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CHINE : Controversy surrounds discovery of ancient writing at Zhejiang graveyard

CHINE : Controversy surrounds discovery of ancient writing at Zhejiang graveyard | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Researchers are divided over whether characters found on artefacts at Neolithic graveyard are oldest Chinese writing
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ECOSSE : Open day at South Ronaldsay excavation

ECOSSE : Open day at South Ronaldsay excavation | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
With the 2014 excavation at The Cairns, South Ronaldsay, reaching the end of its third week, the dig site is open to the public today, Friday. The dig, now into its sixth year, is centered around a...
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EUROPE : Premiers agriculteurs : la piste de la voie maritime

EUROPE : Premiers agriculteurs : la piste de la voie maritime | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Voilà neuf mille ans, les agriculteurs du Proche-Orient ont commencé à envahir l'Europe, assimilant les chasseurs-cueilleurs Cro-Magnon. Leur route de migration faisait encore débat. Une vaste enquête génétique portant sur plus d'un millier d'habitants du pourtour méditerranéen lève en partie le mystère. Selon la biologiste grecque Peristera Paschou, la vague paysanne aurait transité par l'Anatolie (en photo, l'intérieur d'une maison datant du néolithique), les îles du Dodécanèse et la Crète, avant de recouvrir la Sicile, la Sardaigne, l'Italie, le Pays basque, la France... Cette voie maritime s'oppose à la voie terrestre défendue par les archéologues, qui passerait par la Thrace et les Balkans. C'est une invasion lente dont la vitesse est grossièrement chiffrée à un peu plus de 1 kilomètre par an. Par ailleurs, d'autres études ont voulu estimer la part génétique héritée par l'Européen moderne de ces envahisseurs proche-orientaux. Suivant les populations, elle représente entre 10 et 22 %, avec un taux plus élevé chez les Méditerranéens. 

Mais où est-il donc, ce pur Français vanté par Jean-Marie Le Pen ?

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GB : Ancient gold from 4,300-year-old woman's necklace and "exceptional" Neolithic houses go on show

GB : Ancient gold from 4,300-year-old woman's necklace and "exceptional" Neolithic houses go on show | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Finds stretching as far back as the Ice Age, including a recreation of an important woman, have been put on public show following 11 years of excavations at a quarry in Berkshire.
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GB : Dating the second timber circle at Norwich

GB : Dating the second timber circle at Norwich | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

In the late 1990s two remarkable Bronze Age timber circles were discovered on Holme Beach. One of these – Seahenge – was excavated in 1998 and 1999. Since the excavations the second circle has been monitored and evidence of damage by coastal processes has been recorded.

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GEORGIE : 4,000-Year-Old Burial with Chariots Discovered in South Caucasus

GEORGIE : 4,000-Year-Old Burial with Chariots Discovered in South Caucasus | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Archaeologists in the country of Georgia have discovered an ancient burial containing oxen-pulled chariots, gold artifacts and possible human sacrifices.
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ISRAEL : The 9,000-Year-Old Underground Megalithic Settlement of Atlit Yam

ISRAEL : The 9,000-Year-Old Underground Megalithic Settlement of Atlit Yam | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Not far off the coast of the village of Atlit in the Mediterranean Sea, near Haifa in Israel, lies the submerged ruins of the ancient Neolithic site of Atlit Yam.
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SUISSE : Swiss urge glacier hikers to look for artefacts

SUISSE : Swiss urge glacier hikers to look for artefacts | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Swiss scientists are urging alpinists and hikers to keep an eye out this summer for lost items in melting ice patches — items lost hundreds or even thousands of years ago.

