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100 Afrikaans steden ooit vernietigd door Europeanen

100 Afrikaans steden ooit vernietigd door Europeanen | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

"When tourists visit sub-Saharan Africa, they often wonder 'Why there are no historical buildings or monuments?'  The reason is simple. Europeans destroyed most of them. We only have a few drawings and descriptions by travelers who visited the places before their destruction. In some places, ruins are still visible. Many cities were abandoned when Europeans brought exotic diseases (smallpox and influenza) which started spreading and killing people. Most of those cities lie hidden. In fact the biggest part of Africa history is still under the ground."


Via Seth Dixon
wereldvak's insight:

Wat er nu door IS en andere extremisten (helaas) wordt gedaan is min of meer ook door Europa gedaan ten tijde van het kolonisatieproces. Vernietiging, maar ook uitroeien van de volken door ziekten heeft voor dit verdwijnen gezorgd. Er ligt nog wel heel veel onder de grond, overwoekerd door de natuur.

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Chris Costa's curator insight, October 27, 2015 4:27 PM

The issues with poverty and hunger that grip certain parts of Africa- particularly the sub-Sahara- find their roots in the utter subversion and destruction of African societies and states during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and the subsequent colonization of Africa. European traders placed significant strain of existing African states during the 14th and 15th centuries, as the emergence of "slave states" and the extent of the trade completely changed the demographics of much of Africa. Labor shortages lead to technological shortfalls as well as the dissolution of many African states, as predatory states continued to destroy many civilizations and cultures. By the time that the majority of the West had banned the trade in the 19th century, the damage had already been done; many of the great civilizations of Africa had regressed or been entirely wiped out under the pressure of Europe's demand for slaves. The subsequent colonization of the continent only worsened matters for the Africans, as major hubs of civilization were captured, raided, and destroyed. Traditional societies were subjected to European influences and religion and eventually lost, and yet Europeans looked at the destruction and the lack of economic and political progress their actions had caused and blamed it on the inferiority of the Africans themselves. History has not been kind to Africa, and it is important to remember that that is not her fault. Many civilizations, cities, and states were lost as a direct result of contact with Europeans during the slave trade and the subsequent colonization of the continent. 

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, October 30, 2015 6:34 AM

Before European contact, Africa had a number of great urban cities. European arrival foresaw the destruction of those once grand cities. The Europeans brought diseases such as smallpox and influenza to the African continent. Those diseases would hamper the previously unexposed African population. Slavery also drained Africa of millions of people as well. Great African civilizations were brought down by these various calamities. European  arrival was the death knell of the great African civilizations. Africa is still living with this legacy of destruction. Africa is the most rural region in the world, because of this legacy.

Gene Gagne's curator insight, November 4, 2015 4:07 PM

Just another way to eliminate any African culture or customs.

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Hoe de wereld er uit zou zien als al het ijs gesmolten is

We learned last year that many of the effects of climate change are irreversible. Sea levels have been rising at a greater rate year after year, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates they could rise by another meter or more by the end of this century.

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Californië: Noorden geeft (levens)water aan het zuiden.

Perhaps the most fundamental water fact about California is that, historically, water was extremely scarce in the southern two-thirds of the state. The vast majority of precipitation occurs up north, mainly in the winter.
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Nepal aardbeving: honderden doden en nog vele waarschijnlijk bedolven

Nepal aardbeving: honderden doden en nog vele waarschijnlijk bedolven | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
At least 970 people have died as Nepal suffered its worst earthquake for more than 80 years, with deaths also reported in India, Tibet and Bangladesh.

 

Tags: Nepal, disasters, physical, tectonics.


Via Seth Dixon
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Gene Gagne's curator insight, November 18, 2015 12:48 PM

We have learned that the Himalayas are growing everyday while our Appalachians in the united states are shrinking. What does this all mean? In the platonic spectrum it means in Nepal, earthquakes.

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Droogte Californië: wanneer stopt de groei en de druk op de natuur?

Droogte Californië: wanneer stopt de groei en de druk op de natuur? | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
A punishing drought is forcing a reconsideration of whether the aspiration of untrammeled growth that has for so long been the state’s engine has run against the limits of nature.
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Kan India een wereldmacht worden?


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Paul Farias's curator insight, April 9, 2015 11:29 AM

If you were to ask me before watching this video, i would say absolutely. They have the capability because they are full of intelligent people, they also have enough people to do it. Something is just holding them back from moving forward...

