Few would deny that London has changed tremendously since the turn of the century. Accounts of gentrification and “social cleansing” have built a story of London turning into a playground for the global elite, at the exclusion of...
"Pisa tests, an international standard for comparing education systems around the world, could include a new measurement of global skills in the next round of tests in 2018. The OECD, which runs the tests in maths, reading and science, is considering adding another test which would look at how well pupils can navigate an increasingly diverse world, with an awareness of different cultures and beliefs. The OECD's education director Andreas Schleicher explains why there is such a need for new rankings to show young people's competence in a world where globalisation is a powerful economic, political and cultural force.
Education leaders around the world are increasingly talking about the need to teach 'global competences' as a way of addressing the challenges of globalisation."
"Geography-related jobs—a sector that features high salaries and low unemployment—will grow rapidly over the next decade, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Employment of geographers is projected to grow by 29 percent from 2012 to 2022, compared with an anticipated 11 percent increase for all occupations. Employment of geoscientists is projected to rise 16 percent from 2012 to 2022, and a 14 percent increase is expected for surveying and mapping technicians. Yet, the American Geosciences Institute's 'Status of the Geoscience Workforce 2014' report predicts a shortage of around 135,000 geoscientists by the end of the decade. We are not preparing our young people to claim these jobs and advance innovative ways to use technology."
"Alles" wat er in de VS op economisch gebied gebeurt komt uiteindelijk wat later ook in ons land aan de orde. Iemand onderzoek naar gedaan? KNAG? GEONOVUM? Vervolgens ook publiceren lijkt mij.
Do you feel that the United States should make a greater commitment to geography education? You can learn how to make your voice heard in Congress through this campaign from the National Council for Geographic Education (NCGE).
"The study of geography is about more than just memorizing places on a map. It's about understanding the complexity of our world, appreciating the diversity of cultures that exists across continents. And in the end, it's about using all that knowledge to help bridge divides and bring people together."
While researching a book on ‘Why the Dutch are Different’, Ben Coates realised that an amazingly large number of the things which an outsider might think of as ‘typically Dutch’ could be explained at least in part by a single factor: water.
"When tourists visit sub-Saharan Africa, they often wonder 'Why there are no historical buildings or monuments?' The reason is simple. Europeans destroyed most of them. We only have a few drawings and descriptions by travelers who visited the places before their destruction. In some places, ruins are still visible. Many cities were abandoned when Europeans brought exotic diseases (smallpox and influenza) which started spreading and killing people. Most of those cities lie hidden. In fact the biggest part of Africa history is still under the ground."
Wat er nu door IS en andere extremisten (helaas) wordt gedaan is min of meer ook door Europa gedaan ten tijde van het kolonisatieproces. Vernietiging, maar ook uitroeien van de volken door ziekten heeft voor dit verdwijnen gezorgd. Er ligt nog wel heel veel onder de grond, overwoekerd door de natuur.
We learned last year that many of the effects of climate change are irreversible. Sea levels have been rising at a greater rate year after year, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates they could rise by another meter or more by the end of this century.
Perhaps the most fundamental water fact about California is that, historically, water was extremely scarce in the southern two-thirds of the state. The vast majority of precipitation occurs up north, mainly in the winter.
"Ships carry 11 billion tons of goods each year. This interactive map shows where they all go. About 11 billion tons of stuff gets carried around the world every year by large ships. Clothes, flat-screen TVs, grain, cars, oil — transporting these goods from port to port is what makes the global economy go 'round. And now there's a great way to visualize this entire process, through this stunning interactive map from the UCL Energy Institute."
As you can see, the biggest recipient by a long way is Israel (this is fiscal year 2014 data, but nothing's changing), and two other big ones are Egypt and Jordan, which both have aid packages that are tied up with their peace treaties with Israel. None of these are poor countries (indeed, Israel is downright rich), and the point of the money is to advance an American foreign policy agenda — not to help the poor. Pakistan and Afghanistan, which round out the top five, actually are pretty poor, but, again, the main American interest in them is clearly foreign policy rather than poverty.
