurrencies but will “expect” intermediaries to implement anti-money laundering controls, according to MAS managing director Ravi Menon.

Speaking an interview with Bloomberg, the central banker was asked if cryptocurrencies like bitcoin require regulation if Singapore became hotbed for ICOs, a popular new form of fundraising enabled by cryptocurrencies.

In response, Menon said “very few jurisdictions regulate cryptocurrencies” before revealing the authority’s take on exerting control, if any.

He stated:

We’ve taken the approach that the currency itself does not pose the risk that warrants regulation. Our approach is to look at the activity around the cryptocurrency and then make an assessment of what regulation would be suitable.

Via Alight Alliance, Ramabadran Seshadri Iyengar
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Singapore has no plans of regulating cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and the central bank will keep “an open mind”, the authority’s chief has revealed.   -   /S.Y\  Smart  Estimate of  Cryptocurrency .
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Alight Alliance's curator insight, October 27, 9:14 PM
It's nice to see that someone is being practical and sensible about Bitcoin regulation!
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With 11 Million Users Coinbase Enables Instant Bitcoin Buying With a US Bank Account

With 11 Million Users Coinbase Enables Instant Bitcoin Buying With a US Bank Account | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Bitcoin exchange Coinbase announced that it will now allow users to buy bitcoin, ethereum, and litecoin instantly when paying with a US bank account.

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Cryptocurrency  in USA - Our mission is to make Coinbase the most trusted, safe, and easy-to-use digital currency exchange.
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Alight Alliance's curator insight, October 24, 3:04 AM
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#Bitcoin price soars above $5,000 to record high #investorseurope #technology 

#Bitcoin price soars above $5,000 to record high #investorseurope #technology  | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Rising price of the cryptocurrency, now worth four times as much as an ounce of gold, has led to warnings of a bubble

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How  estimate  the  value  of  CRYPTOCURRENCY  ?!
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Enos Senior's curator insight, October 13, 3:25 PM

"The price of bitcoin has smashed through $5,000 to an all-time high.The cryptocurrency rose by more than 8% to $5,243 having started the year at $966. Bitcoin has soared by more than 750% in the past year and is worth four times as much as an ounce of gold. But the price has been volatile. The digital currency plunged below $3,000 in mid-September after the Chinese authorities announced a crackdown. Beijing ordered cryptocurrency exchanges to stop trading and block new registrations, due to fears that increasing numbers of consumers piling into the bitcoin market could prompt wider financial problems."

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3 Spot-On Social Media Campaigns Every Brand Can Learn From

3 Spot-On Social Media Campaigns Every Brand Can Learn From | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
These three social media campaigns made waves on the social web -- which is why they're the three picks for the Mashies' agency of the year.

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Creating a killer social media campaign isn't about the support of a great brand or having the right assets. It's about striking the delicate balance of perfect timing, relevant messaging and the right audience.  -   New Media Symbiosis. This is the Positive Effect of Interaction in Social Media / Facebook, Twitter, Scoop.it, LinkedIn, About me, SlideShare, Viadeo, .../.
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What to Do About Mediocrity on Your Team

What to Do About Mediocrity on Your Team | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Four ways to raise the bar.

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Use concrete measures as influence. - */S.Y\ Leadership is Capacity of Decoding the existent Reality.
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THE OFFICIAL ANDREASCY's curator insight, April 21, 7:30 AM

Four leadership practices that lead to performance excellence.

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Social Media Analytics: Sentiment Analysis

Social Media Analytics: Sentiment Analysis | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it

" I talked a little about sentiment analysis earlier. Sentiment analysis mainly tracks the prevailing opinion of your brand and it’s most effective for larger brands, especially consumer brands. For smaller brands, there just aren’t enough mentions of your brand to make sentiment analysis very insightful. For small brands, scouring specific websites, such as Yelp, EOpinions, and other places likely provides more insights regarding prevailing opinions about your brand".


Read more at http://www.business2community.com/social-media/social-media-analytics-sentiment-analysis-0537934


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Social Media Analytics: Sentiment Analysis  -  */S.Y\  Courage is the Positive Result of Your Creative Ability. 
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María Dolores Díaz Noguera's curator insight, August 26, 2013 6:46 AM

Analizar los sentimientos es importante.

