650 Annotated Bibliography
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650 Annotated Bibliography
Annotated Bibliography: Dictionaries, Ready Reference,
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Super Silly Sayings That Are Over Your Head

Super Silly Sayings That Are Over Your Head | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Snodgrass, Catherine S. Super Silly Sayings That Are Over Your Head: A Children's Illustrated Book of Idioms. Higganum, CT: Starfish Specialty Press, 2004. Print.


Catherine Snodgrass is an artist and author of children's books.

This book defines over 40 different idioms using text and illustration. This book appeals to young readers and is recommended for grades 1-4 but can be used by anyone who is learning English, has autism or other language-learning impairments. Each idiom is defined and readers are presented with two images, one that depicts the literal interpretation of the idiom and the other of the actual meaning. This book helps readers understand and use idioms in an easy and colorful way.

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Wikipedia

Wikipedia | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc, July 22, 2004. Web. March 31, 2012.


Wikipedia is the online, collaborative, multi-lingual encyclopedia. It offers 21 million articles. While typically discouraged as an academic source, Wikipedia offers users interested in etymology, slang, and modern English a starting point for their research. Due to the fact that Wikipedia can be edited by users, information will need to be confirmed with an academic source should the user wish to pursue the topic in depth. Articles on Wikipedia contain references to where the information has been gathered from. This feature of the website allows users a starting place if they do not know where else to look.

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An etymological dictionary of modern English.

An etymological dictionary of modern English. | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Weekley, Earnest. An etymological dictionary of modern English. New York: Dover, 1967. Print.


This dictionary contains many common words, slang, archaic or unused words and phrases, and common foreign words. The roots of the words are identified and cross-referenced with words with similar origins or meanings. It is a good resource as it is not difficult to read and has an accessible feel to it. Users can use this dictionary to investigate how modern English developed.

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American English Blog

American English Blog | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

American English Blog. Web. March 20, 2012.


The American English Blog provides a variety of multi-media resources for first beginner English speakers. The blog describes itself in these words:“American English Blog is a great place to learn real, conversational, American English. This is where you will really learn how to speak like an American.” Much of the website is dedicated to American slang and colloquialisms, as well as American culture with links to music and video.

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The American Thesaurus of Slang

The American Thesaurus of Slang | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Berrey, Lester V, and Melvin Van den Bark. The American Thesaurus of Slang: A Complete Reference Book of Colloquial Speech. New York: Crowell, 1953. Print.


The Thesaurus of Slang is compiled in two sections; there is a portion for general slang and colloquialisms, further divided into categories ordered with the idea, and there is a portion for special slang that would be used by people belonging to a particular class or career. This resource contains an index for reference.

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Dictionary of American English on Historical Principles

Dictionary of American English on Historical Principles | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Craigie, William A, and James R. Hulbert. A Dictionary of American English on Historical Principles. Chicago: The Univ. of Chicago Press, 1968. Print.


The Dictionary of American English on Historical Principles offers a list of words and phrases used by early Americans from the period of the first English settlements on the continent ending at the beginning of the 20th century. The original volumes were published between 1938 and 1944. Included in the dictionary are names of regionally specific plants and animals; names of natural and artificial products; and special terms, e.g., topographical, medical, legal, military, naval, business, educational, etc. Most entries include examples are used to illustrate definition and usage. The dictionary provided the reader with a social and historical context for each entry, often going in detail to compare usage of words and phrases in American English from that in England and other English-speaking countries. The volume includes a thorough bibliography helpful annotations.This would be a great resource for a student of American history, or natural history, but may not be as significant for those with an interest in learning today’s commonly used colloquialisms.

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Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Ayto, John, and Ebenezer C. Brewer. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable. New York: Collins, 2005. Print.


Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable is on its 17th edition and has over 19,000 entries that range from proverbial phrases to information on modern fantasy literature. This dictionary does not solely provide information on colloquialism or slang so can seem very daunting to those looking just for that information. However, this dictionary appeals to almost everyone because it has a variety of information on almost anything. Articles include information on famous people, historical (and current) events, characters, sporting nicknames, and even famous last words. While each edition brings new and updated information, older versions are not useless.  There may articles that are irrelevant today and therefore no longer included, but they are still important from an historical standpoint.

