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Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD
Hey folks! Citing your information resources is a breeze now, so let's breeze into it :)
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A better way to track citations ☕Open citation data is coming. It’s a matter of ⌚when⌚, not if

A better way to track citations ☕Open citation data is coming. It’s a matter of ⌚when⌚, not if | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


'Open citation data is coming. It’s a matter of when, not if ‘In the beginning was the link…’ – Most of us know what a citation is, a relationship between two publications. But what is open citation data?


Unsurprisingly, its citation data that’s open, free to use, re-usable…and useful in ways you probably haven’t thought about yet. Over the years citations have become the key currency of academic reputation,


helping to measure the degree of influence any one scholar’s works have had on the academic community.


At the most basic level, there are two important aspects of citations associated with any one paper; who is cited in it and who it’s cited by.


The first is easy to establish, the information should be there in the document. However a crystal ball is needed to know who is doing the citing....



What can you do with Citation data (now and in the future)?

.

.

Is it really open and is it useful?



As more citations become openly available the citations themselves are becoming the subject of research with investigators examining the inter-relationships between disciplines, generating new knowledge. 


Making the data open and usable means that hitherto unimagined avenues of exploration can and will appear.



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Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, April 15, 2014 1:19 PM
Best regards to Lucianaaaa!
Luciana Viter's comment, April 15, 2014 1:26 PM
Thanks! :)
Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, April 15, 2014 1:46 PM
Cheers :)
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Abbreviations and symbols used in referencing

Abbreviations and symbols used in referencing | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


A guide to the styles recommended for students and researchers



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How to tame the flood of literature

How to tame the flood of literature | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


Recommendation services claim to help researchers keep up with the most important papers without becoming overwhelmed.


Casey Bergman’s daily research routine used to include checking all his e-mails and web alerts to pick out fresh papers in his field.


But he grew dissatisfied with table-of-contents alerts from journals, RSS (Rich Site Summary) feeds and automated e-mails from the PubMed database.


The flow of content was manageable, but if he left it for more than a day, “it became a burden”, he says.


So last year Bergman, a computational geneticist studying fruit flies (Drosophila) at the University of Manchester, UK, turned to a fresh approach: an automated Twitter account (or ‘twitterbot’) that he named FlyPapers.


The bot trawls PubMed and the arXiv preprint server to find papers containing the word Drosophila, and spits them out into its followers’ feeds. Bergman finds it much easier to catch up with FlyPapers popping up in his Twitter feed — and his idea has spawned around 55 twitterbots in other disciplines.



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    Citation Builder | UNC Chapel Hill Libraries

    Citation Builder | UNC Chapel Hill Libraries | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    UNC’s Citation Builder is designed to let you quickly build citations for following citation styles. Choose a format on your left to get started.


    The Citation Builder is based on the following citation manuals:

    MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th Ed. (find in print)

    Sample MLA citations


    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th Ed. (find in print)


    Sample APA citations


    The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Ed. (find in print)
    Sample Chicago citations



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    Estelblau's curator insight, February 4, 4:03 PM

    Thanks to @MSHADDD!

    Estelblau's comment, February 4, 4:04 PM
    Hope you are doing well ;)! Big fat kiss @Mhd.Shadi Khudr
    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, February 5, 2:38 PM
    Great Hearty Thanks to Estellblau for her kindness
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    Supportive: WrtieCheck

    Supportive: WrtieCheck | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    Plagiarism checker by Turnitin, plus grammar checker and tutoring. Improve your writing!


    Plagiarism Checker, Grammar Checker & Tutoring


    Plagiarism Checker

    By Turnitin®

    • Instant analysis of similar content, citations and sources

    • Easy to understand results

    • Same technology as Turnitin® used by 30+ million students

    http://en.writecheck.com/features/plagiarism-checker/



    Grammar Checking

    Using ETS® technology

    • Receive instant feedback on grammar, spelling and word usage

    • Integrated writer's handbooks

    • Same technology as GRE® & TOEFL® tests used by millions of students

    http://en.writecheck.com/features/grammar-checker/



    Professional Tutoring

    By Pearson Tutor Services

    • Proven results to increase student success and confidence in writing

    • Individualized critique of your writing

    • Feedback typically within 12 hours

    http://en.writecheck.com/features/tutoring/


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    Know Which Style To Use ::: Citation Style Guide

    Know Which Style To Use ::: Citation Style Guide | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    This page links to materials with information that will help in creating footnotes, in text citations, and bibliographies, reference lists and works cited pages.



