The shift from foraging to farming is a defining moment in human history. Unsurprisingly, it is also one of the most scrutinised archaeological processes, from Childe's 'Neolithic revolution' to the recent contribution of genetics. In the European case, most of the literature revolves around evaluation of the respective role of local foragers and of incoming Neolithic farmers. Despite several theoretical and empirical limitations, the debate remains mostly set in these terms. Alternatively, approaches that consider what is spread, and how, are starting to cast fresh light on this transition.