Mario José Molina-Pasquel Henríquez is a Mexican chemist and one of the most prominent precursors to the discovering of the Antarctic ozone hole. He was a co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in elucidating the threat to the Earth's ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases (or CFCs), becoming the first Mexican-born citizen to ever receive a Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Dr. Molina will once again host the Mexican International Renewable Energy Awards, presented annually in recognition of the tremendous wave of innovation and ingenuity occurring across Mexico clean energy projects.
We spoke with Dr. Molina regarding Mexico's renewable energy future:
How important are renewable energies in Mexico’s future?
Renewable energies are vital for Mexico’s economic development: first of all, the Mexican supply of fossil fuels is limited and is already declining. Perhaps more importantly, Mexico is playing an international leadership role in confronting climate change, and has already made commitments to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases. Therefore, the development of renewable energy sources is of great importance to the country.
How should the government involve themselves in, and support, renewable energy production?
The Mexican Government should provide incentives for the development of renewable energies: besides fiscal incentives, it should modify norms and regulations to facilitate, for example, the integration of such energy sources to the grid. The main utility company, Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE), is government owned and controlled, and hence has the capacity to plan and implement the use of renewable energy sources working in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy (Secretaría de Energía, SENER).
How does Mexico compare internationally?
Mexico is only beginning to implement the use of renewable energies. Wind energy sources, for example, are being rapidly developed, but have yet to reach their potential. Other sources such as solar and biofuels are further behind, although plans do exist for their expansion.