Chris Costa's curator insight, November 15, 2015 3:15 PM

I really enjoyed this video; it's packed with a lot of information, but all of it is relevant to its main discussion of India as a potential superpower. In class, we discussed the importance of the Mississippi River Valley and the Great Lakes Basin played in the development of the US economy and the rise of the US as a global superpower, and this does not differ very much from the intricate river systems that litter the Indian subcontinent. The Ganges River Valley has historically been home to millions of people, facilitating agricultural development as well as trade. The lack of natural boundaries within the nation has allowed for the diffusion of the thousands of different cultures, customs, religions, and languages that find their home within India, although this has lead to division amongst its people. Internal disputes have paved the way for foreign leaders to seize control of the subcontinent, as evidenced by the Mughal Empire, and the eventual control of India by the British. Independence has lead to huge political and economic developments, as well as forming a distinct national identity that has, so far, risen above the petty sectionalist and race-related squabbles of yesteryear, but sectional rivalries continue to be had between the various Indian states. All the tools needed to become a superpower are at India's disposal; all it must do is seize the opportunity.

Benjamin Jackson's curator insight, December 14, 2015 11:48 AM

anyone who doesn't think that India can become a superpower is insane. they already are one. they have nukes. they have a billion people. they have massive industry, and they have a history of conflict with their neighbors.

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Tweede taal rond Londens underground in kaart gebracht

Tweede taal rond Londens underground in kaart gebracht | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

"Walk along the streets of London and it’s not uncommon to hear a variety of langauges jostling for space in your eardrums. Step inside a tube carriage on the underground and the story is no different.

Oliver O’Brien, researcher in geovisualisation and web mapping at University College London’s department of geography, has created a map showing what the most common second language (after English) is at certain tube stops across the capital.

Using a map of tube journeys and busy stations that he had previously created, O’Brien used 2011 Census data to add the second most commonly spoken language that people who live nearby speak."


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, February 11, 2015 9:12 AM

This map is an excellent way to introduce the concept of ethnic neighborhoods and show how they spatially form and what ties them together.  This other article shows how the spatial arrangement of London's population has changed from 1939 to today. 


Tags: London, urbantransportation, ethnicitylanguage, culture.

Bharat Employment's curator insight, February 12, 2015 11:45 PM

http://www.bharatemployment.com/

Kristin Mandsager San Bento's curator insight, April 6, 2015 9:29 PM

This made me think of how this could be done in New York City.  I imagine results would be similar.  You could map out the languages for sure.  

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Hoeveel Europese landen passen er in Brazilië?

Hoeveel Europese landen passen er in Brazilië? | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

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Gene Gagne's curator insight, November 20, 2015 7:59 PM

I would say. Just imagine three mega cities like Rio de Janeiro, population 11,960,000 then Buenos Aires with a population of 13,530,000 and finally Sao Paulo with the Southern Hemisphere's largest metropolitan area with a population of 19,920,000 with 2 more Mega cities to be added by 2025.

Kevin Nguyen's curator insight, November 24, 2015 11:52 AM

I cannot believed the size of Brazil is at this scale because we don't hear a lot about it as being a world power. It shows that even though the country is this big, most of the land is uninhabitable due to the forests and geography of the land. In addition, from history class one cannot imagine a small country like Portugal controlled a big country as Brazil from the colonial times. Seeing this map with all these European countries inside of it with some space leftover, one can see the massive size of this South American country.

Adam Deneault's curator insight, December 7, 2015 12:47 PM
This link to show me a picture of Europe fitting in Brazil is astounding! I never realized how large this country was until it was put together like a puzzle for me. For a single country to be that large that you would be able to fit an entire continent inside is absurd. That really goes to show that looks can be deceiving.
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Hoe groot is Afrika eigenlijk?

Hoe groot is Afrika eigenlijk? | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

Groter dan het op de meeste kaarten lijkt  http://econ.st/1vUvhmy pic.twitter.com/s14Te9FePM


Via Courtney Barrowman, Rich Schultz
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Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, November 20, 2014 2:37 PM

unit 1

Rich Schultz's curator insight, November 26, 2014 1:45 PM

Yes, Africa is much larger than the rest of the world realizes!

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Aardverschuivingen in Zwitserland en Italië

Aardverschuivingen in Zwitserland en Italië | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
At least four people are killed when landslides engulf homes in southern Switzerland and northern Italy following days of torrential rain.
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De Kustlijn Paradox : schaal en meten

De Kustlijn Paradox : schaal en meten | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

Welk land heeft de langste kustlijn? Ligt er aan welk lijstje je gebruikt....Hoe komen die verschillen?

