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Food Aid: Why Local and Regional Procurement Is Better

Food Aid: Why Local and Regional Procurement Is Better | Wheat World | Scoop.it

"[I]t looks like [Local and Regional Procurement] of food aid is a much better proposition than purchasing food aid in the US. In a pair of forthcoming papers in World Development, Cornell researchers find that (i) LRP improves response time during emergencies, and (ii) food aid recipients seem to prefer food aid rations that are locally procured."


Via Jeremy Cherfas
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how do these findings relate to Wheat for Africa (W4A)? We need to find out ...

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Wheat World
research, policy and to-market issues around wheat & agricultural development
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Wheat yields flatlining with climate change

Wheat yields flatlining with climate change | Wheat World | Scoop.it
While 2016 set a new national wheat harvest record, CSIRO warns it is an aberration that masks a more troubling long-term trend.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Australia, wheat, climate change impacts: Similar challenge in developing countries! A case for making Heat & Drought Wheat Improvement Consortium (HeDWIC) a reality!
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Physiological breeding

Physiological breeding | Wheat World | Scoop.it
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Overview article on physiological breeding, to better understand physiological processes involved in achieving crop productivity, and their interaction with environment.
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WSU wheat researchers tackle widespread quality problem | WSU News | Washington State University

WSU wheat researchers tackle widespread quality problem | WSU News | Washington State University | Wheat World | Scoop.it
“We had a massive yo-yo,” said Pumphrey. “We saw severe temperature spikes of up to 95 degrees throughout the region, followed by 40-degree nighttime lows that persisted for days during a critical period.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Quote: “We had a massive yo-yo,” said Pumphrey. “We saw severe temperature spikes of up to 95 degrees throughout the region, followed by 40-degree nighttime lows .. during a critical period. - So what will climate change do to wheat quality??? 
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Government burns 1,000 hectares of fungus-infected wheat

Government burns 1,000 hectares of fungus-infected wheat | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Wheat blast is one of the most fearsome and intractable wheat diseases in recent decades and is caused by the fungus Magnaporthe Oryzae.
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1k ha burnt of 29.4M wheat area. Critical to stop the spread.
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Egyptian invention cuts rice irrigation water by half

Inventor wins international prize for machine that ploughs rice fields in a manner that saves water and fertilizers.
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It's about rice .... challenge remains: Farmer adoption dynamics
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Wheat Data Interoperability Guidelines

Wheat Data Interoperability Guidelines | Wheat World | Scoop.it
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Wheat research community leads on data interoperability
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USW: Wheat Letter

USW: Wheat Letter | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Milling quality doing down in many production areas: A trend? More to come with climate change? Growing challenge to achieve nutritional food security?
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Bayer, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences collaborate to improve wheat yields

Bayer, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences collaborate to improve wheat yields | Wheat World | Scoop.it
better understand the genetic factors determining grain yield in wheat. The collaboration will provide an opportunity for CAAS members to gain more insights into research at Bayer via short-term placements and regular visits to the scientists working at the Bayer Innovation Center in Ghent, Belgium.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Another public-private partnership on wheat research: Bayer and CAAS, genetic factors determining grain yield, CAAS scientists come to Bayer Ghent Innovation Centre - is this about hybrid wheat?
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Feeding a Billion People The Role of the Food Processing Industry - Paper - A.T. Kearney | France - A.T. Kearney

Feeding a Billion People The Role of the Food Processing Industry - Paper - A.T. Kearney | France - A.T. Kearney | Wheat World | Scoop.it
As India
Victor Kommerell's insight:
India, agriculture, processing 2013 report: "For example ... the processing of 15 to 18 million tons of wheat to flour could ensure a daily availability of 40 to 50 milligrams of iron per capita – almost double the recommended dietary allowance." About 60% of the iron in wheat is currently lost during processing.
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Nutrition & Diabetes - Association of pasta consumption with body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: results from Moli-sani and INHES studies

Nutrition & Diabetes - Association of pasta consumption with body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio: results from Moli-sani and INHES studies | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Nutrition & Diabetes is a peer-reviewed, open access online journal publishing clinical, metabolic, genetic and epidemiological studies that describe methodologies, mechanisms, and associations in relation to diabetes and nutrition-related diseases
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Eat pasta! (as part of a balanced, e.g. Mediterranean diet), your weight will be just fine! More evidence for healthy wheat products as part of a nutritious diet.
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Herbicides do not ensure for higher wheat yield, but eliminate rare plant species

Herbicides do not ensure for higher wheat yield, but eliminate rare plant species | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Weed control is generally considered to be essential for crop production and herbicides have become the main method used for weed control in developed countries.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
French scientists find no relationship between yields and herbicide use. Results suggest that reducing herbicide use by up to 50% could maintain crop production. Good news for wheat sustainable intensification?
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Australian farmers left high and dry after report rejects drought insurance

