1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design
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1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design
Art and Architecture in the 1920's.
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Website Connecting today #1: Brooklyn Museum: Exhibitions: American Moderns, 1910–1960: From O’Keeffe to Rockwell

Website Connecting today #1: Brooklyn Museum: Exhibitions: American Moderns, 1910–1960: From O’Keeffe to Rockwell | 1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design | Scoop.it
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This website shows how important the art from the 20's. The museum shows that the art still reprecents something special and still makes people feel something from back then.

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Primary Source #3: Franklin Simon Fashion Catalog for 1923

Primary Source #3: Franklin Simon Fashion Catalog for 1923 | 1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design | Scoop.it
Entertaining chronicle of finely crafted wearing apparel: luxurious, fur-trimmed evening wraps, bridal gowns and fashionably correct riding habits for women; attractive accessories for men; stylish, well-made clothing for children, beautiful...
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Annotation: The fashion catalog was created by Franklin Simon & Co. The catalog was created in 1923. It was created to allow people to look at what clothes they have at that time. I think people would say that it has a little to much writing. I think that it is nice they actually had catalogs back then because I didn't imagen that they had any.

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Primary Source #1: Great Buildings Drawing - Chrysler Building

Primary Source #1: Great Buildings Drawing - Chrysler Building | 1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design | Scoop.it
An architectural drawing of Chrysler Building in the Great Buildings Online.
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Annotation: The designs of the Chrysler buiding was created by William Van Alen. The drawings were writen from 1928 to 1930. It was created to leave a mark as the tallest building in the U.S. I think people thought the building was very big back then and they felt they were very special to have had the "tallest" in the U.S. I think the building is very nice. I have never been inside or seen it inside but in pictures it looks nice.

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Morgan Russell Website #2

Morgan Russell (January 25, 1886 - May 29, 1953) was a U.S. abstract painter. He was born and raised in New York City in 1886. He was, along with artist Stanton Macdonald-Wright, the founder of Synchromism an important modernist movement in early 20th century art.

Initially he studied architecture and after 1903 he became friendly with the sculptor Arthur Lee for whom he posed as a model, and lived with for a while. During the period from 1903-1905 he studied sculpture at the Art Students League, with Lee and James Earle Fraser, (where he also posed as a model for the sculpture class). With financial help from Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney whom he met at the League in late January 1906 he traveled to Paris to study art. In 1907 after returning to New York City he studied painting at the League with Robert Henri among others. Returning to Paris in 1909 he studied at Matisse’s art school.[1][2] After meeting Stanton Macdonald-Wright in 1911, the two began developing theories about color and its relationship to pattern. With Macdonald-Wright, he co-founded the Synchromist movement in 1912. In June of the same year he and Stanton Macdonald Wright had their first Synchromist exhibition at Der Neue Kunstsalon in Munich, with a follow-up exhibition at Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris. He began exhibiting at the Salon des Indépendants in 1913. Russell also exhibited his paintings at the famous New York Armory Show of 1913.[2]

Synchromism was an early and important innovation in pure abstract painting, which was developed primarily by Russell with contributions from Stanton Macdonald-Wright. Other American painters in Paris experimenting with synchromism at the time included Thomas Hart Benton, Andrew Dasburg, and Patrick Henry Bruce, all of whom were friends with Russell and Macdonald-Wright. Bruce was also friendly with Sonia and Robert Delaunay and the proponents of Orphism, (a term coined in 1912 France by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire), a similar movement to Synchromism.

Morgan Russell is an abstract painter from the 1920's.

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In the 1920’s, there were many changes. One example is Jazz Music. African Americans created Jazz; it emerged in the South and the Midwest. Another example is the Harlem Renaissance. While African Americans suffered by the way they were treated, they wrote about the joys and pains they went through. Harlem, New York became a gathering point for them. In addition to those changes Modern Art also changed. After World War 1, the idea of progress was questioned. The art reflected the mood of uncertainty. Because of the uncertainty, artist began to experiment with new abstract styles. Finally, all of art changed dramatically because of the war. Art was very different; it changed to a darker side than it was before the war. In conclusion, art was one of the things that were affected by the war.