Geographical literacy remains vital—particularly for those of us who live in (for the time being at least) the world’s preeminent military and economic superpower. Geography is necessary for understanding why :
1. the overthrow of a government in Libya contributed to an unprecedented surge of migrants into Europe,
2 why Ukraine has been split between East and West amid its conflict with Russia, and
3 why China’s neighbors are alarmed at the new islands under construction in the South China Sea.
4. And as we learned during last year’s Ebola panic, an understanding of African geography could have helped explain why an outbreak in West Africa should not lead to the quarantining of people from Kenya or Tanzania.
5. In the years to come, as the effects of climate change on everything from sea level rise to deforestation to drought quite literally reshape the world we live in, an understanding of geography will be necessary for mitigating and adapting to the consequences.
On July 31st India and Bangladesh will exchange 162 parcels of land, each of which happens to lie on the wrong side of the Indo-Bangladesh border. The end of these enclaves follows an agreement made between India and Bangladesh on June 6th. The territories along the world’s craziest border include the pièce de résistance of strange geography: the world’s only “counter-counter-enclave”: a patch of India surrounded by Bangladeshi territory, inside an Indian enclave within Bangladesh. How did the enclaves come into existence?The enclaves are invisible on most maps; most are invisible on the ground too. But they became an evident problem for their 50,000-odd inhabitants with the emergence of passport and visa controls. Independent India and Bangladesh—part of Pakistan until 1971—each refused to let the other administer its exclaves, leaving their people effectively stateless.According to Reece Jones, a political geographer, the plots were cut from larger territories by treaties signed in 1711 and 1713 between the maharaja of Cooch Behar and the Mughal emperor in Delhi, bringing to an end a series of minor wars.It was partition, the division of India and Pakistan, that turned the enclaves into a no-man’s-land. The Hindu maharaja of Cooch Behar chose to join India in 1949 and he brought with him the ex-Mughal, ex-British possessions he inherited. Enclaves on the other side of the new border were swallowed (but not digested) by East Pakistan, which later became Bangladesh.
Tags: borders, geopolitics, political, India, South Asia, Bangladesh.
Verontrustend nieuws uit Napels. Onder een buitenwijk van de miljoenenstad ligt een reusachtige magmakamer die aan het opzwellen is, zo meldt het Osservatorio Vesuviano in Napels. Dat kan duiden op een opbouwende druk die een weg naar buiten zoekt. De Italiaanse autoriteiten hebben het waarschuwingssignaal voor Napels daarom naar boven bijgesteld naar 'waakzaamheid'.
De Flegreïsche Velden zijn eigenlijk een supervulkaan van gigantische omvang. Onder het relatief rustige oppervlakte zit een enorme magmakamer die zich gedeeltelijk onder Napels uitstrekt. Het slechte nieuws is dat de bodem van de velden sinds enige tijd constant op en neer gaat, een teken dat de kamer vol en weer leeg stroomt. De laatste tijd vinden geologen bovendien veel forsteriet aan de oppervlakte, een mineraal dat ontsnapt als er veel gas ontsnapt. Vaak is dat een teken dat een vulkaan actief gaat worden.
De geologen hebben recent een 200 meter lange boorkop in de vulkaan gestoken. Die heeft gemeten dat de vloeibare magma een zuurgraad heeft bereikt die een explosieve uitbarsting mogelijk maakt. Dezelfde zure magma is in het binnenste van de Vesuvius gevonden, een teken dat de magmakamer wellicht met deze vulkaan in verbinding staat. Dat zou betekenen dat hij onder heel Napels doorloopt.
De geologen durven niet te voorspellen of en wanneer de Flegreïsche Velden uitbarsten. Wel weten ze dat een uitbarsting duizenden doden zal kosten. Zo'n 34.000 jaar geleden was er een massale uitbarsting die het klimaat op aarde decennia heeft beïnvloed. Zoiets zou nu weer kunnen gebeuren, maar dan in een van de dichtst bewoonde gebieden van zuid Europa.
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