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GB : The finest example of Neolithic art from the Ness of Brodgar to date

GB : The finest example of Neolithic art from the Ness of Brodgar to date | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

A carved stone uncovered on the Ness of Brodgar today has been hailed as the finest example of Neolithic art recovered from the Stenness excavation site – if not in the UK.

The stone, which is decorated on both sides, was discovered at the base of the later south-west internal corner buttresses in Structure Ten – the Neolithic “cathedral”.

Although designs of interconnecting triangles can be loosely paralleled on a slab discovered at Skara Brae in the 1970s, a lightly inscribed stone in Maeshowe discovered by Patrick Ashmore in the 1980s and some Irish art, this, say the excavators, is a much finer, and more complex, piece of art.

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FRANCE : un village néolithique dans le Puy-de-Dôme

FRANCE : un village néolithique dans le Puy-de-Dôme | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Lemercier Olivier's insight:

Visite du site avec Carine Muller-Pelletier, archéologue responsable d'opération Inrap


A Cournon d’Auvergne, près de Clermont-Ferrand, au lieu-dit « Les Queyriaux », une équipe de l’Inrap, a mis au jour  les vestiges d’occupations humaines qui se sont succédées depuis le Néolithique (dès 5200 avant notre ère) jusqu'à la période gallo-romaine (IIIe siècle de notre ère). La présence de sols d’occupation remarquablement conservés du Néolithique moyen chasséen a justifié le classement du site comme découverte d’importance exceptionnelle.

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GB : Neolithic 'halls of the dead' found

GB : Neolithic 'halls of the dead' found | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Two Neolithic "halls of the dead" discovered in Herefordshire are "the discovery of a lifetime", according to archaeologists.
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GB : Two 6,000-year-old 'halls of the dead' unearthed

GB : Two 6,000-year-old 'halls of the dead' unearthed | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The remains of two large 6000-year-old halls, each buried within a prehistoric burial mound, have been discovered by archaeologists  from The University of Manchester and Herefordshire Council -- in a UK first.. 

The sensational finds on Dorstone Hill, near Peterchurch in Herefordshire, were thought to be constructed between 4000 and 3600 BC.

Some of the burnt wood discovered at the site shows the character of the building's structure above ground level- in another UK first.

The buildings, probably used by entire communities, are of unknown size, but may have been of similar length to the Neolithic long barrows beneath which they were found -- 70metres and 30m long.

They were, say the team, deliberately burnt down after they were constructed and their remains incorporated into the two burial mounds.

However- much detail has been preserved in the larger barrow: structural timbers in carbonized form, postholes showing the positions of uprights, and the burnt remains of stakes forming internal partitions.

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ESPAGNE : Descubren el primer poblado Neolítico en Asturias

Un equipo de investigación liderado por la profesora de la Universidad de León Margarita Fernández Mier ha realizado el hallazgo
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CHYPRE : Extensive Bronze Age settlement revealed at Politiko–Troullia, Cyprus

CHYPRE : Extensive Bronze Age settlement revealed at Politiko–Troullia, Cyprus | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The Department of Antiquities, Ministry of Communications and Works, announces the completion of the 2013 archaeological investigations at the Bronze Age (ca. 2000-1500 B.C.) site of Politiko-Troullia, conducted under the direction of Dr. Steven Falconer and Dr. Patricia Fall of La Trobe University.

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FRANCE : Fouille d’un important habitat néolithique à Vernègues – Cazan (Bouches-du-Rhône)

FRANCE : Fouille d’un important habitat néolithique à Vernègues – Cazan (Bouches-du-Rhône) | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

À Cazan, sur la commune de Vernègues et en bordure de la nationale 7, une fouille archéologique qui a duré trois mois vient de s’achever le 31 mai dernier. Sur ce site, une équipe d’archéologues de la sociétéArcheodunum a mis au jour les vestiges d’un important habitat daté aux alentours de 4000 ans avant notre ère, soit de la période du Néolithique moyen.

Cette opération a été réalisée préalablement à la construction d’un lotissement réalisé par la société PACA Expansion et elle a concerné une surface de 11 000 m⊃2; prescrite par le SRA Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur.

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GB : Dig reveals Sark sheep tradition

GB : Dig reveals Sark sheep tradition | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Research carried out by a team of archaeologists reveals sheep have been reared on Sark for thousands of years.
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GB : Archaeology uncovers amazing finds in West Sussex

GB : Archaeology uncovers amazing finds in West Sussex | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Bronze Age settlements and Neolithic pottery are some of the finds made by UCL archaeologists during the construction of major new sea defences inland at Medmerry between Selsey and Bracklesham in West Sussex. 