Edward Phiri's comment, August 28, 2013 7:30 AM
Excellent relevant type of monitoring and evaluation tool
Francisco Pontes Estevan's comment, August 28, 2013 7:36 AM
Si que lo es y ademas muy funcional.
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Predictive Analytics in Human Resources - Analytics in HR

Predictive Analytics in Human Resources - Analytics in HR | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Predictive analytics in human resources: this article explains what HR predictive analytics are and illustrates them using 7 HR-related business cases.
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The Science Behind the Power of Storytelling

The Science Behind the Power of Storytelling | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
a skilled storyteller can actually compel others to act by manipulating their emotions.

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Simon Staffans's curator insight, November 11, 2016 8:44 AM
"A skilled storyteller can actually compel others to act by manipulating their emotions."
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Resilience Through Mindful Leadership

Resilience Through Mindful Leadership | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it

The movement to develop mindful leaders in business is at a tipping point, as interest from corporations, educational institutions and the media continues to grow. As Arianna Huffington recently pointed out on CNBC's Squawk Box: "The tipping point was very evident at the World Economic Forum in Davos this past January, with many oversold sessions on the topic and meditation being taught by leading practitioners like Matthieu Ricard, PhD (a Buddhist monk who is the Dalai Lama's scientific advisor)." I witnessed this personally by leading a sold-out Davos dinner on the topic and participating in two other sessions on "Mindful Leadership."

What's causing this dramatic shift in our consciousness about what it takes today to be an effective leader? It starts with the changes taking place in the world. We live in an era of globalization and rapid technological change that is creating volatility, uncertainty, chaos and ambiguity. (VUCA is the acronym created by the U.S. Military Academy to describe the world of the 21st century.) Its impact is compounded by the rapidly changing job market and the new 24x7 communications world.

This creates stress for executives and the institutions they lead. For institutions, the velocity of the business cycle and risks of the multi-polar global environment create instability. For individuals, the volatility creates more emotional ups and downs and can cause us to lose confidence. Amid such volatility, a reserve of mental and physical energy is required to be resilient.

As I wrote in my 2009 book, Seven Lessons for Leading in Crisis, resilience is the combination of heartiness, toughness and buoyancy of spirit. These qualities are necessary for leaders to persevere through struggling moments, bounce back from adversity and adapt to external stress.

Resilience in Action

Many leading corporations -- Google, General Mills, Aetna, Genentech, Target, and Cargill, for example -- have created mindful leadership programs to build resilience in their employees. Google's and General Mills' programs are widespread through their employee base. Aetna's research on meditation and yoga has established their benefits for health and well-being.

To develop the new military leaders needed for a VUCA world, West Point has also created multiple training programs on resilience. These include spiritual fitness as well as master resilience training programs to bolster mental toughness, cultivate strong relationships and build on one's strengths -- all qualities of mindful leaders. Martin E.P. Seligman's Harvard Business Review article, "Building Resilience," summarizes these initiatives.

Alan Mulally's turnaround at the Ford Motor Company illustrates the value of resilience. He became CEO of Ford in 2006 and faced week after week of challenging news about the business. As the financial crisis peaked, Ford's very existence was at risk. As documented in Bryce Hoffman's American Icon, Mulally maintained an upbeat, positive spirit and can-do attitude that transformed Ford. He applauded those who offered bad news and encouraged the organization to view setbacks as learning opportunities en route to success.

The Mindful Leader

The best way to become more resilient is to develop oneself into a calm, compassionate and adaptable Mindful Leader. How does one become mindful? In 2011, I presented my ideas on authentic leadership to the Dalai Lama and asked him that question. He stressed the importance of creating daily mindful practices.

Two practices have increased my resilience and shaped my leadership. The first is meditation, which I began in 1975, twenty minutes twice a day. This has been the single best thing to improve my effectiveness and sense of well-being. Meditation enables me to forget less important events and focus with clarity on significant issues. My most creative ideas come out of meditation. In addition, meditation increases my energy level and enables me to be more compassionate toward others.

