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DISEASE: The Surprising Reason Some Teens Don’t Know Enough About Sex Ed

DISEASE: The Surprising Reason Some Teens Don’t Know Enough About Sex Ed | > Wellness | Scoop.it
STDs have reached epidemic levels in America. #projectliteracy
PeerSpring's insight:

Around the world, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major problem, with more than 1 million of them acquired every single day. New STD cases, including HIV/AIDS, are especially concentrated in areas with high levels of poverty and low levels of literacy, such as in sub-Saharan Africa, home to 71 percent of the world’s HIV cases as recently as 2013. Why are STD's reaching epidemic levels in America?

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PUBLIC SAFETY: Are we facing a global outbreak with the Zika virus?

PUBLIC SAFETY: Are we facing a global outbreak with the Zika virus? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Technology innovation, realistic policies are key to preventing the spread of Zika. Agencies must make sound travel warnings for women.
PeerSpring's insight:

Given the pace of Zika infections in South America, the World Health Organization predicts the Americas will suffer from a new health epidemic. After reading this article, what steps would you recommend communities take to prevent the outbreak? In your answer consider geography, climate, poverty and educational attainment. Public safety and emergency relief should also be considered in the framework of your solution.

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MENTAL HEALTH: Are there limits to empathy?

MENTAL HEALTH: Are there limits to empathy? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
It can be exhausting and impair judgment.
PeerSpring's insight:

Empathy has been described as a much needed skill in the 21st century. Without it, we don't connect with the needs of people around us or with our global counterparts. However this Harvard Business Review article suggests that empathy can erode ethics. Do you agree or disagree. Why? 

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MENTAL HEALTH: Will choosing to be grateful make you happier?

MENTAL HEALTH: Will choosing to be grateful make you happier? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
In concept, saying you’re grateful even if you’re not seems bourgeois and saccharine. But it’s actually a tool to a better end.
PeerSpring's insight:

Evidence suggests that we can actively choose to practice gratitude — and that doing so raises our happiness. Design a social-experiment with classmates that proves or disproves the theory of this article.  What were your findings?

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MENTAL HEALTH: Is Poverty As Much A Psychological State as an Economic Condition?

MENTAL HEALTH: Is Poverty As Much A Psychological State as an Economic Condition? | > Wellness | Scoop.it

Why does surviving abject poverty often supersede the need for psychological healing?

PeerSpring's insight:

The author of this article argues that the combination of untreated psychological trauma and poverty can create a perpetual cycle of “psychological poverty."  Do you agree or disagree that poverty is a psychological state, not just an economic condition.  Explain.

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BEAUTY & FITNESS: Would You #ChooseBeautiful?

BEAUTY & FITNESS: Would You  #ChooseBeautiful? | > Wellness | Scoop.it

One door reads "Beautiful" and the other "Average" -- which would you choose to walk through?

PeerSpring's insight:

Is feeling beautiful a choice? Dove interviewed 6,400 women between the ages of 16-and-64 in twenty countries to understand how they perceive beauty and themselves and captured this video of the results.  In their report, Dove said girl's "inner beauty critic" presents by age 14 and continues to erode her self-esteem as she ages. If positive role-models could help young girls cope with beauty pressures, as the research suggests, describe who these role models should be and what kind of a campaign might work? 

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DISEASE: Is A Male-Centric Vaccination Approach Needed To Combat HPV Cancers?

DISEASE: Is A Male-Centric Vaccination Approach Needed To Combat HPV Cancers? | > Wellness | Scoop.it

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease in the U.S. and worldwide, infecting just about all men and women at some point in their lives.  Although most people clear the virus naturally, persistent infections can lead to cancer.

PeerSpring's insight:

For 9 years now, a vaccination to protect against the most dangerous strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) has been on the market. But because HPV is most often associated with cervical cancer, only 35% of boys had received the vaccination. Thirty years ago, only 16% of oropharyngeal cancers (cancers affecting the back of the throat, tonsils, and back of the tongue) tested positive for HPV -- by 2005, that figure had skyrocketed to 73%! Is a shift in public policy and marketing of these vaccinations needed? How would you go about ensuring that men be better protected? 

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MENTAL HEALTH: 19 Numbers That Prove We Can Do More For Mental Health

MENTAL HEALTH: 19 Numbers That Prove We Can Do More For Mental Health | > Wellness | Scoop.it

Whether you're aware of it or not, chances are you know someone who has been personally affected by a mental health disorder.

