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SYRIE/TURQUIE : La domestication de l'olivier a commencé au Proche-Orient

SYRIE/TURQUIE : La domestication de l'olivier a commencé au Proche-Orient | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Publiée dans les Proceedings of the Royal Society B, une étude internationale emmenée par un chercheur français du laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique (CNRS / Université Paul Sabatier / Ecole nationale de formation agronomique) démêle l'histoire complexe de la domestication de l'olivier. Ce travail montre que cette domestication a commencé dans lenord du Levant, une région qui correspond à l'actuelle frontière entre la Turquie et la Syrie.

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SCANDINAVIE : Skandinavien: Steinzeitfrauen starben bei blutigen Fehden

SCANDINAVIE : Skandinavien: Steinzeitfrauen starben bei blutigen Fehden | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Gewalt war in der skandinavischen Jungsteinzeit weit verbreitet - und machte auch vor Frauen nicht Halt. Eine Forschergruppe hat die blutigen Auseinandersetzungen anhand der Schädelverletzungen analysiert.
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ESPAGNE : Atapuerca proyecta completar su oferta con un poblado neolítico

ESPAGNE : Atapuerca proyecta completar su oferta con un poblado neolítico | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
El proyecto encaja en la Red de Territorios con Yacimientos Prehistóricos, impulsado en 2011 que cuenta con cuatro zonas de cuatro continentes

Una delegación de Atapuerca se encuentra estos días en la región del Gorongoro (Tanzania), donde intenta un acuerdo con los masai para que se desplacen en verano a la localidad burgalesa, donde pretenden construir un poblado neolítico, que es la cultura que aún mantiene la tribu africana.


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PEROU : 5,000 year-old temple found in Peru

PEROU : 5,000 year-old temple found in Peru | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

A temple believed to be about 5,000 years old has been discovered at the ancient El Paraiso archaeological site in a valley just north of Lima in Peru.

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Did overhunting lead to domestication? :

Did overhunting lead to domestication? : | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

A new study on the populations of wild cattle and boars in the Levant Valley by Nimrod Marom, Guy Bar-OzLaboratory of Archaeozoology, University of Haifa, Israel has been published in PLOSone online Journal. The research helps reshape our present understanding on the beginning of agriculture and domestication of animals.

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EUROPE : Isotopic data show farming arrived in Europe with migrants

EUROPE : Isotopic data show farming arrived in Europe with migrants | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

For decades, archaeologists have debated how farming spread to Stone Age Europe, setting the stage for the rise of Western civilization.

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Las clases de Indiana Jones

Las clases de Indiana Jones | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
La faceta docente del célebre aventurero ocupa un breve espacio en sus películas pero contiene interesantes referencias a la arqueología real
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GB : Neolithic art is saved by lasers

MILITARY laser technology normally used to map out the battlefield is coming to the aid of crumbling prehistoric rock carvings in Teesdale.No one knows who created the carved rocks that appear in a number of spots on the fells of Teesdale – or why.The Neolithic art created 5,000 years ago bears a series of mysterious shapes, including concentric circles, interlocking rings and hollowed cups...
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ITALIE : Ötzi, l’app che insegna ai bambini la storia del Neolitico

ITALIE : Ötzi, l’app che insegna ai bambini la storia del Neolitico | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Ötzi è una nuova applicazione pensata per i più piccoli, grazie alla quale sarà per loro possibile  iniziare un viaggio nel tempo alla scoperta del Neolitico. L’app è pensata per bambini dai 7 anni in su.
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SOMALIE : Visite guidée de Laas Geel, trésor rupestre du Somaliland

SOMALIE : Visite guidée de Laas Geel, trésor rupestre du Somaliland | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
C’est probablement l’unique attraction touristique de la région du Somaliland, mais elle n’est pas des moindres. Les peintures rupestres des grottes de Laas Geel ont été découvertes en 2002 et quelques centaines de touristes ont déjà pu les explorer. Mohamed Amin Jibril, un habitant de la région, nous fait découvrir ce joyau de la Corne de l’Afrique.L’ensemble des grottes de Laas Geel, qui signifie ‘point d’eau des dromadaires’ est situé à 55 km au nord-est d’Hargeisa, capitale de la région autonome du Somaliland. Le site néolithique, un des mieux préservés de la région, a été découvert le 4 décembre 2002 par l’archéologue français Xavier Gutherz et son équipe.
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GB : Ancient rock art uncovered in Evanton

GB : Ancient rock art uncovered in Evanton | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
THE highest concentration of ancient rock art ever discovered in the Highlands has been found on hillside farmland in Ross-shire, it has been revealed.
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RUSSIE : Neolithic 'temple' unearthed in the southern Urals

RUSSIE : Neolithic 'temple' unearthed in the southern Urals | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

For nine years Bashkir scientists have been engaged in the excavation of a monument found in Russia's Uchalinsky district, two kilometers from the village of Novo-Bayramgulova. Studying aerial photographs, scientists detected the 'circular' structure, about fifty meters in diameter, which they believe may be the ruins of a Neolithic 'astronomical temple' comparable to Stonehenge.