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SYRIE : Oldest ever schistosomiasis egg found may be first proof of early human technology exacerbating disease burden

SYRIE : Oldest ever schistosomiasis egg found may be first proof of early human technology exacerbating disease burden | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
The discovery of a schistosomiasis parasite egg in a 6200-year-old grave at a prehistoric town by the Euphrates river in Syria may be the first evidence that agricultural irrigation systems in the Middle East contributed to disease burden, according to new research. Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by several species of flatworm parasites that live in the blood vessels of the bladder and intestines.
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IRLANDE : The logboats in the lake

IRLANDE : The logboats in the lake | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
For up to 4,500 years, a series of sunken dug-out canoes have been lying, forgotten, on the bottom of Lough Corrib in Co. Galway. Now these vessels are beginning to surrender their secrets once mor...
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GB : An Integrated Approach to the Taxonomic Identification of Prehistoric Shell Ornaments

GB : An Integrated Approach to the Taxonomic Identification of Prehistoric Shell Ornaments | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Shell beads appear to have been one of the earliest examples of personal adornments. Marine shells identified far from the shore evidence long-distance transport and imply networks of exchange and negotiation. However, worked beads lose taxonomic clues to identification, and this may be compounded by taphonomic alteration. Consequently, the significance of this key early artefact may be underestimated. We report the use of bulk amino acid composition of the stable intra-crystalline proteins preserved in shell biominerals and the application of pattern recognition methods to a large dataset (777 samples) to demonstrate that taxonomic identification can be achieved at genus level. Amino acid analyses are fast (<2 hours per sample) and micro-destructive (sample size <2 mg). Their integration with non-destructive techniques provides a valuable and affordable tool, which can be used by archaeologists and museum curators to gain insight into early exploitation of natural resources by humans. Here we combine amino acid analyses, macro- and microstructural observations (by light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy) and Raman spectroscopy to try to identify the raw material used for beads discovered at the Early Bronze Age site of Great Cornard (UK). Our results show that at least two shell taxa were used and we hypothesise that these were sourced locally.

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SUISSE : Une exposition spéciale pour les 250 ans du Musée d'Yverdon

SUISSE : Une exposition spéciale pour les 250 ans du Musée d'Yverdon | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Pour célébrer son quart de millénaire, l'institution a rassemblé 250 objets qu'il a disséminé tout au long de son exposition permanente.
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FRANCE : Un site du Néolithique découvert

FRANCE : Un site du Néolithique découvert | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Des vestiges datant de plus de 7000 ans. C’est l’étonnante découverte qu’a faite une équipe d’archéologues, dans la petite commune de Baix (centre ...
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GRECE : 'Northern Greece and Southeastern Europe during the Neolithic Period' at the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki

GRECE : 'Northern Greece and Southeastern Europe during the Neolithic Period' at the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The conference “Northern Greece and Southeastern Europe during the Neolithic Period” will take place in the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki from June 26, to June 29 2014. It is organized by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
The interdisciplinary nature of the conference is aimed to gather state-of-the-art researches of various disciplines to contribute to the topic with their scientific work within the field, to discuss the archaeological data from the current fieldwork and, finally, to challenge the present state of the knowledge with the most recent results and interpretations.

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ALLEMAGNE : Chalcolithic catastrophe on the Mondsee

ALLEMAGNE : Chalcolithic catastrophe on the Mondsee | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Alexander Binsteiner presents his theory on why an Alpine copper-smithing and trading community disappeared some 5,200 years ago, and traces where they subsequently re-appeared
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FRANCE : Bergheim : le mystère des sept bras gauches élucidé ? (VIDEO)

FRANCE : Bergheim : le mystère des sept bras gauches élucidé ? (VIDEO) | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
C'est l'histoire d'une découverte inédite il y a deux ans sur un chantier à Bergheim : 8 corps et sept bras gauches, visiblement amputés.  Ces ossements datent du néolithique soit 6000 ans avant notre ère et portent des traces de violence.
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GB : Prehistoric beads were made from British shells

GB : Prehistoric beads were made from British shells | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
A new technique to identify the type of shell used to make early, decorative beads could help archaeologists understand more about early human trading.
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ITALY : Positioning the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Hunted by the Tyrolean Iceman into a Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeny

ITALY : Positioning the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) Hunted by the Tyrolean Iceman into a Mitochondrial DNA Phylogeny | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