PeerSpring's insight:

Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide and other mental health disorders are growing in numbers. Despite this fact, research shows there's still stigma surrounding these disorders. Propose a solution that would help mental health patients be treated with the same respect and quality of care enjoyed by physical health patients.  

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HEALTHCARE: Scientists Discover the First Protein That Can Edit Other Proteins

HEALTHCARE: Scientists Discover the First Protein That Can Edit Other Proteins | > Wellness | Scoop.it
A new graphic shows how that DNA isn't the only thing in charge of handing out code for proteins.
PeerSpring's insight:

People with disorders like Alzheimers and Huntingtons diseases have defective quality control processes for their proteins. Previously, it was assumed only DNA and mRNA could specify the ingredients (amino acids) that form a new protein. This new study has shown that one unique protein can deliver instructions to form and augment a new protein on its own, without the assistance of messenger RNA. Describe how Rqc2 could eventually lead to improved treatments for diseases?

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DISEASE: Why sleep is the key to success

DISEASE: Why sleep is the key to success | > Wellness | Scoop.it

New research from the University of Rochester provides the first direct evidence that when you sleep, your brain removes toxic proteins from its neurons that are by-products of neural activity when you’re awake. 

PeerSpring's insight:

Too many studies have shown that people who get enough sleep live longer, healthier lives, but that's not always motivation enough. In reading through the many negative side-effects that are the result of a lack of sleep, which motivates you the most to sleep more? What did you learn that you did not know before?

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NUTRITION: ‘Fast-forward Genetics’ Induces Mutations to Produce Higher-Yielding Crops

NUTRITION: ‘Fast-forward Genetics’ Induces Mutations to Produce Higher-Yielding Crops | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Using mutation breeding, biologists have spurred tomatoes to produce twice as much fruit.
PeerSpring's insight:

Mutation breeding consists of exposing seeds to DNA-altering chemicals to induce random changes in the plant’s genetic code. They are different from what people typically call 'genetically modified' in that they contain no artificially introduced foreign DNA. But there are some doubts about the utility of mutation breeding. For example, the process may lead to lost functionality. Further, the process is not regulated for food or environmental safety. Make an argument supporting or dismantling the practice of mutation breeding.

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BEAUTY & FITNESS: How Exercise Changes Your Brain To Be Better At Basically Everything

BEAUTY & FITNESS: How Exercise Changes Your Brain To Be Better At Basically Everything | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Recent studies have revealed more complex and nuanced ways in which exercise activates and affects the brain.
PeerSpring's insight:

We know exercise is good for cardiovascular health, but new research has also shown that a healthy heart has effects on your brain functioning as well--and exercise plays an important role in that connection. If there's a connection between muscle activity and brain health, should schools mandate a minimum of 20 minutes of exercise each day? Why / Why not?

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HEALTHCARE: Searching for Signs of Consciousness

HEALTHCARE: Searching for Signs of Consciousness | > Wellness | Scoop.it
unconscious, vegetative, unresponsive, EEG, MRI, graph theory, neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, computational neuroscience, coma
PeerSpring's insight:

A team led by scientists say they’ve identified brain signatures in a small cohort of seemingly unconscious and unaware patients that appear to be consistent with conscious thought. If these findings are correct, how might it affect the debate over euthanasia and physician assisted suicides?
 

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DISEASE: Should we kill off mosquitoes to stop the spread of disease?

Mosquitoes are more than just annoying; they're the deadliest creatures on Earth. Millions of people die each year from diseases spread by the pests. So if m...
PeerSpring's insight:

After watching this video, can you answer this question: If mosquitoes are such a danger to humans, how do we get rid of specific species that cause the spread of disease?

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MENTAL HEALTH: Can violence + neglect leave their mark on a child's brain?

MENTAL HEALTH: Can violence + neglect leave their mark on a child's brain? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Young people who are hurt themselves or made to watch others suffer in their formative years experience permanent damage to their brains that can have a devastating impact on their adult lives
PeerSpring's insight:

Violence and neglect scar the growing brain leading to all sorts of risky behavior, emotional dysfunction and personality changes. According to this article, "victims of violence are the most vulnerable before the age of two, when new neural pathways are formed, and then again in their teenage years when they learn complex analytical skills and begin to mature emotionally." Propose a solution that could prevent emotional damage within a particular community afflicted by violence.