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Dictionary of American regional English

Dictionary of American regional English | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Cassidy, Frederic G, and Joan H. Hall. Dictionary of American Regional English. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1985. Print.


The Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) is a five volume record that focuses on words and phrases that are specifically used in different regions across the United States. It was compiled by the editor and many scholars through an extensive series of interviews since 1965 and print resources and appears to be an authoritative and comprehensive collection. Arranged alphabetically and keeping away from standard English, about 60,000 headword entries include the definition, pronunciation, variations, usage examples, and where the word is used--complete with maps illustrating where the scholars came across the words in the field. Dated source information is also given to indicate how usage has varied over time.


An online version is currently in the works, as well as a volume devoted to indexing the first five volumes according to related concepts and social categories.


See http://dare.wisc.edu/?q=node/163 for example entries.

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The First English Dictionary of Slang 1699

The First English Dictionary of Slang 1699 | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Gentleman, B. E. The First English Dictionary of Slang 1699. Oxford: Bodleian Library, 2010. Print.


The first dictionary to focus on slang and its definitions, this work was originally titled A New Dictionary of Terms, Ancient and Modern, of the Canting Crew by B.E. Gentleman. It was the first work that did not distinguish between common slang and the slang used by criminals. It was intended as a guide for members of “polite society”--it raised their awareness of the crimes that the slang users participated in and the terms they used to describe their activities, in turn, allowing the readers to take preventative measures.

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Green's Dictionary of Slang

Green's Dictionary of Slang | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Green, Jonathon. Green's Dictionary of Slang. Edinburgh: Chambers, 2010. Print.


A three-volume collection, this dictionary has 53,000+ entries and defines 100,000+ words. It was compiled by Jonathan Green over thirty years of research and contains slang from the past five centuries that have been used all over the world. It gives notable attention to terms related to sex, drugs, and crime.  Each entry gives the headword, class, etymology, spelling variations, definitions, usage, and a comprehensive set of citations.

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Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, and Ethnic Slurs in the English-Speaking World

Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, and Ethnic Slurs in the English-Speaking World | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Hughes, Geoffrey. An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, and Ethnic Slurs in the English-Speaking World. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2006. Print.

 

Geoffrey Hughes was a professor of the History of the English Language at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. The encyclopedia includes an alphabetized table of contents. There is a brief history for each term, examples of the usage, related terms, and a bibliography for each entry. While this encyclopedia has entries from many different English speaking countries, the main focus is on American and British terms and phrases. The print edition of this book is quite pricey at over $100, but there are not very many books out there that are like this. There is a new e-book edition of this encyclopedia that can be purchased for around $30, which is a much more affordable option.

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McGraw-Hill's Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions

McGraw-Hill's Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Spears, Richard A. Mcgraw-hill's Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2005. Print.


The author, Dr. Richard A. Spears, is a former linguistics professor at Northwestern University who has written over 150 dictionaries. This dictionary includes 12,000 slang terms and expressions from the 1950s to 2006. Not only is each term defined, but readers are presented with examples of the usage of the term, pronunciations, and any other relevant information. This dictionary features an introduction titled “What is Slang, and an index where readers can look up terms and expressions.

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The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English

Dalzell, Tom, and Terry Victor. The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English. London: Routledge, 2006. Print.


Noted lexicographer, Eric Partridge, published the first edition of the Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English in 1937. The eighth edition was published in 1984 and it included material he had gathered before his death in 1979.

Since then, Tom Dalzell and Terry Victor were selected to update Partridge’s work (beneficial, given the perpetually evolving nature of slang).


Originally meant by Partridge to supplement the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), this compilation focused on words that were considered too offensive to include in the OED as well as WWII military slang. The first two of Partridge's editions included profanity, substituting asterisks for vowels in compliance with WWII obscenity laws. The 65,000+ entries in this new version include the timeframe of common usage, sourced examples of usage, and the editors’/Partridge’s commentary on the word’s definition and etymology. It is organized alphabetically into two volumes.