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    Parenthetical Citations vs Works Cited

    Parenthetical Citations vs Works Cited | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    Whenever you do research, it is necessary to give credit to the sources you use. 


    When completing written assignments that involve research, the standard way of giving this credit is through a Works Cited page at the end of your paper and Parenthetical Citations throughout your paper.  


    While a bibliography tells the reader the sources you used, a Works Cited page and Parenthetical Citations are MUCH more specific. 


    They allow the reader to know on which page of which source you found a specific piece of information.  


    If you do not include these citations, or you do so incorrectly, you are plagiarizing.  


    In addition, citations used properly can strengthen your writing because they prove that you have conducted research. 


    If your paper has few citations, that means that your paper mostly contains information that is common knowledge- where’s the research in that?



    >> When Will I Need a Parenthetical Citation?


    >> What is the Relationship Between My Works Cited Page and My Parenthetical Citations?


    >> How do I Make a Citation?

    .

    .

    But What If…

    My source has two or more authors?...


    Has three authors?...


    Has more than three authors?There is no author?...


    There is no page number?...


    I’m using 2 sources by the same author?...

     

    I found my information in more than one source?...


    I decide to include the name of the author in my own writing?...


    I include something that was already a quote in my source?...


    I need to change the quote a little to make it flow with my writing?...


    I want to use a long quote?...



    > A couple of other tips:

    • If you’re ever in doubt, include a parenthetical citation just in case.  If you use one when it’s not necessary, at most you’ll lose a couple of points.  But if you don’t use one and it IS necessary, you could be accused of plagiarism. 
    • When writing a paper that used research, it is a good guideline to have at least 2 citations in each body paragraph.  That means you need to include 2 pieces of information that require a citation.
    • Be careful not to overuse citations.  You need to weave your research with your own ideas and your own writing.  If every sentence has a citation, then very little of your paper is actually yours. 
    • It is good to have citations from different sources in each body paragraph.  That ensures that you are not simply copying or summarizing someone else’s ideas.  The goal of research is to be able to synthesize information found from several sources in order to support your own ideas. 



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    Characterizing and Modeling Citation Dynamics

    Characterizing and Modeling Citation Dynamics | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    Citation distributions are crucial for the analysis and modeling of the activity of scientists.


    The authors investigated bibliometric data of papers published in journals of the American Physical Society, searching for the type of function which best describes the observed citation distributions.


    They used the goodness of fit with Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics for three classes of functions: log-normal, simple power law and shifted power law.


    The shifted power law turns out to be the most reliable hypothesis for all citation networks derived, which correspond to different time spans.


    The authors find that citation dynamics is characterized by bursts, usually occurring within a few years since publication of a paper, and the burst size spans several orders of magnitude.


    They also investigated the microscopic mechanisms for the evolution of citation networks, by proposing a linear preferential attachment with time dependent initial attractiveness.


    The model successfully reproduces the empirical citation distributions and accounts for the presence of citation bursts as well.


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    The Link Graph Conundrum: Why Citations Remain Critical to SEO Survival

    The Link Graph Conundrum: Why Citations Remain Critical to SEO Survival | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    It's a popularly held belief that the link graph is broken. This post will explore the roots of the problem, and why it is such a tough problem for Google and Bing to resolve.


    These activities will all give you alternative ways to build your reputation, visibility, and traffic.


    They also give you the best chance that your site will be sending out the types of signals that search engines want to discover and value anyway.


    The citation (link) graph of the web is an important resource that has largely gone unused in existing web search engines. We have created maps containing as many as 518 million of these hyperlinks, a significant sample of the total.


    These maps allow rapid calculation of a web page's "PageRank", an objective measure of its citation importance that corresponds well with people's subjective idea of importance.


    Because of this correspondence, PageRank is an excellent way to prioritize the results of web keyword searches.


    The concept of a "citation" (bolding above was mine, for emphasis) is a critical one. To understand why, let's step away from the web and consider the example of an academic research paper, which might include citations in them that look like this:..."

    .

    .

    .

    Using a technique like the PageRank algorithm, you could build a citation graph where each of these "votes" were not counted equally (e.g., if a paper has a lot of citations, the votes it gives would count for more if they did not).


