By the late 20th century, a knowledge economy began to take hold. Workers became valued not for their labor, but for specialized knowledge, much of which was inscrutable to their superiors. Successful enterprises became learning organizations.
Now, we are entering a new industrial revolution and machines are starting to take over cognitive tasks as well. Therefore, much like in the first industrial revolution, the role of humans is again being rapidly redefined. Organizations will have to change the way that they learn and managers’ primary task will be to design the curricula.