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I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin. In it he argues, against most of his fellow computer scientists, that humans are not digital or biological computers and they are unlikely to be replaced by computers anytime soon. Lanier rejects what he calls “cybernetic totalism...
JOHN G. MESSERLY, 09/07/2104
Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.
Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:
1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.
2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.
3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.
4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.
5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.
And finally, the most dramatic:
6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.
Sure, Elon Musk wants to make science fiction reality by building a city on Mars. But when it comes to other sci-fi scenarios — namely, a robot apocalypse — the founder of Tesla andSpaceX is much less optimistic.
Musk revealed his fear of a robot uprising during an interview on CNBC on Tuesday while answering questions about his investment in an artificial intelligence research company called Vicarious.
Adario Strange, 19/06/2014
Décidément, il paraît que nous serons toujours les plus intelligents.
A programme that convinced humans that it was a 13-year-old boy has become the first computer ever to pass the Turing Test. The test — which requires that computers are indistinguishable from humans — is considered a landmark in the development of artificial intelligence, but academics have warned that the technology could be used for cybercrime.
ANDREW GRIFFIN, 08/06/2014
Les robots en passe d'imiter les humains : un programme passe pour la première fois le test de Turing en se faisant passer pour un adolescent de 13 ans auprès d'un tiers du jury de la Royal Society à Londres.
A group of researchers is exploring the possibility of programming robot brains to be more “neurotic” in order to help them make more human-like decisions. Discovery News reportedon one team’s findings which were presented this week at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation in Hong Kong.
David Ferguson, 07/06/2014
While it may be an interesting question whether the seasons are changing in artificial intelligence (AI), or to what extent the entertainment industry is herding pop culture, it may not have much to do with future reality. Given recent attention AI has received and the unique potential for misunderstanding, I thought a brief story from the trenches in the Land of Enchantment might shed some light.
MARK MONTGOMERY, KYIELD, 06/06/2014
Some futurists and science fiction writers predict that we're on the cusp of a world-changing "Technological Singularity." Skeptics say there will be no such thing. Today, I'll be debating author Ramez Naam about which side is right.
George Dvorsky and Ramez Naam, 04/06/2014
Débat entre George Dvorsky et Ramez Naam sur le concept de la singularité. Doit-on remplacer le terme par quelque chose de plus pragmatique et plus proche de ce que nous faisons aujourd'hui ?
Origami mediated chemistry, optical neuroimaging, wearable muscle memory, quantum dot photovoltaics, graphene fabrication, machine learning, neuromorphic robotics, better AFMs.
Mark Bruce, 01/06/2014
The differences between human intelligence (UI) and artificial intelligence (AI ) are related to their history. While the brain is born with the primary task of governing body and ensure its survival , in AI builds a brain without a body, and we consider only the rational aspects and abstract intelligence, neglecting the interaction with the environment. It follows that the UI is broad spectrum and can cope quite well and solve a very wide range of problems, while each AI program is set up to solve a specific problem.
N'en déplaise aux médias, les transhumanistes ne sont pas tous convaincus qu'il sera possible à court ou moyen terme de transférer une conscience biologique sur un support numérique. Au vu des techniques actuellement disponibles, “l’up-loading”, ou “téléchargement de la pensée”, relève plus de la spéculation que de la théorie scientifique.
Marc Roux, 28/05/2014
Les transhumanisme répondent à la chronique de Xavier De La Porte
When the internet controls the unlocking of our car or home, the consequences of lax security become much scarier.
Mark O'Neill, 27/05/2014
The Internet of Everything is coming at us like a huge wave - a wave of connectedness - that promises to change the way we interact with the world.
CHAD MORGAN, 27/05/2014
Rising consumer expectations for personalized and timely content is driving marketers to abandon traditional methodologies in favor of new data-driven approaches to providing tailored experiences. Artificial intelligence is emerging as an increasingly popular means of accomplishing that, with an entire array of vendors both big and small currently working to productize the technology for the enterprise.