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MENTAL HEALTH: Is 'equal opportunity' a cure to mental illness?

MENTAL HEALTH: Is 'equal opportunity' a cure to mental illness? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
A new study shows women with lower incomes than their male counterparts are more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety.
PeerSpring's insight:

The risk of women who make less money than men developing an anxiety disorder is more than four times higher and the risk of depression is 2.5 times higher, according to a new studyWhile this particular research is focused on women in the U.S.A., could the findings extend to other countries? Why / Why not? Explain.

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QUALITY OF CARE: How does early childhood shape your brain?

QUALITY OF CARE: How does early childhood shape your brain? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Your brain is shaped by your experiences in early childhood, write the authors.
PeerSpring's insight:

The first one thousand days of a person’s life is a window of opportunity for investments that will lead to health and productivity. The quality of nurturing environments, in particular, preschool experiences and the interactions with adults and peers during childhood, shapes cognitive and socio-emotional skills. Describe why is social inclusion important for socio-economic success? 

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DRUG ABUSE: This is how illegal drugs flow around the world

DRUG ABUSE: This is how illegal drugs flow around the world | > Wellness | Scoop.it
Paul Muggeridge looks at the latest World Drugs Report from the UN's Office on Drugs and Crime.
PeerSpring's insight:

According to a new report issued by the United Nations, the magnitude of the world drug problem becomes more apparent when considering that more than 1 out of 10 drug users is a problem drug user, suffering from drug use disorders or drug dependence. In other words, some 27 million people, or almost the entire population of a country the size of Malaysia, are problem drug users. Almost half (12.19 million) of those problem drug users inject drugs, and an estimated 1.65 million of those who inject drugs were living with HIV in 2013. Further, even though one out of three drug users is a woman, only one out of five drug users in treatment is a woman. Being that public perceptions about the rehabilitation of drug dependent persons tend to oversimplify the magnitude of drug dependence, what campaign or prevention program do you think would be the most effective?  Explain.

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PUBLIC SAFETY: Life After Death

PUBLIC SAFETY: Life After Death | > Wellness | Scoop.it

At least 21,000 people have been infected since the Ebola outbreak began in West Africa. Well over 8,500 people have died. Officials say these numbers underestimate the true toll. The number of family members and friends who have been affected by the disease is uncounted. The epidemic continues in other parts of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea.

PeerSpring's insight:

While the rest of the world is starting to forget about Ebola, the people from the village of Barkedu in Liberia can not. This particular village was one of the hardest hit by the disease, and the survivors are suffering -- not only because they have lost so many loved ones -- but because they are shunned by relatives and neighbors from nearby villages, leaving them hungry and traumatized. For this tight-knit community, the spread of the disease came fast, and this is partly because the villagers did not feel the disease was real. Although there were multiple health campaigns launched to educate even the most remote villages, the people of Barkedu did not respond to using entertainment for health education -- an effort backed by The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) which worked with local musicians to produce a song "Ebola is Real." What would have been a better health campaign to prevent the spread of Ebola for the Barkedu people? What do you think of the approach of using entertainment for health education?  

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HEALTHCARE: Why Would Anyone Oppose National Healthcare?

HEALTHCARE: Why Would Anyone Oppose National Healthcare? | > Wellness | Scoop.it
In my long nomadic life, I've been to both poles and most countries in between. I still remember when to be an American was to be envied. The country where I grew up after World War II seemed to be respected and admired around the world.
PeerSpring's insight:

Many countries have had some form of national healthcare since the 1930s, Germany since 1880. Some versions, as in France and Britain, have devolved into two-tier public and private systems. Yet even the privileged would not begrudge their fellow citizens government-funded comprehensive healthcare. The author of this op-ed lives in Norway. Generally speaking, the Nordic countries broadly agree that only when people's basic needs are met — when they cease to worry about jobs, education, healthcare, transportation, etc. — can they truly be free to do as they like. While the U.S. settles for the fantasy that every kid has an equal shot at the American dream, do you think Nordic social welfare systems better lay the foundations for a more authentic equality and individualism? Why / Why not?