    And, just like the PageRank algorithm, you could apply the algorithm recursively to identify the most important papers. The reasons this works well in the academic citation environment are:

    1- Small Scale...

    2- No Incentive to Spam...

    3- Small Communities...



    Citations and the Web

    In fact, the concept of link building itself has been replaced with content marketing, which the overwhelming majority of people position as being about building reputation and visibility.


    This has happened because Google has gotten good at detecting enough of the spammers out there that the risks of getting caught are quite high. No business with investors or employees can afford to invest in spammy techniques because the downside risks aren't acceptable.


    On the other hand, if you spend enough time studying search results, you can easily find many examples sites that use really bad link building practices ranking high in the search results for some terms.


    If you're playing by the rules and one of these people in outranking you, it can be infuriating.



    Sources of the Problem

    1- Commercial Environment with High Stakes...

    2- Huge Scale...

    3- No Cohesive Community...

    4- User-Generated Content (UGC)...

    5- Advertising...

    6- Practical Anonymity...

    7- Complete Lack of Structure...



    Why Haven't Google and Bing Fixed This?

    The reason why they haven't fixed it is because they haven't figured out how to yet. Social media signals aren't the answer either. Nor is measuring user interaction with the SERPs, or on the pages of your site.


    These things might help, but search engines would have already started weighting them quite a bit more than they have if they were the answer.



    What Does This Means To You?

    Ultimately, you want to build your own loyal audience. Here are a few ideas for doing that:

    1- Organic social media...

    2- Earned Media (Guest Posting)...

    3- Speaking at Conferences...

    4- Writing Books or eBooks...

    5- Develop Relationships with Influential Media and Bloggers...



    These activities will all give you alternative ways to build your reputation, visibility, and traffic.


    They also give you the best chance that your site will be sending out the types of signals that search engines want to discover and value anyway.


    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:


    Useful insights and advice for increased popularity and dissemination of science and publications.


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    ✏ Quotations vs Citations ✍

    ✏ Quotations vs Citations ✍ | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    A citation is using a particular idea that you got from another author.


    A quotation is using the exact words of another author.


    There is an important difference between citations and quotations...



    More on the similarities/dissimilarities:

    http://bit.ly/1m7Rb4Y

    http://bit.ly/1iwZBk2



    Both methods help you to introduce another author's work as a means of strategically improving the persuasiveness of your paper, by introducing a quote in order to provide an example or evidence relevant to a claim that you have made...


    Referencing Quotations

    http://bit.ly/1rKvVkS

    http://bit.ly/1jdUdRv



    >> Supportive:

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    Works Cited Generator ... ON THE GO (:

    Works Cited Generator ... ON THE GO (: | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    Fast and Easy Generation of Citations ::)



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    Citation generator (:

    Citation generator (: | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it

     

    A quick and easy way to get a formatted citation from...

     

    And, it's as easy as pie to use... just put in something that relates to the thing you want to create a reference for... many identifiers work...

     

    > Pubmed - all you need is a Pubmed ID (PMID), a DOI or a unique search. Only the first result will be returned.

     

    > ISBN search - a formatted book citation (you can use ISBN-10 or ISBN-13, but it'll need to be valid

     

    > URL - the url of the publication (including a pdf)

     

    > Books - an amazon or google books URL

     

    > Other commonly cited websites, e.g. eMedicine, whonamedit

     

     

    >>More:

    > Citation generator - test suite

    http://bit.ly/1aqyeOV

     

    > Radiopaedia.org is a free educational radiology resource with one of the web's largest collections of radiology cases and reference articles.

    http://bit.ly/PKHiV

     

    Radiopaedia.org full-text journal search:

    search free full text articles - optimised for radiology

     

    custom search using google goodness and the citation generator (under construction)

     

    http://bit.ly/1htrnNh

    http://bit.ly/IAz2Kd

     

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    Citing Sources: Nice service by Duke University Libraries

    Citing Sources: Nice service by Duke University Libraries | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it

     

    Citing Sources connects users to style manuals (APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian and CSE), citation management tools, and information about avoiding plagiarism.

     

     

    Post Image: http://bit.ly/IgxHZR

     

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    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, November 27, 2013 7:09 AM
    Very glad to know. Stay blessed, Mhd.Shadi
    Estelblau's comment, November 27, 2013 8:20 AM
    You too ;)!
    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, November 27, 2013 8:30 PM
    ⒸⒽⒺⒺⓇⓈ
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    Citation Management—Wolfram Language Documentation

    Citation Management—Wolfram Language Documentation | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    With the Wolfram Language's citation management features, you can annotate and add references to research papers written using the Wolfram Language.


