Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4
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Truck Driving in the Mines

Truck Driving in the Mines | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Meet Oskar
This man is my inspiration. I look up to him and what he has achieved through the thick and thin. My father is an amazing man, he is funny, caring and a very family orientated guy. He stands up for what he belives in and achieves what he sets for him self. After being a chef for many many years he has changed career paths and is now working in the mines out of Moranbah.  Driving trucks might sound easy however there is a lot more too it. 

Skye Krobath's insight:

Truck Driving in the minds is a common job out in Mackay.  They are exposed to various occupational health and safety risk.


Machinery:- Every boy likes their toys. The bigger the toy the happier the boy.  This big tonka truck, is heavy and needs a lot of training to be able to control it correctly. 


Operational Hazards:-  If you have ever seen a mine you would understand the precautions needed to be apart of this industry.  Truck driving on roads that have just enough room for the truck, is a high risk situation. There are many occupational risks associated with this topic and thus employees are to be aware of their surrounds at all time, weather there is sunshine, rain or it is dark. 

Fatigue:- Fatigue among shift workers is not an unusual thing.  Their constant body clock changes and places them at a high risk of fatigue, especially the night shifts.  

Safe Driving Practice:- Every new employee is to undergo safe driver training. These massive trucks aren't as easy to drive as what you might think. Dad had to go trough multiple percussion tests and had to go back to L plates to obtain hours for his truck license.

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Muscular Skeletal Disorders (MSD)

Why live life in pain when there are preventive measures to minimize risk and chances to cause damage

Skye Krobath's insight:

Muscular skeletal Disorders (MSD) are not uncommon, 1 in 4 adults will obtain a work related MSD.  

I was talking to dad, being a victim of this condition he has strong ideas about prevention of MSD.   Dad had a slipped disc 4 years ago now due to working in the condition that he does.  He is a strong believer of stretches and exercise to help keep muscles relaxed and flexible.   I agree with him 100%. Coming into the heath profession it is important that me know our own strengths and it isn't embarrassing or shameful to say that you are not strong enough or able to lift, push or move something/someone buy your self. That is why we have partners, to back you up when you need.  
So mines are the same.  Men in particular, can't simply say that they are not strong enough and need help.  This is why we need management guidelines to help enforce the correct technique to do something. 

This ties in with the next one as it describes correct ways to stretch out those muscles. Based on research conducted in Australia and overseas, the key MSDs risk factors in a mining/extractions environment are: 

Awkward postures 
• Bending and twisting 
• Manual handling/load 
• Forceful exertions 
• Repetitive actions 
• Duration of task 
• Heavy lifting 
• Vibration – hand/arm and whole body (including jolting and jarring) 
• Access 
• Slips, trips and falls 
  • Working long hours without opportunity for rest and
• Exerting force in a static position for extended periods 
• Problems with the work environment (eg working in hot or 
weather, rain and unpredictable conditions) 
• High job demands and time pressure 
• Fatigue 
• Lack of job rotation and equipment change

Ok so we know what the key risks are, so why are people still doing them.   This document and the following video will inform the mining employees on correct handling, stretches and maneuvering techniques.  This will then allow the employees to put in place management and prevention guidance to help mange work related issues.  


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Driving 400t Truck while sleeping? Safety Systems for Mining Trucks - Bauforum24 @ MINExpo 2012 - YouTube

This link is a written copy of the management and prevention guidance for fatigue drivers

Skye Krobath's insight:

As you guys have met my dad (left hand side scoop it).   As they work long hard hours (12) whether that is during the day or at night.  Human factors still plays an important role in the welfare of employees and the safety trumps the excavation or mining work.  


With any shift work fatigue plays an important role into the safety of employees, especially driving those large tonka trucks on a road that only just fits them on it.  This video shows a new innovation that has been created in the US to help manage employee fatigue.  This new prevention will be available soon to help manage and minimize the danger fatigue can have on a person.  

After talking to my father about this he believes that this will solve many issues that they have in the work environment.  Dad was saying that the first one or two nights aren't bad but it is the third night that kills him as his body clock is still trying to switch.  By the fourth night he is fine again.  He also informed me that on that third night you are so over tired and that is when most accidents happen. So this little gadget would be a great tool to help them manage and prevent driver fatigue within the mining environment and make that transition from days off to five night shifts a lot easier.

