21st Century Sustainable Develoment
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More oil than thought in Kenya 

More oil than thought in Kenya  | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it

A Canadian oil company with a focus on Africa said an independent survey of its holdings in Kenya led it to increase its reserve estimate by 24 percent.


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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 10, 2016 1:21 PM

"A Canadian oil company with a focus on Africa said an independent survey of its holdings in Kenya led it to increase its reserve estimate by 24 percent."

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Tired of negativity, Muslims take on media stereotypes

Tired of negativity, Muslims take on media stereotypes | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it

Hannah Allam

Detroit Free Press

 

When Jennifer Zobair sat down to write her first novel, she already had a muse in mind for the heroine: a glamorous, foul-mouthed Muslim woman whose high-profile job in Boston is on the line after a terrorist attack.

The character, Zainab, was inspired in part by Muslim Huma Abedin, vice chairwoman of Hillary Clinton’s 2016 presidential campaign. Zainab and her fictional friends struggle to balance their high-pressure jobs with family expectations, like many real-life Muslim girlfriends of the author, an Iowa-born convert to Islam. And although terrorists are central to the plot, Zobair said, she was determined not to let them overshadow the romance at the heart of the story.

“I was thinking of people with anti-Muslim views and thought, ‘Can I change that? What would it take?’ ” Zobair recalled at her home in Virginia. “Well, it’s got to be love.”

Unfortunately for Zobair, her book, “Painted Hands,” was released in spring 2013, coinciding with the Boston marathon bombing, in which two radicalized Muslim brothers killed three people and wounded more than 250. Reviewers wouldn’t touch a Muslim love story set in Boston, Zobair said.

“It was sad because the publicist kept saying, ‘This is a time where people need to read your book, because it’s showing what Muslim American lives are like in a way that people don’t see,’ ” Zobair said. “But we just could not get any traction.”

This unhappy ending is familiar to Muslims across the arts who are struggling to diversify depictions of Islam — only to confront hardened stereotypes and a lack of support. Muslims working in mass media named three common archetypes representing a faith with more than a billion followers: the terrorist “bad Muslim,” the hyper-patriotic “good Muslim,” and the oppressed woman yearning for liberation.

The past couple of years have yielded a handful of breakout moments, but representation of Islam remains overwhelmingly narrow and negative — a problem that’s not only unjust on its own, but one that also stokes anti-Muslim prejudices at home and gives ammunition to jihadist recruiters abroad, according to media critics and counter-extremism specialists.

“Every time an American leader or TV show vilifies American Muslims or Arabs, that’s a propaganda tool to say, ‘See what America thinks of you? See how Americans talk about you? We’re ISIS ... we love you, come to us,” said Jack Shaheen, a media scholar who has tracked depictions of Arabs and Muslims for 40 years and is widely considered the nation’s foremost expert on the subject.

The quest for normal

During his landmark visit to a Baltimore mosque in February, President Barack Obama drew applause when he noted the “hugely distorted impression” left by programs that show Muslims only in the context of terrorism.

“Our television shows should have some Muslim characters that are unrelated to national security,” he said.

Not two weeks after Obama’s remarks, however, “The X-Files” TV show cast Muslims as extremists — in this case, militants who blow up an art gallery. Muslim sci-fi fans vented on social media about what they called gratuitous, nonsensical religious references, as if script writers had gone out of their way to make American Muslims seem foreign and dangerous.

“We are doing all these normal things that you don’t pay attention to,” Zobair said of the absence of mainstream Muslim roles. “We’re a part of you. When you keep this narrative up, you’re keeping us all from knowing each other.”

Zobair, who grew up Catholic, said her embrace of Islam came from the heart — first through the close friendship of a Kuwaiti woman at Smith College and, later, through her marriage to a Pakistani-American from a conservative Muslim family. In Virginia, the couple have built a Muslim family that doesn’t fit Hollywood tropes: South Asian attorney dad, unveiled blonde novelist mom, their two biological children and an African-American son they adopted.

Their multicultural household isn’t an anomaly. Because of the diversity of Muslims in the U.S., intermarriage is common among Arabs, South Asians, Central Asians and African Americans. However, Zobair said, you wouldn’t know that from the limited depictions on TV or in the movies.

Perhaps that’s why, gradually, despite the lack of promotion, Zobair’s novel drew notice in the burgeoning world of Muslim-focused women’s fiction, or “Muslim chick lit.” Fellow Muslims weren’t necessarily Zobair’s target readers, but they’re the ones who e-mailed.