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GIBRALTAR : Neolithic hand axe found in Gorham’s Cave could possibly provide clear evidence of maritime contact across the Strait of Gibraltar at the time

GIBRALTAR : Neolithic hand axe found in Gorham’s Cave could possibly provide clear evidence of maritime contact across the Strait of Gibraltar at the time | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Neolithic hand axe found in Gorham’s Cave could possibly provide clear evidence of maritime contact across the Strait of Gibraltar at the time
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ITALIE : Ötzi : les secrets de la momie assassinée

ITALIE : Ötzi : les secrets de la momie assassinée | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Plus de vingt ans, cela commence à faire long pour une autopsie ! Et ce n'est pas fini. Généralement, cet examen post mortem ne dure que quelques heures. Quant aux résultats des analyses complémentaires nécessaires (toxicologie, étude des tissus au microscope...), elles sont obtenues dans les semaines qui suivent. Mais à défunt exceptionnel, traitement exceptionnel.
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ISRAEL : D-REAMS can shed new light on the distant past

ISRAEL : D-REAMS can shed new light on the distant past | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

When did people first begin to express their feelings with flowers? It turns out that in prehistoric times, Mount Carmel residents in what today is northern Israel buried their dead on a literal bed of fragrant wild flowers, such as Judean sage, as well as blooming plants of the mint and figwort families.

 

Assuming they had the same positive associations with flowers that we do today, these ancient humans must have sought to ensure for the deceased a pleasant passage from the world of the living.

 

The discovery is the oldest known use of flowers in grave lining. According to radiocarbon dating performed by Dr. Elisabetta Boaretto at the Weizmann Institute of Science, the graves are 11,700 to 13,700 years old.

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ESPAGNE : Hallan restos de un pueblo neolítico en Asturias de hace 6.000 años

Un equipo de investigadores encuentra evidencias en Belmonte de Miranda de la primera cabaña documentada 

Un equipo de investigadores de la Universidad de León han hallado evidencias de la primera cabaña neolítica documentada hasta el momento en Asturias, de hace 6.000 años, concretamente en una zona llamada Las Corvas, en el concejo asturiano de Belmonte de Miranda.

Lo que se han hallado han sido restos de tres hogares que se les relaciona con ocupaciones de grupos nómadas que habitarían en las montañas del Cantábrico en el neolítico hace 6.000 años, según ha informado hoy la Universidad de León en una nota de prensa.

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The milk revolution

The milk revolution | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
When a single genetic mutation first let ancient Europeans drink milk, it set the stage for a continental upheaval.

 

In the 1970s, archaeologist Peter Bogucki was excavating a Stone Age site in the fertile plains of central Poland when he came across an assortment of odd artefacts. The people who had lived there around 7,000 years ago were among central Europe's first farmers, and they had left behind fragments of pottery dotted with tiny holes. It looked as though the coarse red clay had been baked while pierced with pieces of straw.

Looking back through the archaeological literature, Bogucki found other examples of ancient perforated pottery. “They were so unusual — people would almost always include them in publications,” says Bogucki, now at Princeton University in New Jersey. He had seen something similar at a friend's house that was used for straining cheese, so he speculated that the pottery might be connected with cheese-making. But he had no way to test his idea.

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GB : Unearthed, the ancient 'halls of the dead' that are 1,000 years OLDER than Stonehenge

GB : Unearthed, the ancient 'halls of the dead' that are 1,000 years OLDER than Stonehenge | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Archeologists at the University of Manchester have discovered communal halls that were ritually burned and buried after the death of the head of a family that date to about 3,800BC.
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GB : 'Halls of dead' uncovered at Dorstone Hill, UK

GB : 'Halls of dead' uncovered at Dorstone Hill, UK | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
STAINING the Neolithic sky red, the fires of Dorstone Hill must have been seen for miles, their message a portent of a civilisation to come.
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MESO : 10,000 year old mesolithic hut recreated

MESO : 10,000 year old mesolithic hut recreated | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Archaeologists from University College Dublin have built a replica of a Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age house on the Belfield campus to better understand how humans lived at the time.

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ESPAGNE : El dolmen de la Hechicera luce ya una imagen renovada

ESPAGNE : El dolmen de la Hechicera luce ya una imagen renovada | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Durante las últimas excavaciones se han encontrado los objetos que acompañaban a los difuntos como armas, útiles, vasijas o adornos
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FRANCE : Chausey : découverte de vestiges de 7 000 ans !