Meditation certainly isn't the only way to become mindful. Other regular practices include prayer, journaling, intimate discussions and solitary exercises like jogging, hiking and swimming. The important thing is to have some form of introspective practice that enables you to slow down your mind and reflect on what is important.

Second, I have been meeting weekly since 1975 with a group of men to discuss our beliefs and life experiences. We serve as mirrors for each other, allowing us to maintain equilibrium under pressure and understand how we are perceived by others. In addition, my wife and I formed a couples group of eight people in 1983 that meets monthly for personal discussions. The format of these groups is similar to the Young President Organization's Forum and the small, intimate groups described in my book, True North Groups.

Being Mindful Makes You a Better Leader

In my experience, mindful people make much better leaders than frenetic, aggressive ones. They understand their reactions to stress and crises, and understand their impact on others. They are far better at inspiring people to take on greater responsibilities and at aligning them around common missions and values. They are better at focusing and are more effective at delegating work with closed-loop follow-up. As a result, people follow their mindful approach, and their organizations outperform others over the long-run.

There is no cost to becoming mindful, and it makes far better use of your time. That's why it's catching on so rapidly. The tipping point is indeed here.

Bill George is professor of management practice at Harvard Business School and author of True North and Authentic Leadership. He is the former chair and CEO of Medtronic. Read more at www.BillGeorge.org, or follow him on Twitter @Bill_George.

   

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Karine Allouche's curator insight, December 3, 2014 12:49 PM

We live in an era of globalization and rapid technological change that is creating volatility, uncertainty, chaos and ambiguity. A turnaround is even adding to this stress - how to lead in this time?

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Switzerland: a pirate’s paradise? - SWI swissinfo.ch

Switzerland: a pirate’s paradise? - SWI swissinfo.ch | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Switzerland's relatively lenient laws on downloading copyrighted material have resulted in it being placed on a US blacklist.
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Creativity and the Pursuit of Excellence

Creativity and the Pursuit of Excellence | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
In this lecture we investigate Richard Taylor's idea, building on the thought of Aristotle, that personal excellence is best attained through the cultivation of one's capacity for creativity.

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What  is  Creativity ?   -   */S.Y\  A Permanent Creativity as Index of High - Potential Talent  and  Growth  for  SME's .
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Can social media analytics and open data pair up?

Can social media analytics and open data pair up? | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
While many federal agencies have been using some form of analytics to follow their social media accounts for years, Twitter'sannouncement last week that its (Can social media analytics and open data pair up?
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*/S.Y\   New Media Symbiosis. This is the Positive Effect of Interaction in Social Media / Facebook, Twitter, Scoop.it, LinkedIn, About me, SlideShare, Viadeo, .../.
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Qtum: Connecting Blockchain Technology With the Commercial World

Qtum: Connecting Blockchain Technology With the Commercial World | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Qtum, a forthcoming digital currency and open source community project, announced this week that it had passed $1 million in backing from top industry executives. Some of the project’s high-profile supporters include co-founder of Ethereum and founder of Jaxx Blockchain Interface, Anthony Di Iorio; co-founder of Augur and EIR at Blockchain Capital, Jeremy Gardner; OkCoin CEO, Star Xu; blockchain technology advocate Bo Shen; billionaire Kuaidi Dache founder, Chen Weixing; and Chinese angel investor Xiaolai Li, among others.

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New  Business  Communications .
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Why does Sweden produce so many startups?

Why does Sweden produce so many startups? | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
What do Spotify, Minecraft and Candy Crush Saga have in common?

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Why does Sweden produce so many startups?  -  /S.Y\   Mirror of Leader. Smart Tips. Many Faces of Constructivism. Look the Mirror of Thought Leader. You can Much Creativity on Demand.
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IMF Head Foresees the End of Banking and the Triumph of Cryptocurrency | Jeffrey A. Tucker

IMF Head Foresees the End of Banking and the Triumph of Cryptocurrency | Jeffrey A. Tucker | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
In a remarkably frank talk at a Bank of England conference, the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund has speculated that Bitcoin and cryptocurrency have as much of a future as the Internet itself. It could displace central banks, conventional banking, and challenge the monopoly of national monies. 

