Scientists for decades have been worried about plastic clogging up our oceans, but now they finally know just how bad the problem is. We dump about five shopping bags full of plastic for every foot of coastline in the world every year, according to a new study. The numbers are orders of magnitude higher than prior estimates.
If we continue to produce large amounts of plastic—and can’t find a better way to dispose of them—the amount of plastic in our oceans will double over the next decade, according to Jenna Jambeck, an environmental engineer at the University of Georgia and lead author on the study.
She says these numbers actually undercount the problem because they account for only floating plastic. As much as 50 percent of the plastic produced in North America probably sinks to the ocean floor, she says.
The 8 million metric tons of plastic that litters our oceans every year consists of not only the usual suspects (like six-pack plastic rings, which are the bane of sea turtles), but also microplastics, tiny bits of debris smaller than your fingernail. Microplastics endanger marine life of all sizes, from whales to barnacles, as they are easy to swallow and may contain dangerous chemicals.
Jambeck and her team noticed at least one recurring theme within the data. Middle-income countries, especially those that have begun to industrialize but have not yet figured out how to manage their waste, end up tossing a lot of garbage in their oceans. One outlier is the United States, a rich country that would seem to have its waste management act together but still dumps a lot of plastic into the oceans.
Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald