A baked clay cylinder from two and half millennia ago could very well be one of the most influential objects of the last few millennia. Written in Babylonian cuneiform script, the “Cyrus Cylinder” originally recounts how Cyrus, the king of the Persians, invaded, destroyed, and liberated Babylon. This the region we now call the Middle East with Persia now being what we call Iran, and Babylon being what we call Iraq.
Neil MacGregor in the TED Talk below explains how this Cylinder is so much more than just a document of history. It was the first real press release of humankind! It’s a declaration by Cyrus that he would release the Jews, and all the other oppressed people in Babylon, allowing them to return to their homelands, and allowing them to have their faith and worship their own gods. For 200 years, Cyrus led a stable empire that was the first multi-racial, multi-faith, and multi-cultural society to have ever existed. The Near East (what we now call the Middle East) became a thriving international hub, a melting pot of cultures: it was the first spark of globalism.
The popular sports that were played in Ancient China was swordplay, archery, polo, golf, ice-skating, and football. I would have not imagine that golf was part of the Ancient China. However, it is said that it was part of worrier's art.
Jade and bronze were important and popular materials in Ancient China. Who would have thought that Jade was used to preserve the dead. As for bronze, it was used to make weapons, ritual vessels, pots, bells, and mirrors.
Tracing the Footsteps of the Mayans The Epoch Times I have seen the gladiators' arena in the Coliseum in Rome; I stood where the Colossus of Rhodes towered over the Greek island; I have walked amongst the shrines and temples in Kyoto, Japan; and...
Chichen Itza is one of Mexico's most popular tourist destinations located in Yucatan Peninsula. The first pyramid you see when you walk in is the Temple of Kulkulkan, also known as El Castillo. I actually had the chance to visit this place last year. It was amazing! I was told that during the fall and spring equinoxes a fascinating display of mathematical and archeological advancement could be observed, which a shadow falls on the pyramid in the shape of a serpent. As the sun sets, this shadowy snake descends the steps to eventually join a stone serpent head at the base of the great staircase up the pyramid’s side.
Mayan Indians of Central America and Mexico, also called 'Maia' or 'Maya' is an ancient civilization that settled in parts of Central America, namely. ... Navigate to, About, Contact Us. Home » Mayan Calendar 2012 ...
The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization, noted for the only known fully developed written language of the pre-Columbian Americas, as well as its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.
It is amazing to know that are numerous Mayans still living in their home regions. When I went to Yucatan to visit the pyramids, there were so many mayans selling their cultural products and living in some areas. It was like a jungle. It was sad but it was interesting to see how they survive in life.
China, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Maya--these are ancient civilizations people tend to know something about. The Harappan civilization of the Indus Valley, on the other hand, is maybe less well known, but just as fascinating and inspiring for us today.
Harappan was not known until the 1920s. It is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the 20th century. One of the things the people from Harappan began was the food production instead of the food gathering.
Pharaonic rulers of Egypt were subjected to satirical criticism using words and pictures, according to Archaeologist Ahmed Salah, the head of Abu Simbel area antiquities. The expression of opinion was an integral part of the ancient Egyptians culture,...
It seems that there is always a conflict between the ruler and the people. But I do support the people because they have the right to have better lives. Egyptians were the first to use demonstrations, strikes, and sit-ins as a way for protest.
It is interesting to discover a house that held at least 21 rooms. It is believed to be part of a city that was built a little bit after the pyramid of Menkaure (teh last of the Giza Pyramids). Also it is amazing that bones from young cattle and teeth from leopards were found and it is suggested by archaeologists that its residents ate and dressed like royalty.
It is hard to believe that there are humans that have many many years traveling in search of a home where they can have access to food and safety. These people are known as nomads. It is a family group of about 10 adults and children that travel that stays at one area to another for few weeks or months. It is interesting to know that the Mesopotamia is a land rich of nutrients.
It is discovered around 1,700 years ago, Syria was site to one of the first chemical gas attacks known in history. An archaeologist found traces of yellow sulfur crystals and pitch near a pile of bodies that were Roman soldiers who had died in the battle.
These sacred wells of the Mayans, known as Cenotes are very beautiful. They are considered sacred places because in these caves and waters are made millenar rituals. These caves are also sacred to archaeologists. I entered one in Yucatan and I even got inside the water. The water was very cold and there were fishes as well. I was told that people that go inside to get wet are considered to live longer. It was a great experience to be part of because it has been crossed 14,000 years of history of the Maya.
This is the interior of Yok Balum cave in Belize, where scientists harvested a telltale stalagmite. The arc of the Mayan rise and fall is well known and people have different reasons for the cause of their decline. But I do believe that the climate change was a huge cause of the Mayans disappearance.
Climate, economic, and social changes all played a role in the process of urbanization and collapse of the Harappan civilization. However, these changes affected the human population. Experts found evidence of trauma and infectious diseases like leprosy and tuberculosis in the human skeletal remains.
Royal cemetery in Meidum developed continuously at least until the late New Kingdom period, the end of the second millennium BC, determined Dr. Teodozja Rzeuska, archaeologist at the Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Culture PAS. Until now, Egyptologists believed that the dead had been buried there only in times of the builders of the pyramids, in the third millennium BC.
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