'Fatima's Couchee-Couchee Dance' also known as 'Muscle Dance' Thomas A. Edison / Black Maria Studio 1896 (Kinetographic Theater).
One of the most inaccurate portrayals of the East begins even as far back as 1897 with Thomas Edison’s kine-scope. The scene is titled “Fatimas dance”. Fatima being a name of Arabic descent originating in the Qur’an. Is a direct reference to what the title is, a woman of Arab descent “belly dancing”. The dance is clearly exaggerated. The twirl the dancer was doing in the beginning seems as it was hinting towards twirling dervishes, which is men and it is a religious dance, a twirl would not be conducted before a belly dance. As you also see, the belly dancing is highly exaggerated and if they were really trying to belly dance it would not look like this