In an era of chronic high unemployment, how did research libraries manage to increase salaries across the board, and the level of employment of library professionals? The simplest case in point is the sharp rise in the number of library positions devoted to IT functions. These individuals earn more money for less experience than those with traditional library expertise, due to the broader market for skills in areas such as Unix, Java, PHP, and SQL. These new IT-oriented library staff members drive higher costs in both library professional and support staff categories. For that matter, all of the library positions that survive the disappearance of physical piecework will require higher skills. The shift of scholarship to digital formats has obliged everyone to become conversant in systems, data management, and increasingly challenging technologies.