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Your Brain Has Two Clocks

Your Brain Has Two Clocks | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
By Emilie Reas(Click here for the original article) Did you make it to work on time this morning?
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With My Right Brain
Irrationality is predictable. We need to release "rational man" assumption.
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Amazon.com: Rationality and Irrationality in Economics (Radical Thinkers) eBook: Maurice Godelier, Brian Pearce: Kindle Store

Rationality and Irrationality in Economics (Radical Thinkers) - Kindle edition by Maurice Godelier, Brian Pearce. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
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Frontiers | Moral judgment reloaded: a moral dilemma validation study | Emotion Science

We propose a revised set of moral dilemmas for studies on moral judgment. We selected a total of 46 moral dilemmas available in the literature and fine-tuned them in terms of four conceptual factors (Personal Force, Benefit Recipient, Evitability and Intention) and methodological aspects of the dilemma formulation (word count, expression style, question formats) that have been shown to influence moral judgment. Second, we obtained normative codings of arousal and valence for each dilemma showing that emotional arousal in response to moral dilemmas depends crucially on the factors Personal Force, Benefit Recipient, and Intentionality. Third, we validated the dilemma set confirming that people's moral judgment is sensitive to all four conceptual factors, and to their interactions. Results are discussed in the context of this field of research, outlining also the relevance of our RT effects for the Dual Process account of moral judgment. Finally, we suggest tentative theoretical avenues for future testing, particularly stressing the importance of the factor Intentionality in moral judgment. Additionally, due to the importance of cross-cultural studies in the quest for universals in human moral cognition, we provide the new set dilemmas in six languages (English, French, German, Spanish, Catalan and Danish). The norming values provided here refer to the Spanish dilemma set.

Via Alessandro Cerboni
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The Mechanisms of Upset and Emotional Hijacking

The Mechanisms of Upset and Emotional Hijacking | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

Via Anne Leong
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The Label “Rational” Is Being Used Illogically | Big Think

The Label “Rational” Is Being Used Illogically | Big Think | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
The label “rational” is being used illogically. Economists (even the better behavioural kind) often misapply it, ignoring Shakespeare’s wisdom (he understood human nature better) and our evolved relational rationality.
1. Consider the Ultimatum Game: a Proposer is given money and must ...

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Steven Pinker's “The Better Angels of our Nature” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies

Steven Pinker's “The Better Angels of our Nature” - Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

“Steven Pinker's “The Better Angels of our Nature” Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies This book offers a colossal synthesis of history, biology, philosophy, psychology and neurophysiology.”


Via Tom Uytterhoeven, Ege Ozen
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Tom Uytterhoeven's curator insight, September 3, 1:44 AM
Interesting review, pointing to some possible flaws in Pinker's use of sources, and, moreover, offering a rather elitist alternative for Pinker's account of the decline of violence.
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How Things Work: Neuroscience studies explain why humans experience empathy - CMU The Tartan Online

How Things Work: Neuroscience studies explain why humans experience empathy - CMU The Tartan Online | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
How Things Work: Neuroscience studies explain why humans experience empathy
CMU The Tartan Online
Like everything in our universe, humans are fundamentally a collection of molecules interacting with each other.
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Bad Memories Erased? Not Exactly According to Neuroscience - The News Ledge

Bad Memories Erased? Not Exactly According to Neuroscience - The News Ledge | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
The News Ledge
Bad Memories Erased? Not Exactly According to Neuroscience
The News Ledge
Get ready for the over-the-top headlines. Have the memories of that emotional breakup erased. Bad memories from that beach vacation?
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Brain Awareness Video Contest: Neuroscience Minds

www.sfn.org/bavc 2014 Honorary Mention Michael Stendardi City University of New York https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=TM7p_sE7aSQ.
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Read this before making your next cold call (or email) - Crain's Chicago Business (blog)

