21st Century Craft & Pride
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21st Century Craft & Pride
The digital age is paradoxically leading to a reassessment of craftmanship.
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L'université d'Anvers parvient à reconvertir l'air pollué en source d'énergie

L'université d'Anvers parvient à reconvertir l'air pollué en source d'énergie | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Des scientifiques belges ont créé un appareil qui transforme l'air pollué en source d'énergie. L'avancée, si elle se concrétise à une plus grande échelle, permettrait de lutter doublement contre la pollution en purifiant l'air tout en produisant de l'hydrogène.
Via Bruno Vitasse \\ Zone-AH!
Vivalist's insight:
Le système produit de l'hydrogène en purifiant l'air.
Pour l'instant, il s'agit d'expérimentation mais le procédé a pour avantage d'utiliser l'énergie solaire pour fonctionner et les chercheurs travaillent activement à une montée en charge.

Prometteur.


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Intel parvient à intégrer un calculateur quantique dans une puce

Intel parvient à intégrer un calculateur quantique dans une puce | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
cette innovation initiée par Intel est de taille et devrait révolutionner tout le secteur de l’informatique
Vivalist's insight:
cela va prendre des années à atteindre le grand public mais la démocratisation d'une telle puissance de calcul laisse envisager une disruption majeure de l'informatique.
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Google will allow anyone to use its custom AI chips via the cloud

Google will allow anyone to use its custom AI chips via the cloud | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

Google will allow anyone to use its custom AI chips via the cloud
Dedicated machine-learning hardware could help Google fight off rivals in an increasingly competitive cloud AI market.

Backstory: Last year, Google announced it had designed a new chip, called a tensor processing unit (TPU), built to crunch the math AI uses. At the time, it ran the chips itself and allowed just a select group of researchers to make use of them.

What's new: The New York Times reports that Google will allow other companies to make use of the hardware via the cloud. “We are trying to reach as many people as we can as quickly as we can,” Zak Stone, leader of Google’s TPU team, told the newspaper.

Why it matters: Putting AI in the cloud is big business. Google, Amazon, and Microsoft all provide AI software on their cloud servers, and China is joining the race, too. By offering dedicated hardware for AI grunt work, Google will hope to gain a competitive edge over the others. 


Via Gust MEES
Vivalist's insight:
This clearly shows Google's intention to accelerate the pace in the AI field - as if it wasn't going super fast already!!!
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Gust MEES's curator insight, February 15, 7:17 AM

Google will allow anyone to use its custom AI chips via the cloud
Dedicated machine-learning hardware could help Google fight off rivals in an increasingly competitive cloud AI market.

Backstory: Last year, Google announced it had designed a new chip, called a tensor processing unit (TPU), built to crunch the math AI uses. At the time, it ran the chips itself and allowed just a select group of researchers to make use of them.

What's new: The New York Times reports that Google will allow other companies to make use of the hardware via the cloud. “We are trying to reach as many people as we can as quickly as we can,” Zak Stone, leader of Google’s TPU team, told the newspaper.

Why it matters: Putting AI in the cloud is big business. Google, Amazon, and Microsoft all provide AI software on their cloud servers, and China is joining the race, too. By offering dedicated hardware for AI grunt work, Google will hope to gain a competitive edge over the others.

 

Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:

 

https://www.scoop.it/t/luxembourg-europe/?&tag=AI

 

https://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=AI

 

https://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-innovative-technologies-and-developments/?&tag=AI

 

 

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Google's artificial intelligence built an AI that outperforms any made by humans

Google's artificial intelligence built an AI that outperforms any made by humans | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Google's AutoML project, designed to make AI build other AIs, has now developed a computer vision system that vastly outperforms state-of-the-art-models. The project could improve how autonomous vehicles and next-generation AI robots "see."
Vivalist's insight:
Every month brings its share of AI's breakthrough, and yet this new initiative might be a turning point as Google's AutoML AI created 'child' AI and 'teaches' it with its Machine Learning abilities.

