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1964 Civil Rights Act Fast Facts

1964 Civil Rights Act Fast Facts | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
Here is a look at the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Its signing of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 is considered the nation's most important civil rights legislation since Reconstruction (1865-1877) as it prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Following that law, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed landmark civil rights bills including the 1965 Voting Rights Act and the 1968 Fair Housing Act.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

Civil rights are your rights that allow you to not be discriminated against based on your age, gender, race , ethnicity, or religion. In 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act which prohibited discrimination. Although this was a law, it took a long time for African Americans to not be discriminated against and given equal rights. It's hard to believe that not so long ago not everyone had equal rights.

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11. AP60X - Equal Protection Clause - YouTube

Advanced Placement Government review in 60 seconds for Xtraordinary results. Workin' it one word at a time. Presented by citizenu.org and the 2 Teachers.
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The Equal Protection Clause is part of the 14th amendment. It states that every citizen has equal protection of the laws. The most famous case involving this clause was Brown v. Board of Education. It has also been used in affirmative action cases.

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Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights - YouTube

Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights
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Civil liberties are the freedoms and rights of the people that the government cannot interfere with or take away. An example of a civil liberty is being able to practice any religion you choose. Some civil liberties, like freedom of speech, are restricted however. Civil liberties are protected by the Bill of Rights which includes amendments 1-10. These amendments are the ones that the states wanted recognized. 

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Thomas Confirmation Hearings Had Ripple Effect

Today's Supreme Court confirmation process was shaped by what happened at the hearings for Clarence Thomas 20 years ago. The hearings also changed America's political, judicial and cultural landscape.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

Thomas Clarence was the only African American man that would be on the Supreme Court at the time of his appointment. He was replacing another black justice. Race plays a role in his political appointment because many people then( and now) still judge people based on race. Since blacks typically are democratic the Senate may have thought he was liberal ,but he was a conservative.

Clarence also had radical opinions. His opinions were not  of a typical conservative and thought the court had interpreted the Constitution wrong. His views were unique and firm. Because he is a conservative, the person that appointed him would also be a conservative since the President wants people with his same opinions working for the Court.

His scandal played apart in his political appointment. The president didn't want to pick someone who may have broken the law.

Interest groups can lobby and donate campaigns contributions to a senator to influence the appointment process. By lobbying they can sway the opinion of a senator to approve or disapprove the appointment. Senators will have an incentive to vote for what the interest group wants if they stat offering campaign contributions.

 

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Supreme Court

Supreme Court | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it

Click here to edit the title

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On their website you can find their latest opinions on cases and listen to their oral arguments.  You can also find information of the cases they have reviewed and find biographies of the justices. One hearing they had this March was Bank of America vs. David B. Caulkett. However there was not any information about this hearing on the website.

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Supreme%20Court%20Procedure%20_%20Cases.pdf

6 Howard Briana's insight:

The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction which means they can't hear a case for the first time. In order for a case to get to the court it has to have merit or it can go directly.  A petition for a writ of certiorari, which is a request for more information, must be present. The justices have a conference to discuss the cases and vote on them. Once the court decides to hear a case they ask for briefs from both sides and then allow an oral argument where they can ask questions.After that, the justices have another conference where they decide on the ruling.

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Executive Command | iCivics

Executive Command | iCivics | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
6 Howard Briana's insight:

Being the president is very busy and it's hard to keep everyone happy. My mailbox was never empty and I had to juggle a war as well as still go on trips. While you were away on diplomacy trips, stuff piled up which was stressful. It was annoying. It was cool having the power to veto bills I didn't agree with. It made me feel powerful.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 3, 2015 10:43 AM
Unit 6 scoop.it grade 100%. All ten scoops completed with insight. Good analysis of your scooped content.
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U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department of the Treasury | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
6 Howard Briana's insight:

   The Secretary of the Treasury is Jacob Lew. The Treasury's job is to maintain economic growth and create job opportunities. They're supposed to maintain federal finances,collect taxes, and deal with currency. A news story on their website is that they tried to prevent the Assad regime's weapons programs.

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The White House

The White House | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    I wasn't aware that the White House had a china room and a flower shop. The kitchen would be my favorite place in the White House because they have a good chef. Today the president will meet with the vice president to get the Presidential Briefing. After that he will meet with the vice president for lunch. These represent his role as Chief Executive.