Read this before making your next cold call (or email) - Crain's Chicago Business (blog) | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
Read this before making your next cold call (or email)
Crain's Chicago Business (blog)
"There is a degree of randomness in human behavior, but not so much that you can't be clever and achieve your goals," said Mr.
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Asleep at the wheel: what makes us human is our irrationality - New Statesman

Asleep at the wheel: what makes us human is our irrationality - New Statesman | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
New Statesman Asleep at the wheel: what makes us human is our irrationality New Statesman What makes us human is our irrationality – the way we are drawn to some types of information over others, the way our past experiences shape our present-day...
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Pigeons Gamble the Same Way People Do, According to Study - The Mary Sue

Pigeons Gamble the Same Way People Do, According to Study - The Mary Sue | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
Discover Magazine Pigeons Gamble the Same Way People Do, According to Study The Mary Sue This most recent exploration into pigeon brains comes to us from the University of Warwick's Ed Ludvig, who sought to explore the behavioral economics of...
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Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Lecture on Rationality, Utility, Value and Decision Making

Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Lecture on Rationality, Utility, Value and Decision Making | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

 am currently giving a set of lectures as part of a module "Behavioural Economic: Concepts and Theories" in Stirling. I am posting brief informal summaries of some of these lectures on the blog to generate discussion.

Today's lecture was on Rationality, Utility, Value and Decision-making. The lecture consisted of six sections (Fig. 1): (i) concepts of rationality; (ii) rational choice in conditions of certainty; (iii) rational choice in conditions in conditions of uncertainty; (iv) challenges to rational choice (v) loss aversion and the endowment effect; and (vi) implications of rationality assumptions and threats to their validity for policy. 

(i) Concepts of rationalityThe main point of this lecture is to give a working definition of what we mean by rationality in Economics. This is a complex construct with many potential meanings across a wide range of literatures. In Economics we generally tend to mean that decision makers are consistent in their behaviour rather than to question their motivations. The basic microeconomic models of the consumer generally assume rational utility maximising behaviour.


Via Alessandro Cerboni
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Solving the shepherding problem: heuristics for herding autonomous, interacting agents

Solving the shepherding problem: heuristics for herding autonomous, interacting agents | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
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The End of Psychology? » IAI TV

The End of Psychology? » IAI TV | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

The end of psychology? Perhaps not quite yet, but there is a serious message behind The Onion’s fantasy about the American Psychology Association (APA). Over the past decades, psychology has been increasingly overtaken by neuroscience. Two multi-billion euro/dollar initiatives – one European, one American – were launched in 2012 with the avowed objectives of “solving the brain” and, in the EU’s case, incorporating the solution into novel “neuromorphic” computers.

Hard-line reductionists speak of “molecular and cellular cognition” and dismiss the mind as an epiphenomenal product of neural processes, a “user illusion,” or, as zoologist Thomas Huxley put it a century and a half ago, merely the whistle to the steam train. Most neuroscientists concur; as Francis Crick put it: “You are nothing but a bunch of neurons.” Neurophilosophers, a world away from Descartes famous Cogito ergo sum speak contemptuously of “folk psychology”, to be replaced as neuroscience progresses by an objective, rigorously defined brain language.

 


Via Alessandro Cerboni
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The Quick Eye Movement That Reveals Whether It’s Love or Lust — PsyBlog

The Quick Eye Movement That Reveals Whether It’s Love or Lust — PsyBlog | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

How to tell just from the eyes whether it’s love or lust .When a stranger looks into your eyes, it could signal romantic love, but if their eyes then slide down your body, they’re probably feeling sexual desire, a new study finds. This automatic judgement can happen in as little as half a second and likely recruits different networks of activity in the brain.

Stephanie Cacioppo, who led the study, which is published in the journalPsychological Science, said:

“Although little is currently known about the science of love at first sight or how people fall in love, these patterns of response provide the first clues regarding how automatic attentional processes, such as eye gaze, may differentiate feelings of love from feelings of desire toward strangers.”


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Giving peace a chance: Oxytocin increases empathy to pain in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict

Giving peace a chance: Oxytocin increases empathy to pain in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it

Studies have argued that empathy to the pain of out-group members is largely diminished by “in-group empathy bias”.


