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1964 Civil Rights Act Fast Facts

1964 Civil Rights Act Fast Facts | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
Here is a look at the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Its signing of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 is considered the nation's most important civil rights legislation since Reconstruction (1865-1877) as it prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Following that law, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed landmark civil rights bills including the 1965 Voting Rights Act and the 1968 Fair Housing Act.
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This link shows the Civil Rights act through pictures.  The first picture is of Lyndon B Johnson and MLK shaking hands after the signing of the 1964 act.  Some other highlights include Jackie Robinson who broke the color barrier in sports and Rosa Parks who refused to give up her seat to a white man.  It also features Elizabeth Eckford who was the first black student to go to an all white high school in Little Rock.  It also shows some sit ins at restaurants and the freedom riders on their journey. All these things and many others were key parts of the civil rights movement.

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11. AP60X - Equal Protection Clause - YouTube

Advanced Placement Government review in 60 seconds for Xtraordinary results. Workin' it one word at a time. Presented by citizenu.org and the 2 Teachers.
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The Equal Protection Clause is found in the 14 amendment which is means that all humans are created equal and should have equal protection by the law regardless of age, race, gender, etc.  The most famous example is Brown v Board of Education where the Supreme Court ruled segregation unconstitutional.  This clause has also been seen in affirmative action cases, especially regarding admission to public universities. 

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Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights - YouTube

Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Civil liberties are things people like to do and feel they have the right to do without government interference.  Some examples include freedom of speech, freedom of press, freedom of religion, right to privacy, etc.  Civil liberties were originally left to the jurisdiction of the states, but when the new constitution was proposed, the states wanted to make sure the civil liberties currently guaranteed to them by their state governments would be maintained at the national level.  A Bill of Rights was proposed to be added to the Constitution to protect these rights and was ratified in 1791.

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When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights

When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
You don’t hear much these days about liberals and conservatives working together, let alone to further women’s rights. But last week, the efforts of such a caucus paid off, when the Supreme Court lightened the burden for women who sue their employers under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), the federal law that bars employers from...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This article discusses how even though liberals and conservatives are usually on two opposite extremes of the political spectrum, the recent court case  Young vs UPS united the two groups in the fight for women's rights.  Young sued UPS when she got  pregnant and they refused to give her a lighter workload and had her doing things like heavy lifting and other work that could be harmful to her baby.   She believed this to be discriminatory towards all pregnant women and ended up winning her court case against ups. Even though liberals and conservatives are ideologically divided, it is not hard to reach the agreement that no employer should make one of their employees do any work that could endanger their own life and/or the life of their baby.  This relates to our class because issues like this are really important to modern society so it's important the judges make a decision on how they will handle this case and other ones like it in the future. This decision will protect women for generations.

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How the Supreme Court Responds to Public Opinion

How the Supreme Court Responds to Public Opinion | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
It has been rather challenging for legal scholars to portray the Supreme Court opinions of the past few days as somehow following logically from precedent or even from the past…
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Even though judges are supposed to be free from political pressure, it is impossible to avoid the influence of public opinion.  However, there are ways in which justices are insulated from public opinion.  The first is that they're not elected.  Therefore they do not have the need to keep people satisfied in order to keep their position, this helps get rid of bias.  The second is that they are given life tenure, or life terms.  Therefore, as long as they do not break laws and get impeached, they do not have to worry about losing their position and is another way to keep bias out of the courtroom.  However things must be done to keep them from deriving too far from public opinion and becoming too radical.  The first one is the check of Senate approval.  Second, they cannot enforce their own rulings.  Therefore, if the executive branch doesn't agree with them, they do not have to enforce the Supreme Court's ruling and there is really nothing they can do about it.

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Supreme%20Court%20Procedure%20_%20Cases.pdf

2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Most Supreme Court cases relate to Appellate Jurisdiction and judges have the right to pick and choose cases.  For a justice to consider a case, it must have Constitutional questions or disagreements between state and federal courts, on rare occasions cases can go directly to the Supreme Court.  When they decide to hear a case, they get briefs from both sides (a summary of their arguments).  Judges use these briefs to develop questions for the hearing.  Each side is given half an hour to present their case, and after these arguments, the judges meet to discuss.  When a case is decided, majority and minority opinions are released to the press.