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The White House Is No Place for Wimps

The White House Is No Place for Wimps | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
Lyndon Johnson got things done. Yes, he was a visionary—the architect of sweeping social and economic programs that transformed life in the United States and that still shape our nation today. But in the many hours I spent working for LBJ, I saw that he had much more than big ideas: He knew how to make them happen. How to trade, to cajole, to...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    The author of this article claims in order to make an impact on our country you have to be a bold president. He also states that even if the president makes a mistake they can still have a positive influence on the people. The president shouldn't try to be in the middle of both parties and instead should try to bring the middle to himself. The president is the only one that can make the minority accept the majority vote even if the minority doesn't agree with it. Also, the president should use compromise in order to fulfill his vision.

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Article II for Dummies: The Executive Branch Explained - YouTube

Hip Hughes History lays down the tracks for the train of learning. So jump aboard and learn the essentials of Executive Power through Article II of the US Co...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    This video breaks down Article 2 of the Constitution and gives some real world examples. It explains the concept of indirect democracy which shows the Framers distrust of democracy.  The president has to execute the laws made by Congress and cannot declare war even though he is the Commander in Chief. The President also has implied powers such as executive orders. The 22nd amendment limits the the amount of terms a president can serve which is two.

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LawCraft | iCivics

LawCraft | iCivics | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
6 Howard Briana's insight:

     In this game you get to pick to be a democrat or republican and draft a bill on a certain issue. It was hard to get the majority of my party on board while sticking to my beliefs. Both houses had amendments they wanted added before they would agree to let it pass. The stupidest thing I put in a bill was to let people dig holes and then refill them for money. The president vetoed that bill which was okay because I didn't agree with it either.

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History of the Filibuster - YouTube

Discover the interesting history of the filibuster, from Cato the Younger to Rand Paul, and see why it is an important part of the American system of governm...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    Filibuster comes from the word pirate and occurs when members of Senate talk for prolonged periods of time against a bill. When someone is filibustering they have to remain standing and have to talk the whole time.  The record for the longest filibuster was Strummond who spoke for over 24 hours. A cloture motion allows only 30 more hours of consideration for a bill before a vote is taken on it. 3/5 of the senators have to vote for a cloture motion for it to come into effect. 

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The First Amendment for Dummies: The Basics of the 1st Amendment Explained - YouTube

Continuing the Constitution for Dummies Series with the Bill of Rights and Amendment One. Explained simply so you can understand the Constitution of the Unit...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

The first amendment protects our rights to free speech, freedom of religion, freedom of press, freedom of assembly, and freedom of petition. All of these freedoms allow us to express ourselves and are our fundamental rights as humans. The Establishment Clause has been used by the Supreme Court in many cases to apply the first amendment to the states.

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What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? - YouTube

What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? This video discusses the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment and its relationship to the 5th Amendment Du...
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The Due Process Clause of the 14th amendment refers to state governments while the 5th refers to the federal government. This clause says the state government cannot take away someone's life, liberty, or property without due process of law. One part of due process includes trial by jury.

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The Supreme Court, public opinion and decision-making: Research roundup

The Supreme Court, public opinion and decision-making: Research roundup | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
2013 review of scholarly studies that examine the intersection between public opinion and rulings of the Supreme Court.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

 One way the Supreme Court is isolated from public opinion is that they have life terms. By having life terms they don't have to worry about what people think of them and if they"ll be voted back on. This allows them to make their decisions based on what they think is right.Another way the Court is isolated is that they don't have to be elected. They don't care if their opinion is unpopular because they don't rely on votes to be apart of the Court. 

The Supreme Court doesn't deviate from popular opinion because they are people too. They have the same popular values that most Americans share so their opinions are usually close to what the population thinks. They also rely on other people to enforce the policy they make so they need people to like their decisions I order to have them enforced.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 17, 2015 1:07 PM
unit 7 scoop.it grade 100%; good insight on the frq's
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When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights

When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
You don’t hear much these days about liberals and conservatives working together, let alone to further women’s rights. But last week, the efforts of such a caucus paid off, when the Supreme Court lightened the burden for women who sue their employers under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), the federal law that bars employers from...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

   This article discusses the Young v. UPS case dealing with pregnancy discrimination. The Supreme Court ruled in favor with Young with a vote of 6-3. The liberals and conservatives came together on this issue and both agreed on it forming what the article refers to as a Care Caucus.The liberals supported Young because they believe in equality in the workplace and the conservatives supported her because they believe it would decrease the amount of abortions. Justice Roberts and Alito both voted with the majority even though they are the ones most likely to side with business interests. 