Investigating the mechanism underlying the emotional reactions of Jewish Israeli participants toward the pain experienced by Palestinians in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict affords a natural experiment that allows us to examine the role of neurohormones in emotion sensitivity across conflicting social groups. In a double-blind placebo-controlled within-subject crossover design, Israeli Jewish participants were asked to report their empathy to the pain of in-group (Jewish), neutral out-group (European), and adversary out-group (Palestinian) members.


Oxytocin remarkably increased empathy to the pain of Palestinians, attenuating the effect of in-group empathy bias observed under the placebo condition.


This effect, we argue, is driven by the general role of oxytocin in increasing the salience of social agents which, in turn, may interfere with processes pertaining to derogation of out-group members during intractable conflicts.


image http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israeli%E2%80%93Palestinian_conflict



Via Edwin Rutsch
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Political Neuroscience: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship - Jost - 2014 - Political Psychology - Wiley Online Library

Political Neuroscience: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship - Jost - 2014 - Political Psychology - Wiley Online Library | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
John T. Jost, H. Hannah Nam, David M. Amodio and Jay J. Van Bavel

Article first published online: 22 JAN 2014

DOI: 10.1111/pops.12162



The emergence of political neuroscience—an interdisciplinary venture involving political science, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience—has piqued the interests of scholars as well as the mass public. In this chapter, we review evidence pertaining to four areas of inquiry that have generated most of the research in political neuroscience to date: (1) racial prejudice and intergroup relations; (2) the existence of partisan bias and motivated political cognition; (3) the nature of left-right differences in political orientation; and (4) the dimensional structure of political attitudes. Although these topics are well-known to political psychologists, the application of models and methods from neuroscience has renewed interest in each of them and yielded novel insights. There is reason to believe that many other areas of political psychology await similarly promising renewals and that innovative methods will continue to advance our understanding of the physiological processes involved in political cognition, evaluation, judgment, and behavior. We address limitations, criticisms, and potential pitfalls of existing work—including the “chicken-and-egg problem”—and propose an ambitious agenda for the next generation of research in political neuroscience.


Via Jocelyn Stoller
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This Is Your Brain On Love

This Is Your Brain On Love | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
Despite everything we know about human behavior and relationships, love remains a mystery to us. It causes us the greatest joy and the greatest pain, overwhelms us with inexplicable emotions, and makes us act in completely irrational ways.
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How the Brain Makes Sense of Spaces

How the Brain Makes Sense of Spaces | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
A new study reports on how the brain makes sense of new spaces, both large and small.
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What Neuroscience Has To Say About The 'Tortured Genius' - Huffington Post

What Neuroscience Has To Say About The 'Tortured Genius' - Huffington Post | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
What Neuroscience Has To Say About The 'Tortured Genius'
Huffington Post
The cognitive-neuroscience community is divided on whether a scientific link between creativity and mental illness actually exists.
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Dan Ariely: Choosing the right wine for cheapskates

Dan Ariely: Choosing the right wine for cheapskates | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
Dan Ariely answers reader questions on picking a bottle, taking a run and more.
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The Nature of Humans - Huffington Post

The Nature of Humans - Huffington Post | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
The Nature of Humans
Huffington Post
Many scientific disciplines -- including social psychology, behavioral economics and neuroscience -- are devoted to developing this understanding.
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Behavioral Economics and Macroeconomic Models | The Big Picture

Behavioral Economics and Macroeconomic Models http://t.co/227xtLeTEp
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Scientists agree: Coffee naps are better than coffee or naps alone

Scientists agree: Coffee naps are better than coffee or naps alone | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
Caffeinate immediately before napping and sleep for 20 minutes or less. You won't regret it.
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De-jargoned: Behavioral economics

De-jargoned: Behavioral economics | With My Right Brain | Scoop.it
It is a combination of psychology and economics which looks into economic decision-making
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