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Call: Special issue of Ethics and Information Technology (ETIN) on the Internet of Things (IoT)

The vision of the Internet of Things portrays a world where physical objects are connected to the Internet, through technologies such as radio frequency identification (RFID), sensors and smartphones. Internet-enabled objects can share sensor data with web services and applications. As the physical and virtual worlds begin to interact with one another, boundaries between these worlds begin to erode. Our interaction with computers moves away from the desktop and into the environment, and becomes increasingly intertwined with our everyday lives. As this happens, we lose the ability to examine the artifacts we interact with as computing technology. They become invisible and infrastructural.

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Web 3.0
Futures of the Web: semantic/symbiotic/ubiquitous web, internet/web of things, artificial intelligence, singularity, internet 3.0...
Curated by Pierre Tran
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Jaron Lanier on Transhumanism

Jaron Lanier on Transhumanism | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

I first encountered Jaron Lanier’s work when I taught his essay “One-Half of A Manifesto” to computer science students at the University of Texas at Austin. In it he argues, against most of his fellow computer scientists, that humans are not digital or biological computers and they are unlikely to be replaced by computers anytime soon. Lanier rejects what he calls “cybernetic totalism...

JOHN G. MESSERLY, 09/07/2104


Via Spaceweaver
Pierre Tran's insight:

Les transhumanistes sont bien obligés de reconnaître les dangers d'un "totalitarisme cybernétique" que brandit Jaron Lanier.

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luiy's curator insight, July 10, 5:30 AM

Here are the most important beliefs of cybernetic totalism:

 

1) That cybernetic patterns of information provide the ultimate and best way to understand reality.


2) That people are no more than cybernetic patterns.


3) That subjective experience either doesn’t exist, or is unimportant because it is some sort of ambient or peripheral effect.


4) That what Darwin described in biology, or something like it, is in fact also the singular, superior description of all creativity and culture.


5) That qualitative as well as quantitative aspects of information systems will be accelerated by Moore’s Law.

 

And finally, the most dramatic:

6) That biology and physics will merge with computer science (becoming biotechnology and nanotechnology), resulting in life and the physical universe becoming mercurial; achieving the supposed nature of computer software. Furthermore, all of this will happen very soon! Since computers are improving so quickly, they will overwhelm all the other cybernetic processes, like people, and will fundamentally change the nature of what’s going on in the familiar neighborhood of Earth at some moment when a new “criticality”is achieved- maybe in about the year 2020. To be a human after that moment will be either impossible or something very different than we now can know.

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Google Says Fully Reasoning AI Is Inevitable

Google Says Fully Reasoning AI Is Inevitable | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

A recent discussion with top Google executives reveals that a fully reasoning AI is inevitable in the future.

Viral Global News Reader, 07/07/2014

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Le plus grand projet d’A.I. tenu secret depuis 30 ans va sortir de son silence

Le plus grand projet d’A.I. tenu secret depuis 30 ans va sortir de son silence | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it
Cycorp, la société de Doug Lenat existe depuis 1984. Depuis près de trente ans l’équipe de Cycorp travaille secrètement sur une intelligence artificielle hors du commun, plus perfectionnée que Watson, Vital ou Siri, Cycorp vient d’annoncer que son logiciel est presque prêt pour une première démonstration mondiale.

06/07/2014

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The Internet’s fourth wave

The Internet’s fourth wave | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

It’s hard to set milestones on the Internet but if one were to do so you could make an argument that we are entering into our fourth wave.

Guy Wright, 19/06/2014

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L'intelligence artificielle et le test de Turing

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Loeïza Renaut's curator insight, June 10, 9:57 AM

Décidément, il paraît que nous serons toujours les plus intelligents.

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Computer becomes first to pass Turing Test in artificial intelligence milestone, but academics warn of dangerous future

Computer becomes first to pass Turing Test in artificial intelligence milestone, but academics warn of dangerous future | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

A programme that convinced humans that it was a 13-year-old boy has become the first computer ever to pass the Turing Test. The test — which requires that computers are indistinguishable from humans — is considered a landmark in the development of artificial intelligence, but academics have warned that the technology could be used for cybercrime.

ANDREW GRIFFIN, 08/06/2014

Pierre Tran's insight:

Les robots en passe d'imiter les humains : un programme passe pour la première fois le test de Turing en se faisant passer pour un adolescent de 13 ans auprès d'un tiers du jury de la Royal Society à Londres. 