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CNN: Inside the Supreme Court - YouTube

Kate Bolduan takes a rare peek at what lies behind the walls of the Supreme Court.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

The Supreme Court building is only 75 years old and is primarily

made of marble. Only two pictures have been taken of the Court in session because cameras were smuggled in. There have only been 17 chief justices and their pictures can be found in the building. 

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President Obama commutes 22 drug sentences

President Obama commutes 22 drug sentences | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
President Barack Obama cut short the prison sentences of 22 drug convicts Tuesday, fueling a drive he launched more than a year ago to allow early release of some prisoners sentenced under harsh laws enacted at the height of the war on drugs.For the first time, Obama’s commutations included two petitions put forward by Clemency Project 2014,...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

President Obama has reduced the sentence of 22 prisoners who had charges dealing with drugs. He did this because he thought the punishments involving the war on drugs were too harsh. The reduction does have some requirements such as serving at least ten years of one's sentence already and not having a felony record before the drug charge. However the President can issue a commutation whenever he sees fit and he does not have to have any requirements. Obama has had 43 commutations.Although the majority of them went to people with drug charges, 3 of these went to people involved in a Cuban spy ring in order to have better relations with Cuba.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 3, 2015 10:44 AM
interesting scoop
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FRB: News & Events

FRB: News & Events | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
The Federal Reserve Board of Governors in Washington DC.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

Janet Yellen is the chair of the Federal Reserve. This agency implements monetary policy which includes adjusting interest rates and the federal funds rate. They are independent because they have expertise in economics and most Congressmen do not know much about the economy. Since the economy is important in any nation's success, it is important that there are educated people in charge of it. One news article that is on their website is about their attempt to normalize monetary policy.

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C-SPAN Survey of Presidential Leadership - Overall Ranking - C-SPAN

6 Howard Briana's insight:

     Abraham Lincoln was ranked 1st because he is the president that everyone remembers and is emphasized. People may think he's awesome because he abolished slavery ,but he actually didn't. The best president of all time was George Washington because he was wise and he held it together to unify a new developing country.

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Why Presidents Are Also Celebrities

Why Presidents Are Also Celebrities | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
The Roosevelts transformed the United States—and made its leaders into stars.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

   The Roosevelts were the the first presidents to start using the media and turning the president into a media figure. They would talk to the press and FDR started utilizing the radio in order to express his thoughts. They made the government seem more intimate and like a family to the people. The next presidents continued this trend which is how the president stardom developed. According to the article, Americans want the president to be a superhuman and act like a star.

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Celebrities, Diplomats Attend Obama's First State Dinner: Video - YouTube

Nov. 25 (Bloomberg) -- Bloomberg's Hans Nichols reports on President Barack Obamas first state dinner held yesterday, which honored Indian Prime Minister Man...
6 Howard Briana's insight:

This video represents Obama's roles as the Chief of State. He is representing the U.S. at his dinner and invited diplomats. The Chief of State also includes the ceremonial role. Since celebrities were invited the ceremonial role is shown in this video also.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 3, 2015 10:43 AM
good choice, only student who chose this one
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111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets

111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
OpenSecrets.org has fundraising profiles for all 535 members of Congress (and more).
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    Earmarks are used by congressmen to give funding to groups or organizations. In 2010, Jack Kingston, a representative from Georgia, sponsored 40 earmarks. These earmarks totaled $66,787,000 and most went towards defense bills. He raised over a million dollars in campaign contributions. The more earmarks someone votes for the more contributions they receive.

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The League of Dangerous Mapmakers

The League of Dangerous Mapmakers | 6 Howard Briana | Scoop.it
Who’s most to blame for our divisive politics? How about the gerrymanderers quietly deciding where your vote goes. Inside the dark art and modern science of making democracy a lot less democratic.
6 Howard Briana's insight:

    Every time a state increases in population the legislators have to draw new districts. Since only 435 districts are allowed, the states that gained population take away representation from the states that lost population. Some states do not choose to redistrict at all which leads to disproportional representation which could violate the 14th amendment. Gerrymandering was used in Virginia by Patrick Henry even before Congress was created. Many people hate the idea of gerrymandering want there to be a redistricting reform.

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