AUSTRALIA-AGRICULTURE/INSURANCE:Australian farmers left high dry after report rejects drought insurance
Victor Kommerell's insight:
AU farmers, drought insurance and Gov support (or not): A good example of the politics around the 'enabling environment' of wheat farming
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Close the gap. Feed the globe. (with images, tweets) · CIMMYT

Gender equity in agriculture
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Making the case for gender equity in agriculture
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Toxin may lift durum wheat prices despite huge North American harvest

Toxin may lift durum wheat prices despite huge North American harvest | Wheat World | Scoop.it
The swaying durum crops on Dave Marzolf's farm look lush and even, bearing full kernels of the wheat used to make pasta.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Up to 1/3 of bumper CA durum harvest of too low quality for food because of FHB and millers "can only blend so much" to compensate. What's the future of durum quality under climate change?
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Deadly new wheat disease threatens Europe’s crops

Deadly new wheat disease threatens Europe’s crops | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Researchers caution that stem rust may have returned to world’s largest wheat-producing region.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Stem rust back in Europe. Luckily, global rust researcher community functioning!
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Deadly wheat blast symptoms enters India through the Bangladesh border, Bengal govt burning crops on war footing

Deadly wheat blast symptoms enters India through the Bangladesh border, Bengal govt burning crops on war footing | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Wheat on nearly 1,000 hectares in two districts bordering Bangladesh have already been affected by the symptoms of wheat blast disease, forcing Bengal government t
Victor Kommerell's insight:
It had to happen (unfortunately): Wheat blast moves to India
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Eating pasta helps you lose weight, says Italian study

Eating pasta helps you lose weight, says Italian study | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Eating pasta is not fattening and actually decreases the chances of becoming obese, a new Italian study has found.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Staple crops like wheat are healthy (in moderation); a push for more durum wheat research?
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Has the nutritional value of wheat changed?

Has the nutritional value of wheat changed? | Wheat World | Scoop.it
Iron and calcium were found to have gradually decreased in wheat over the decades. However, Chibbar noted, iron is added to fortified flour.

“We haven’t gotten to the ‘why’ on the mineral decrease;
Victor Kommerell's insight:
No, it hasn't. But iron and calcium gradually decreased over the decades. “We haven’t gotten to the ‘why’ on the mineral decrease, says researcher.
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About :: WheatIS

The main objective is to provide a single-access web base system to access to the available data resources and bioinformatics tools
Victor Kommerell's insight:
WheatIS provides a single-access web base system to access the available data resources and bioinformatics tools. CIMMYT is a founding member of the Wheat Initiative, which supports and hosts WheatIS.
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Nigeria Spends $4bn On Wheat Importation | BizWatchNigeria.Ng

Nigeria Spends $4bn On Wheat Importation | BizWatchNigeria.Ng | Wheat World | Scoop.it
requirement of wheat was 4.2 millions per year while presently , Nigeria produces about 600,000 metric tons
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Confusion in Nigeria? Officials cite demand is at 4.2M metric tons, increase farmer support to expand production in 2017, but Nigeria currently produces 600k metric tons, down from 2014.
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Wheat varieties get sharp downgrade in yellow rust rating - Farmers Weekly

Wheat varieties get sharp downgrade in yellow rust rating - Farmers Weekly | Wheat World | Scoop.it
The yellow rust resistance rating of some major wheat varieties, such as Reflection and Diego, are being cut sharply after new races of the disease have be
Victor Kommerell's insight:
Pests and diseases remain challenge in developed and developing world - see yellow rust ...
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Espacenet - results view

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over 500 wheat-related patents in this database! Check out Espacenet INPADOC
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European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO)

Victor Kommerell's insight:
EPPO No.6 2016: Since initial detection of Ug99 in 1998, ten variants of Ug99 race group detected in 12 countries: Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea, Rwanda, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Yemen, and Iran. During 2014 growing season, presence was suspected in Egypt. Laboratory analysis confirmed (Patpour et al., 2016)!
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World food prices post biggest rise for four years in June: FAO

World food prices post biggest rise for four years in June: FAO | Wheat World | Scoop.it
The upgrade is mainly based on improved prospects for wheat production, now forecast to hit 732 million tonnes due to better weather in the European Union, Russia and the United States.

Wheat utilisation is also set to rise, the FAO said, as demand grows for its use in animal feed in the EU, Indonesia and the United States, but also for food consumption and industrial usage.

This higher consumption means global stocks by the end of the season in 2017 will be 1.5 percent below the opening level.
Victor Kommerell's insight:
FAO: 2016-17 Higher wheat production, 732M tons, but greater demand too, for animal feed, food consumption, industrial use. So global stocks down by 1.5% by the end of season. Higher prices for consumers in importing developing countries?
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