FRANCE : Chausey : découverte de vestiges de 7 000 ans ! | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Des vestiges datant de 6 000 à 7 000 ans ont été découvert au pied du sémaphore de Chausey par un professeur d'histoire-géographie, membre du centre d'archéologie du Var, en vacances dans le Pays Granvillais.
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PALEO : Researchers Find Early Foraging Societies Were Not Warlik

PALEO : Researchers Find Early Foraging Societies Were Not Warlik | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

In a study* published in the July 19th issue of the journalScience, researchers point to evidence that suggests early humans killed each other mostly for personal reasons, as opposed to killing through organized group conflict, or war. The findings contradict popular paradigms of early human groups killing each other in organized group campaigns, such as is typical in waging war, supporting a theory that humans are not warlike in nature.

Douglas Fry of the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona, and Patrik Söderberg of Åbo Akademi University in Vasa, Finland, analyzed 148 incidents of lethal aggression within a cross-cultural sample of 21 random mobile forager band societies. They found that individuals acting on their own were responsible for the majority of the deaths, with about 85 percent of them involving killers and victims that belonged to the same group. The evidence suggested that about two-thirds of the events could be attributed to family feuds, competition over a mate, accidents or "group-sanctioned executions" (such as punishment for an act that the group would consider a crime). They found little evidence suggesting war-like behavior, such as clear traces of specialized weapons, skeletal trauma among many individuals in a location, group burials showing many cases of violent death, fortified sites, and placement of settlements in defensive locations. Most of the finds showed evidence of lethal trauma on single prehistoric skeletons. 

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ARABIE SAOUDITE : Evidence of Pre-Pottery Neolithic in Saudi Arabia

ARABIE SAOUDITE : Evidence of Pre-Pottery Neolithic in Saudi Arabia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Pre-Pottery Neolithic assemblages are best known from the fertile areas of the Mediterranean Levant  with most research focussed on the internal cultural dynamics of the ‘core area’ of what is known as the Fertile Crescent.

The development of the Neolithic in Southwest Asia has long been seen as a pivotal phase in human evolution and history;  a cultural and economic ‘revolution’, which fundamentally transformed the relationship between humans and their environments, paving the way for population explosion, a shift towards sedentary settlement and a profound change in technology.

However there has been (for a variety of reasons) less research devoted towards understanding the interactions between the core and peripheral regions.

One such site is  located at Jebel Qattar 101 (JQ-101), at Jubbah in the southern part of the Nefud Desert of northern Saudi Arabia and contains a large collection of stone tools, adjacent to an Early Holocene palaeolake.

Jebel Qattar lies around 500 kilometres beyond the previously identified geographic range of Pre-Pottery Neolithic cultures.


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EUROPE : Agricoltura neolitica in Europa: 8000 anni fa si concimavano i campi

EUROPE : Agricoltura neolitica in Europa: 8000 anni fa si concimavano i campi | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Un nuovo studio afferma che i primi agricoltori europei utilizzavano pratiche molto più sofisticate di quanto finora ci si aspettasse. Un gruppo di ricerca dell’Università di Oxford, guidato dalla dott.ssa Amy Bogaard, Direttrice della Scuola di Archeologia del St. Peter’s College, ha scoperto che gli agricoltori del Neolitico concimavano ed annaffiavano i loro raccolti già 6000 anni a.C.

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What Early Neolithic People Left Behind: Levantine Arrowheads Found in Saudi Arabia

What Early Neolithic People Left Behind: Levantine Arrowheads Found in Saudi Arabia | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Thinking about spending the summer in the sun and sand? Early Neolithic humans may have thought so too, although with more survival-oriented goals in mind. A recent study published in PLOS ONE suggests that early humans, who set up camp in the Eastern Mediterranean (about 10,000 BCE), may have traveled as far as Saudi Arabia in search of game and water.

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GB : Archéologie: le plus vieux calendrier du monde découvert en Ecosse

GB : Archéologie: le plus vieux calendrier du monde découvert en Ecosse | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Des archéologues de l'université britannique de Birmingham ont mis à jour ce qui pourrait être un calendrier lunaire vieux de 10 000 ans. C'est le plus vieux découvert à ce jour.
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ESPAGNE : Investigadores de la ULE descubren el primer poblado neolítico en Asturias

ESPAGNE : Investigadores de la ULE descubren el primer poblado neolítico en Asturias | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
La profesora de Historia Medieval de la Universidad de León (ULE) e investigadora principal del proyecto 'La formación del paisaje del Noroeste Peninsular', Margarita Fernández Mier, ha sacado a la luz, junto a los miembros del proyecto en el que...
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