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Geographic Influences of Skating

"Dogtown and Z-Boys: A documentary about the pioneering 1970s Zephyr skating team."


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Seth Dixon's curator insight, October 9, 2014 1:53 PM

Popular culture is shaped by taste-makers, counter-cultural movements, and the blending of cultural practices in new ways creating a distinct aesthetic. Often, the physical geography of a region plays a crucial role in shaping the cultural practices particular to their environment. All of that can be seen quite vividly in the colorful skating revolution of the 1970s that took shape in the Southern California. Kids who grew up idolizing surfers branched out their recreational habits into the modern form of skating that we see today at the X Games. Made legendary through a series of Skateboarder magazine articles, these kids shaped the cultural ethos of skateboarding for over a generation. With the coastal influence of surfing, the socioeconomics of a seaside slum, it’s abandoned piers, the ubiquity of cement and asphalt in the urban landscape, the run-down neighborhood of “Dogtown” was home to cultural movement. The fierce droughts of the 1970 meant abandoned swimming pools; that drought led surfers to the technological infrastructure for modern skating ramps and half pipes as they skated in emptied swimming pools. As stated in those Skaterboarder articles, “two hundred years of American technology has unwittingly created a massive cement playground of unlimited potential. But it was the minds of 11 year olds that could see that potential.” The documentary “Dogtown and Z-Boys” (trailer) and the fictionalized “Lords of Dogtown,” (trailer) both produced by skater turned filmmaker Stacy Peralta, chronicle the age (“Lords of Dogtown” is not appropriate for the K-12 classroom viewing).


Tags: place, spacesport, California, landscapevideo, popular culture, music.

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MeteoEarth - website en apps voor het weer in de klas

MeteoEarth - website en apps voor het weer in de klas | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
MeteoEarth is a fantastic website and set of apps that let you view global weather patterns as they occur in real time on your IWB or iPad. ("MeteoEarth – A Global Weather Viewer in the Classroom" looks like useful fun!
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Grote zorgen om Napels, een reusachtige magmakamer die aan het opzwellen is

Grote zorgen om Napels, een reusachtige magmakamer die aan het opzwellen is | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

Verontrustend nieuws uit Napels. Onder een buitenwijk van de miljoenenstad ligt een reusachtige magmakamer die aan het opzwellen is, zo meldt het Osservatorio Vesuviano in Napels. Dat kan duiden op een opbouwende druk die een weg naar buiten zoekt. De Italiaanse autoriteiten hebben het waarschuwingssignaal voor Napels daarom naar boven bijgesteld naar 'waakzaamheid'.

 

De Flegreïsche Velden zijn eigenlijk een supervulkaan van gigantische omvang. Onder het relatief rustige oppervlakte zit een enorme magmakamer die zich gedeeltelijk onder Napels uitstrekt. Het slechte nieuws is dat de bodem van de velden sinds enige tijd constant op en neer gaat, een teken dat de kamer vol en weer leeg stroomt. De laatste tijd vinden geologen bovendien veel forsteriet aan de oppervlakte, een mineraal dat ontsnapt als er veel gas ontsnapt. Vaak is dat een teken dat een vulkaan actief gaat worden.

 

De geologen hebben recent een 200 meter lange boorkop in de vulkaan gestoken. Die heeft gemeten dat de vloeibare magma een zuurgraad heeft bereikt die een explosieve uitbarsting mogelijk maakt. Dezelfde zure magma is in het binnenste van de Vesuvius gevonden, een teken dat de magmakamer wellicht met deze vulkaan in verbinding staat. Dat zou betekenen dat hij onder heel Napels doorloopt.

 

De geologen durven niet te voorspellen of en wanneer de Flegreïsche Velden uitbarsten. Wel weten ze dat een uitbarsting duizenden doden zal kosten. Zo'n 34.000 jaar geleden was er een massale uitbarsting die het klimaat op aarde decennia heeft beïnvloed. Zoiets zou nu weer kunnen gebeuren, maar dan in een van de dichtst bewoonde gebieden van zuid Europa.


Via Good Things From Italy, Ilayda Eker
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Hoe 'crisis mapping' helpt bij hulpverlening in Nepal

Hoe 'crisis mapping' helpt bij hulpverlening in Nepal | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
A team of Nepalis, backed by groups around the world, are helping guide what aid is needed where by "crisis mapping" Nepal, reports Saira Asher.