This could open AI development to non-AI experts, but it also increase risks of AI capacities exceeding our human ability to regulate its use.
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This Swiss facility is sucking carbon dioxide out of the air for growing veggies (Video)

This Swiss facility is sucking carbon dioxide out of the air for growing veggies (Video) | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Run on waste heat, this commercial facility is the first of its kind in the world, extracting CO2 from the air and piping it to a greenhouse farm to grow veggies.
Vivalist's insight:
Here is how it works:

"18 huge fans suck in ambient air, which is filtered and goes through a process of adsorption and desorption to extract the CO2. The cleaner air is then blown out, and the captured CO2 piped over to a nearby greenhouse farm [...] The fans also sit on top of a municipal waste disposal company, where the incineration process produces a lot of heat. This heat is recovered and is used to heat up the saturated filters to release and capture the CO2 for use elsewhere."

There is still to balance the volume of sequestrated CO2 with the ressources necessary to the process in order to see if the solution is viable.

And I am not referring to economic viability, but more about the very essence of WHY you'd do this... Money won't last, climate change will :) so "value" is going to be highly relative in the future :)
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Homemade drone catcher

Homemade drone catcher | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

The last, few years, air drones have been widely known as they are remote-controlled, flying devices that are capable of filming and photographing while being on the air. Make it extreme team found a way to put them to a halt.

Vivalist's insight:
This isn't your usual DIY project as the Make It Extreme team clearly has next level equipment to play with in the shop.

But the overal mechanism of the drone catcher is interesting, and I guess there could simpler version to think of... using gas and piezzo in a 4 canons potato-launcher type of 'weapon' for example
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These Color-Changing Tattoos Monitor Your Health, No Wearable Needed

These Color-Changing Tattoos Monitor Your Health, No Wearable Needed | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Researchers are getting closer to turning the skin into an interface, while designers imagine what these interfaces might look like. Do they come in the form of a tattoo, like Vega suggests, or a temporary tattoo that doubles as a circuit? Do they act like a second skin? Will we use them to control our devices, or to better understand our bodies? Either way, there’s a whole lot more to explore on the surface of our skin.
Vivalist's insight:
What if your tattoo could also be an accurate indicator of your blood sugar level or other medical variables some need to check on a regular basis...

No wearables needed... well, it's the ultimate wearable I guess. Permanent.
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Google's New AI Has Learned to Become "Highly Aggressive" in Stressful Situations

Google's New AI Has Learned to Become "Highly Aggressive" in Stressful Situations | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
ffic lights trying to slow things
Vivalist's insight:
It is puzzling to see how fast AI agents can learn how to behave, and unfortunately, they don't necessarily pick the best of their creators... AI development is at the cross roads and it definitely needs a ethical framework to operate and develop with our best interest at heart (read CPU)
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Scientists turn hydrogen into metal in breakthrough that could revolutionise the planet

Scientists turn hydrogen into metal in breakthrough that could revolutionise the planet | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Scientists at Harvard University succeeded in creating a tiny amount of the rarest, and possibly most valuable, material on the planet
Vivalist's insight:
I thought graphene would be the next revolution

But itlooks like we now have a contender as Harvard University researchers have found a way to pressurize Hydrogen into a metal that would be stable after pressure is released.

It is exciting to see more and more new materials with super-properties made available. Plastic made of orgnaic materials also have a bright future.
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World's first pocket spectrometer lets you measure the molecular makeup of nearly anything

World's first pocket spectrometer lets you measure the molecular makeup of nearly anything | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Equipped with some of the capabilities of large, heavy laboratory spectrometers, but built around the kind of optics used in cell phone cameras, the SCiO measures the light reflected off any given object, breaks down its spectrum, and then sends that information to the cloud. Consumer Physics‘ unique algorithms immediately interpret the resulting data and the results show up on your cell phone within 5 seconds on a 3G connection.
Vivalist's insight:
mind blown. I've been dreaming of this for a long long time. Hopefully, it isn't a poor capacity sensors and, along with the thermal cams for smartphone and other affordable sensors, this brings physics and chemistry measurements to everyone.

It is affordable (around 300$) compared to "normal" spectrometers... and it is possible to get a SDK (not free though) in order to integrate it in mobile apps :)

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Artificial Spinal Cord Wirelessly Restores Walking in Paralyzed Monkeys

Artificial Spinal Cord Wirelessly Restores Walking in Paralyzed Monkeys | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

By implanting a wireless neural prosthetic into the spinal cord of paralyzed monkeys, a team led by Dr. Grégoire Courtine at the Swiss Federal institute of Technology (EPFL) in Lausanne, Switzerland achieved the seemingly impossible: the monkeys regained use of a paralyzed lower limb a mere six days after their initial injury without requiring any training.


