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A Level Economists: Is 'free' trade hindering the development of poor countries?

A Level Economists: Is 'free' trade hindering the development of poor countries? | A level geography | Scoop.it
Amy Robinson's insight:

Neoliberalism- TradeVsAid argument:

Free trade is used as a good idea for development, with neoliberalists suggesting that free trade guarantees growth. The EU trading bloc is seen as protectionist and hindering the development of LEDC's as it is not promoting free trade due to the imposed tariffs on imports. This leads to dead weight losses (economics) and non price competitive prices.

 

In the EU free trade occurs internally. Externally, however, traders are faced with high import tariffs. Most of the processing and packaging of cocoa is completed in Europe as a result of the occurrence of tariff escalation. 


WTO has not been successful in removing the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) which discriminates against farmers in developing countries by undermining their natural price advantage and flooding their economies with heavily subsided imports


Developing nations can become stuck in the primary sector, a constraint on development. This is known as the resource curseand is considered to be a curse because resources are exhaustible and currently depletion rates are unsustainable.

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UNCCD -  UN Council on Land Degradation

UNCCD -  UN Council on Land Degradation | A level geography | Scoop.it

Via chris tobin
Amy Robinson's insight:

Conflict- poverty

 

Land degradation is a key issue in our world, as population is growing at an exponential rate. Africa is a main concern, with research suggesting by 2025 the country will only be able to provide food for 50% of the population.

 

Property rights may also be linked to this. In Africa Hernado de Soto, an economist, has estimated there is $9.2 bn of unlegislated land, leading to a tragedy of the commons effect.

 

In this article it explains what the UN think of land degradation from the RIo summit as a global issue, with more facts that will be useful in the exam. 

 

Over past decades land degradation accelerated over 36 times its historical rate, leading to poverty and hunger, climate change related shocks and loss of biodiversity.


To achieve global sustainable development, we must ensure that restoration of land equals or exceeds degradation: in other words we need "land degradation neutrality".

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Chechen rebel leader Umarov 'dead'

Chechen rebel leader Umarov 'dead' | A level geography | Scoop.it
Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov, linked to a series of attacks against Russia, is dead, a pro-insurgency website has reported.
Amy Robinson's insight:

GEOG3- Conflict

 

Separatism.

As Russia is a current topic in Geography with the issues in Crimea, it is still important to remember other on going conflicts within the country as to Chechnya's battle for separatism. 

 

With Putin publicly calling separatist supporters terrorist, it is unsure of the cause of death to Doku Umarov. He has been declared dead several times, however this one seems fitting after the safe Sochi Games. Doku Umarov has been a wanted man for Putin, as "He has claimed to have ordered the January 2011 Moscow airport bombing that killed 36 people, and the March 2010 suicide bombings in the Moscow Metro, in which 39 people died.". Will this dampen rebels spirits or add to the anger in the southern Russian state. 

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CBC News - AIDS epidemic tearing families apart in rural China

CBC News - AIDS epidemic tearing families apart in rural China | A level geography | Scoop.it

Via mrhill
Amy Robinson's insight:

Trade vs Aid

 

China has managed in 1990's had 60% in extreme poverty. Now this number is 12%. This appears at the surface as a massive example as to why trade lead development is key for fast, secure success. Not quite..

As seen in this article, China has an AIDS epidemic. There are 50,000 confirmed cases of the illness, but many more expected. AIDS has caused major issues in developing nations such as South Africa, where replacement rates of work forces peaked at 5 year turnover due to the illness. This may be mirrored in China if not controlled, lowering productivity rates in work forces, detracting foreign direct investment in the country and raising average costs of firm as training has to reoccur. Furthermore, the more cases of the illness, the more susceptible people are to secondary illnesses, leading to a higher number of days off work leading to a downward spiral and overall a poverty trap. The future may be looking bleak for China without aid from bilateral, multilateral, or NGO sources that can insure conditional aid so money is devoted directly to ARV's to help prolong HIV and prolong life expectancy.

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Rescooped by Amy Robinson from Mr Hill's Geography
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Malaria 'spreading to new altitudes'

Malaria 'spreading to new altitudes' | A level geography | Scoop.it
Warmer temperatures are causing malaria to spread in the African and South American highlands, traditionally havens from the disease, scientists say.

Via mrhill
Amy Robinson's insight:

Climate change- new foreign diseases now reaching higher latitudes.

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