Via Pierre Levy
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Cryptocurrency  is  New Way  for Development  of the World !!!
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Herd on the Street? #BankOfAmerica Survey Calls #Bitcoin 'Most Crowded Trade' - #CoinDesk #cryptoTrading #trading

Herd on the Street? #BankOfAmerica Survey Calls #Bitcoin 'Most Crowded Trade' - #CoinDesk #cryptoTrading #trading | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Money has piled into bitcoin, portending an eventual stampede to sell, according to 26% of fund managers surveyed by Bank of America.

Via Lionel Gikonyo
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Money  Best  Movie !!!
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Lionel Gikonyo's curator insight, September 13, 2:59 PM

"Buying bitcoin is now the most crowded trade in the financial markets."

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America: Excelling at Mediocrity

America: Excelling at Mediocrity | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Recently, I've been around the world and then back to the US of A. And what strikes me is how fast many parts of the globe are forging ahead — and how decrepit coming home can feel in comparison (JFK airport, I'm looking at you).

Via Ana Valdés, John Michel
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The mightiest adversary that snaps great empires like twigs isn’t chimerical “globalization” — it’s glittering hubris, bedecked in the finery of denial. Hence, if the whispered rumors of our imminent decline are worth leaning in and listening to, then perhaps it’s worth trying to diagnose the depth of the plunge and the slope of the cliff before we scrabble for a handhold. - */S.Y\ For the Real Growth need Creativity for any Country and Economics .
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John Michel's curator insight, January 16, 2013 9:12 AM

An interesting post about how mediocrity becoming the new norm in America. 

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John Michel, experienced leader, humanitarian, visioneer, and renown status quo buster, is the author of the ground breaking book, Mediocre Me: How Saying No to the Status Quo will Propel you from Ordinary to Extraordinary. Check out his blog at www.MediocreMe.com or drop him a note at johnmichel@MediocreMe.com

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People Analytics - Use of Analytic in HR is Growing

People Analytics - Use of Analytic in HR is Growing | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
The use of analytics in HR is growing, with organizations aggressively building people analytics teams, buying analytics offerings, and developing analytics solutions. HR now has the chance to demonstrate ROI on its analytics efforts, helping to make the case for further investment.

Via Dave Cherry
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Unsurprisingly, all this leads back to greater investment in HR, generating a virtuous cycle where higher ROI justifies greater analytics investment. The success of analytics comes down to measuring the value of people to an organization—and analytics is key to unlocking that value. However, providing great data and insights is only part of the solution. The real value is in turning these insights into change that delivers business value.   -    */S.Y\  Transformation of Thought Leader give New Understanding & Analytical Wisdom and the Evolution on Content.
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Meaningful Work Should Not Be a Privilege of the Elite !

Meaningful Work Should Not Be a Privilege of the Elite ! | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Imaginative problem-solving is part of human nature. Participating in it is essential to the good life – and no elite minority should have a monopoly on that. So this raises the question: How do we enable more people to get involved in solving problems? Every person is capable of creative thought and action. Great managers know how to tap that superabundant resource, and they recognize that pooling creative energy usually accelerates progress. Many minds make lighter work.

Via Fouad Bendris
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What is the job that society needs to get done that it turns to competent managers to do? Increasingly, that job is not only to produce better goods and services more efficiently, but to organize individuals to collaborate and create together in unprecedented ways. - */S.Y\ Leadership's Secret is Find New Paradigm for Development.
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Fouad Bendris's curator insight, April 4, 2:54 PM
Inclusive prosperity is something every manager can help achieve. It is hard for anyone to be against the idea of inclusive prosperity. Of course the bounty produced by economic growth should be broadly shared. But the devil is in the details, and when people advocate for inclusive growth they don’t always have the same things in mind.
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OCCUPY TRANSMEDIA STORYTELLING NOW! · OccupyTMStory · Storify

This YOUR Transmedia Story...