    These features work in conjunction with the standard BibTeX format for reference data as well as with EndNote, a powerful system from Thomson Reuters that allows you to perform online research as well as automatically format citations for thousands of different journals.


    EndNote, a powerful, industry-standard research tool, is one way the citation management features of the Wolfram Language can be used to allow you to research, cite, and annotate a notebook.


    In order to manage citations in the Wolfram Language with EndNote, the EndNote software must be installed and running. EndNote is a research tool from Thomson Reuters.


    EndNote Link for the Wolfram Language interfaces with EndNote and allows you to insert references from your EndNote database into a Wolfram Language notebook you are writing.



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    ResearchMaps ♒

    ResearchMaps ♒ | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    ResearchMaps is a UCLA based not-for-profit-academic resource developed and administered by members of the Silvalab including Pranay Doshi.



    ♒Simplify

    Scientists are expected to keep track of an ever-increasing volume and complexity of experiments and findings.


    ResearchMaps helps to integrate and summarize large amounts of causal information into a searchable graphic format!



    ♒Plan

    The interactive features of ResearchMaps facilitates planning during writing of grants, research papers and reviews.


    ResearchMaps is also useful as a collaborative tool and as a catalyst for the creative process in science. Log In Password?



    ♒Easy

    It is easy to use ResearchMaps and our video tutorials provide step-by-step examples to get you started!


    ResearchMaps is a UCLA-based service, free for all members of academic and not for profit institutions.



    Note: 

    Only published data in ResearchMaps is shared. Non-published data remains private and is only visible in the account that entered it.


    If you are NOT a member of a not-for profit organization, and you would like to use ResearchMaps, please Contact Research Maps for a corporate account.



    ♒Background

    In the last 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in the complexity of experiments and publications.... This problem is specially severe in fields where there are often attempt to integrate  experiments across different sub-disciplines and levels of complexity...

    There is a great need to develop maps (simplified abstractions) of published information that could be used to decode complex research information and to guide research planning.


    As a first step to tackle this problem, our laboratory developed a taxonomy for experiments and a set of algorithms to generate research maps of causal information. 

    This taxonomy allows us to classify experiments in our field into a small set of distinct categories, a critical first step in the development of simplified abstractions of research findings.


    The algorithms are essential for representing these experiments in causal networks (i.e., our maps).


    Additionally, the free web application developed to help researchers keep track and interact with causal information in research papers.

    http://www.silvalab.org/projects/maps.html



    Register! It is Free!


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    ReadCube for Researchers ♣√

    ReadCube for Researchers ♣√ | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    ReadCube is a  Free reference & citation manager for article PDFs...


    Bring your papers to lifeRead, manage & discover new literature like never before.


    Our Users. 220 Countries - 2500+ Institutions



    The Ultimate Researcher Toolkit

    • Enhanced PDFs and Personalized Recommendations.
    •  Paper Management.
    •  Citation Tool. 
    • Tablet App Sync and Backup Watch Folders. 



    Go Beyond the PDF 

    • Enhanced and revolutionary way to read the article. 
    • Optimized PDF viewing. 
    • Supplements and related materials. 
    • Clickable inline references and Full Reference.
    •  1-click author searches. 
    • Related articles Inline notes and Highlighting tools. 
    • Customizable interface. 



    Recommendations... Personalized & Delivered Daily 

    • Get daily article recommendations based on your library. 
    • With 20,000 papers published each week – let ReadCube help ensure you never miss an important paper again.
    •  Over 10 million recommendations delivered!



     Save Time, Get Organised and Write Better. 

    • SmartCite. 
    • A powerful citation tool that you’ll actually want to use. 
    • Supports thousands of citation styles.
    •  Insert citations directly from your library or from PubMed.. 
    • Collaborate on the manuscript with multiple authors without losing citation data.



      On the Go. ReadCube for iPad and iPhone Tablet 

    • Keep up with your research on the go. Easily search through PubMed. 
    • 1-click article access through your institutional proxy. 
    • Receive daily article recommendations.



