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ECOSSE : Iron Age village discovered during bypass building project

An Iron Age village plus a host of ancient artefacts including tools and jewellery have been discovered on a construction site.

The finds were made by teams working on the £17 million A75 Dunragit bypass in Wigtownshire.

Tools, arrowheads, urns and bead necklaces from the Mesolithic (9000 BC to 4500 BC), Neolithic (4500 BC to 2000 BC), Bronze (2500 BC to 800 BC) and Iron Ages (800 BC to 500 AD) were found, along with the Iron Age village and a Bronze Age cemetery.

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INDE : 'Megalithic' artefacts found at Nedumala Cave

INDE : 'Megalithic' artefacts found at Nedumala Cave | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Giving a boost to the demands of local people for conservation of Nedumala Cave, Pilarimattom, relics from the megalithic culture were found in the cave by a team of Archaeological experts.
V. Sanal Kumar, archaeological researcher who led the team, said several  microliths, small stone tool used in Megalithic culture and other relics,  have been unearthed from the cave. In the state, several Megalithic relics, including microliths, were found earlier by archaeologists mainly in Palakkad, Kannur, Malappuram, Wayanad, Kottayam, Kollam and Thiruvanathapuram. But it is for the first time that such a discovery is being made in the district.

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EUROPE : The Origins of Inebriation: Archaeological Evidence of the Consumption of Fermented Beverages and Drugs in Prehistoric Eurasia

EUROPE : The Origins of Inebriation: Archaeological Evidence of the Consumption of Fermented Beverages and Drugs in Prehistoric Eurasia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The earliest testimonies of the use of alcohol and drugs suggest that inebriation is a long-established habit, the origins of which can be traced back to prehistory. Traces highly suggestive of fermented beverages and remains of psychoactive plants have been recovered from archaeological sites throughout prehistoric Europe. This paper surveys the history of these substances from a cultural approach based on the contexts of consumption. A wide range of documents will be examined here (macrofossil remains of psychoactive plants, residues of fermented beverages, alkaloids in archaeological items and artistic depictions, among others). Considering that these sensory-altering products are mainly found in tombs and ceremonial places, they seem to be strongly connected to ritual usages. Far from being consumed for hedonistic purposes, it can therefore be argued that drug plants and alcoholic drinks had a sacred role among prehistoric societies.

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VIETNAM : 4,700 year old skeleton found in Vietnam

VIETNAM : 4,700 year old skeleton found in Vietnam | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Vietnamese archaeologists have found a 4,700-year-old skeleton in the southern province of Long An.

The skeleton, believed to be that of a 1.5 meter tall human being, was found burying in a grave measuring 0.5 meter wide by 2 meters long, according to the archaeologists from the Southern Social Sciences Institute. The discovery was made when they were excavating a 100-square-meter area in the Lo Gach hamlet, Vinh Hung district. Nguyen Khanh Trung Kien, vice director of the institute's Archaeology center, said the skeleton may date back to 2,700 BC. The scientists also found other relics, including working tools, pieces of fish and animal bones.



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TURQUIE : Scientists Uncover Evidence of Change from Hunting to Herding at Early Neolithic Settlement

TURQUIE : Scientists Uncover Evidence of Change from Hunting to Herding at Early Neolithic Settlement | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
In this settlement in central Turkey, the shift occurred over a few centuries at least 10,000 years ago.
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ESPAGNE : Thieves destroy ancient rock painting in Spain

ESPAGNE : Thieves destroy ancient rock painting in Spain | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
A 5,000 year-old rock painting in southern Spain has been destroyed by thieves who tried to steal the Unesco World Heritage-listed artwork by chipping it off th
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GB : The Area Around Stonehenge Has Been Inhabited for More Than 10,000 Years

GB : The Area Around Stonehenge Has Been Inhabited for More Than 10,000 Years | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Amesbury, a quaint English parish, already had one claim to fame. It is the closest population center to Stonehenge, drawing more than one million visitors per year to see the iconic stone circle. But now it has a new mark of distinction. Scientists announced that they had found artifacts in the area that dated to 8820 B.C.—which makes this particular locale the oldest continuously occupied area of Britain. 