Via Simon Staffans
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OCCUPYTRANSMEDIA STORYTELLING NOW.   -  */S.Y\   Personal Development is Best Motivation of My Business Development with New Opportunities for SME's.  Leadership's Secret is Find New Paradigm for Development.
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Building a brand-new Internet

Building a brand-new Internet | A New Paradigm of Development | Scoop.it
Menny Barzilay CRUNCH NETWORK CONTRIBUTOR Menny Barzilay is with the Interdisciplinary Cyber Research Center at the Tel Aviv University, is a member of the Yuval Ne'eman Workshop for Science, Technology and Security Senior Forum, and the CEO of FortyTwo. How to join the network We do not possess the ability to read the future, and yet we can predict with a high level of certainty that we will see more major cybersecurity incidents in 2016 and 2017. The world’s cybersecurity capability is not able to advance in line with the growing vulnerabilities. We are faced by more and more threats each day, and hackers are becoming more sophisticated. Whether an organization invests $1 million or $100 million in its security infrastructure, it will still remain vulnerable. What’s worse, there appears no end to this disparity. Emerging security solutions, great as they may be, do not change the overall way of things; the Internet favors the attacker. Amazing entrepreneurs, as well as established companies, are creating solutions that implement better anomaly detection, better network segregation, better user identification and better leakage prevention. However, these are simply stepping stones, without the necessary leap forward that is required for a long-term solution. At the same time, the cost of securing businesses from cyberattacks is constantly increasing. This is compounded by old technologies not being replaced by new technologies. Instead, new technologies are being added to already crowded security infrastructures. Unless this changes, there may come a day in which it is no longer deemed cost-effective, business-wise, to introduce new services on the Internet. Incremental security changes will not work. We need disruptive innovation in the world of cybersecurity. A paradigm shift — something that will change dramatically the way things work. We want a solution that will have a significant positive effect, similar to the one created by the invention of the car, smartphone or time travel. I am going to discuss one such solution now — creating a new, much more secure Internet that will dramatically improve cyber resilience and, at the same time, dramatically reduce expenditures on cybersecurity. Welcome to the world of AGNs (Alternative Global Network). To understand the concept of AGNs, we must go back to 1969. In the beginning In 1969, the same year that Neil Armstrong became the first man to step on the moon and the Beatles released their last album, Abby Road, a first packet was transmitted over a small network named the “Advanced Research Projects Agency Network,” also known as the ARPANET. Trust was not something to be concerned about in this small and controlled network. Trust existed in the ARPANET because there was trust in the real world. The different users knew each other and the few connected devices were all controlled by the creators of the network. Risks such as fraud, hacking, malware, denial of service attacks and others were, to say the least, extremely improbable. As time went by, the ARPANET expanded and became the technical foundation for the Internet as we know it. So what do we have today? Billions of users, who don’t know each other and certainly do not trust one another, connecting through all sorts of devices (we have no clue what is connected to the Internet) and using the network in any way they deem fit. Trust has become a challenge. The Internet When the ARPANET project began, no one expected that it would become such a huge success. In these essential early stages, it was not designed with security in mind, but rather to ensure connectivity. And yet, in a very short time, the ARPANET grew from a small research network to the huge global network that we all use today. Many of the modern security challenges that we experience should be attributed to the fact that the Internet is not secured-by-design. It should be agreed that given the opportunity, we would definitely redesign it. And to make things worse, much worse, the way the Internet was implemented prevents us from upgrading it to a more secure version. Let me explain what I mean when I say that the Internet cannot be upgraded. We see a lot of innovation on the Internet. We see amazing new applications using new types of innovative protocols, like Voice over IP and video tunneling — things that no one imagined when the Internet started. Nevertheless, none of those innovative applications are improving the core way the Internet works. We have been using the same problematic TCP/IP stack (more or less) over the past few decades, with zero probability that it will be replaced in the years to come. We have an immediate need for a more efficient, secure, trustworthy and innovation-friendly (upgradeable) Internet. Why? To upgrade the Internet, we actually would have to upgrade all the routers, switches and other connected network devices. And that is impossible to achieve because the network devices are mostly embedded systems that are bundled with