“Muslim women started writing to me, saying, ‘This is the first time I identified with a character in a book,’ ” Zobair said. “And then people started writing to say, ‘Thank you for making Muslims look normal.’ And that was really sad. ‘To look normal.’ Like, for the first time, we’re not terrorists.”

Another way forward

Media critics said that with the exception of “Quantico,” which includes twin Muslim characters who are from Dearborn, TV shows about federal agents are the worst for pigeonholing Muslims as terrorists. Think “Sleeper Cell,” “24,” “Sue Thomas: F.B. Eye,” “The Agency,” “The Unit” and, more recently, Showtime’s Emmy-winning “Homeland.”

“It’s not just one or two. It’s hundreds of representations,” said Evelyn Alsultany, director of Arab and Muslim American Studies at the University of Michigan and author of the book “The Arabs and Muslims in the Media: Race and Representation after 9/11.”

“We, as viewers, have been seeing Arabs and Muslims as strange, exotic and threatening for over a century.”

Rather than wait for studios, publishing houses and screenwriters to come around, Muslims are taking it upon themselves to flesh out Hollywood’s portraits, creating a wave of Muslim-produced literary, TV, online and film work. In a challenge to stereotypes about subservient women, many projects are anchored by strong-willed, independent women.

In the comics world, Kamala Khan, a Pakistani-American teenager with shape-shifting abilities, is the first Muslim heroine to assume the Ms. Marvel title and the first Muslim superhero to headline a major comic book series. In gaming, where favorites such as “Call of Duty” are notorious for vilifying Islam, an entertainment company bankrolled by a Saudi prince is developing “Saudi Girls Revolution,” a mobile game and digital series about seven Saudi warrior women, including a lesbian, who race through a post-apocalyptic landscape on motorcycles. And two Muslim women who wear headscarves, or hijab, made ripples in reality TV: Amanda Saab on “MasterChef” and Aidah (her last name wasn’t publicized) on “Home Free.” On social media, Muslim viewers rejoiced that the shows focused on their abilities as contestants. Islam, for once, was incidental.

“You have to keep on creating stuff,” said comedian Aasif Mandvi, a regular on “The Daily Show.”

“We’re in a period of time right now where Hollywood, maybe for the first time in a long time, is looking at diversity in another way. ...This conversation is happening.”


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Monotheism and sustainable development.
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Zimbabwe: Panic in Govt As Chinese Loot Economy - Report @Investorseurope

Zimbabwe: Panic in Govt As Chinese Loot Economy - Report @Investorseurope | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
RELATIONS between Zimbabwe and China could sour after revelations nationals from the Asian country are mopping hard currency from the economy, creating a cash crisis that has triggered panic in government, the Financial Gazette can exclusively report.

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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, April 22, 2016 4:20 AM

New revealations claim that Chinese nationals are mopping hard currency from the Zimbabwean economy, creating a cash crisis.

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KENYA : Maasai women lead a solar revolution - Mauritius Stock Brokers

KENYA : Maasai women lead a solar revolution - Mauritius Stock Brokers | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Not long ago, dusk was a time of unease for the people of Magadi, a village in Kenya’s Kajiado County. As the sun set, farmers began worrying about their cattle, easy prey for hyenas and leopards. Children lit fires to finish their schoolwork, filling homes with smoke. Now as darkness falls, lights flick on across …

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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, June 12, 2015 5:00 AM

Naiputa, who in 2014 lost 10 goats to wild cats, said her teenage son used to spend cold nights in the cattle enclosure to guard their herd. Now, with solar lamps hanging around her homestead, Naiputa and her four children can sleep soundly in the warmth of their home.

“The light scares the hyenas away, so we don’t have to worry about losing our animals at night,” she said.

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Kenya, Rwanda record positive growth as violence takes toll of Burundi @Investorseurope

Kenya, Rwanda record positive growth as violence takes toll of Burundi @Investorseurope | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Rwanda and Kenya are the only economies in the region that saw growth rates rise last year.

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Converting conflict to cash.
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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 7, 2016 5:10 PM

"Rwanda’s economy grew to 6.5 per cent last year up from 6 per cent the year before, while Kenya recorded a 5.6 per cent up from 5.3 per cent."