      A Perfect Fit to Everyone's Workflow 

    • Everyone has their own way of doing things, so we’ve made it easy to use ReadCube alongside other tools you may be using. 
    • ReadCube's desktop software is available for both Mac and PC. 
    • SmartCite, ReadCube’s fast powerful citation tool, works directly with Word. 
    • Use ReadCube with other citation tools such as EndNote, Zotero, Refworks, and many more.
    •  ReadCube’s bookmarklet can be installed on any browser.
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    USING SOURCES


    The Hamilton College Honor Code states, “It is essential … that every student understand the standards of academic honesty and how to avoid dishonesty by proper acknowledgment of intellectual indebtedness” .


    Drawing on the ideas of others as you develop your own is an essential and exciting component of intellectual work. Whenever you use other writers’ ideas, however, you must acknowledge your sources.


    Doing so allows you to distinguish between your ideas and those of others; it directs your readers to relevant sources; and it allows you to give credit where credit is due.


    This handout answers questions students often have concerning correct and effective use of sources.



    Provide citations whenever you use

    • direct quotations.
    • paraphrases and summaries.
    • borrowed ideas.
    • facts that are not common knowledge. 


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    Cite This For Me: Automatic bibliography generator

    Cite This For Me: Automatic bibliography generator | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    Create your bibliography or reference list automatically using the APA, Chicago, MLA, Vancouver, or Harvard referencing citation styles. It's fast and free!



    >> Cool Extras:


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    Different Types of Bibliographies

    Different Types of Bibliographies | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    A bibliography is a list containing details about sources of information on a specific topic.


    In a bibliography, writers and researchers list sources such as books, newspapers, websites, and articles from academic journals.


    Writers may include the author, title, publication date and publisher of the source.


    Research paper writers usually place the bibliography at the end of the paper.


    Enumerative Bibliography 

    Analytical Bibliography

    Annotated Bibliography



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    Case Citation in the UK, EU and more...

    Case Citation in the UK, EU and more... | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    If you are looking for a reported case you will usually have a full case citation.Here is a breakdown of a citation and much more...


    What is Case Citation?

    Case citation is a system used in many countries to identify past court case decisions, either in series of books called reporters or law reports, or in a "neutral" style that identifies a decision regardless of where it is reported.


    Case citations are formatted differently in different jurisdictions, but generally contain the same key information.


    A legal citation is a "...reference to a legal precedent or authority, such as a case, statute, or treatise, that either substantiates or contradicts a given position."


    Where cases are published in paper format, the citation usually contains the following information:

    • Report title
    • Volume number
    • Page number
    • Year of decision

    http://bit.ly/1nAKAAZ

    http://bit.ly/1hG5Ehr



    THE IMPORTANCE OF LEGAL CITATION

    Legal research relies very heavily on citation. In the first year of law school, citation focuses primarily on cases, statutes, articles and book citation. Case citation serves two major functions: first, a complete citation allows the reader to find the decision; second, it should convey valuable information about the case, including the year it was handed down, court level, jurisdiction and case history (if included).


    Accurate citation provides a road map that directs the reader to where to locate the law.


    As with an actual road map, users of citations depend on their accuracy. Inaccurate or incomplete citations will result in people taking a detour from their goal and wasting time in their legal research.

    http://bit.ly/1mQWzqw



    Highly Supportive:

    http://bit.ly/1rpvK1z

    http://bit.ly/1rpvMqr

    http://bit.ly/1iA0EuO

    http://bit.ly/1kRffGx

    http://bit.ly/1o6TAcI

    http://bit.ly/1nL3Aua



    More on UK & EU:

    http://bit.ly/1nALm0B



    US:

    This guide describes how to locate a U.S. Supreme Court case by name, citation and subject.

    http://bit.ly/1oD2jr4

    http://bit.ly/1oD4Cuc



    Australia:

    Find cases by citation. party names and topic from Australian and international jurisdictions.

    http://bit.ly/1k8nLCi

    http://bit.ly/1wA9hyZ



    Canada:

    Citation guides are books of rules which define how citations should be presented. Consistent presentation is important because it assists the reader in collecting the information they need while skimming over the information they don’t.

    http://bit.ly/RLg20o

    http://bit.ly/1nALxZR



    Bonus:

    Case Citation Finder:

    http://bit.ly/1kpD9Ez

    http://1.usa.gov/1pEzKGT

    http://bit.ly/1kdehnY

    http://bit.ly/1tuq6XO



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    Nice Free APA & MLA Citation Generator

    Nice Free APA & MLA Citation Generator | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    A free and easy to use APA and MLA citation generator that automatically creates bibliographies in the formats you want.


