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World Neolithic
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PORTUGAL : Archaeologists find 4,500-year-old ivory statuettes

About 20 ivory statuettes estimated to be around 4,500 years old have been discovered in an archaeological dig in eastern Portugal, a first in the country, archaeologist António Valério said this week.
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The Earliest Matches

The Earliest Matches | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Cylindrical objects made usually of fired clay but sometimes of stone were found at the Yarmukian Pottery Neolithic sites of Sha‘ar HaGolan and Munhata (first half of the 8th millennium BP) in the Jordan Valley. Similar objects have been reported from other Near Eastern Pottery Neolithic sites. Most scholars have interpreted them as cultic objects in the shape of phalli, while others have referred to them in more general terms as “clay pestles,” “clay rods,” and “cylindrical clay objects.” Re-examination of these artifacts leads us to present a new interpretation of their function and to suggest a reconstruction of their technology and mode of use. We suggest that these objects were components of fire drills and consider them the earliest evidence of a complex technology of fire ignition, which incorporates the cylindrical objects in the role of matches.

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Objects may be 'earliest matches'

Objects may be 'earliest matches' | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Researchers from Israel say mysterious clay artefacts from the Neolithic era are the earliest known "matches".
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Discovery of 8,000 year old settlement in Romania provides evidence of first Neolithic farmers in the region

Discovery of 8,000 year old settlement in Romania provides evidence of first Neolithic farmers in the region | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Archaeologists working on the route of the new Sibiu – Orastie highway in Romania have made what looks to be a once in a lifetime discovery of a Stone Age...
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Neolithic man: The first lumberjack?

Neolithic man: The first lumberjack? | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
During the Neolithic Age (approximately 10000 BCE), early man evolved from hunter-gatherer to farmer and agriculturalist, living in larger, permanent settlements with a variety of domesticated animals and plant life.
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Denmark’s past viewed from above

Denmark’s past viewed from above | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
There’s a lot to learn about the past by studying the land from high above. See a series of stunning aerial archaeology photos here.
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Horse owners are the one percent: How social inequality was born.

Horse owners are the one percent: How social inequality was born. | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The association between horses and wealth was forged millennia ago. In fact, the first people known to celebrate hierarchies of power, whose inequalities of wealth were integral to their society and culture—the people you could call the first 1 percent—were the first people to ride horses.

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Stone age man had “feminine side” (The University of Manchester)

Stone age man had “feminine side” (The University of Manchester) | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Modern men should take a lead from their more enlightened and compassionate stone age ancestors, according to a University of Manchester archaeologist.

Dr Karina Croucher, who has studied buried remains of people living between 7,500 and 10,000 years ago across the Middle East, says the stereotypical view of how Neolithic men and women lived is wrong.

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All chickens descend from south east Asia

All chickens descend from south east Asia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
All chickens descend from south east Asia, new archaeological research has found, with scientists dubbing these common ancestors the "great, great grandmothers of the chicken world".
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17,500-Year-Old Ceramic Figures Unearthed in Croatia

17,500-Year-Old Ceramic Figures Unearthed in Croatia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
An international team of archaeologists has uncovered the first evidence of ceramic figurative art in late Upper Paleolithic Europe - from about 17,500 years ago, thousands of years before pottery was commonly used.
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Corropoli, ripresi gli scavi al villaggio neolitico

A tal proposito abbiamo interpellato il presidente dell'Italicus Onlus Maurilio Migliorati e il prof. Dino Di Berardino, sempre in contatto quotidiano con il Comune di Corropoli, diretto dal sindaco Umberto D'Annuntiis e con la Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici d'Abruzzo, condotta dal dott. Andrea Pessina.

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Des animaux en céramique vieux de plus de 15 000 ans

Des animaux en céramique vieux de plus de 15 000 ans | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Des archéologues britanniques estiment que les fragments d’objets en céramique vieux d’au moins 15 000 ans qu’ils ont découverts dans une caverne de Croatie, témoignent de l’existence d’une communauté préhistorique locale qui a réinventé cette technique indépendamment des autres cultures qui l’ont utilisée ailleurs et à des dates différentes.

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Ilısu River dam excavation sheds light on new artifacts

Ilısu River dam excavation sheds light on new artifacts | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Work on the new ‘Ilısu Protection Excavation’ is taking place at sites around Diyarbakır on a river that is soon to be controversially dammed.
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Death and Dying in Neolithic Near East

Death and Dying in Neolithic Near East | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The stereotypical view of how Neolithic men and women lived is misleading according to Dr. Karina Croucher, who has studied the buried remains of people living between 7,500 and 10,000 years ago across the Middle East.

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Form and Function of Early Neolithic Bifacial Stone Tools Reflects Changes in Land Use Practices during the Neolithization Process in the Levant

Form and Function of Early Neolithic Bifacial Stone Tools Reflects Changes in Land Use Practices during the Neolithization Process in the Levant | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