In the 1920’s, art changed for many reason. One example of Art changing is the way African Americans were treated. Because of that, man African Americans began to write about the joys and pains of being African American, expressing the experience. Another example is World War 1. While World War 1 was going many Americans were led to not believe in old ideas of truth and morality. Because, they saw good people die in the war. A further example is Modern Art. Modern Art was affected by the War as well. After the War, progress was being questioned. The people asked why society thought progress was killing millions of people. Besides that artist began to experiment with new abstract styles. In addition, the French were involved. French people inspired the art. In conclusion, Art was mostly affected by the war. The war caused art to change dramatically.
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Vocabulary List

Kassandra Yanez-Lozano
Scoop It Vocabulary
12-11-12
Hour 6


Architecture: The art or practice of designed or constructing buildings.


Art: The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual from such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power.


Architect: A person who designs buildings and in many cases also supervises their construction.


Surpass: Exceed; be greater than; be better than


Silhouettes: The dark shape and outline of something visible against a lighter background, especially in dim light.


Exquisite: Extremely beautiful and, typically delicate


Embroidered: Decorate (cloth) by sewing patterns on it with thread.


Retrospective: Looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.


Skyscraper: A very tall building of many stories.


Plymouth: A city in southeastern Minnesota, northwest of Minneapolis; pop.



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Primary Source #2: Fabulous Flappers: Fashion from the Ellie Laubner Collection | Allentown Art Museum

Primary Source #2:  Fabulous Flappers: Fashion from the Ellie Laubner Collection | Allentown Art Museum | 1920 Architecture& Art Deco Design | Scoop.it
Kassandra Yanez's insight:

Annotation: This design was made by Ellie Laubner. It was created in 1920. It was design to be used as an evening gown. The design looks nice but if they were to ask people here if they would wear it they would not wear it. I think its a little to danggly for me but like the color & the design. 

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Man Ray Website #3

Man Ray (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976) was an American modernist artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. He produced major works in a variety of media but considered himself a painter above all. He was best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Ray is also noted for his work with photograms, which he called "rayographs" in reference to himself.[1]

Ray's work was not appreciated during his lifetime, with the exception of his fashion and portrait photography; especially in his native United States. Nevertheless, his reputation has grown steadily in the decades since.[citation needed]

During his career as an artist, Man Ray allowed few details of his early life or family background to be known to the public. He even refused to acknowledge that he ever had a name other than Man Ray.[2]

An American artisit from 1920's.

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Frank Lloyd Wright Website #1

Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures and completed 500 works. Wright believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called organic architecture. This philosophy was best exemplified by his design for Fallingwater (1935), which has been called "the best all-time work of American architecture".[1] Wright was a leader of the Prairie School movement of architecture and developed the concept of the Usonian home, his unique vision for urban planning in the United States.

His work includes original and innovative examples of many different building types, including offices, churches, schools, skyscrapers, hotels, and museums. Wright also designed many of the interior elements of his buildings, such as the furniture and stained glass. Wright authored 20 books and many articles and was a popular lecturer in the United States and in Europe. His colorful personal life often made headlines, most notably for the 1914 fire and murders at his Taliesin studio. Already well known during his lifetime, Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all time."[1]

Frank Lloyd Wright was born in the farming town of Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States, in 1867 and named Frank Lincoln Wright. His father, William Carey Wright (1825–1904), was a locally admired orator, music teacher, occasional lawyer, and itinerant minister. William Wright had met and married Anna Lloyd Jones (1838/39 – 1923), a county school teacher, the previous year when he was employed as the superintendent of schools for Richland County. Originally from Massachusetts, William Wright had been a Baptist minister, but he later joined his wife's family in the Unitarian faith. Anna was a member of the large, prosperous and well-known Lloyd Jones family of Unitarians, who had emigrated from Wales to Spring Green, Wisconsin. One of Anna's brothers was Jenkin Lloyd Jones, who would become an important figure in the spread of the Unitarian faith in the Western United States. Both of Wright's parents were strong-willed individuals with idiosyncratic interests that they passed on to him. According to his biography his mother declared, when she was expecting her first child, that he would grow up to build beautiful buildings. She decorated his nursery with engravings of English cathedrals torn from a periodical to encourage the infant's ambition.[citation needed] The family moved to Weymouth, Massachusetts in 1870 for William to minister a small congregation.

A famous Architect. 

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