See http://www.amazon.com/Dictionary-Slang-Unconventional-English-Unconvetional/dp/0415291895/ref=pd_sim_sbs_b_5 for Partridge's eighth edition. (Includes a peek at the first few pages).
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Urban Dictionary

Urban Dictionary | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Urban Dictionary. Urban Dictionary, 1999-2012. Web. March 25, 2012.


An online dictionary of modern slang, which contains over 6.5 million entries. The online dictionary has a high likelihood of providing definitions to any slang terminology one might hear, but the definitions are not authoritative and may contain objectionable or offensive language or meanings.  This dictionary is not appropriate for children.  Definitions may be edited by anyone and some information provided is false.

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Television Tropes & Idioms

Television Tropes & Idioms | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

TV Tropes & Idioms. Web. March 31, 2012. 


The TV Tropes website offers definitions for terms frequenently used by online communities. It is configured as a wiki; users can add to definitions and add examples of a term as they find them in television shows, movies, literature, video games, and other media. While it is not an academic resource, it does provide a very thorough list of pop culture terms. Every defined term is cross-listed with similar terms, as well as foils for the term. As the site is configured as a wiki, it is quite comprehensive and is a good starting place for a user to investigate the meaning of popular interent jargon, idioms, and terms.

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Advance twentieth century dictionary: English into English into Urdu: More than 35,000 words and 25,000 idiomatic phrases explained in simple easy-to-understand language.

Advance twentieth century dictionary: English into English into Urdu: More than 35,000 words and 25,000 idiomatic phrases explained in simple easy-to-understand language. | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Haq, Abdul. Advanced twentieth century dictionary: English into English into Urdu: More than 35,000 words and 25,000 idiomatic phrases explained in simple easy-to-understand language. Delhi: Educational Publishing, 1991. Print


This English-Urdu dictionary is written in a simple, plain style to help explain the meanings of many words and phrases of import in the Urdu language. As English adapts words and phrases from other languages to fill any gaps in meaning or explanation of things, this dictionary contains vernacular expressions and individual words that a user may come in contact with and not initially understand.

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Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press, March 2012. Web. March 19, 2012.


The Oxford English Dictionary is a standard among dictionaries. This resource is viewed by many as the authority on the English language. It canvases over 1,000 years of development for English. Begun over 150 years ago, it is currently being revised, although it is updated at frequent intervals- every three months- to reflect changes and additions to English. One of the primary ways the OED is useful is that it is a historical dictionary. Users of the OED can trace the history of a word and follow how the usage changed over time, with examples of the shift in meaning.

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The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms

The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Ammer, Christine. The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2003. Print.


The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms is a comprehensive collection of American idioms and colloquial expressions. It contains over 10,000 entries of idioms and expressions, each clearly defined. Examples are given in the form of sample sentences to further clarify the word or expressions useage and meaning. Definitions are accompanied by a literal translation and explanation of the idiom’s origin.
This is a thorough volume and a good starting point for anyone interested in studying American colloquialisms. The inclusion of phrase origin may provide a cultural and historical context for each idiom, that is not given by other dictionaries that do not include as in depth explanations of origin.

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A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English

A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Kenyon, John S, and Thomas A. Knott. A Pronouncing Dictionary of American English. Springfield, Mass: Merriam-Webster,1953. Print.


This dictionary gives the phonetic pronunciation of vernacular English. The dictionary has recorded the various speech patterns of different regions of the United States; the East, West, North, and South. The dictionary contains common words, proper names, some British place and personal names, some foreign language words and names, and historical and literary names that would be encountered by college students. The dictionary does not have any definitions. This resource is a useful tool for users interested in the phonetics of English.

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Webster's New World American Idioms Handbook

Webster's New World American Idioms Handbook | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Brenner, Gail A. Webster's New World American Idioms Handbook. Indianapolis: Wiley, 2011. Print.


