"Last summer, Florida high school student Brittanny Wenger was awarded first place in the Google Science Fair for building a cloud-based neural network to help doctors better detect breast cancer using a less invasive form of biopsy, known as Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA). The 18-year-old scientist spoke with International science grid this week (iSGTW) about her innovative ideas merging medicine and computer science, and the importance of multidisciplinary research. For sending a message to other young women that science is indeed a “girl thing”, Brittanny Wenger provides a far more powerful example."
La bonne réputation de l'encyclopédie en ligne Wikipedia se heurte à la question des genres. Tant du côté des contributeurs que des sujets de contributions, les femmes y sont remarquablement absentes, en particulier dans les sciences.
The Chronicle a visualisé la place des femmes dans les publications scientifiques du XVIIe siècle à nos jours en analysant les deux millions d'auteurs référencés par la base d'articles universitaires Jstor.
In a groundbreaking study published in PNAS last week by Corinne Moss-Racusin and colleagues, that is exactly what was done. On Wednesday, Sean Carroll blogged about and brought to light the research from Yale that had scientists presented with application materials from a student applying for a lab manager position and who intended to go on to graduate school. Half the scientists were given the application with a male name attached, and half were given the exact same application with a female name attached. Results found that the “female” applicants were rated significantly lower than the “males” in competence, hireability, and whether the scientist would be willing to mentor the student.
Mothership HackerMoms is the first-ever hackerspace devoted to mothers and their children. Going beyond computers and programming, this community taps into the basic philosophy of hacking, explains Lisha Sterling: taking control, together, of our environment, our culture, and our lives. At MotherShip Hackermoms, this also means never having to leave the kids behind.
Consideration of sex and gender is woefully lacking in science and innovation today, says Londa Schiebinger, director of the Gendered Innovations project at Stanford University. Until recently, attention to these factors was focused on the problems of bias they could cause. But Dr. Schiebinger sees it in a different light: analyzing sex and gender differences provides new insight that leads to better research and important discoveries, across all fields of science, engineering and design.
Not only did India not have organizations focused on female empowerment within technology, but women’s rights organizations, activists, and advocates did not recognize the need for them. Buragohain looked for statistics on women studying or working in STEM. All she found was a single, outdated report on the industry as a whole. “Statistics on women in different layers of STEM scared me," said Buragohain.
She quit her job and started Feminist Approach to Technology (FAT) in New Delhi, India, a non-profit organization – intentionally named to confront more than one taboo about women.
New organizations aim to introduce women to computing at the local level.
"Technology now touches a lot more people than it did, say, five years ago," she says. "Back then, for instance, there was no Facebook, no Twitter, both platforms that everyone uses today regardless of their background or where they live. So, in a sense, technology has been democratized; it’s no longer something people choose to avoid."
Dans les laboratoires du CNRS, d'Aix-Marseille Université, de l'INRA ou de l'IRD, ces chercheurs innovent en santé, agriculture, langage, environnement, matériaux et technologie. Et leurs découvertes trouvent des débouchés.
L’équilibre entre les hommes et les femmes a longtemps été présenté comme un objectif important vers lequel tendre pour les universités et les institutions. Des progrès ont été clairement observés en ce sens au fil du temps. Ne peut-on cependant pas faire mieux ? Aujourd’hui en Europe, seulement 13% des directeurs des institutions de l’enseignement supérieur sont des femmes. Les racines du problème sont-elles trop profondes pour que l’on puisse les cerner, trop obscures pour que l’on puisse les aborder ? Simone Buitendijk, vice-recteur de l’université de Leiden, aux Pays-Bas, n’est pas de cet avis. « Ça n’a rien de mystérieux », assure-t-elle. « Nous savons ce qu’il faut faire ».
The Cartier Women's Initiative Awards are an international business plan competition created in 2006 by Cartier, the Women's Forum, McKinsey & Company and INSEAD business school to identify, support and encourage projects by women entrepreneurs.