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Five best safari lodges in Africa @Investorseurope

Five best safari lodges in Africa @Investorseurope | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Angama Mara, Kenya

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Take a rest in Africa.
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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 10, 2016 1:25 PM

Go wild at some of Africa's newest lodges

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Rwanda's Model Green Village - a Sustainable Development Incarnation - UNEP

Rwanda's Model Green Village - a Sustainable Development Incarnation - UNEP | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Government policies, supported by a UNEP-UNDP Initiative lift a Rwandan village out of poverty through clean technology
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Climate change will push 100 million people into 'extreme poverty' by 2030 - CBC.ca

Climate change will push 100 million people into 'extreme poverty' by 2030 - CBC.ca | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Climate change could push more than 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030 by disrupting agriculture and fueling the spread of malaria and other diseases, the World Bank said in a report Sunday.

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Powering Smallholder Agriculture in Eastern and Southern Africa

This digital story depicts the way in which 2-wheel tractors can offer a solution for the decrease in farm power in Eastern and Southern Africa. Commissioned and ...

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Climate change could devastate Africa. It’s already hurting this Kenyan town.

Climate change could devastate Africa. It’s already hurting this Kenyan town. | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it

The area around Lake Turkana has been drying up, endangering the lives of its poor residents.


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Ghana is about to make travel in Africa easier for Africans

Ghana is about to make travel in Africa easier for Africans | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
On Sunday (March 6), Ghana celebrated its 59th year of independence and John Dramani Mahama, the country's president, came bearing gifts.
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1,350 rhinos poached in Africa in 2015

1,350 rhinos poached in Africa in 2015 | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
1,350 rhinos poached in Africa in 2015

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Bible translators endangered in Africa

Bible translators endangered in Africa | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Wycliffe Bible translators under siege in Africa
Extremists target Bible translators in Africa
Bible translators are under siege in Africa.

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Extremists in recent months have destroyed the homes of Bible translators in the Central African Republic, which borders Chad and the Congo, and stolen computers, money, cars and other valuables. One Bible translator was threatened by an insurgent who pointed an AK-47 at his face and demanded valuables during an attack on a translation center.

In 2013, a Bible translator was killed while trying to get his family to safety.

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Despite the threat of attack from extremists, Bible translators in the Central African Republic are persisting in their work with the help of Wycliffe Associates, a global organization that empowers national Bible translators around the world.

One national Bible translator in the Central African Republic survived an attack by extremists when militants stormed into a Bible translation center and pointed an AK-47 at his face, demanding valuables. Others, however, have not survived. A national Bible translator was shot and killed in December 2013, while trying to get his family to safety during an attack by the extremists.


“Across the African continent, brave souls just like these Bible translators stand strong against persecution and danger for the sake of the greatest treasure—God’s Word,” says Bruce Smith, president and CEO of the Orlando-based Wycliffe Associates. “Wycliffe Associates is committed to equipping these brave believers with the training and technology they need to keep them as safe as possible.”

Wycliffe is raising $625,000 to provide Bible translators in the Central African Republic and other volatile regions with new and replacement equipment and facilities.

 

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McKenzie6's curator insight, April 10, 2015 3:15 PM
Is it worth it to read the bible in Africa when you are being threatened?
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UN warns of 'bleak' outlook for drought-hit Zimbabwe

UN warns of 'bleak' outlook for drought-hit Zimbabwe | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Zimbabwe faces a growing food supply crisis, with a $290 million shortfall in funding desperately required to feed up to 4.5 million people in need by next year, the United Nations warned Monday.

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'Africa: Zimbabwe Elite's Role in Billion Dollar Diamond Leakages Revealed' @investorseurope

'Africa: Zimbabwe Elite's Role in Billion Dollar Diamond Leakages Revealed' @investorseurope | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Zimbabwean president, Robert Mugabe, got the world jawing angrily in early March this year. He used his traditional birthday interview with State television to reveal that his country had produced diamonds worth more than $15billion over six years, yet only about $2 billion of the gems had been accounted for (https://soundcloud.com/zimpapers1980/president-interviewwav).

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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 9, 2016 3:35 PM

'The common tale is that diamonds were discovered in Marange in 2006. Thousands of poor illegal miners swamped the area and fed local and international underground syndicates with the gems until 2008 when the governments sent in soldiers to violently flush out the hungry alluvial gem miners. This paved the way for commercial production that commenced on a low note in 2009. By 2015, a total of eight companies were extracting the diamonds, with most of them in joint ventures with the government.'

