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Marcellus Shale natural gas output rising fast

Marcellus Shale natural gas output rising fast | Algae into Oil | Scoop.it
Marcellus Shale natural gas production levels are beating expectations so far this year. The natural gas boom from the Marcellus Shale across Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and other states is changing the country's energy landscape.

Via SBC PR
Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

ASPECT 3

8) Marcellus Shale natural gas production is rising even faster this year than energy experts had predicted, which is effecting the whole nation's energy. Reports from Colorado show that production of the natural gas is up 50% since 2012.  The yearly rate of natural gas produced from fracking is equal to 550 million barrels of oil.

 

9) The Marcellus Shale is a gas-rich formation deep underground that extends across Pennsylvania, West Virginia, New York, Ohio and Maryland.  The gas is extracted with a breakthough of technology in which a drill drills downward then turns and drills 90 degrees sideways underground.  The CEO says marcellus shale production will "remain robust"

 

10) Now, Marcellus gas is supplying the Pennsylvania and Northeast markets, and it's grown to be the nation's most productive gas field. Bentek expects a surplus will soon start flowing to the South and Midwest.Ohio shale gas production is in its beginning stages but is expected to grow substantially in 2014 and 2015.

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Marcellus shale driller Noble Energy Inc. sinks roots into Pittsburgh ...

Marcellus shale driller Noble Energy Inc. sinks roots into Pittsburgh ... | Algae into Oil | Scoop.it
Noble Energy Inc., Marcellus Business Unit. Business: Marcellus shale gas drilling. Headquarters: Southpointe in Cecil. Employees: 147. 2013 financial data (for parent company): $978 million in net income on $3.6 billion in ...
Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

ASPECT 3

1) The Houston-based driller is settling into a headquarters across the street from Range Resources Corp., the largest landholder among shale drillers in Western Pennsylvania, and Consol Energy Inc., the oldest local company working the Marcellus shale


2) It's a unique opportunity for the region atop the Appalachian energy industry's supply chain according to economic experts. Rigs move and field offices close when the rigs go, but the shale taking root in Pittsburgh is a constant that can withstand the whims of a boom-and-bust industry, they said.


3) In less than three years, Noble made the Marcellus its No. 2 priority, behind only the Colorado shale. It plans to spend a quarter of its $4.8 billion capital budget in 2014 on Marcellus drilling, according to its year-end report for analysts.


4) The shale boom brought major expansion. It grew between 2005 and 2011. Some companies moved to compete with established companies such as Consol and EQT Corp., Downtown. A few, especially the majors such as Chevron, Shell and Exxon.  These two spent billions to buy local companies.





 

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PNNL: News - Algae to crude oil: Million-year natural process takes minutes in the lab

Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

1) Engineers created a process that makes crude oil minutes after they pour in harvested algae — a verdant green paste resembling pea soup

 

2) Genifuel Corp. has licensed its technology and working with a partner to build a plant specifically for this use

 

3) it is fairly expensive to produce algae based fuel

 

4) scientists have found a way to use wet algae in the process, saving a lot of money by not having to dry it like previously thought

 

5) the process produces several things:

  crude oil

  clean water

  fuel gas

  nutrients

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Associated Press: Marcellus Shale Gas Growing Faster than Expected

Associated Press: Marcellus Shale Gas Growing Faster than Expected | Algae into Oil | Scoop.it

“PITTSBURGH — Natural gas production from the Marcellus Shale region is growing faster than expected, according to a new federal report issued Tuesday.”


Via Ed Burghard
Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

ASPECT 3

5)Natural gas production from the Marcellus Shale region is growing faster than expected, according to recent reports. If Marcellus shale were a country its natural gas production would rank 8th in the world. The majority comes from western PA and West Virginia.

 

6) The shale lies under other states, but most of the wells in Ohio produce oil, and New York has placed a limit on shale gas drilling. Energy experts are surprised by the rapid Marcellus growth, since the number of drilling rigs has decreased over the past two years.

 

7)  Marcellus shale now produces more natural gas than Saudi Arabia, and that has led to wholesale prices here that are about one-quarter of those of Japan's.

 

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US scientists convert algae into crude oil in under an hour

US scientists convert algae into crude oil in under an hour | Algae into Oil | Scoop.it
US scientists have succeeded in producing crude oil from algae in under an hour – a technical triumph, but one that’s still a long way from commercial exploitation
Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

8) although the process is a huge breakthough, it is still far away from commercial exploitation

 

9) the hard part of competitively producing algae into oil is that it is hard to create as much oil that gushes naturally from wells

 

10) currently the reactor only produces 1.5 liters per hour, far from the large scale needed to become truly effective

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Rescooped by Jarod Zeckowski from Green Energy Technologies & Development
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Scientists Convert Algae into Crude Oil in Less than One Hour

Scientists Convert Algae into Crude Oil in Less than One Hour | Algae into Oil | Scoop.it
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory engineers a way to turn algae into usable crude oil without a million years wait or harmful and expensive chemicals.

Via Duane Tilden
Jarod Zeckowski's insight:

6) a million year natural process is turned into minutes in a lab.

 

7) Algae has long been considered a potential biofuel

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Duane Tilden's curator insight, December 30, 2013 9:43 AM

>Department of Energy scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory say they’ve reduced nature’s million year process of turning algae into crude oil to one than takes less than an hour. The engineers created a chemical process that produces crude oil minutes after it is poured into harvested algae. The reaction is not only fast, but also continuous since it produces a recyclable by product containing phosphorus that can then be used to grow more algae.   [...]

The scientists say with additional conventional refining, the crude algae oil can be converted into a variety of fuels for aviation, gasoline burning cars, or diesel vehicles. Meanwhile, the wastewater can also be used to yield burnable gas or elemental substances like potassium and nitrogen, which, along with the cleansed water, can grow more algae.

The new process promises to reduce time and save money compared to other techniques by combining several chemical steps and skipping the process of drying out the algae. Instead, the new process uses a slurry that contains as much as 80 to 90 percent water while eliminating the need for complex processing solvents like hexane to extract the energy rich oils from the algae. Elliott said in addition to saving time, “there are bonuses, like being able to extract usable gas from the water and then recycle the remaining water and nutrients to help grow more algae, which further reduces costs.”<