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Executive Command | iCivics

Executive Command | iCivics | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This game makes you realize how stressful being the President is.  There is always a bill that needs to be reviewed, or a speech to Congress, or flying around the world, or even a war breaking out.  Sometimes the people don't agree with your approval or veto and then they get mad at you and your score goes down.  However everyone is different and it is impossible to keep everyone happy, therefore it is important to maintain true to the promises and issue you chose to tackle at the beginning of the game.  Traveling and meeting with other world leaders is very important and is a great way to boost your score and maintain relations with other countries.  This is especially essential during war times.

 

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 3, 2015 7:39 AM
UNIT 6 SCOOP.IT GRADE 100%; 200 POINTS; GOOD CHOICES AND EXCELLENT INSIGHT.
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Homeland Security

Homeland Security | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
The Department of Homeland Security has a vital mission: to secure the nation from the many threats we face. This requires the dedication of more than 230,000 employees in jobs that range from aviation and border security to emergency response, from cybersecurity analyst to chemical facility inspector. Our duties are wide-ranging, but our goal is clear: keeping America safe.
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The Secretary of this department is Jeh C. Johnson.  The goal of Homeland Security is to secure the nation from threats.  This includes immigration control/working borders, aviation, emergency response, etc.  Therefore their policies have to do with safety and protection.  One issue mentioned on their website is border security and protecting the border from drugs, weapons, illegal immigrants, and other things.  

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The White House

The White House | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

It is cool to take an interactive tour of the White House and seeing what everything inside looks like.  Everything is very formal and pretty.  Today on the President's schedule he has his briefing, then he is going to Louisville, Kentucky and is touring Indatus.  The after he delivers his remarks, he is heading to Utah and will arrive there tonight.

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Why Presidents Are Also Celebrities

Why Presidents Are Also Celebrities | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
The Roosevelts transformed the United States—and made its leaders into stars.
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This article discusses how Presidents are more than just Presidents.  In today's society, there are many ceremonial aspects to their job.  This started with the Roosevelt's.  One of the ways Roosevelt did this was through his Fireside chats.  This made common people feel really connected to the President, like he really cared about them and was one of them, not just a political figure which is what people wanted.  They want a President who will do things like throw out the first pitch of a baseball game and meet the winners of the little league world series.  All these things make the people feel more connected, which is what they want. 

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The President - Strengths and Weaknesses - YouTube

Listen and learn the basics about the American presidency. Is the President of the United States the most powerful person in the world or a pitiful helpless ...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This video discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the President.  Though they are the most powerful person in the country, they are not as powerful as one may think because they can do basically nothing on their own.  The Senate is extremely involved in passing legislation, making federal appointments, etc.  But they do have a lot of formal powers given to them in the Constitution, as well as informal powers derived from those specifically given to them which they are able to carry out.

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CNN: 'Gerrymandering' the movie - YouTube

A new documentary looks at the firestorm issue of redistricting as midterm elections near.
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Gerrymandering is the process through which districts are strategically drawn to try to ensure the election of one candidate or party.  The term came from when this was done in history, the district came out looking very funky, people said it looked like a salamander. Gerrymandering is basically picking who is going to vote for you and there are reformers that are attempting to remove politicians out of the rezoning process to maintain equality in the campaigning process  

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111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets

111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
OpenSecrets.org has fundraising profiles for all 535 members of Congress (and more).
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

An earmark is congressman using something to provide funding to companies, projects, groups and organizations in their district. I chose to compare Tim Murphy. The similarity between the is that they gave the most money and support to the people that support them. The people that spend money and take time to support him are getting it back in earmarks. Therefore, the congressman is only going to want to support people that are supporting him, aka logrolling, which is how many things get done in the government.

