The first finding of incipient agriculture for the state of Nuevo Leon (Mexico), practiced by collectors-hunters, such as seeds, corncobs and corn leaves which are calculated to date back to 3500 or 3000 BC, was registered by investigators from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) of said entity.
Archaeologists said two light houses discovered in northwest China's Shaanxi Province were the largest of their kind in Neolithic China, Xinhua news agency reported.
The 4,000-year-old Shimao Ruins have two light house towers. One of the towers is 18 meters long, 16 meters wide and 4 feet tall, while the other is 11.7 meters long, 10 feet wide and 3 feet tall.
Shimao ruins were first found in 1976 in the form of a small town, and the region was understood that these excavations belong to the Neolithic period. Some local archaeological survey discovered more city walls last year.
The city was found to have inner and outer structures, and the walls surrounding the outer city extended over an area of 4.25 square kilometers.
Other findings from the site included a piece of mural, which archaeologists believe was the oldest in China.
The Shimao city ruins went down in history as one of the definitive archaeological finds of the century thus far in China.
Des archéologues chinois ont annoncé que des fortifications de la plus grande ville néolithique chinoise jamais découverte avaient été mis au jour mercredi et jeudi dans la province du Shaanxi (nord-ouest).
Les ruines de deux tours de feu d'alarme carrées, qui faisaient autrefois partie de la muraille encerclant les ruines de Shimao, dans le district de Shenmu, ont été découvertes.
Il s'agit d'une percée pour la recherche archéologique sur les anciennes fortifications chinoises, estime Su Zhouyong, directeur adjoint de l'Institut d'archéologie de la province du Shaanxi.
Les ruines de Shimao ont été mises au jour en 1976, mais les archéologues n'ont découvert que l'année dernière qu'elles faisaient partie d'une ville bien plus étendue, la plus grande du genre de l'époque néolithique.
Cette ville fut construite il y a environ 4.300 ans et abandonnée 300 ans plus tard pendant la dynastie Xia, la première dynastie chinoise.
An archaeology team led by an academic from London's Kingston University has delved back into a Neolithic site at Damerham, Hampshire, and uncovered a sink hole of material that may hold vital information about the plant species that thrived there...
An archaeology team led by an academic from London’s Kingston University has delved back into a Neolithic site at Damerham, Hampshire, and uncovered a sink hole of material that may hold vital information about the plant species that thrived there 6,000 years ago.
An extensive archaeological excavation of the Israel Antiquities Authority prior to widening Highway 38, which is being underwritten by the Netivei Israel Company, is producing amazing finds that provide a broad picture covering thousands of years of development of human society
Le développement de l'agriculture ne serait pas antérieur aux grandes expansions humaines, comme on le croyait, mais postérieur. C'est ce que confirme une étude génétique française de grande ampleur...
The majority of the early crops grown in Europe had their origins in south-west Asia, and were part of a package of domestic plants and animals that were introduced by the first farmers. Broomcorn millet, however, offers a very different narrative, being domesticated first in China, but present in Eastern Europe apparently as early as the sixth millennium BC. Might this be evidence of long-distance contact between east and west, long before there is any other evidence for such connections? Or is the existing chronology faulty in some way? To resolve that question, 10 grains of broomcorn millet were directly dated by AMS, taking advantage of the increasing ability to date smaller and smaller samples. These showed that the millet grains were significantly younger than the contexts in which they had been found, and that the hypothesis of an early transmission of the crop from east to west could not be sustained. The importance of direct dating of crop remains such as these is underlined.
It has long been recognised that the proportions of Neolithic domestic animal species—cattle, pig and sheep/goat—vary from region to region, but it has hitherto been unclear how much this variability is related to cultural practices or to environmental constraints. This study uses hundreds of faunal assemblages from across Neolithic Europe to reveal the distribution of animal use between north and south, east and west. The remarkable results present us with a geography of Neolithic animal society—from the rabbit-loving Mediterranean to the beef-eaters of the north and west. They also demonstrate that the choices made by early Neolithic herders were largely determined by their environments. Cultural links appear to have played only a minor role in the species composition of early Neolithic animal societies.
Excavations in Can Sadurní cave (Begues, Barcelona) have discovered four human skeletons dated at about 6,400 years ago which were buried following an unknown ritual in the Iberian Peninsula. Few caves have necropolis dated at such an ancient period: the beginning of Middle Neolithic.
An archaeology team led by an academic from London's Kingston University has delved back into a Neolithic site at Damerham, Hampshire, and uncovered a sink hole of material that may hold vital information about the plant species that thrived there 6,000 years ago.