 

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CHINE : Les fouilles d'un site néolithique montrent l'interaction culturelle dans la Chine ancienne

Des fouilles d'un site néolithique, datant de plus de 5.000 ans, dans le nord du pays, montrent l'interaction culturelle entre les populations migrantes dans la Chine ancienne, ont indiqué des archéologues chinois.

Situé dans le district de Rongcheng de la province du Hebei, le site archéologique couvre une superficie de 1.700 m2. Des milliers de pièces de poterie, principalement rouge, y ont été exhumées, a annoncé samedi Xu Haifeng, un chercheur de l'Institut de recherche du patrimoine culturel du Hebei.

Les objets exhumés indiquent que les pots à deux anses ou de forme tubulaire étaient alors des ustensiles très populaires.

Les ustensiles de cuisine sont aussi avancés que le "Zeng", un pot en terre pour la cuisine à vapeur qui existait déjà à cette époque, a précisé M. Xu, ajoutant que ces découvertes révélaient la vie quotidienne dans la Chine ancienne.

Le site était à l'avant-garde des échanges culturels et entre les populations du nord et du sud, a fait savoir Zhang Xiaozheng, chef de l'équipe chargé du projet.

"Nous pouvons imaginer qu'une partie de la population, venue des régions que sont aujourd'hui la Mongolie intérieure (nord) et la province du Liaoning (nord-est) et maîtrisant l'art de la poterie rouge, s'est déplacée vers le sud, tandis qu'une autre partie de la population, venue de l'actuelle province du Henan (centre) et maîtrisant le technique de la poterie colorée, a migré vers le nord", a expliqué M. Zhang.

Ces populations se sont rencontrées dans la région qui abrite le site archéologique, a-t-il ajouté.

Les fouilles se poursuivent sur le site. 

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TURQUIE : 8,500-year-old footprints rewrite İstanbul's history

TURQUIE : 8,500-year-old footprints rewrite İstanbul's history | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Archeologists had thought that the history of İstanbul began 2,700 years ago, but 8,500-year-old footprints and graves discovered during excavations along the Marmaray subway route are forcing a rethink of the city's timeline.

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GB : Skara Brae neolithic site set to be protected

GB : Skara Brae neolithic site set to be protected | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
A new plan to safeguard the future of the Skara Brae neolithic site on Orkney has been announced.
The five-year plan will review the boundaries of the site and make landowners...
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GB : Crowd-sourcing Britain's Bronze Age

GB : Crowd-sourcing Britain's Bronze Age | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
A new joint project by the British Museum and the UCL Institute of Archaeology is seeking online contributions from members of the public to enhance a major British Bronze Age archive and artefact collection.
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DOMESTICATION : More questions than answers as mystery of domestication deepens

DOMESTICATION : More questions than answers as mystery of domestication deepens | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

In recent decades, research has unraveled much of what we thought we knew about this crucial event in human history

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GB : Anglesey: Mysterious artefact discovered at Neolithic tomb

GB : Anglesey: Mysterious artefact discovered at Neolithic tomb | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Find at Perthi Duon excavation site near Brynsiencyn could prove existence of a British Copper Age says archeology expert
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CLIMATOLOGIE : Comet theory doesn't explain Ice Age cold snap, Clovis changes, animal extinction

CLIMATOLOGIE : Comet theory doesn't explain Ice Age cold snap, Clovis changes, animal extinction | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Most supposed impact indicators at 29 sites are too old or too young to be remnants of an ancient comet that proponents claim sparked climate change at the end of the Ice Age, killed America's earliest people and caused a mass animal extinction.

Controversy over what sparked the Younger Dryas, a brief return to near glacial conditions at the end of the Ice Age, includes a theory that it was caused by a comet hitting Earth.

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CLIMATOLOGIE : What Caused a 1300-Year Deep Freeze?