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ALLEMAGNE : Sensationeller archäologischer Fund - Nachrichten

ALLEMAGNE : Sensationeller archäologischer Fund - Nachrichten | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Westlich von Ettenheim soll in Kürze ein neues Baugebiet entstehen. Derzeit ruhen jedoch die Bauarbeiten, denn im Boden dort wurden Knochen gefunden. Sehr alte Knochen.
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Vor der Klassenspaltung

Vor der Klassenspaltung | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Ein Sammelband mit Texten zum »Urkommunismus«.

 

Das Bestehen egalitärer Gesellschaften vor deren Aufspaltung in Klassen gilt als nachgewiesen, auch wenn der im 19. Jahrhundert geprägte Begriff »Urkommunismus« heute meist vermieden wird. Gerade daher ist es verdienstvoll, die marxistische Forschung dazu zu dokumentieren. Der Sammelband »Der Urkommunismus. Auf den Spuren der egalitären Gesellschaft« enthält insgesamt 25 Beiträge, die durch aktuelle Texte sowie ein erläuterndes Vorwort des Herausgebers Dieter Reinisch ergänzt werden.

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EUROPE : Nel guscio delle lumache i segreti del clima passato

EUROPE : Nel guscio delle lumache i segreti del clima passato | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Il guscio delle lumache svela i segreti del clima passato. E così si scopre che migliaia di anni fa, al tempo dei primi agricoltori, il Mediterraneo aveva un clima molto più caldo e umido di adesso. Sono questi i risultati di uno studio in uscita sulla rivista «Quaternary International» e condotto da un team di ricercatori delle Università di Pisa e di York e dello Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (Suerc) di Glasgow composto da archeologi, climatologi e geochimici.

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Allemagne : Une charpenterie très ancienne en Europe

Allemagne : Une charpenterie très ancienne en Europe | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
L'analyse des coffrages de puits datant de la culture du Rubané révèle que des techniques de charpenterie avancées étaient déjà connues en Europe il y a 7   000 ans.
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SUISSE : Swiss dolmen reveals rituals of the Neolithic

SUISSE : Swiss dolmen reveals rituals of the Neolithic | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Asensational archaeological discovery has been made in the region of  Bern, Switzerland, consisting of a communal dolmen grave dating back to over 5,000 years, containing 30 bodies and Neolithic artefacts. It represents the first intact burial chamber to be found north of the Alps.

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GB : Village view across 9,000 years

GB : Village view across 9,000 years | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
An archaeological dig ahead of a new housing estate's construction in Didcot shows people have lived there for 9,000 years.
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EUROPE : Battered Skulls Reveal Violence Among Stone Age Women

EUROPE : Battered Skulls Reveal Violence Among Stone Age Women | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Up to 1 in 6 skulls unearthed in Scandinavia from the Neolithic period show evidence of routine, everyday violence.
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EUROPE : Ancient Foragers and Farmers Hit It Off

EUROPE : Ancient Foragers and Farmers Hit It Off | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Perhaps there was peace in the valley, after all. Thousands of years ago, foragers and early farmers in the Balkans lived in peaceful coexistence, according to a new study of skeletal remains. But this cozy picture, which includes cultural exchange and also apparently intermating, may not apply to the spread of farming everywhere, other researchers caution.

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EUROPE : Néolithique et Mésolithique sur les berges du Danube

EUROPE : Néolithique et Mésolithique sur les berges du Danube | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Les chasseurs-cueilleurs et les premiers fermiers ont cohabité sans heurts dans sur les rives du Danube avant de se mélanger.
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EUROPE : Strontium isotopes document greater human mobility at the start of the Balkan Neolithic

Questions about how farming and the Neolithic way of life spread across Europe have been hotly debated topics in archaeology for decades. For a very long time, two models have dominated the discussion: migrations of farming groups from southwestern Asia versus diffusion of domesticates and new ideas through the existing networks of local forager populations. New strontium isotope data from the Danube Gorges in the north-central Balkans, an area characterized by a rich burial record spanning the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition, show a significant increase in nonlocal individuals from ∼6200 calibrated B.C., with several waves of migrants into this region. These results are further enhanced by dietary evidence based on carbon and nitrogen isotopes and an increasingly high chronological resolution obtained on a large sample of directly dated individuals. This dataset provides robust evidence for a brief period of coexistence between indigenous groups and early farmers before farming communities absorbed the foragers completely in the first half of the sixth millennium B.C.

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SYRIE-TURQUIE : The Origins of the Olive Tree Revealed

SYRIE-TURQUIE : The Origins of the Olive Tree Revealed | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
The olive tree was first domesticated somewhere near Northern Syria, and spread throughout the Mediterranean from three separate hotspots
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RUSSIE : Mysteries of stone circles in Russia's Bashkiria

RUSSIE : Mysteries of stone circles in Russia's Bashkiria | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
For nine years Bashkir scientists have been engaged in the excavation of a monument found in Uchalinsky district, two kilometers from the village of Novo-Bayramgulova. Studying aerial photographs, scientists saw round construction...
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Le Levant, berceau de l'olivier cultivé

Son fin feuillage vert argenté signe les paysages méditerranéens, mais ses racines historiques restent discutées: une équipe internationale de chercheurs apporte un nouvel éclairage à l'histoire complexe de l'olivier, situant l'origine de sa première domestication à l'est de la Méditerranée.

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