hardware. They do not have standard interfaces and only the manufacturer controls the software, which means there is no way to do it remotely. We would have to access and upgrade each and every device. Even with IPv6 we have failed. IPv6 is still not widely implemented, even though the IETF published its RFC in 1998 and everybody agreed about its importance. Google’s statistics show that only about 10 percent of the users who access Google services are doing so while using IPv6. And much like any other place in which innovation has taken a backseat, we see so many problems with networking technologies today: they are hard to manage, inefficient, unreliable, costly, prone to manipulations and the list goes on. Billions of new devices will be connected to the Internet in the coming years (according to Gartner). At the same time, as we have discussed, cybersecurity threats will dramatically increase. Therefore, we have an immediate need for a more efficient, secure, trustworthy and innovation-friendly (upgradeable) Internet. AGNs (next-generation Internet) Though upgrading the current Internet is an unfeasible task, there might be another way. Wireless connectivity technologies of all kinds (Wi-Fi, satellites, cellular, etc.) have vastly improved in recent years. And soon they will reach a point where commercial companies, by using a small number of network devices, could implement worldwide networks that will allow Internet access from everywhere, by anyone and at any time. Two great examples of companies that are currently working on bringing wireless Internet connectivity solutions to places around the globe that do not have traditional access are Google and Facebook — Google with activities like Project Loon, in which they are planning to use high-altitude balloons, and Facebook with activities like Internet.org that propose the use of solar-powered drones. Though daring, a worldwide wireless Internet is inevitable. It simply makes more sense than spending trillions on upgrading super-costly physical infrastructures. And herein lies the opportunity. A “worldwide wireless Internet access solution” will allow us to implement a new way of networking, instead of using the traditional TCP/IP Stack based network. This network will not necessarily be IP-based, but rather be built upon a new connectivity model — more secure, simpler to manage and more efficient. Let’s call this non-TCP/IP global network AGN: Alternative Global Network. Cybersecurity and AGN AGNs will introduce numerous opportunities (as well as numerous challenges) — far too many to discuss here. Hence, I will write about three disruptive benefits that represent a paradigm shift in the world of cybersecurity that will be created by AGNs. One: No need for new security tools In the world of cybersecurity as we know it today, every new problem (or family of problems) leads to the creation of a new family of products. New attack vector = new security tools. This is why, while trying to keep up with emerging threats, we continue to buy new security products. The cost of securing businesses from cyberattacks is constantly increasing. As previously mentioned, those new emerging solutions represent incremental improvements in cybersecurity. They retain the status quo, rarely addressing the underlying problem, and do not create the changes necessary to overcome the threat of hackers. AGNs will radically change our current approach toward cybersecurity, rebalancing the power divide between the Internet as a force of good and those seeking to undermine it. The AGN architecture design should allow the AGN provider to upgrade the network operating system and protocol stack both quickly and simply. Obviously, this creates new innovative opportunities, and will also have a tremendous effect on cybersecurity. Here are some examples: A malicious entity seeks to exploit the way an AGN protocol works in order to facilitate a denial of service attack (much like what we see today). In that case, the moment the first attack has occurred and been analyzed, the AGN provider can update the entire network in a matter of seconds, to prevent the same attack scenario from recurring. This removes the need for every organization to buy a new cycle of products, saving billions on cybersecurity expenses worldwide. Someone finds a bug in a tunneling protocol that enables them to gain access to what was otherwise restricted data. Again, a simple update (network security patch) and it is fixed. A new secure GPS-aware packet transportation protocol is needed to support autonomous cars and drones. No problem, come back tomorrow and it will be ready. The ability to mitigate security risks and create new network services breaks the paradigm of new security risks = procurement of a new set of security tools. Through this, one of the biggest challenges facing cybersecurity today can be solved. Two: Network virtualization AGN benefits can include, among many others, all of the benefits that software-defined networking (SDN) aim to introduce, but on a global scale. Benefits such as cost reduction, software-defined packet forwarding, central management and many others. If you are not familiar with SDNs, I urge you to learn more about the concept. One of the most important benefits of SDN, which will also become one of the most important benefits of an AGN, is what is known as simplified virtual management. Though virtual management is already implemented