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The wonderful wildlife of Kenya's Maasai Mara, in pictures

The wonderful wildlife of Kenya's Maasai Mara, in pictures | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it

Stunning wildlife photography in Kenya's Maasai Mara by Charlotte Rhodes


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José Díaz-Pintado's curator insight, January 3, 2016 10:48 AM

#SCEUNED15

globaleyeimages's curator insight, June 2, 2016 6:09 AM

Interesting selection of wildlife images... predominantly behavioural shots which will usually outsell the standard wildlife portraits most photographers get stuck on.

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U.S. Mining Company Sells African Copper Mine To China For $2.7B@Investorseurope

U.S. Mining Company Sells African Copper Mine To China For $2.7B@Investorseurope | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
U.S. mining company sells African copper mine to China for $2.7 billion. It will be seen as one mining’s biggest forced sales in the commodities downturn.

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Extraction in contraction with copper.
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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 10, 2016 11:58 AM

"U.S. mining company Freeport-McMoRan, the world’s largest listed copper miner, outlines plans to sell its largest African copper mine to China."

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Blame The Rand: Egypt Now No. 2 Economy In Africa, South Africa Slips To No. 3

Blame The Rand: Egypt Now No. 2 Economy In Africa, South Africa Slips To No. 3 | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
Blame the rand: Egypt now No. 2 economy in Africa, South Africa slips to No. 3. SA is the continent’s most developed economy, and more diverse than Egypt's.

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Investors Europe Stock Brokers's curator insight, May 12, 2016 3:58 AM

Egypt displaces South Africa to become No. 2 economy in Africa

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The Burqa Challenge to Europe

The Burqa Challenge to Europe | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
In the summer of 2014, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) upheld previously passed French legislation, popularly known as the "burqa ban."[1] In doing so, it accepted the argument that the public wearing of this Islamically-connected full-body
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Empowering women can help drive sustainable forest use in Africa

Empowering women can help drive sustainable forest use in Africa | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
According to the director and founder of the Cameroon-based NGO African Women's Network for Community Management of Forests (REFACOF), Cécile Ndjebet, millions of African women work in forestry, but many lack the rights of land tenure afforded to...

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Climate change threatens food security in sub-Saharan Africa - The Zimbabwe Standard

Climate change threatens food security in sub-Saharan Africa - The Zimbabwe Standard | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
The World Bank projects a 1,5 to 2˚Celsius temperature increase as a result of climatic change by 2030, a situation that threatens food security in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Designing an agricultural mechanization strategy in sub-Saharan Africa

Designing an agricultural mechanization strategy in sub-Saharan Africa | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it

Marius Ratolojanahary explains that the current lack of food security within the sub-Saharan Africa region is a matter of international concern and calls for an agricultural mechanization strategy.


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Value Chain Approach - Documents

Value Chain Approach - Documents | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
The Value Chain Approach to Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Taking a value chain approach to economic development and poverty reduction involves addressing the…

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How drones are saving African elephants and rhinos from poachers

How drones are saving African elephants and rhinos from poachers | 21st Century Sustainable Develoment | Scoop.it
How drones are saving African elephants and rhinos from poachers

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8B Matthew 's curator insight, March 10, 2016 12:15 PM
 This article is about how they are starting to use drones to monitor the poaching that happens in South Africa. The unmanned aerial drones are part of the new Air Shepherd program from the Lindbergh Foundation. It is part of an effort to stop people from killing the animals for their tusks/horns. There were a record high amount of animals poached in 2015 and if it stays on track how it is, there might not be any of the animals left in 20 years. The drones have an infrared camera on a gimbal that the operators use to detect the poachers. The horns are wanted so bad because by weight, they are worth more that gold and cocaine. A drone team has to be trained for 4 months just to be able to go out on a mission. They have to learn things like how to detect the poachers just from the camera. Although the drone does catch some people, it mostly scares them away because they know that a drone is in the area and will be caught if they try to poach.  

 This article makes me feel extremely happy to see continued efforts in Africa to stop poaching. With many people like this, there will be animals in the future and they will not be killed just for money. Another reason why it makes me happy is because it is working. There have been results of the drones finding and scaring away poachers, and saving the lives of the animals. This helps me understand Africa because it show me how much people care about the environment there. They put a huge emphasis on making sure that the animals are safe for many years to come.