CLIMATOLOGIE : What Caused a 1300-Year Deep Freeze? | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Study argues that cosmic impact wasn't responsible for event that may have wiped out mammoths and a major Native American culture
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EUROPE : Alcohol and drugs: Not just for modern humans

Unlike most modern humans, the prehistoric people of Europe did not use mind-altering substances simply for their hedonistic pleasure. Researchers contend that their use was an integral part of prehistoric beliefs, and that these substances were seen to aid in communication with the spiritual world.
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TURQUIE : How Sheep Became Livestock

TURQUIE : How Sheep Became Livestock | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The domestication of plants and animals was one of the most important events in human history, but rarely have archaeologists been able to catch the process in the act. Now, research at an 11,000-year-old settlement in Turkey shows that some early farmers kept wild sheep penned up in the middle of their village—thus setting the stage for the dramatic changes that led to today’s domesticated animals.

Archaeologists studying the origins of farming have hundreds of sites to choose from across the Middle East, but few of them tell the full story. That requires a spot that spans the transition between a hunting and gathering lifestyle and a farming lifestyle, a period from about 10,500 to 9500 years ago. Researchers have long had their eyes on just such a site: Aşıklı Höyük, located on the banks of the Melendiz River in central Turkey—a land of idyllic streams and dramatic volcanic formations popular with tourists.

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TURQUIE : Mound excavation reveals transition from hunting to herding in Neolithic settlement

TURQUIE : Mound excavation reveals transition from hunting to herding in Neolithic settlement | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
(Phys.org) —A team of researchers with members from several countries has found evidence of the birth of pre-ceramic Neolithic populations in a region of what is now Turkey. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team describes how excavations of various levels ...
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GB : Britain's oldest settlement is Amesbury not Thatcham, say scientists

GB : Britain's oldest settlement is Amesbury not Thatcham, say scientists | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Archaeologists discover Wiltshire site is forerunner to Stonehenge and has been continually occupied since 8,820BC
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GB : Archaeologists say Stonehenge was "London of the Mesolithic" in Amesbury investigation

GB : Archaeologists say Stonehenge was "London of the Mesolithic" in Amesbury investigation | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Amesbury is the oldest settlement in Britain and has been continually occupied since 8820 BC, say archaeologists investigating bull bones and pink flints.
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Genomic diversity differs between Stone-Age Scandinavian foragers and farmers

Genomic diversity differs between Stone-Age Scandinavian foragers and farmers | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

An international team led by researchers at Uppsala University and Stockholm University reports a breakthrough on understanding the demographic history of Stone-Age humans. A genomic analysis of eleven Stone-Age human remains from Scandinavia revealed that expanding Stone-age farmers assimilated local hunter-gatherers and that the hunter-gatherers were historically in lower numbers than the farmers. The study is published today, ahead of print, in the journal Science.

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Study reveals farmers assimilated hunter gatherers

Study reveals farmers assimilated hunter gatherers | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
An international team reports a breakthrough on understanding the demographic history of Mesolithic and Neolithic peoples
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Genomic Diversity and Admixture Differs for Stone-Age Scandinavian Foragers and Farmers

Prehistoric population structure associated with the transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe remains contentious. Population-genomic data from eleven Scandinavian Stone-Age human remains suggest that hunter-gatherers had lower genetic diversity than farmers. Despite their close geographical proximity, the genetic differentiation between the two Stone-Age groups was greater than that observed among extant European populations. Additionally, the Scandinavian Neolithic farmers exhibited a greater degree of hunter-gatherer-related admixture than that of the Tyrolean Iceman, who also originated from a farming context. In contrast, Scandinavian hunter-gatherers displayed no significant evidence of introgression from farmers. Our findings suggest that Stone-Age foraging groups were historically in low numbers, likely due to oscillating living conditions or restricted carrying-capacity, and that they were partially incorporated into expanding farming groups.

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DOMESTICATION : Origins of Domesticated Chili Pepper Found in Mexico

DOMESTICATION : Origins of Domesticated Chili Pepper Found in Mexico | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Using archaeology, genetics and linguistics, researchers adjust previous theories about where the world's most widely grown spice crop began.
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DOMESTICATION : Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications

DOMESTICATION : Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Domestication genes tend to be insensitive to the rest of the genome and to the environment. Could finding this subset of robust genes have slowed things down?

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