Via Sílvia Dias
Vivalist's insight:
'The close-looped [untethered] system directly reads signals from the brain in real-time and works on the patients’ own limbs, which means it doesn’t require expensive exoskeletons or external stimulation of the patient’s leg muscles to induce the contractions necessary for walking. That’s huge: it means the system could be readily used by patients in their own homes without doctor supervision.'

'Going from monkeys to humans requires a bit more work. Unlike monkeys that use all four limbs to walk, we’re bipedal. And real-world injuries are often messier than the surgically induced lesions in the study, which only damaged one leg. That said, in humans with incomplete spinal cord damage, there’s a lot of circuitry that survives and could be commandeered for the system to work on. “It seems quite feasible that a similar technique could be used to generate walking in an individual who has both legs paralyzed,” says Andrew Jackson from the Institute of Neuroscience in Newcastle UK.
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Adobe Voco 'Photoshop-for-voice' causes concern

Adobe Voco 'Photoshop-for-voice' causes concern | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
A new tool that makes it possible for computers to mimic a specific person's voice causes alarm.
Vivalist's insight:
After Google showed its DeepMind voice-mimicking system back in september, it is now Adobe that came out with a solution that seems to be closer to commercial release.

As with most tech innovation these days, the potential for VoCo range from the conveniency of "fixing" a podcast or voice acting perf on the fly to plain and simple  forgery.

So they are currently finding ways to watermark content that has been altered using their software.
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Forest-powered biofuel flight heads to Washington, D.C. - Washington State University

Forest-powered biofuel flight heads to Washington, D.C. - Washington State University | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

SEATTLE – Washington state-based Alaska Airlines today made history flying the first commercial flight using the world’s first renewable, alternative jet fuel made from forest residuals, the limbs and branches that remain after the harvesting of managed forests. The alternative jet fuel was produced through the efforts of the Washington State University-led Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA). The demonstration flight departed Seattle-Tacoma International Airport this morning for Reagan National Airport in Washington, D.C. The flight was fueled with a 20 percent blend of sustainable aviation biofuel, which is chemically indistinguishable from regular jet A fuel. 

Vivalist's insight:
if the process doesn't lead to over-exploitation of the forest resources, then this could ease one of the transition obstacles: air traffic
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MIT's thermal resonator generates power "out of what seems like nothing"

MIT's thermal resonator generates power "out of what seems like nothing" | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
a thermal resonator, harnesses daily swings in ambient temperature, potentially enabling remote sensing systems to operate for years without batteries or other power sources.
Vivalist's insight:
“A sample of the material made to test the concept showed that, simply in response to a 10-degree-Celsius temperature difference between night and day, the tiny sample of material produced 350 millivolts of potential and 1.2 milliwatts of power — enough to power simple, small environmental sensors or communications systems.” MIT said.

After the Peltier/Seebeck/Thomson effects, it's the next step in thermo-electricity research!
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Microsoft is developing blockchain tech that lets you manage your digital identity

Microsoft is developing blockchain tech that lets you manage your digital identity | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

Microsoft is out to prove blockchain naysayers wrong. In an effort to show the potential of the technology beyond its applications in cryptocurrency, the Redmond giant has announced plans to use blockchain tech as the foundation for storing and processing digital identity data.

Following a collaboration with the Decentralized Identity Foundation (DIF), Microsoft has revealed its plans to rely on blockchain technology to solve some of the challenges we face when managing our identities and personal data digitally, such as improving privacy and security across the physical and digital world.

“We believe it is essential for individuals to own and control all elements of their digital identity,” the company said in a blog post. “Rather than grant broad consent to countless apps and services, and have their identity data spread across numerous providers, individuals need a secure, encrypted digital hub where they can store their identity data and easily control access to it.”

To this end, the company is developing an off-chain solution – akin to the Lightning Network – that will allow it to process massive volumes of ID data without congesting the blockchain network.


Via Gust MEES
Vivalist's insight:
It's good to see big companies start to see the power of the blockchain logic beyond the overly advertized cryptocurrencies. The tech needs to be improved, but its potential for legal applications (smart contracts, digital citizenship, etc...) is real.