Gail Brenner is an Intensive English Language Program course developer at the University of California, Santa Cruz she has authored several other books including “English For Dummies” in various languages. This handbook is 500 pages and includes over 1,000 common idioms. Part I of this handbook includes background information on what an idiom is and details about the idioms in the book. Parts II- V are divided into chapters that group the idioms into related categories. For example the idioms in Part II deal with everyday matters such as family, health, and work. Each entry is defined and there are examples of its proper use. There is an index that allows readers to look up idioms without having to go through each chapter. This is an extensive handbook that appeals not only to current English speakers, but those learning the language as well.

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A Glossary of Netspeak and Textspeak

A Glossary of Netspeak and Textspeak | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Crystal, David. A Glossary of Netspeak and Textspeak. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2004. Print.


David Crystal has compiled a thorough list of expressions, terms and symbols used and encountered on the internet. Some of the internet slang listed in this volume is used not only in online communication, but has also found its way into ‘real life’ conversation. The author chooses to call his work a "lexipedia" which he describe his cross between a lexicon and encyclopedia.


The lexipedia is easy to use and lists terms in an alphabetical order with each headword in bold. The volume is conveniently divided into subcatagories such as emoticons, abbreviations commonly used on the internet and in texting, and internet domain names. Considering the amount of communication that is done through the use of computers and mobile devices, and the influence of this type of communication on in spoken colloquial English, this is a particularly helpful resource. The resource for first-time computer users, or limited computer use, non-native English speakers unfamiliar with American colloquial speech, and older adults.

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A Historical Dictionary of American Slang - alphaDictionary.com

A Historical Dictionary of American Slang - alphaDictionary.com | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Historical Dictionary of American Slang. Lexiteria LLC, 2010. Web. March 20, 2012.


An online dictionary of 2,200+ slang words and when they were first printed, this is one of the many resources at alphaDictionary--a collection of materials focusing on learning language(s) that is sponsored by the Lexiteria Corporation and led by Dr. Robert Beard (a.k.a. Dr. Goodword). This dictionary may be an appropriate resource for students. It left out most profanity and drug-related words, and it has a search option that allows users to limit results to “clean” words. This site also enables users to search by time period, resulting in a list of slang terms used during a given decade. Dates appear to cited by reliable sources like the Oxford English Dictionary.

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Dictionary of American Slang

Dictionary of American Slang | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Kipfer, Barbara A, and Robert L. Chapman. American Slang. New York: Collins, 2008. Print.


Dr. Barbara Kipfer has written and edited over 40 books and has a doctorate in linguistics. This edition of the dictionary contains over 1,500 terms that are alphabetized by the first word of the phrase. Each term is defined, lists alternate spellings or related terms, examples, and pronunciations. This dictionary is easy to use and includes both modern and historical terms. It may not be appropriate for young readers as it includes swear words and adult themes. There is a separate guide in this dictionary for phrases used in email and text messaging, but because it was written in 2008, there are most likely terms missing or irrelevant.

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Talk the Talk

Talk the Talk | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Reid, Luc. Talk the Talk: The Slang of 65 American Subcultures. Cincinnati, Ohio: Writer's Digest Books, 2006. Print.


This is a 422 page dictionary that focuses on 65 different American social groups. Some of the subcultures that can be found in this dictionary include beekeepers and UFO believers to surfers and online gamers and many more. This dictionary groups terms according to subculture, but it does have an index so readers can look up individual terms without having to look through all the subcultures. This is a unique dictionary that enlightens readers to the different groups of people in America. It can be used by anyone interested in a particular group or interested in American slang in general. This dictionary is available in both print and e-book formats.


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Scholastic Dictionary of Idioms

Scholastic Dictionary of Idioms | 650 Annotated Bibliography | Scoop.it

Terban, Marvin. Scholastic Dictionary of Idioms. Paw Prints, 2008. Print.


Marvin Terban is a former English teacher and has taught students in middle and high school. He has written a multitude of books for students. The dictionary features over 600 different common phrases and is recommended for ages 8+. Readers are provided with the history, definition, and examples for each phrase. The illustrations and examples provided for each entry enable young readers to understand and use idioms. This dictionary is not only useful to young English speakers, but is a good resource for those learning English as a second language.

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