Imagine that a patient suffering from unusually profound amnesia has two toasters in his kitchen. The toaster on the right functions normally. The toaster on the left delivers an electric shock when the toast is removed. The patient’s gasp and quick retraction of his hand indicate that the shock is painful. Because the patient does not remember the experience, however, he does not anticipate the shock the next morning, and is consequently indifferent between the toasters. Although the decision utility he obtains is the same for both toasters, otherwise he wouldn’t be indifferent between them; the experienced utilities are quite different for each of the toasters; something he only realizes when he uses one of them.
Systematic discrepancies between decision utility and experienced utility, as research in the field of behavioral decision theory has been shown, are not restricted to pathological cases. They can also be observed in decision makers whose cognitive functions are normal. These observations question on the idea that observed choices provide a direct measure of utility, and is revolutionizing the way we look at society and policy.
Do you know of anyone who has suppressed bad news to preserve their career or reputation?Or told the boss what they wanted to hear instead of the truth?Or overlooked a red flag to preserve the sense of harmony in the workplace?Most often ego is catalogued as 'good' or 'bad', but what if it's simply about your relationship with yourself? At the heart of the matter your ego, your self-esteem, self-worth and personal sense of security, chaperons your decision-making. Does the business culture have an impact on your ego?It’s absurd to pretend that the business culture doesn’t have an
Science is highlighting the link between empathy and familiarity, with a focus on racial bias. A new study from the University of Queensland School of Psychology is showing that if we want to increase our capacity for empathy, we need to familiarize ourselves with those who neither look nor act like us.
A number of studies in the past have shown that empathy has a strong racial component. This explains why 2,000 people can die in some far off land and the news barely makes a blip in the West. Meanwhile, a train derailing and killing eight will get wall to wall coverage. It’s not that those eight lives are worth more than the 2,000 lost somewhere else, but the viewers reaction to those eight deaths will be remarkably different. The news, being a for-profit business, knows this and uses the method to boost ratings.
However, this new University of Queensland study differs from previous work in this field by showing us this racial bias towards empathy isn’t set in stone, as previously thought.
Is your husband worth more than $10? According to a new study, the answer may not be quite so clear to your brain.
Today, the Mountain View, CA-based Web site Coupons.com and noted neurologist Dr. Paul Zak announced the findings of a study that explores the brain’s response to receiving a coupon. In one case, a woman who received a $10 coupon experienced a higher count of the hormone that has been connected to feeling love and trust than another woman experienced before her wedding ceremony.
In many settings, people exhibit behavior that is inconsistent across time --- we allocate a block of time to get work done and then procrastinate, or put effort into a project and then later fail to complete it.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is usually short-term, goal-directed, and skills-based. Therapists help patients identify and solve problems and learn specific skills to change their thinking and behavior so they can make lasting changes in their behavior and general functioning. At each session, patients record responses to their unhelpful and inaccurate thinking, along with steps they have committed to take in the coming week.
A growing body of literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of CBT for people with diabetes. For example, a randomized controlled trial published last year inDiabetes Care showed that CBT enhanced treatment adherence and decreased depression in Type 2 diabetes patients. In this study, participants received either enhanced usual care or enhanced usual care plus a CBT intervention. Four months after treatment, the group receiving CBT intervention showed greater improvements in medication adherence, depressive symptoms, and diabetes control compared to the usual care group. At the eight-month follow up, the CBT intervention group maintained their gains in adherence and diabetes control.
A new study recently found that children who simultaneously participate in a physically engaging, time-based activity feel more positively towards each and can experience greater empathy for one another.
According to the lead author of the study, “[s]ynchrony is like a glue that brings people together — it’s a magical connector for people.
“‘The findings might be applied to formulate new strategies for education in our effort to build a more collaborative and empathic future society,’ she said.
We used to be mentors and moral authorities. You can’t become a moral authority if you rarely challenge students in class and engage them beyond it. If we professors do not do that, the course is not an induction of eager minds into an enlarging vision. It is a requirement to fulfill. Only our assistance with assignments matters. When it comes to students, we shall have only one authority: the grades we give. We become not a fearsome mind or a moral light, a role model or inspiration. We become accreditors..
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