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The First Amendment for Dummies: The Basics of the 1st Amendment Explained - YouTube

Continuing the Constitution for Dummies Series with the Bill of Rights and Amendment One. Explained simply so you can understand the Constitution of the Unit...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Article 1 contains your rights as a citizen of this country.  Selective incorporation is the idea that the bill of rights is for the federal government but can also be applied to the states whenever a new case in the Supreme Court finds this necessary. The first amendment is the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government. The establishment clause says that the federal government cannont establish a "church of the United States" or whatever, you have the freedom to choose your religion and not be discriminated against because of your choice. The free exercise clause says you can believe in whatever you choose, but this doesn't give you the right to break a law that applies to everyone and claim that it is "part of your religion". The press also has the right to print anything they choose unless it could cause a threat to national security. The first amendment also gives you the right to petition your government through lobbying, protests, letter writing, etc.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 29, 2015 9:40 AM
unit 8 100%
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What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? - YouTube

What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? This video discusses the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment and its relationship to the 5th Amendment Du...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The Due Process Clause of the 14th ammendement is the right to fair government proceedings if you are ever arrested for a crime.  Basically you can't be convicted without due process of law.  You have the right to a fair trial and cannot just be put in jail simply for suspicion, you are considered innocent until proven guilty. The Due Process Clause is found in the 5 amendment on the federal level, which means that states are not under the same rules. The 14th amendment applied the same due process clause to the state governments through the process of selective incorporation.  Because of the 14th amendment states have to give you a fair trial, and there have been multiple cases which have resulted in more laws being applied to not only the federal government but also on the state level.

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US SUPREME COURT

US SUPREME COURT | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it

Click here to edit the title

2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The Supreme Court website is extremely informational.  On their home screen, their is a recent decisions link you can click on and look at rulings in recent cases.  You can also view the court's calendar in view recent arguments is specific cases.  The website also provides biographies about the justices, their experiences, and how they got to where they are.  The website is very up-to-date and a case they are currently considering is Kansas vs. Nebraska.  This case deals with a dispute over water rights. The water is distributed based on the compact clause. Kansas argues that Nebraska violated the clause and has brought their case before the Supreme Court.

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CNN: Inside the Supreme Court - YouTube

Kate Bolduan takes a rare peek at what lies behind the walls of the Supreme Court.
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The Supreme Court is designed with creating a very grand feeling in mind. It is only 75 years old, which is relatively young compared to some of the buildings in DC.  The building was opened in 1935.  The court room is mostly unchanged and has remained that way throughout history.  Part of creating the grand feeling in the building is their attention to small details, which make the building unique. This was a very cool video because getting to see the inside of the Supreme Court is not something most people get the opportunity to do.  The video also provided a lot of details about the history of the court. This relates to our class because it is the largest, most powerful court in the judicial branch, which is what we are studying right now. So many historic cases have been decided here and it's really cool to see where all these big decisions have taken place.  

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Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com

Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
At Kagan's hearings, liberals will seek assurances that she is one of their own, while conservatives will test whether she's within their definition of the mainstream
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Even though Supreme Court justices are supposed to be above politics, they are often nominated by President's who believe they can further their political agenda and have a similar ideology.  A recent example is Obama's nomination of Elena Kagen to replace retiring justice John Paul Stevens.  Stevens is known to be one of the more liberal of the judges, since Obama is a liberal President, obviously his nomination for his replacement is going to be another very liberal person. Also, senate leader Mitch McConnell has said that he wasn't ruling out a filibuster, which would be a strategic move by the Republicans to talk her nomination to death and never reach a decision in order to try to keep another Democrat from gaining a seat. Also, Justices are supposed to be free of political opinion, however there are already "hot topics" Senators will surely ask about.  These include her opinions on gun control, abortion, gay rights, and executive order.  The NRA is not a fan of hers.  She supports strict gun control and called them the "bad guys".  They are very unsupportive of her after she made these views very clear.  Another interest group involved in this process is the National Right to Life Committee who wrote letters to Senators encouraging them to oppose her since she is pro-choice. 