in some organizations (through SDNs), in a global network its benefits are leveraged and ultimately augmented. Virtualization in networking will have a similar effect to the one virtualization has in computing, i.e. completely revolutionizing the paradigm of the existing coupling between hardware and software. Virtualization means the ability to simulate a hardware platform, such as network devices, in software. All of the device’s functionality is simulated by the software, with the ability to operate like a hardware-device solution would. The virtualization of networking will also simplify implementing security tools. With network virtualization, any network architecture can be defined for any given set of devices, while completely ignoring the physical aspects of how those devices actually connect to the network. For example, your “home” network could contain your computer, laptop, mobile phone, car and all of your family member’s devices, with no regard to where they are in the world and without the need to implement any type of VPN solution. Because the allocation of a device to a network is determined by soft switches (application-based switches), you can sit at the other side of the world and still be connected seamlessly to your home network. This is possible because the network architecture is defined by software rather than physical hardware (as opposed to today, where connections to your home network are only possible if you are connected to your home router). You might be able to define any type of network architecture just by drawing and setting it up on a graphical dashboard. Alternatively, you might be able to combine any type of security solution in your network by using simple drag-and-drop gestures. Those tools can include firewalls, IDSs, IPSs, network recording, Anti-DDoS, etc., all of which are virtual appliances. The virtualization of networking will also simplify implementing security tools. If a CISO suspects that someone is already inside his network, and thus he wants to implement a new network inspection solution for a short time, he will just have to add it to the dashboard and, with a click of a button, make all the traffic in the network flow through the new device. No need to define complex routing settings. No need to change vLan ACLs nor firewalls’ rules. Those of us who have faced these problems with traditional networks will really appreciate the change. But for this to fully work, we also will have to change the way we think about networks. No more LANs and WANs. Anyone who wants to benefit from the network virtualization features will have to live by the principle of “every device is connected directly to the AGN” and the AGN will define logical separation to networks. Three: Identified by default The source of many problems we experience with the Internet today can be attributed to the fact that we are trying to supply services that require user identification on a network in which users are anonymous by default. The same network is being used for e-banking services and drug purchasing, viewing medical results and child pornography, social networking and promoting terrorism. No one will use AGNs unless access to the servers and services on the “Internet 1.0” will be enabled and seamless. The AGN provider will be able to implement an identified-by-default network. In this solution, the AGN will authenticate users whenever they are starting to use the network and be able to supply this identity as a service to any application that requires it. In that case, a user might even be able to access his bank without the need to type in a username or password. The federated identity approach is already being serviced by companies such as Facebook and Google. Federated identity means that the user’s single identity is being used by different identity management systems. But not only will users be identified, the hardware devices, or rather the network interfaces, can also be controlled to improve security and trust in the network. How can that be achieved? To connect to an AGN, one must buy a new type of Network Interface Controller (NIC) that supports the AGN protocols stack (obviously, current TCP/IP NICs will not work with AGNs). A wise designing of such an NIC will create a remotely programmable/upgradeable firmware (to support the AGN provider’s ability to upgrade the AGN quickly and remotely). The NIC will also hold a unique private key (NICPK). This key will facilitate tunneling between devices, as well as functioning as a type of license to use the AGN. Based on those NICPKs, stored in all the NICs connected to the AGN, the AGN provider will have the ability to create some kind of Network Access Prevention (NAP) solution that will prevent any unidentified and authorized NIC from communicating within the AGN. Also, device to network allocations will be determined based on the devices’ NICPK. For example, a CIO might define a whitelist of NICPKs that are allowed to access internal resources. And probably the most important feature of using NICPKs is increasing users’ accountability. In the Internet, as we know it today, it is very hard to exercise accountability. Hackers and other malicious entities are getting away with almost anything. The AGN provider will change this, and monitor activities across the entire network. The provider can identify any activity that is not aligned with the network code of conduct and exercise