In the last years several phylogeographic studies of both extant and extinct red deer populations have been conducted. Three distinct mitochondrial lineages (western, eastern and North-African/Sardinian) have been identified reflecting different glacial refugia and postglacial recolonisation processes. However, little is known about the genetics of the Alpine populations and no mitochondrial DNA sequences from Alpine archaeological specimens are available. Here we provide the first mitochondrial sequences of an Alpine Copper Age Cervus elaphus. DNA was extracted from hair shafts which were part of the remains of the clothes of the glacier mummy known as the Tyrolean Iceman or Ötzi (5,350–5,100 years before present). A 2,297 base pairs long fragment was sequenced using a mixed sequencing procedure based on PCR amplifications and 454 sequencing of pooled amplification products. We analyzed the phylogenetic relationships of the Alpine Copper Age red deer's haplotype with haplotypes of modern and ancient European red deer. The phylogenetic analyses showed that the haplotype of the Alpine Copper Age red deer falls within the western European mitochondrial lineage in contrast with the current populations from the Italian Alps belonging to the eastern lineage. We also discussed the phylogenetic relationships of the Alpine Copper Age red deer with the populations from Mesola Wood (northern Italy) and Sardinia.

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GB : Prehistoric circle dated to same summer as Seahenge neighbour

GB : Prehistoric circle dated to same summer as Seahenge neighbour | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
Holme II on Norfolk beach said to have been built in 2049BC as part of same timber complex honouring death as Seahenge
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CHYPRE : The first season of archaeological investigation at Tremithos completed

CHYPRE : The first season of archaeological investigation at Tremithos completed | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

The Department of Antiquities of the Ministry of Communications and Works has announced the completion of the first season of archaeological investigation at the Tremithos valley, under the direction of Dr Sarah Stewart.

According to an official press release “the project, funded by Trend University, Canada, conducted a pedestrian survey of sections of the valley and the aim of the project was to identify Neolithic use along the Tremithos River, by humans who sought to access resources in the Troodos foothills, particularly the abundant and high quality chert sources”.

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EUROPE : Archaeo-astronomy steps out from shadows of the past

EUROPE : Archaeo-astronomy steps out from shadows of the past | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
From the ‘Crystal Pathway’ that links stone circles on Cornwall’s Bodmin Moor to star-aligned megaliths in central Portugal, archaeo-astronomers are finding evidence that Neolithic and Bronze Age people were acute observers of the Sun, as well as the Moon and stars, and that they embedded astronomical references within their local landscapes.
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DANEMARK : Danish antler axe find reveals Neolithic German trade

DANEMARK : Danish antler axe find reveals Neolithic German trade | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
During excavations of prehistoric settlements at Rødbyhavn in Denmark archaeologists have recovered an antler axe that appears to confirm direct links with Central Europe
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GB : Older Than the Rolling Stones (Stonehenge dans le New-York Times...)

GB : Older Than the Rolling Stones (Stonehenge dans le New-York Times...) | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
A project aimed at recapturing the soundtrack of history suggests that the rocks at Stonehenge were chosen, and hauled from a long distance, for their ability to produce hollow, bell-like noises.
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GB : Discovery of 4,000-year-old bones revealed

GB : Discovery of 4,000-year-old bones revealed | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
What is believed to be a 4,000-year-old Neolithic skeleton has been uncovered at a dig near Warmington, the Banbury Guardian can reveal.
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FRANCE : Nouvelle entente pour la grotte de Foissac

FRANCE : Nouvelle entente pour la grotte de Foissac | World Neolithic | Scoop.it
La grotte de Foissac a été découverte en 1965 par le club de spéléologie de Capdenac. À l'époque, la municipalité refuse d'exploiter le site, n'y voyant pas d'avenir, et c'est alors qu'une équipe de bénévoles, des Foissacois et des membres du ...
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GB : Mesolithic settlement found in North Yorkshire

GB : Mesolithic settlement found in North Yorkshire | World Neolithic | Scoop.it

Archaeologists were stunned to discover evidence of a Mesolithic settlement alongside the A1, which stretches 410 miles from London to Edinburgh. The route, which is now the A1 between London and Edinburgh, may have been in use for a  staggering 10,000 years, newly-discovered archaeological evidence suggests. Experts  have discovered ancient artefacts during the widening of the road through  North Yorkshire [Credit: North News & Pictures Ltd] The site, near Catterick in North Yorkshire, is believed to have been used by people travelling north and south as an overnight shelter, similar to today’s motorway service stations. Items discovered at the settlement include flint tools that date back to between 6000 and 8000 BC.

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