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Rescooped by yueyingchen from Plants and Microbes
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MPP: The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology

MPP: The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology | Work | Scoop.it
The aim of this review was to survey all fungal pathologists with an association with the journal Molecular Plant Pathology and ask them to nominate which fungal pathogens they would place in a ‘Top 10’ based on scientific/economic importance. The survey generated 495 votes from the international community, and resulted in the generation of a Top 10 fungal plant pathogen list for Molecular Plant Pathology. The Top 10 list includes, in rank order, (1) Magnaporthe oryzae; (2) Botrytis cinerea; (3) Puccinia spp.; (4) Fusarium graminearum; (5) Fusarium oxysporum; (6) Blumeria graminis; (7) Mycosphaerella graminicola; (8) Colletotrichum spp.; (9) Ustilago maydis; (10) Melampsora lini, with honourable mentions for fungi just missing out on the Top 10, including Phakopsora pachyrhizi and Rhizoctonia solani. This article presents a short resumé of each fungus in the Top 10 list and its importance, with the intent of initiating discussion and debate amongst the plant mycology community, as well as laying down a bench-mark. It will be interesting to see in future years how perceptions change and what fungi will comprise any future Top 10.
Via Kamoun Lab @ TSL
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Rescooped by yueyingchen from Rice Blast
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Cells in cells: morphogenetic and metabolic strategies conditioning rice infection by the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae - Online First - Springer

Cells in cells: morphogenetic and metabolic strategies conditioning rice infection by the blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae - Online First - Springer | Work | Scoop.it

Via Elsa Ballini
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Rescooped by yueyingchen from Plants and Microbes
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Current Opinion in Plant Biology : Recent advances in rice blast effector research

Current Opinion in Plant Biology : Recent advances in rice blast effector research | Work | Scoop.it
To cause riceblast disease, the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae produces biotrophic invasive hyphae that secrete effectors at the host–pathogen interface. Effectors facilitate disease development, but some (avirulence effectors) also trigger the host's resistance gene-mediated hypersensitive response and block disease. The number of cloned M. oryzae avirulence effector genes has recently doubled, largely based on resequencing with a Japanese field isolate and association of avirulence activity with presence/absence polymorphisms in novel genes for secreted proteins. Effectors secreted by hyphae in rice cells accumulate in biotrophic interfacial complexes, and this property correlates with their translocation across plasma membrane into the rice cytoplasm. Interestingly, the translocated effectors moved into surrounding uninvaded cells, suggesting that effectors prepare host cells before the fungus enters them.
Via Kamoun Lab @ TSL
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