 

Tags: Nepal, disasters, physical, tectonics, mapping, geospatial.


Via Seth Dixon
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LEONARDO WILD's curator insight, May 8, 2015 10:16 AM

Crisis are a symptom that something underneath the surface of normalcy is terribly wrong ... especially when we come to realize that everything is interconnected, even politics—worldwide.

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Hoe wij de aarde veranderen, in 15 'before-and-after' beelden.

Hoe wij de aarde veranderen, in 15 'before-and-after' beelden. | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
We've dammed mighty rivers, built hundreds of artificial islands, and made the world's fourth-largest lake disappear.

Via Seth Dixon
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LEONARDO WILD's curator insight, April 9, 2015 8:47 AM

Transforming the planet in massive scales.

Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, May 21, 2015 10:02 AM

Summer reading KQ2, How have humans altered Earth's environment? key concepts- remote sensing, land use

Gregory Stewart's curator insight, August 29, 2015 9:32 AM

Spatial Perspective!

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Augmented Reality Sandbox

"Realtime topographic contour line generation."


Via Seth Dixon
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Bobbi Dunham's curator insight, March 8, 2015 10:08 AM

Well, that is just incredible. Now THAT'S a sandbox! Augmented Reality is going to be a major gamechanger.

Lorraine Chaffer's curator insight, April 5, 2015 9:20 PM

Every Geography classroom needs one of these to explain topography

Paul Farias's curator insight, April 9, 2015 12:24 PM

This thing is sick! I would love to make one of these i would play with this thing for hours and I'm an adult. And they say video games are useless, the kinect can be used for things other than dance offs and such. 

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Inwoners van India verliezen bij elkaar miljoenen levensjaren door de enorme luchtverontreiniging.

Inwoners van India verliezen bij elkaar miljoenen levensjaren door de enorme luchtverontreiniging. | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

Meer dan de helft van de Indiase bevolking leeft in gebieden met gevaarlijke doses luchtverontreiniging. Dit gegeven is omgezet naar verlies aan levensjaren. 13 van de top 20 steden met de meeste vervuiling liggen in India! 

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Waarom zorgt vuur in Australië voor zo'n probleem?

Waarom zorgt vuur in Australië voor zo'n probleem? | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
Once again, the Australian summer is dominated by raging bushfires. Why is fire such a huge problem in Australia?
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Landbouw: de aarde kan niet zonder vrouwen

"In this Feed the Future video, narrator Matt Damon discusses the importance of increasing food production around the world and notes the importance of equipping women with the right tools, training, and  technology to see as much as a 30 percent increase in food production. To feed our growing population we need to increase food production by 70 percent before 2050. Women make up the majority of the agricultural workforce in many areas of the world."


Via Seth Dixon
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AckerbauHalle's curator insight, December 23, 2014 12:37 AM

Für die zukünftige Ernährung der Welt gibt es einen oft übersehenen Faktor: Gleichberechtigung von Frauen. Frauen sind in vielen Ländern für die Arbeit auf den Feldern verantwortlich. Gleichzeitig haben sie keine Rechte am Land und sind schlecht ausgebildet und - wenn überhaupt - schlecht bezahlt. 

Lauren Quincy's curator insight, March 19, 2015 4:50 PM

Unit 5: Agriculture, Food Production and Rural Land Use 

 

This video is about how women make up the majority of the agricultural workforce and that giving them access to land, water, markets, and technology could increase food production by 30%. This in return would help boost the economy. Places such as Kenya have given women the same resources as men and have seen a 22% increase in crop production. In Brazil, programs targeting women in agriculture have helped cut the population in extreme poverty by half and malnutrition by 73%. This video encourages people around the world to help give women the resources they need in order to increase the food production and economy. 

 

This relates to unit 5 because it deals with agriculture and particularly women's roles in agriculture. This video explains how increased resources can help end world hunger. Women are not given as much opportunity as men and this video expresses need to invest in women's rights. 

mary jane james's curator insight, January 12, 8:11 PM

This article relates to my topics development and agriculture by showing how important it is that how equipping women with the right tool can make so much more food and how other countries should accept women and give them rights. Just like the video states women make up a majority of the world and countries need to take that advantage. Just like the video states women make up a majority of the world and countries need to take that advantage. Sooner or later the population will take over how much food we make, even with new technology we still might not make it fast enough or enough to support life on earth. The video states that we need to increase food production to 70% by 2050

 

 In my opinion, this video really does touch base with how women are treated today in modern society and how they can become a really big impact on our food production if only they had the access to the same resources as men do. Then maybe we might have a chance to reach the goal what we need to in 2050.