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 17, 2015 10:18 AM
excellent job on unit 7 scoop.it; 120/120 points
Chris Gardner's comment, April 17, 2015 10:18 AM
great analysis of this article!
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The Great Granite State Suck-Up

The Great Granite State Suck-Up | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
PORTSMOUTH, N.H. — Seated at her desk, perched behind two bulging Rolodexes, a woman in an orange-pink scarf looks up and hollers out the door at her assistant. “I have cones out front so he can park,” she says, then adds, under her breath, “He can’t park in my spot. I don’t care who he is.” He is Scott Walker,...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Renee Plummer and her husband are members of a small Republican activist group in New Hampshire.  If a Presidential candidate wants to win the Republican ticket, this family holds the key due to the amount of influential people who look to them.  Winning her support means answering questions from small business owners, military veterans, and others in a small conference room.  People trust her because she cares about the issues they care about and she knows how to "feel out the candidate" and see how "Presidential" they can be.  New Hampshire is a key state and if you want to win it, you have to impress her.

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Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency

Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

The director of the CIA is Josh O'Brennan.  The CIA is in charge of policies that relate to national security.  The CIA is separated into four basic components: the National Clandestine Service, the Directorate of Intelligence, the Directorate of Science and Technology, and the Directorate of Support. I think they are independent of Congress and the President because national security is pretty much the most important issue of all of them, so it's important that the people in charge have extensive knowledge specific to this are, which Congress and the President dont have.  One issue discussed on their website is the war on terrorism and their plans for keeping people safe.

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C-SPAN Survey of Presidential Leadership - Overall Ranking - C-SPAN

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President John F. Kennedy is ranked number 6 on this website.  The category he is ranked the highest in was public persuasion and the category he is ranked the lowest in is moral authority.  But overall he received very high rankings for his presidency.  If I had to choose the best President, I would probably choose George Washington because he was the first President we ever had.  He was responsible for deciding how things would go and setting terms that all the Presidents after him would follow which couldn't have been easy.

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Limits on Presidents Acting Alone

Limits on Presidents Acting Alone | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
How a handful of presidential actions have been challenged in court, by Congress and by later presidents.
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This article discusses how Obama is a Democratic president facing a Republican controlled Senate.  This causes a policy gridlock in the government and not much gets done.  This article focuses on the Presidents Executive Privilege and how much he can really do without Congress. There is a list of executive orders he has issued and his justifications for passing them without Congress.  A few examples include immigration reforms, airstrikes on Libya, and closing the Guantanamo Bay prison, which Congress is trying hard to fight and keep these terrorists off US soil. 

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George H.W. Bush - Signing Americans with Disibilities Act - YouTube

View the full speech here: http://millercenter.org/scripps/archive/speeches/detail/3424 President Bush explains the importance of this civil rights act that ...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

This video shows the formal power to sign legislation which is given to the President in the Constitution.  Along with signing legislation, the President also has the power to veto legislation, however in this case he chose to sign it into law.  

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LawCraft | iCivics

LawCraft | iCivics | 2 Hill Haleigh | Scoop.it
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

Creating a bill that everyone supports is nearly impossible. My issue topic that I chose is protecting small businesses.  I tried to make everyone happy, but the highest I could get my approval rating was 68%.  However when my bill went to committee and was combined with some elements from the Senate's version of the bill, it was sent to the President and signed on the first attempt.  I was afraid my bill would get vetoed because some of the ideas seemed kind of conflicting but overall everything worked and the President signed my bill into law.  

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History of the Filibuster - YouTube

Discover the interesting history of the filibuster, from Cato the Younger to Rand Paul, and see why it is an important part of the American system of governm...
2 Hill Haleigh's insight:

A filibuster is a congressman who stands in front of a committee and talks about a bill for a long period of time. They drag it on to keep it from being voted on and passed. On the other hand, cloture motion is when someone abruptly ends a debate. This effects the filibuster because it stops them from talking and gives a chance for the bill they are fighting about to be voted on and passed. I learned the lengths people have gone using the filibuster, like someone talking for a full day.  However it was successful in keeping the bill from being voted on which proves that this is a good way to keep legislation from being passed.

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