And in my opinion, it's the most interesting part of blockchain.
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Gust MEES's curator insight, February 15, 7:07 AM
Microsoft is out to prove blockchain naysayers wrong. In an effort to show the potential of the technology beyond its applications in cryptocurrency, the Redmond giant has announced plans to use blockchain tech as the foundation for storing and processing digital identity data.

Following a collaboration with the Decentralized Identity Foundation (DIF), Microsoft has revealed its plans to rely on blockchain technology to solve some of the challenges we face when managing our identities and personal data digitally, such as improving privacy and security across the physical and digital world.

“We believe it is essential for individuals to own and control all elements of their digital identity,” the company said in a blog post. “Rather than grant broad consent to countless apps and services, and have their identity data spread across numerous providers, individuals need a secure, encrypted digital hub where they can store their identity data and easily control access to it.”

To this end, the company is developing an off-chain solution – akin to the Lightning Network – that will allow it to process massive volumes of ID data without congesting the blockchain network.

 

Learn more / En savoir plus / Mehr erfahren:

 

https://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=Digital+Identity

 

https://www.scoop.it/t/21st-century-learning-and-teaching/?&tag=blockchain

 

John Lasschuit ®™'s curator insight, February 16, 12:28 PM

Rather than grant broad consent to countless apps and services, and have their identity data spread across numerous providers, individuals need a secure, encrypted digital hub where they can store their identity data and easily control access to it

Aleksej Vasyliev's curator insight, February 19, 3:11 AM
#microsoft and #cybersecurity
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Brain implant boosts human memory by mimicking how we learn

Brain implant boosts human memory by mimicking how we learn | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
A device that zaps the brain with electricity has improved people’s scores on memory tests. It may have the power to help dementia, or boost other brain skills
Vivalist's insight:
Mind Blown!
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Iceland switches on first true “negative emissions” plant that sucks in CO2 and turns it into stone

Iceland switches on first true “negative emissions” plant that sucks in CO2 and turns it into stone | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
In a world first, a plant has managed to truly reduce our CO2 emissions by sucking it out of the air and injecting it into the ground
Vivalist's insight:
"In the ground-breaking trial backed by the EU in Hellisheidi, scientists have been able to capture CO2 from ambient air and inject it into the ground for permanent storage. Whilst still only in the pilot stage, the team at Climeworks hope that the process can be rolled out across the globe. [...] But the news of potentially temperature-reducing technology should not distract us from the goal to cut global emissions. [...] we really don’t want to be left relying on this technology to bring us back from the brink, and everyone should still look to play their part."
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Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 for Ethanol and Ethylene

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 for Ethanol and Ethylene | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have harnessed the power of photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide into fuels and alcohols at efficiencies far greater than plants. The achievement marks a significant milestone in the effort to move toward sustainable sources of fuel.
Vivalist's insight:
If the input ressources necessary to make this viable do not surpass the output, this could be a real game changer.

According to the article previous attempts were using twice as much energy, so can only assume that the process will keep refine itself:

'Because carbon dioxide is a stubbornly stable molecule, breaking it up typically involves a significant input of energy. “Reducing CO2 to a hydrocarbon end product like ethanol or ethylene can take up to 5 volts, start to finish,” said study lead author Gurudayal, postdoctoral fellow at Berkeley Lab. “Our system reduced that by half while maintaining the selectivity of products.”'
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How An Entire Nation Became Russia's Test Lab for Cyberwar

How An Entire Nation Became Russia's Test Lab for Cyberwar | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
To Sandworm’s hackers, Lee says, the US could present an even more convenient set of targets should they ever decide to strike the grid here. US power firms are more attuned to cybersecurity, but they are also more automated and modern than those in Ukraine—which means they could present more of a digital “attack surface.” And American engineers have less experience with manual recovery from frequent blackouts.
Vivalist's insight:
Rather long yet interesting article reflecting on the potential for a major cyber attack based on the Ukrainian case study.
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� 3D Printing Filament Guide: ABS vs PLA vs many materials

� 3D Printing Filament Guide: ABS vs PLA vs many materials | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
(Updated 2017) Comprehensive list of many available Materials for FFF / FDM 3D Printers. PLA Blends, Flexible Filament, PET, HIPS, Nylon & Next Gen.
Vivalist's insight:
Depending on the 3D printer and the intended use as well as eco-friendliness and other factors - here is a rather comprehensive guide to 3D printing filmanent.
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Les archives de l'école des Arts et Métiers sont en ligne et libres de droit !