 I believe that this is a great innovative technology that hopefully one day will solve shift workers problems with driver fatigue.  This has the ability to assist and manage the OHS issues within a mine sight as there are small roads and lots and lots of heavy, expensive machinery that can cause risks and pose as a safety threat.  This new technology helps to understand the status of the operator, to help them manage their fatigue.  It monitors the face of the operator, especially the eyes.  Using inferred and sensors, that are mounted on the dash board, they monitor the eyes.  As the eyes begin to close the monitor sends a beeping noise to wake the driver and alert him of his fatigue.  As fatigue doesn't only occur during the night it also works during the day as the inferred sensors can scan through the sunglasses to monitor the eyes to provide vision control.  

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Bob the builder

Bob the builder | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Cameron is a fourth year apprentice and my other half. He is a young chippy in the making. Cameron works hard to achieve and produce the best house possible for his client.  Even though there are hard yards to be made he is still up for the challenge in order to keep the buyer happy.  Building a house is art, there are no two houses the same and the occupational hazards that come with this art is insane.  


Skye Krobath's insight:

Fourth year apprentice Cameron Draper faces with house hold hazards on a daily basis.  Different days result in different jobs and environments. There is a constant struggle with Cameron to keep up to where he will be working tomorrow as it is an unpredictable job. 

Lifting:- Carpenters are to constantly cart the equipment from the trailer to the house and then pack up again. They are not light either.  Not just the equipment they have to carry but also the wood, bricks, metal and planks too and from job sights. This constant lifting places strain and pressure on the builders back and joints. 

Equipment and health:- The equipment  Cameron deals with are heavy, unpredictable and contain a lot of power and force.  The tools builders use are powered through generators at a high voltage to obtain the correct force used to power the tool.  It is not just the tools that provide a struggle but also the job of the tool. Take saw dust and tin for an example. Saw dust causes rashes and skin irritations as well as making it hard to breath.  Not only is saw dust a health risk but tin and metal make it hard. Roofing a place in the hot sun causes dehydration, heat stroke and sunburn.  Other examples include:-
* muscle skeletal injury
*Industrial noise
*Working at different levels (heights - roofs, ladders and scaffolding) 



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Athlete | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Everyone meet Craig Burns
Craig is a rising star on the truck. He has been chancing the dream of going to the Olympics for as long as I have known him.  He has had hurdles in his way regarding muscle injury, however this has not stopped him yet.  He trains harder than anyone I know and is determined to make his dream come true.  This is all possible from the support he receives from his family and friends.  

Skye Krobath's insight:

Hands up who thinks runners have hazards that they face in the track. this picture seems harmless and might not show risks however after talking to athletes it has become clear of what risks they run. After talking to Craig this is what he had to say. 

Well, this is across training and competition. Track etiquette is one of the first things anyone on an athletic track must learn. That is always checking when crossing lanes (walking across the track) or knowing what lane you should be in depending on what you are doing at training (lane 1 is for really slow people or walkers or joggers, then lanes 2 to 6 (or 8) for sprinters and then outside lanes for other things like running with sleds or cables etc. Young people or people new to the track often cause accidents and collisions by not looking before going onto the track.

Also when training, you have to be mindful of field events if crossing the field. Throwers throwing shot puts, or discusses, or javelins or hammers (hammer throw) can kill you if you don't look where you are going.

Also, wheelchair athletes don't have brakes on their race chairs so if they are going fast and can't stop it can be dangerous for them and the people they hit. I have seen a fair few flip or roll their chairs avoiding collisions.

Weather is always a consideration. I've lost 5 kilos in a day just from training in the heat. I weighed myself one morning at 85.6 kilos, I had 2 training session that day, drank heaps of water and even had lunch. By the end of the day I weighed myself again and I was 80.6 kilos. I've trained in heavy rain heaps, that isn't too bad. We're usually on the track with spikes so traction or grip isn't a problem. Lightning can be though. I've trained heaps in storms, with lightning being very close by. I've trained with girls before with long hair and their hair would stand up on end (like reaching for the sky) each time there would be a close lightning strike.

The usual hazards with tripping on yourself as well as hazards with wearing sharp spikes on your feet. Each athletics venue is different with different steps, and railings and hurdles and balls on the ground and cables etc...always got to watch where you are walking. Physical damage to your body due to overloading muscles/joints/ligaments is a big thing (also known as injuries / these are probably the most likely to occur to an athlete). High speed and high amount of force means that muscle tares are really easy to do. I could tare a hammy any time I like if I wanted to, very easily. Proper warming up and warming down and medical treatment (physio and massage) etc decreases this risk.