    It's always important to cite the information you find and use in your work. If you don't, you could easily be charged with plagiarism.


    That's why learning how to construct a bibliography (also referred to as a reference page or works cited page) is critical to your academic success.



    + Much more Hints and Tips.



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    Online Citation Wizards on 21st Century Information Fluency

    Online Citation Wizards on 21st Century Information Fluency | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    This service currently offers three Citation Styles: APA, CSE, formerly known as CBE, and MLA.


    All feature specific templates for citing online Journals, Web pages with and without authors, electronic Books and Databases.


    >> Cool Micro-modules:

    http://21cif.com/tutorials/micro/



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    LITERATURE CITATION VS. LITERATURE REFERENCE -- WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE?

    LITERATURE CITATION VS. LITERATURE REFERENCE -- WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE? | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    When writing a research paper, you must always acknowledge any works or ideas of others that have influenced your experiment, conclusions, or interpretation of the data.


    This is done by including a citation in the body of the manuscript and its corresponding literature reference in the Literature Cited section of the paper...



    Highly Supportive:

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    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, March 29, 2014 12:41 PM
    Best wishes
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    ✬✎The Challenge of Citation in Digital Media

    ✬✎The Challenge of Citation in Digital Media | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it

     

    We can pick up a style guide like those published by the MLA, APA or Chicago and expect that it will tell us exactly how to format our text, as well as how to formally credit the sources we are referring to.

     

    These formats have become so ubiquitous in academic communication, particularly in the classroom, that they seem like divine Law set in stone, rules that we must follow or face the consequences.

     

    How, then, do we handle digital media projects, where standards are not so clearly set, and where standard style guides do not seem to be clearly adaptable to visual or aural media?

     

    This set-in-stone quality to citation style in print, writing researchers have found, may have some unintended consequences for students.

     

    An ongoing research project led by Rebecca Moore Howard and Sandra Jameson, called the Citation Project, has collected essays from nearly 180 students from 16 institutions, and studied their habits of citation.

     

    What the researchers have found in the first stage of their project is that students are generally disengaged with the sources that they cite, and that more often than not, students are engaged in "quotation mining" in order to superficially meet assignment requirements.

    .

    .

    .

    Instead of trying to impose a print standard format for citation on a medium for which it might not be appropriate, it is better to work from these wider principles and practices that underlie citation to develop formats that are:

    Appropriate to the media in which students are composingAppropriate to the contexts and audiences of the assignmentsAppropriate to the forms of inquiry in which students are engaging

     

     

    ➤ The Role of Citation in Academic Inquiry

    ↨ Displaying knowledge of the topic...

     

    ↨ Establishing ownership of ideas...

     

    ↨ Positioning own ideas in relation to others'...

     

    ↨ Establishing a replicable methodology:..

     

     

    ➤ Adapting Citation Forms to New Media...

     

     

    ➤ Considerations for Developing Appropriate Citation Guidelines in New Media Assignments...

    ↨ Consider the affordances and constraints of the media in which your students are composin

     

    ↨ Consider the audience and genre of the assignment.

     

    ↨ Create communities of practice within your class.

     

     

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    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, January 10, 2014 11:05 AM
    Kindest regards
    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, March 29, 2014 12:41 PM
    Cheers
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    What are Annotated Bibliographies, and How to Prepare them?

    What are Annotated Bibliographies, and How to Prepare them? | Yeaaah! Citation Generators and much more :DD | Scoop.it


    • WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY? 

    An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents.


    Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation.


    The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.



    • ANNOTATIONS VS. ABSTRACTS

    Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes.


    Annotations are descriptive and critical; they expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authority.

     


    • THE PROCESS

    Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.


    First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Briefly examine and review the actual items.


    Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic.


    Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.

    Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article.


    Include one or more sentences that (a) evaluate the authority or background of the author, (b) comment on the intended audience, (c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.

     


    • CRITICALLY APPRAISING THE BOOK, ARTICLE, OR DOCUMENT…

     

    • CHOOSING THE CORRECT FORMAT FOR THE CITATIONS…

     

    • SAMPLE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY FOR A JOURNAL ARTICLE…

     


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    Mhd.Shadi Khudr's comment, March 29, 2014 12:41 PM
    Kind regards