Les archives de l'école des Arts et Métiers sont en ligne et libres de droit ! | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

L'école nationale supérieure d'Arts et Métiers vient d'ouvrir sa bibliothèque patrimoniale numérique comprenant des centaines de documents d'archives. L'ensemble de ces documents (compte-rendus de cours, revues, albums de dessins techniques, photographies, etc.) sont libres de droit, téléchargeables gratuitement, modifiables et peuvent être partagés sur les réseaux sociaux.


Via Ellesse
Vivalist's insight:
Les Arts & Métiers mettent à disposition gratuitement leurs archives numérisées. Ce projet a pris 8 ans de travail afin de scanner l'ensemble des documents, une véritable mine d'or de savoir technique.
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Over-Unity Reactionless Generator Invented In India

Over-Unity Reactionless Generator Invented In India | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
A Reactionless AC Synchronous Generator (RLG) has been invented by Paramahamsa Tewari, electrical engineer and former Executive Director of Nuclear Power Corporation of India.
Vivalist's insight:
Dated April 2015, this article is pointing to what could be one of the biggest breakthrough of the century.

"[the author] believe, as do the engineers in India, that this is the biggest breakthrough in rotating electrical machine design since Faraday’s invention of the electrical motor in 1832. [...] Current models can be cascaded for higher output. Each machine can produce at least 2.38 times the input and can be configured in a self-running mode."

"The RLG is based on an understanding of the non-material properties of space. Paramahamsa Tewari’s search for the nature of reality has led him from study of the ancient Vedas of India to the formulation of Space Vortex Theory.

It is a new theory unifying the relationship between space, mass, inertia, light, and gravity. Starting with principles described in the Vedic texts, Tewari was able to delineate a mathematical model that explains the words of Tesla when he said:

'All perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the akasha or luminiferous ether, which is acted upon by the life giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never ending cycles all things and phenomena.' – Nikola Tesla,“Man’s Greatest Achievement,” 1907"
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This incredible soft robot needs no batteries or computer chips

This incredible soft robot needs no batteries or computer chips | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
Researchers use an ingenious design to make a soft robot that moves on its own.
Vivalist's insight:
According to the Harvard researchers who created it, it’s the first soft robot that is completely self-contained. It has no hard electronic components—no batteries or computer chips—and moves without being tethered to a computer.

The alternating release of gas produced by catalyze of hydrogen peroxide hitting platinum is what makes the bot do what looks like a little dance, wiggling its tentacles up and down and moving around in the process. The octobot can move for about eight minutes on one milliliter of fuel.

Still missing are sensing and programming abilities that would afford more control over the robot’s movement. But the octobot is purposefully minimalist, meant just to show that such a soft robot can be made at all.
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Researchers convert CO2 into biofuel

Researchers convert CO2 into biofuel | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it

Researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) in South Korea have developed methods to make biofuels from carbon dioxide (CO2) which could power trucks and buses.

Professor Jae Sung Lee published [a paper] in the journal Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, [which] demonstrates it is possible to 'direct CO2 conversion to liquid transportation fuels by reacting with renewable hydrogen (H2) generated by solar water splitting'.

Professor Lee said the new mineral (delafossite-CuFeO2) catalyst converts CO2 into liquid hydrocarbon-based fuels offering a new opportunity for recycling CO2 into valuable fuels and chemicals.
 

 

 


Via Sílvia Dias
Vivalist's insight:
If this scientific experiment is scalable and not requiring more energy than it actually produces, this could be a major factor improving pollution from traffic. It would also help mediate greenhouse effects in general.
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The CRISPR Gene-Editing Tool is Finally Being Used on Humans

The CRISPR Gene-Editing Tool is Finally Being Used on Humans | 21st Century Craft & Pride | Scoop.it
The news that CRISPR has finally been used on a human patient is bound to attract the attention of scientists elsewhere, and accelerate the race to get gene-edited cells into clinics.
Vivalist's insight:
China doesn't have to deal with ethical consideration so they make rapid progress in gene editing practical research.

This is an encouraging step for medical science and a scary one for the nature of beings.
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