Maria Deutscher, 26/05/2014
Cycorp, la société de Doug Lenat existe depuis 1984. Depuis près de trente ans l’équipe de Cycorp travaille secrètement sur une intelligence artificielle hors du commun, plus perfectionnée que Watson, Vital ou Siri, Cycorp vient d’annoncer que son logiciel est presque prêt pour une première démonstration mondiale.
John Stossel, 18/06/2014
Le 8 juin, les journaux du monde entier ont annoncé que le « Le test de Turing a été passé ». L'annonce est spectaculaire... mais excessive et malhonnête !
Jean-Paul Delahaye, 10/06/2014
So, this weekend's news in the tech world was flooded with a "story" about how a "chatbot" passed the Turing Test for "the first time," with lots of publications buying every point in the story andtalking about what a big deal it was. Except, almost everything about the story is bogus and a bunch of gullible reporters ran with it, because that's what they do.
Mike Masnick, 09/05/2014.
L'annonce du programme ayant passé le premier passé le test de Turing était était une vaste supercherie.
Is it a real thing or paranoia to think that 80 percent of IT administrators fear exposure through mobile devices? It's both a real thing and it requires a healthy dose of paranoia to appropriately fear the coming Internet of Things.
Ken Hess, 06/06/2014
Here’s a simple recipe for solving crazy-hard problems with machine intelligence. First, collect huge amounts of training data — probably more than anyone thought sensible or even possible a decade ago. Second, massage and preprocess that data so the key relationships it contains are easily accessible (the jargon here is “feature engineering”). Finally, feed the result into ludicrously high-performance, parallelized implementations of pretty standard machine-learning methods like logistic regression, deep neural networks, and k-means clustering (don’t worry if those names don’t mean anything to you — the point is that they’re widely available in high-quality open source packages).
Beau Cronin, 04/06/2014
Computer science experts recently undertook an exercise to imagine where scientific research, as regards the human-technology interaction aspect, might be in 25 years’ time.
Eliane HONG, 04/06/2014
The so-called Internet of Things (IoT) came to the British public's fullest attention earlier this month, following national media coverage about two household name retailers announcing their proposed £3.4 billion merger. Dixon's and Carphone Warehouse positioned their desire to marry consumer electrical goods, such as fridges and TVs, with smartphone devices, as part of their preparation for IoT. In so doing, they would appear to want their slice of the multi-billion treasure trove tech industry giants such as Cisco and GE have been forecasting in the next five years.
Jonas Jacobi, 29/05/2014
It’s not “Star Trek,” but the physicists say they can send quantum information from one electron to another 10 feet away with perfect accuracy.
JOHN MARKOFF, 29/05/2014
Des chercheurs ont réussi une téléportation quantique de données sur 3 mètres, contredisant ainsi Einstein qui ne croyait pas en "l'intrication quantique" (entanglement) et qui y voyait une "action surnaturelle à distance". Peut-être le futur du réseau internet ?
The second in a series of posts about the major myths of robotics, and the role of science fiction role in creating and spreading them. Previous and former topics, respectively: Robots are strong, the myth of robotic hyper-competence, and robots are evil, the myth of killer machines.
Erik Sofge, 28/05/2014
Digital personal assistants today can help you send messages, place phone calls, schedule meetings or find answers from the Internet.
But there’s evidence that all the major tech giants are investing heavily in artificial intelligence to try and make digital assistants do a whole lot more helpful.
Tricia Duryee, 27/05/2014
In the movie Her, an intelligent operating system called Samantha composes a piece of music to describe her romantic relationship with human companion, Theodore Twombly. It’s an improbably touching moment, simultaneously demonstrating Samantha’s superhuman abilities and her exquisitely tuned emotional IQ.
Jason Dorrier, 27/05/2014
Bientôt des robots compositeurs de musique ?