Unit 2: Empathy & Critical Thinking activities focus on promoting emotion understanding and empathy and helping children become flexible thinkers by becoming aware and thinking critically about their own ideas and about the messages they receive from others.
Activities and Storybooks:
2.1 Recognizing Feelings Storybook: Feelings on the Outside, Feelings on the Inside
British philosopher Derek Parfit espoused a severely reductionist view of personal identity in his seminal book, Reasons and Persons: It does not exist, at least not in the way we usually consider it. We humans, Parfit argued, are not a consistent identity moving through time, but a chain of successive selves, each tangentially linked to, and yet distinct from, the previous and subsequent ones. The boy who begins to smoke despite knowing that he may suffer from the habit decades later should not be judged harshly: “This boy does not identify with his future self,” Parfit wrote. “His attitude towards this future self is in some ways like his attitude to other people.”
Parfit’s view was controversial even among philosophers. But psychologists are beginning to understand that it may accurately describe our attitudes towards our own decision-making: It turns out that we see our future selves as strangers. Though we will inevitably share their fates, the people we will become in a decade, quarter century, or more, are unknown to us. This impedes our ability to make good choices on their—which of course is our own—behalf. That bright, shiny New Year’s resolution? If you feel perfectly justified in breaking it, it may be because it feels like it was a promise someone else made.
More hype about political attitudes and neuroscience Washington Post (blog) Berry Boessenkool asks: What you think about this article that basically implies that political views are not so much actively chosen or the product of upbringing, but...
The Guardian The rise of data and the death of politics The Guardian The nudging state is enamoured of feedback technology, for its key founding principle is that while we behave irrationally, our irrationality can be corrected – if only the...
Read books online about An Introduction to Behavioral Economics Nick Wilkinson with free PDF viewer: An Introduction to Behavioral Economics - Palgrave (Great new book: An Introduction to Behavioral Economics - Palgrave #getreads #book:
Wall Street Journal In Tests, Scientists Try to Change Behaviors Wall Street Journal "Using the findings of behavioral science, you can devise policy that will make people make better decisions," says Dr.
Amos Tversky: In Memoriam, Part 2. Neo-classical (mainstream) economic theory operates under the assumption that human beings are rationally self-interested optimizers. Rational here, in its most modest form, denotes that ...
We have thinking tendencies (biases) such as: seeking out information to support what we already believe (confirmation bias), over-valuing information we receive early on in an evaluation (anchoring and the halo effect), and feeling the pain of a loss more acutely than the pleasure of a similar gain (loss aversion). These tendencies can affect learning of subject content, your (and your pupils’) evaluation of their ability, and effort levels
If you’ve ever experienced a sense of euphoria after paying off your credit card in full or purchasing a piece of furniture thatfinally completes your living room, you know that our relationship to money isn’t just a purely economical one.
There’s a big psychological component, too.
And this is exactly why a growing number of scholars these days are studying behavioral psychology and economics—in tandem.
The reason: They want to figure out how to best capitalize on our emotions—the pride we feel when a savings account balance grows or the panic that ensues when a hefty bill arrives in the mail—in order to help us adopt more productive money habits.
Scholars like Jonathan Zinman, Hersh Shefrin and Julie Agnew—all luminaries in the field of finance-related behavior change techniques. And the very kind of people whose brains we love to pick for advice on how to work toward kicking unproductive habits—say, like a never-ending cycle of overspending—in order to get on the right financial track.
Each one of them has a unique perspective to share, so read on and you may just glean a good money habit or two.
am currently giving a set of lectures as part of a module "Behavioural Economic: Concepts and Theories" in Stirling. I am posting brief informal summaries of some of these lectures on the blog to generate discussion.
Today's lecture was on Rationality, Utility, Value and Decision-making. The lecture consisted of six sections (Fig. 1): (i) concepts of rationality; (ii) rational choice in conditions of certainty; (iii) rational choice in conditions in conditions of uncertainty; (iv) challenges to rational choice (v) loss aversion and the endowment effect; and (vi) implications of rationality assumptions and threats to their validity for policy.
(i) Concepts of rationalityThe main point of this lecture is to give a working definition of what we mean by rationality in Economics. This is a complex construct with many potential meanings across a wide range of literatures. In Economics we generally tend to mean that decision makers are consistent in their behaviour rather than to question their motivations. The basic microeconomic models of the consumer generally assume rational utility maximising behaviour.
You’ve done everything—endured diets, purged your freezer of Ben & Jerry’s, and educated yourself on fat, sugar, and calories. Yet, you can’t manage to lose weight.
What’s wrong with you? According to standard economic theory, which gives humans (perhaps too much) credit for making rational choices, those efforts should be enough to change your behavior. If you know the consequences but still get fat, you must want to be overweight.
Of course not, say Leslie John and Michael Norton, professors at Harvard Business School specializing in the burgeoning field of behavioral economics. “Standard economic theory suggests that as long as people understand the full consequences of their actions, they tend to act in their self interest,” says John. “If they want to be healthy, and you tell them how many calories are in a burger, then they’ll eat better.” But behavioral economics suggests that people make mistakes in their thinking. For example, we have self-control problems that can lead us to knowingly “misbehave.”
When we talk about ‘empathising’ with another person, usually we think about being a nice person, being a good friend – essentially a fluffy concept sitting within the elusive realm of feelings and emotions.
Forbes Why Is Innovation So Hard? Forbes The past 25 years of research in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, and education have demonstrated that we are highly efficient, fast, reflexive thinkers who seek to confirm what we already know.