For many, climate change is no longer recognized as the primary cause of cultural changes in the Near East. Instead, human landscape degradation, population growth, socioeconomic adjustments, and conflict have been proposed as the mechanisms that shaped the Neolithic Revolution. However, as Bar-Yosef noted, even if there is chronological correlation between climate changes and cultural developments, what is important is to understand how Neolithic societies dealt with these improving or deteriorating environments. Changes in bifacial stone tools provide a framework for examining some of these interactions by focusing on changing land use practices during the Neolithization process. The results of microwear analysis of 40 bifacial artifacts from early Pre-Pottery Neolithic (EPPNB) levels at Motza in the Judean hills document changes during the PPNA–PPNB transition at the onset of the Levantine Moist Period (ca. 8000 cal B.C.) when conditions for agriculture improved. EPPNB villagers added heavy-duty axes to a toolkit they had used for carpentry and began to clear forests for fields and grazing lands. Sustainable forest management continued for the duration of the PPN until the cumulative effects of tree-felling and overgrazing seem to have led to landscape degradation at end of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic C (PPNC), when a cold, dry climatic anomaly (6600–6000 cal B.C.) may have accelerated the reduction of woodlands. Early PPNB components at sites like Motza, with data from nearly five millennia of Neolithic occupations, show how complex hunter–gatherers and early food producers were able to establish sustainable resource management systems even as climate changed, population increased, and social relations were redefined.

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Archaeologists Find 900-Year-Old Cup of Tea

Archaeologists Find 900-Year-Old Cup of Tea | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Ceramic mugs discovered outside of St. Louis suggest a vast American trade network flourished centuries before Christopher Columbus landed in the New World.
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Neolithic tools provide clues for managing climate change

Coping with climate change presents a number of challenges, but we may be able to get some hints from our ancestors.
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Chantier de fouilles de la Grande Rivoire

Visite du site archéologique de la Grande Rivoire, entre Sassenage et Villard-de-Lans dans le Vercors, le 8 août 2012 (RT @EchoSciGre: [Photos] Site archéologique de la Grande Rivoire dans le #Vercors (article à suivre) :
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Brewing Stone Age beer

Brewing Stone Age beer | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Beer enthusiasts are using a barn in Norway’s Akershus County to brew a special ale which has scientific pretensions and roots back to the dawn of human culture.
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Une chambre funéraire vieille de 5000 ans découverte sous le mégalithe de Trefael

Une chambre funéraire vieille de 5000 ans découverte sous le mégalithe de Trefael | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Le mégalithe de Trefael avait déjà fait l'objet d'un article l'année dernière en raison de nombreuses découvertes au cours de la saison de fouilles 2011 (Voir sur le blog: Le mégalithe de Trefael livre de nouveaux secrets).

La saison 2012 semble encore plus prometteuse puisque les archéologues sont entrain d'exhumer et d'analyser des ossements humains trouvés sous le monument préhistorique récemment identifié comme un bouchon de site d'enfouissement.

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Paléo-culture et patrimoine génétique

Paléo-culture et patrimoine génétique | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

L'origine de l'agriculture remonte à une période d'environ 10 000 ans, au cours du Néolithique, avec les premiers indices de domestication d'espèces animales et végétales. Dès lors, son développement a induit un modelage du patrimoine génétique humain, qui s'est adapté à de nouvelles formes d'alimentation. Certaines formes de gènes, comme par exemple celles qui confèrent un avantage lors de l'absorption d'aliments comme le lactose ou l'alcool, ont été fixées dans le patrimoine génétique humain tel que nous en héritons aujourd'hui. Notre patrimoine génétique est donc, en retour, un témoignage de l'histoire agricole. Une publication parue le 21 juin dans la revue Plos One en livre un exemple par la mise en évidence d'un phénomène de co-évolution gène-culture entre le genre végétal Zea, qui regroupe le maïs et sa forme sauvage la téosinte, et le patrimoine génétique de populations d'Amérique centrale.

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6,500 year old hunting trophy found in eastern Croatia

6,500 year old hunting trophy found in eastern Croatia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Archaeologists in Bapska, eastern Croatia have stumbled across 6,500 year old deer antlers. The hunting trophy was found hanging on the wall of prehistoric house along with valuable items of jewellery, writes website dalje.com.

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Más restos humanos del Neolítico

Al igual que las precedentes campañas arqueológicas de la cueva de Valdavara -encuadradas todas ellas en el proyecto «Ocupaciones humanas durante el Pleistoceno en la cuenca media del Miño»-, los trabajos actuales también están proporcionando numerosos hallazgos de la prehistoria reciente.

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Artists of the Ice Age: Prehistoric pottery shows man mastered clay 17,500 years ago - before we settled and became farmers

Artists of the Ice Age: Prehistoric pottery shows man mastered clay 17,500 years ago - before we settled and became farmers | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Evidence of a community of prehistoric artists and craftspeople who ‘invented’ ceramics during the last Ice Age – thousands of years before pottery became commonplace - has been found in modern-day Croatia.
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Au Néolithique, en devenant sédentaire, agriculteur et éleveur, l'homme n'a-t-il retiré que des bénéfices de son nouveau mode de vie ?

Au Néolithique, en devenant sédentaire, agriculteur et éleveur, l'homme n'a-t-il retiré que des bénéfices de son nouveau mode de vie ? | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Le Néolithique s'est traduit par des ressources alimentaires accrues et une mainmise sur la nature. Cependant, ce bouleversement s'est aussi accompagné de nouvelles maladies, de l'apparition des inégalités, des premières pollutions… Il préfigure nos sociétés actuelles.

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Esther Valhöll's comment, July 31, 2012 12:03 AM
Je suis tout à fait d'accord quand Jean Guilaine dit que l'expression "révolution néolithique" est impropre. Cette expression a été proposée dans un autre contexte et avec un autre sens. Aujourd'hui, elle fausse l'image qu'on se fait du Néolithique, elle surinterprète les découvertes et n'est plus employée que pour insister sur l'importance de la période.