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Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions

Scientists building ‘neurotic’ robots to help them make smarter, more human decisions | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

A group of researchers is exploring the possibility of programming robot brains to be more “neurotic” in order to help them make more human-like decisions. Discovery News reportedon one team’s findings which were presented this week at the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation in Hong Kong.

David Ferguson, 07/06/2014

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Fear of Artificial Intelligence vs. the Ethics and Art of Creative Destruction

Fear of Artificial Intelligence vs. the Ethics and Art of Creative Destruction | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

While it may be an interesting question whether the seasons are changing in artificial intelligence (AI), or to what extent the entertainment industry is herding pop culture, it may not have much to do with future reality. Given recent attention AI has received and the unique potential for misunderstanding, I thought a brief story from the trenches in the Land of Enchantment might shed some light.

MARK MONTGOMERY, KYIELD, 06/06/2014

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Is It Time to Give Up on the Singularity?

Is It Time to Give Up on the Singularity? | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Some futurists and science fiction writers predict that we're on the cusp of a world-changing "Technological Singularity." Skeptics say there will be no such thing. Today, I'll be debating author Ramez Naam about which side is right.

George Dvorsky and Ramez Naam, 04/06/2014


Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
Pierre Tran's insight:

Débat entre George Dvorsky et Ramez Naam sur le concept de la singularité. Doit-on remplacer le terme par quelque chose de plus pragmatique et plus proche de ce que nous faisons aujourd'hui ?

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SciTech Digest, 22/14

SciTech Digest, 22/14 | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Origami mediated chemistry, optical neuroimaging, wearable muscle memory, quantum dot photovoltaics, graphene fabrication, machine learning, neuromorphic robotics, better AFMs.

Mark Bruce, 01/06/2014

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The differences between human intelligence (UI) and artificial intelligence (AI)

The differences between human intelligence (UI) and artificial intelligence (AI) | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

The differences between human intelligence (UI) and artificial intelligence (AI ) are related to their history. While the brain is born with the primary task of governing body and ensure its survival , in AI builds a brain without a body, and we consider only the rational aspects and abstract intelligence, neglecting the interaction with the environment. It follows that the UI is broad spectrum and can cope quite well and solve a very wide range of problems, while each AI program is set up to solve a specific problem.

lazi04, 31/05/2014

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« Téléchargement de la pensée » : tous les transhumanistes n’y croient pas

« Téléchargement de la pensée » : tous les transhumanistes n’y croient pas | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

N'en déplaise aux médias, les transhumanistes ne sont pas tous convaincus qu'il sera possible à court ou moyen terme de transférer une conscience biologique sur un support numérique. Au vu des techniques actuellement disponibles, “l’up-loading”, ou “téléchargement de la pensée”, relève plus de la spéculation que de la théorie scientifique.

Marc Roux, 28/05/2014

Pierre Tran's insight:

Les transhumanisme répondent à la chronique de Xavier De La Porte

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Information security is even more vital for the internet of things era

Information security is even more vital for the internet of things era | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

When the internet controls the unlocking of our car or home, the consequences of lax security become much scarier.

Mark O'Neill, 27/05/2014

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Collaborative learning for robots

Collaborative learning for robots | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it
New algorithm lets independent agents collectively produce a machine-learning model without aggregating data.

Researchers from MIT’s Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems have developed an algorithm in which distributed agents — such as robots exploring a building — collect data and analyze it independently. Pairs of agents, such as robots passing each other in the hall, then exchange analyses.

07/07/2014

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Internet dans 100 ans

Internet dans 100 ans | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it
Internet est devenu le média de référence du XXIème siècle . A quoi ressemblera Internet dans un futur proche , 20 ans , 100 ans ?
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Anna's curator insight, July 17, 8:13 AM

Хм! Это интересно!

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Elon Musk: We Should Fear a 'Terminator' Future

Elon Musk: We Should Fear a 'Terminator' Future | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Sure, Elon Musk wants to make science fiction reality by building a city on Mars. But when it comes to other sci-fi scenarios — namely, a robot apocalypse — the founder of Tesla andSpaceX is much less optimistic.

Musk revealed his fear of a robot uprising during an interview on CNBC on Tuesday while answering questions about his investment in an artificial intelligence research company called Vicarious.