the appropriate sanctions on the user and the device. For example, if a user created a phishing attack, he will be banned from the AGN network (his account will be disabled and his NICPK will be removed from the whitelist of allowed devices). If a user used torrents to download movies illegally, he will be banned from accessing the AGN for a week. If somebody instigated a DDoS attack using many zombie computers (infected computers that are being remotely controlled by a hacker without the users’ knowledge and consent), the AGN provider will prevent those computers from accessing the network until the virus is removed. Related Articles Creating A New Type Of Internet Can you take the Internet out of the Internet of Things? Why IoT Security Is So Critical Another feature of an identified-by-default network is the ability of the AGN provider to control which protocols and which websites are allowed. This gives the AGN provider the freedom to decide whether torrents will be allowed, and whether people are allowed to use TOR-like services. One might think that by creating protocol encapsulation, users can override the AGN provider restrictions, and eventually create things like an AGN-based darknet. But this is not as easy as it might sound, for two major reasons: (A) centralized network management allows relatively easy deep protocol inspection, and (B) the moment the AGN provider learns about this new service, he will be able to completely eliminate it in a very short space of time, thus not allowing any unauthorized services enough time to grow. Moving to an identified-by-design network with a centralized control and high level of accountability is a paradigm shift from the uncontrolled and decentralized Internet that we have today. What will happen to the “old” Internet? We can expect AGN providers to create native services that can only be accessed by the AGN users, and AGNs might eventually even completely replace the old TCP/IP-based Internet. Nevertheless, in the meantime, it is obvious that no one will use AGNs unless access to the servers and services on the “Internet 1.0” will be enabled and seamless. For that to happen, the AGN provider will have to implement a secure gateway. This gateway will be in charge of protocol translation (by stripping and reconstructing or encapsulation) and safe pass. Creating an AGN <-> TCP/IP (or Internet 2.0 to Internet 1.0) gateway, while retaining a high level of security in the AGN, is one of the biggest challenges. AGN providers will have to endure to create an alternative Internet. Conclusion It is becoming harder and harder to secure digital assets. We need disruptive solutions that will create a shift in the balance of things — providing a vital lead over malicious factors. Not only can AGNs do that, but they can also completely alter our approach toward cybersecurity. Some might be concerned about the loss of privacy in an AGN world — and they would be right to be worried. An AGN provider will have infinite power over its user. But the fact that he can, doesn’t necessarily mean that he will. Many times privacy and security are opposite forces, and balancing between them is more an art than science. Sadly, the same goes for privacy and monetization. Nevertheless, if designed right, AGNs can have a real, positive impact on the world of technology, while making the users feel comfortable and secure. Implementation, however, will require a very responsible and privacy-aware AGN provider — one that will not misuse their power. Finding a balance between security and privacy, between centralized control and open network, between monetization and fair use, are all challenges that we will have to face on the way to creating a secure AGN. Homework To be able to create a world in which AGNs are possible, we need to overcome several challenges and initiate several activities: Conducting research to create an effective, secure and upgradable network connectivity model (TCP/IP alternatives). This is a great opportunity for the industry to collaborate with academia. Designing an upgradable AGN NIC with a NICPK. Designing a secure gateway that will allow a safe pass between the AGN new connectivity model and the current Internet. Building an affordable way to create global wireless (or hybrid) networking solutions. Though wireless technologies are slower than wired technologies, the higher networking efficiency that we can achieve with a new connectivity model might, to some extent, bridge this gap. Devising the approach and code of conduct for such an Internet. FEATURED IMAGE: LOCRIFA/SHUTTERSTOCK
Via Riaz Khan, Chris Maylor
Sergey Yatsenko's insight:
The Creation of Opportunity . - */S.Y\ The Evolution of Leader . A Permanent Creativity give " Things of Perfection", the Application of They born Smart Transformation / New Understanding & Analytical Wisdom. This is New Level of Knowledge.
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Chris Maylor's curator insight, January 19, 5:26 PM
An often-used critical thinking cornerstone is the question:  "Is it still the right decision?".  The network connection problem shared here highlights the need to re-ask the fundamental question, despite the pain (and cost) associated with making a change.
Good discussion and also a great explanation of why, despite being out of IPv4 addresses for most of of a decade, the problem persists.
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