The excavations prompted by projects in Istanbul's historic peninsula led to a discoveries that take the city's known history back 6,500 years. 'Istanbul’s history was known to date back 2,600 years. But we found foot prints from 8,000 years ago' says Zeynep Kızıltan, the director of Istanbul Archaeological Museums
Archaeologists in northwest China's Shaanxi Province said they had excavated over 80 skulls in the ruins of the largest neolithic Chinese city ever discovered.
The skulls were found in groups and their limb bones could not be retrieved elsewhere at the Shimao Ruins in Shenmu County, Yulin City, said Sun Zhouyong, deputy head of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, on Sunday.
Two groups of skulls were firstly found in two pits, with 24 of the grisly finds in each, in front of the east gate of the city ruin while others were later uncovered along the eastern city wall, Sun said.
Archaeologists deduced that these skulls are likely to be related to the construction of the city wall, suggesting that ancient religious activities or foundation ceremonies were launched before construction of the neolithic city began.
Sun said anthropologists identified most of the skulls as belonging to young women, which suggested the outbreak of mass violence or ethnic conflict in the region since ancient people were prone to use their enemies or captives as sacrifices.
These skulls will serve as important materials for research on the religious thinking, construction concepts and cultural activities of people living along the Yellow River Basin over 4,000 years ago, according to Sun.
The Shimao Ruins were first found in 1976 in the form of a small town, and archaeological authorities identified the ruins as the largest of their kind from neolithic times in 2012 after measuring the exact size of the ancient stone city.
Archaeologists said the city was built about 4,300 years ago and was abandoned roughly 300 years later during the Xia Dynasty (2100-1600 BC), the first dynasty in China to be described in ancient historical chronicles.
Une histoire à faire saliver les archéologues de tous horizons, de tous les Indiana Jones en herbe. Commune héraultaise de La-Salvetat-sur-Agoût, limitrophe du Tarn. Un promeneur fait sa balade sur les bords du lac de la Raviège en cette fin du ...
Japanese archaeology benefits from the large number of rescue excavations conducted during recent decades that have led to an unparalleled record of archaeological sites. That record is here put to use to interrogate changing settlement patterns in the north-eastern corner of Tokyo Bay during several millennia of the Jomon period (Early, Middle and Late Jomon: 7000–3220 cal BP). Jomon hunter-gatherer occupation is characterised by large numbers of settlements, some of them substantial in size, containing hundreds of individual pit-house residential units. Detailed analysis of the rank-size distribution of these settlements reveals a pattern in which periods of settlement clumping, with few large settlements, alternate with more dispersed settlement patterns on a regular cycle of approximately 600 years. The regularity of this cycle might suggest a correlation with cycles of climatic change, such as Bond events. Closer scrutiny shows, however, that such a correlation is unconvincing and suggests that cyclical change in Jomon settlement patterns may instead be due to other factors.
Stable isotope analysis has provided crucial new insights into dietary change at the Neolithic transition in north-west Europe, indicating an unexpectedly sudden and radical shift from marine to terrestrial resources in coastal and island locations. Investigations of early Neolithic skeletal material from Sumburgh on Shetland, at the far-flung margins of the Neolithic world, suggest that this general pattern may mask significant subtle detail. Analysis of juvenile dentine reveals the consumption of marine foods on an occasional basis. This suggests that marine foods may have been consumed as a crucial supplementary resource in times of famine, when the newly introduced cereal crops failed to cope with the demanding climate of Shetland. This isotopic evidence is consistent with the presence of marine food debris in contemporary middens. The occasional and contingent nature of marine food consumption underlines how, even on Shetland, the shift from marine to terrestrial diet was a key element in the Neolithic transition.
When, and by what route, did farming first reach Europe? A terrestrial model might envisage a gradual advance around the northern fringes of the Aegean, reaching Thrace and Macedonia before continuing southwards to Thessaly and the Peloponnese. New dates from Franchthi Cave in southern Greece, reported here, cast doubt on such a model, indicating that cereal cultivation, involving newly introduced crop species, began during the first half of the seventh millennium BC. This is earlier than in northern Greece and several centuries earlier than in Bulgaria, and suggests that farming spread to south-eastern Europe by a number of different routes, including potentially a maritime, island-hopping connection across the Aegean Sea. The results also illustrate the continuing importance of key sites such as Franchthi to our understanding of the European Neolithic transition, and the additional insights that can emerge from the application of new dating projects to these sites.