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Betwiste grenzen in Azië

Betwiste grenzen in Azië | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it

Tags: borders, political, conflict, infographic, map.


Via Seth Dixon
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Asie(s)'s curator insight, November 23, 2014 10:23 PM

A good overview on the matter!

Kevin Barker's curator insight, November 25, 2014 8:20 AM

A great primer for discussions over border disputes.  In this modern geopolitical climate, some of these claims can seem aggressive to say the least.  The strategies/responses can also be very interesting when military options are put aside.

Jake Red Dorman's curator insight, November 25, 2014 12:36 PM

I was looking at the disputes between the Paracel Islands, the Spratly Islands, and the Scarborough Shoal. What I notices with all oft he disputes, the land being fought over is all claimed by China but the land location itself is all closer to the country china is disputing it over. For the Paracel Islands, China and Vietnam are in dispute especially after China put 2 oil rigs by their land. The other dispute between the Spratly Islands, China and the Philippines each claim entire ownership of the lands but Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei all claim some part of the islands as well. For the Scarborough Shoal, it is a lot closer to the Philippines than it is to China but China claims it as their own since they discovered the land. Now china has restricted access to the island following a standoff.    

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25 jaar na val van de muur is Duitsland nog steeds een tweedeling

25 jaar na val van de muur is Duitsland nog steeds een tweedeling | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
Stunning satellite images and maps show how east and west differ from each other even today.

Via Seth Dixon
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Peter Phillips's curator insight, November 6, 2014 11:43 AM

50 years of communist rule still affect opportunities in Germany today, as these maps show. What they don't show is the social mirror that each provides to the other and the rich discussions about social policy that result. Reunification has been an expensive exercise for Germany, however one that it is committed to.

Jacob Conklin's curator insight, February 12, 2015 6:20 PM

The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, but its influence is still present in today's Germany. History plays a key role in the shaping of political boundaries and that history is clearly evident in Germany. The line where the Berlin wall once stood still divides the country economically. The western part of Germany is far more economically affluent than the east. The USSR may be gone, but its influence still remains. 

BrianCaldwell7's curator insight, April 5, 2016 8:14 AM

These two maps (unemployment on the left and disposable income on the right) are but two examples in this article that highlights the lingering distinctions between the two parts of Germany that were reunited 25 years ago.  The social geographies imposed by the Iron Curtain and the Berlin  Wall are still being felt from this relic border and will for years to come. 


Tags: Germany, industry, labor, economic, historical, political, borders.

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Ebola en de 'mental map' van Afrika.

Ebola en de 'mental map' van Afrika. | aardrijkskunde | Scoop.it
Despite the Ebola outbreak currently only affecting three countries that together make up less than 2% of the total area of Africa, the perception among some is that the entire continent of Africa is currently at risk.
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Containerisatie vormde Globalization

Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have massive impact across the world. Sir Harold Evans, the author of They Made America, describes how frustration drove...

 

 


Via Seth Dixon, Edelin Espino
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Michael Mazo's curator insight, December 10, 2014 7:48 PM

Globalization has connected the world in such a way that we hadn't thought possible. This idea has created rising economies all over the world and has made transport of goods and services move faster and continues to increase this rate with advances in technology. Containerization is a staple of globalization and without it, none of these products would be able to get from country to country. In essence it has developed the world of import and exports. To add to this success, globalization has also created jobs and communities which revolve heavily around the transport of goods. It saves time by using massive containers to move goods and it creates opportunities in places where it had not been possible before. 

Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 27, 2015 3:45 AM

I believe this video is very interesting. It tells us that everything we have today is thanks to globalization and the reason we have it so fast is because of shipping containers! In the video it told me that before my time it was impossible to get swordfish from Japan or cheeses from France, but now thanks to globalization it is all possible. Globalization is even behind the reason how our phones were made! 

BrianCaldwell7's curator insight, April 5, 2016 8:28 AM

The economies of scale that globalization depends on, relies on logistics and transportation networks that can handle this high-volume.  In a word, the container, as mundane as it may seem, facilitated the era within which we live today.  This is a very useful video.