Mentally and psychologically athletes may (rarely) have problems with dealing with continual training or high pressure competition and other things associated with performance and physical endurance.

Drugs, medication and supplements, if taken incorrectly can cause health problems.

Weights in the gym if not used correctly can be a problem.

Recovery practices not done correctly can be a problem like staying in an ice bath for too long.





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Vet | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Meet Tiana Park.  I have known Tiana ever since the first week of grade 8.  Together we have been through some tough challenges and now we are at different corners of Queensland. She is a determined young lady and will achieve anything that she puts her mind to.   Tiana is a the caring, down to earth, carefree person making her perfect for this job.  She is making great progress in her profession and she will go far in life.  

Skye Krobath's insight:

After talking to Tiana, she stated the top 6 occupational hazards that are associated with veterinarians. 

1. Injury from animal - getting bitten/kicked.  The art of not getting kicked or attacked by a injured or sick animal takes a real skill to master.  Tiana deals with injured animals every day and has to build  trust and reassurance before treating them medically.  I find it hard being a paramedic and some patients are harder than others and we can communicate with them directly.  

2. Zoonotic diseases - diseases that can be transferred to humans from animals.  This will forever be an ongoing issue.  It is important to understand the prevention methods used to minimize the potential risk of catching a zoonotic disease.  

3. Working with sharps and needles daily- this is pretty similar to paramedics.  Sharps and needles are always a major hazard to anyone in any medical field

4. Chemical hazards - particular drugs- This is particularly an increased risk with vets as the animals are unpredictable and sometimes unable to control their reactions.  Things that influence an increase in this is the location. If you are out on a farm it is hard to place your needles in a safe and secure place that you or anyone else is not going to set, fall or sit on. 

5. Exposure to x ray machines- Unlike human radiography you are able to inform that patient to sit still, with animals you have to be there to hold them still resulting in being exposed to more radiation. 

6. Physical and mental stress- Just like other medical careers this is a demanding job.  It is not a 9-5, Monday to Friday Job. It is 24 hours 7 days a week. You can not roster when an animal is going to get hurt or sick.  It is important for vets to find hobbies away from veterinary.  It is important to find that balance between work and social life as it can cause you to burn out quicker than what you would expect.  

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Protect the safety, protect the people

Prevention using definitions

Skye Krobath's insight:

Within this document it supplies what each employee us covered and able to do under the Coal Mining Safety and Health Act 1999.  This document aims to protect the safety and health of persons at coal mines and persons who may be affected by coal mining operations. It requires that the risk of injury or illness to any person resulting from coal mining operations be at an acceptable level and aims to provide a way of monitoring the effectiveness and administration of provisions relating to safety and health.

Environmental hazards such as weather plays an important role in the safety of employees.  My father informed me that his mine shuts down after a certain amount of rain however others don't.  This can cause serious injuries as surfaces easily become slippery and dangerous.  Not to mention that lots of of rain can cause avalanches and land slides.

Other important management and prevention guidance that this documented in this file is  providing explanation of everything.  This provides employees to understand what exactly is meant with risks and hazards and provides them with the incentive to see and prevent accidents. 

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Musculoskeletal Disorders & Work Place - YouTube

Back pain is very common and can vary from a slight twinge to severe pain at times. Most people recover quickly from their back pain, if it is managed proper...
Skye Krobath's insight:

Muscular skeletal disorders (MSD) is the trunk of a tree that has many different branches coming off of it.  
• Sprains and strains of muscles, ligaments and tendons (eg shoulder 
muscle strain leading to rotator cuff tear) 
• Back injuries, including damage to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, 
spinal discs (eg ruptured discs), nerves (eg sciatica), joints and bones 
•Joint injuries or degeneration, including injuries to the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, ankle, hands and feet 
• Bone injuries (eg fractures) 
• Nerve injuries (eg carpal tunnel syndrome of the wrist) 
• Soft tissue hernias (eg abdominal hernias) 
• Muscular and vascular disorders as a result of hand‐arm vibration (HAV).

MSD may occur suddenly as a result of a single forceful action like pulling a 

moving object, lifting a heavy object, actions causing overexertion or 
through a slip, trip or fall. 


Develop over a longer period as symptoms associated with minor tissue injuries (including nerve and vascular tissues) are ignored, eventually resulting in a more serious injury. Injuries suffered by workers (eg 
transport drivers, mechanics) doing repetitive work and/or work of a 
similar nature could also fall into this category.