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BEAUTY & FITNESS: A Plus-Sized Woman Asked Designers Around The World To Make Her 'Beautiful' Using Photoshop

BEAUTY & FITNESS: A Plus-Sized Woman Asked Designers Around The World To Make Her 'Beautiful' Using Photoshop | > Wellness | Scoop.it

"I was curious to see how editors around the world would 'fix' a photo of me, what with my having characteristics so often deemed as 'flaws' — like a double chin and a chubby face."

PeerSpring's insight:

Growing up in the Western world, Marie Ospina says she is very aware of how her size is seen as a negative. "Stereotypes include, but are not limited to: laziness, selfishness, stupidity, naiveté and even a lower socioeconomic class," she reportedly said.  That's why Marie was surprised when the images she received back from photoshop artists around the world did not make her look visibly thinner (with the exception of Ukraine, Mexico, and Latvia). In Iceland, three different artists refused to Photoshop her — citing reasons such as, “I don’t believe in re-touching a person’s natural beauty." Should their be guidelines as to how much a photoshop artist is allowed to alter a person's natural beauty? How influential are these artists, and media in general, in defining beauty stereotypes? 

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PeerSpring's comment, January 9, 2015 11:54 AM
Speculation on Justin Bieber leveraging photoshop in his new Calvin Klein ad: http://www.businessinsider.com/justin-bieber-calvin-klein-ad-photoshopped-2015-1
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MENTAL HEALTH: How should we measure wellbeing?

MENTAL HEALTH: How should we measure wellbeing? | > Wellness | Scoop.it

From the costs of crime, pollution, commuting and inequality to the value of education, volunteer work, leisure time and infrastructure, the GPI helps us understand the true impacts of our policies and will lead us on the path toward a genuinely sustainable economy.

PeerSpring's insight:

What if we defined success not by the money we spent and the goods we consumed but by the quality of life we create -- not only for ourselves but for everyone with whom we share the planet? What if we added up the positives of economic growth and subtracted from them the clear negatives, so we had a better picture of whether we were headed in the right direction?

How do you think well-being should be measured?

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MENTAL HEALTH: A Mouse Experiment Suggests How We Might One Day Sleep Off Toxic Memories

MENTAL HEALTH: A Mouse Experiment Suggests How We Might One Day Sleep Off Toxic Memories | > Wellness | Scoop.it

One area of brain science that has drawn intense interest in recent years is the study of what psychologists call reconsolidation—a ponderous technical term that, once translated, means giving yourself a second chance.

PeerSpring's insight:

Spatial memories are fundamental building blocks of any dream, whether in human or mouse. If the recording techniques could be further refined, researchers might be able to observe when a traumatic experience occurs in humans during dreaming. They could then deduce relevant place cells that fired at just that time. Finally, the medial forebrain bundle or another reward center could be stimulated to neutralize the fear associated with the initial stressful experience that produced the nightmare. What happens when a new artificial memory with positive valence is placed alongside an existing traumatic memory? Do good and bad recollections coexist side by side and what does that do to a rodent’s or a human's mental state?

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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH: Deaths Put Spotlight on India’s Sterilization ‘Camps’

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH: Deaths Put Spotlight on India’s Sterilization ‘Camps’ | > Wellness | Scoop.it
As 13 women have died in the past week after sterilization procedures, part of a government population-control campaign, health activists criticize the government’s focus on sterilization as a cornerstone of family planning.
PeerSpring's insight:

India’s government, seeking to curb population growth in the country of 1.2 billion, offers cash incentives to women, physicians and health workers participating in sterilization surgeries. Around 4.5 million women were sterilized in the year ended March 31, 2013. Less than one percent of the Indian male population chooses to undergo a sterilization procedure, while nearly four out of ten women choose sterilization — the highest percentage in the world, according to the World Health Organization. Are India’s reproductive health policies rooted in state-enforced discriminatory practices? Explain.

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HEALTHCARE: Right To Die

HEALTHCARE: Right To Die | > Wellness | Scoop.it

Brittany Maynard, who became the public face of the controversial right-to-die movement over the last few weeks, ended her own life .

PeerSpring's insight:

Oregon is one of three states with a Death with Dignity Act – which legally allows terminally ill patients to take a fatal dose of barbiturates, prescribed to by a doctor, when the suffering becomes too great.  Before she chose to take her life, Brittany Maynard asked her husband and her mother if they would carry on the work she started to get death with dignity passed in every state.  Do you agree? Should every state have a death by dignity act? Why / Why not?

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