On 17th September 2013 we held our fourth annual lecture, "Zero Degrees of Empathy: Exploring explanations of human cruelty & kindness". Simon Baron-Cohen, Professor of Developmental Psychopathology at the University of Cambridge delivered the keynote speech, and the lecture was followed by a panel discussion with Mary Foley, Peter Woolf and Marina Cantacuzino, chaired by Simon Fanshawe.
11:30 - cruelty the result of Evil.. Evil is defined as the absence of good. Did something bad because they are not good. Empathy is a better term.
cognitive and affective empathy
20:00 cruelty is the loss of effective empathy -
goes back to Martin Buber - see people as people or as object
21:00 empathy bell curve.
How to lose empathy
due to obedience to authority
like terrorists and their beliefs
eugenics is USA
in-group and out-group - Ie Rwanda
Psychopaths - Ted Bunde
29:00 psychopaths don't' have empathy
Autism - difficulty with cognitive empathy
32:00 John Bolby studies childhood causes of psychopaths
genes and environment
Genes and testosterone
35:00 location of empathy in the brain - brain regions
person with brain damage
Jeane Decety - pain studies
37:30 - teaching empathy
38:30 high empathy people
building friendship across the political divide
is empathy fixed? feel empathy for people who lack empathy
Here is the short version of the short version: The deep, underground history of empathy is surfaced and reconstructed in Hume, Kant, Lipps, Freud, Scheler, Stein, and Husserl. A Rumor of Empathy is engaged in vicarious feeling, receptivity, empathic understanding, empathic interpretation, and empathic intersubjectivity.
A rumor of empathy becomes a scandal of empathy in Lipps’ projections and Strachey’s mistranslations. Empathy is reconstructed in Hume’s many meanings of “sympathy”; in Kant on “the communicability of feelings” and “enlarged thinking” of the other; in Freud’s introspection and free association; in Scheler’s “vicarious experience” and perception of The Other; in Stein’s sensual empathy; and in Husserl’s late writing on empathic windows of consciousness accessing other persons as Husserl’s empathy moves from the periphery to the foundation of community.
Yet when all the philosophical arguments and categories are complete, the phenomenological methods reduced, and hermeneutic circles spun out, in empathy, we are quite simply in the presence of another human being.
For those who knew Michael Franz Basch personally, see the tribute to him in the Preface – an empathic moment indeed. The work is also available as a more reasonably priced electronic version. Available to ship as of this date (2014/11/24).
“Okay, I’ve read enough – I want to order to book.” Click here to order – A Rumor of Empathy: Rewriting Empathy in the Context of Philosophy.
The growing trend of taking smartphone selfies is linked to mental health conditions that focus on a person’s obsession with looks.
According to psychiatrist Dr David Veal: “Two out of three of all the patients who come to see me with Body Dysmorphic Disorder since the rise of camera phones have a compulsion to repeatedly take and post selfies on social media sites.”
“Cognitive behavioural therapy is used to help a patient to recognise the reasons for his or her compulsive behaviour and then t
Acts of serious violence – often committed by seemingly average people – leave us only to ask “Why?” Culture, genetics, and low self-esteem are often cited, but growing evidence points to brutalization experienced in childhood, often at the hands of parents or peers. Ginger Rhodes and Richard Rhodes explore the work of criminologist Lonnie Athens, whose "violentization" model identifies a four-stage process by which almost any human being can be socialized into someone who will assault, rape, or murder. Their talk looks at the history of violence, questions the association of violence with mental illness, tests Athens’ theory on real-life cases, and makes an argument for early intervention.
Richard Rhodes is the author of twenty-five books including The Making of the Atomic Bomb, which won a Pulitzer Prize in Nonfiction, a National Book Award and a National Book Critics Circle Award; Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb, which was shortlisted for a Pulitzer Prize in History; an investigation of the roots of private violence, Why They Kill; and, most recently, a narrative of the Spanish Civil War, That Fine Place. He has received numerous fellowships for research and writing, including grants from the Ford Foundation, the Guggenheim Foundation, the MacArthur Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. He has been a visiting scholar at Harvard and MIT and a host and correspondent for documentaries on American public television.
Believe it or not, you can learn a lot from fiction. Some might say that’s because fiction often imitates real life. Of course, that doesn’t necessarily help explain why some of the silliest comic strips have lessons embedded in them.
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Psychologist Elizabeth Loftus studies memories. More precisely, she studies false memories, when people either remember things that didn't happen or remember them differently from the way they really were.
This educational video explores empathy in the listening and speaking of the community of psychologists, psychotherapists, and those committed to emotional and human well-being.
That about covers it. Where is empathy present and where is it missing? Should one expect the therapist to cry with you if the trauma is really, really sad? What if she or he does cry anyway? How does this relate to music therapy? Neurology? Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)? How does empathy relate to the “circle of caring”? All these questions and more are engaged. Not to be missed!
Note: All the usual disclaimers apply. This is a good faith, best effort to expand empathy in the world by capturing the experiences and narrative of a significant individual for educational purposes.
Phys.Org Cognitive Bias: Why Neurotic People Make This Real Estate Choice More Science 2.0 A paper in the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics finds that personality traits are strong indicators of real-estate decisions.
“Empathy is at the heart of progressive thought,” according to George Lakoff, the linguist best known for authoring Don’t Think of an Elephant. He argued in 2009 that empathy is “the capacity to care, to feel what others feel, to understand what others are facing and what their lives are like.”Some progressives, however, practice a highly selective form of empathy. Writing for Time magazine after a Missouri grand jury’s decision not to indict Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson in the shooting death of Michael Brown, Darlena Cunha asked, “In such a case, is rioting so wrong?” No, she quickly concluded. Rioting is merely “the legitimate frustration, sorrow, and pain of the marginalized voices . . . spilling out into our streets.” Cunha invoked, as an encouraging precedent, the 1992 Rodney King riots in Los Angeles, never mentioning the 53 people killed during that riot, much less empathizing with them and their families.”By William Voegeli
Via Edwin Rutsch