Whilst sitting in a confined, uncomfortable truck seat this management prevention provides easy to do stretches.  This becomes particularly important after a a couple of hours from initiation of the shift.  Muscle start to cramp up and become tight and this is particularly important to easy out any knots to decrease changes of a potential MSD.

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Tonka Trucks aren't all fun and games!

Working with heavy machinery it is important to understand the correct mechanisms behind them. The right way to access and drive these will determine your own safety and others. 

Skye Krobath's insight:

These machinery guidelines outlines the requirements to be followed for safe worker access to heavy mining machinery and provides practical guidance on essential design aspects and operating practice. It describes access ways to machines, and maintenance, servicing and cleaning of machines.

As working with heavy machinery daily it is important to know the correct procedures to access and drive these massive tonka trucks.

Talking to my dad it took him over a year to get a approved license just to be considered for the job.  He was placed back on his Ls for a truck license to undergo the correct training needed to be able to move these massive toys.  
Once he got approved he then went on to inductions and seminars where he was shown the correct and appropriate ways as the workplace had a different road structure than the highway.  

These guidelines are extremely important as they will determine the safety of the occupant and the other people around him.  

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Retail | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Meet Cassie Jakstas Store Manager at BONDS.  Cassie is a kind, caring lady who sets out to make customers happy and provide in site to what hey are looking for exactly.  Her daily goal is to provide a great work environment for her employees and to keep the store running smoothly. This lady is so easy going and informed me of hazards that to me would never come to mind.  Bras and undies are harder than what you think to manage. 

Skye Krobath's insight:

There are always the jobs that you never want to do but there is a good way and bad way of doing this.  After talking to Cassie she has informed me of the major hazards that she sees on a daily basis with her employees. 

Manual Handling:- The amount of boxes that come through with kilograms and kilograms of underwear puts strain on your back unless you know the correct technique of manual handling.   When working with heavy boxes it is important to know the correct techniques.  Employees are placed through a safe training and modules to work through to inform of the danger or correct lifting.  Not just lifting but bending and storing (can be over head height or under cupboards) as well. There are many draws under table tops that are filled with underwear and cloths. These draws are in fact heavy and hard to maneuver and require strength. It is not hard to hurt yourself when doing this. 

Costumers:- You wouldn't think that this is a hazard but it only takes one angry costumers to make you frustrated and then all your reasoning goes out the window.  You forget the important and most common procedures to stop injury (bending knees and sharps).  

Fatigue:- This silent killer is a major component of any workplace. Doesn't matter how many hours you work, all it takes is one crappy nights sleep.  I don't know about you, but I know how cranky I get when I don't sleep well. All logic and common sense goes straight our the window and accidents start happening. 


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Nursing | Adventure Time. OHS Quest 3 and 4 |

Meet Jaz Hand She is a their year university student at CQUni.  Jaz and I have been friends ever since the first few weeks of uni life.  She has provided me with in site to the difference between paramedic hazards and nursing hazards. Whilst some are the same, there are many that are different. Jaz takes pride in her studies and wants to be the best nurse possible.  She protects herself from other patients and the potential risk that can arise. 

Skye Krobath's insight:

Jaz Hand is a 3rd year Nursing student at CQU.  She has done numerous placements in different nursing facilities. After talking to her she has listed a number of hazards that affect her daily.  

Lifting, Bending, moving:- Risks arise from lifting a patient, bending over to help a patient and the constant pace of working as a nurse. There are vital bits and heavy bits of equipment that need to be carried, pushed and carted from one corner of the hospital to another. It is vital that nurses care for themselves to ensure a long and successful work life.  


Equipment, people and spills:- Hazards regarding equipment and spills in hospitals are uncountable. The list would be as long as the hospital itself.  This ranges from rushing paramedics to a simple spill of liquid on the floor.  Nurses are constantly on the move and it is easy to take 10 seconds of a think free break for something unexpected to occur.  As they are always on their feet it can be draining and dealing with things may not always be a number one priority of correct handling.    

Materials (infectious):- People in hospitals are usually unwell. Weather is it is a critical condition of the common flue.  Germs are everywhere and it is important for nurses to be constantly on edge with sick patients.  Firstly infectious materials are to be deposed of correctly (bio-hazard bags) and placed in the correct bins to further infect.  Secondly nurses are exposed to these patients hourly and it could be just a simple cough to spread the disease or eating food without correctly washing hands after dealing with a patient. 

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