Adario Strange, 19/06/2014

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Artificial Intelligence Needs Limits

Ray Kurzweil — inventor of things like machines that turn text into speech — has popularized the idea that we are rapidly approaching "the singularity," the point at which machines not only think for themselves but develop intellectually faster than we do. At that point, maybe we no longer talk about "human history." It will be "machine progress," with us along for the ride — if machines keep us around. Maybe they'll keep us in a zoo, like we do with our monkey ancestors. Scientists and ethicists are beginning to wrestle with the question of how to make sure artificial intelligence, when it arrives, is nice to us.

John Stossel, 18/06/2014

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Non, le test de Turing n'est pas passé !

Non, le test de Turing n'est pas passé ! | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it
Le 8 juin, les journaux du monde entier ont annoncé que le « Le test de Turing a été passé ». L'annonce est spectaculaire... mais excessive et malhonnête ! 

Jean-Paul Delahaye, 10/06/2014

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No, A 'Supercomputer' Did NOT Pass The Turing Test For The First Time And Everyone Should Know Better

No, A 'Supercomputer' Did NOT Pass The Turing Test For The First Time And Everyone Should Know Better | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

So, this weekend's news in the tech world was flooded with a "story" about how a "chatbot" passed the Turing Test for "the first time," with lots of publications buying every point in the story andtalking about what a big deal it was. Except, almost everything about the story is bogus and a bunch of gullible reporters ran with it, because that's what they do.

Mike Masnick, 09/05/2014.

Pierre Tran's insight:

L'annonce du programme ayant passé le premier passé le test de Turing était était une vaste supercherie. 

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Fear, uncertainty, and doubt in the Internet of Things

Fear, uncertainty, and doubt in the Internet of Things | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Is it a real thing or paranoia to think that 80 percent of IT administrators fear exposure through mobile devices? It's both a real thing and it requires a healthy dose of paranoia to appropriately fear the coming Internet of Things.

Ken Hess, 06/06/2014

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Untapped opportunities in AI

Untapped opportunities in AI | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Here’s a simple recipe for solving crazy-hard problems with machine intelligence. First, collect huge amounts of training data — probably more than anyone thought sensible or even possible a decade ago. Second, massage and preprocess that data so the key relationships it contains are easily accessible (the jargon here is “feature engineering”). Finally, feed the result into ludicrously high-performance, parallelized implementations of pretty standard machine-learning methods like logistic regression, deep neural networks, and k-means clustering (don’t worry if those names don’t mean anything to you — the point is that they’re widely available in high-quality open source packages).

Beau Cronin, 04/06/2014

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What Will Human-Computer Interaction Look Like in 2039?

What Will Human-Computer Interaction Look Like in 2039? | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

Computer science experts recently undertook an exercise to imagine where scientific research, as regards the human-technology interaction aspect, might be in 25 years’ time.

Eliane HONG, 04/06/2014

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The Internet of Things brings the future of the web as we know it into question

The Internet of Things brings the future of the web as we know it into question | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

The so-called Internet of Things (IoT) came to the British public's fullest attention earlier this month, following national media coverage about two household name retailers announcing their proposed £3.4 billion merger. Dixon's and Carphone Warehouse positioned their desire to marry consumer electrical goods, such as fridges and TVs, with smartphone devices, as part of their preparation for IoT. In so doing, they would appear to want their slice of the multi-billion treasure trove tech industry giants such as Cisco and GE have been forecasting in the next five years.

Jonas Jacobi, 29/05/2014

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Scientists Report Finding Reliable Way to Teleport Data

Scientists Report Finding Reliable Way to Teleport Data | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

It’s not “Star Trek,” but the physicists say they can send quantum information from one electron to another 10 feet away with perfect accuracy.

JOHN MARKOFF, 29/05/2014

Pierre Tran's insight:

Des chercheurs ont réussi une téléportation quantique de données sur 3 mètres, contredisant ainsi Einstein qui ne croyait pas en "l'intrication quantique" (entanglement) et qui y voyait une "action surnaturelle à distance". Peut-être le futur du réseau internet ?

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The End Is A.I.: The Singularity Is Sci-Fi's Faith-Based Initiative

The End Is A.I.: The Singularity Is Sci-Fi's Faith-Based Initiative | Web 3.0 | Scoop.it

The second in a series of posts about the major myths of robotics, and the role of science fiction role in creating and spreading them. Previous and former topics, respectively: Robots are strong, the myth of robotic hyper-competence, and robots are evil, the myth of killer machines.

Erik Sofge, 28/05/2014

         

Via Jean-Philippe BOCQUENET
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