Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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Uber assembles advisory board of international power brokers

Uber assembles advisory board of international power brokers | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Taxi app company Uber recruits board of influential people as it faces lawsuits, opposition, allegations of foul play and bans in some cities
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Leaked: Uber's Financials Show Huge Growth, Even Bigger Losses - Forbes

Leaked: Uber's Financials Show Huge Growth, Even Bigger Losses - Forbes | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
It's no surprise that Uber is growing, or that it's losing money. What's surprising is the magnitude of both.
BeerBergman's insight:
Basically, huge financial flows...
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Video: Uber Drivers Stage 'Honk-In' Protest Over Wages In Front Of Uber HQ

Video: Uber Drivers Stage 'Honk-In' Protest Over Wages In Front Of Uber HQ | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Drivers are protesting yet another fare decrease.
BeerBergman's insight:

Where today's drivers ressemble yesteryears' drivers. Time will probably settle some things right.

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French Startup Launches An 'Uber' For People Who Use Wheelchairs

For individuals in wheelchairs, getting around can be a challenge -- particularly when it comes to finding accessible rental cars, taxis or public transportation.
A Paris-based startup is attempting to fix that.
BeerBergman's insight:

"For individuals in wheelchairs, getting around can be a challenge -- particularly when it comes to finding accessible rental cars, taxis or public transportation.

A Paris-based startup is attempting to fix that. Launched last year, Wheeliz is an Uber-like service that connects the owners of wheelchair-accessible vehicles with individuals who would like to rent them. 

According to a story published Sunday by Mashable, Wheeliz CEO Charlotte de Vilmorin was inspired to launch the company when she discovered how expensive a wheelchair-accessible rental car would be during a trip to Florida and was frustrated by her lack of alternative options. 

Through Wheeliz, car owners can list their vehicles as available for rent within a recommended price range of 50-60 euros (about $56-$66) per day, Mashable reports."

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What Makes Uber Run

What Makes Uber Run | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
About that last point there is little room for debate. In five years, Uber, which dispatches low-cost taxis and limousines operated by independent drivers, is likely the fastest-growing startup in history. It has more than 1 million active ­drivers—meaning they did at least one trip in the past week—operating in 330 cities (as of mid-August) and a valuation of $51 billion, which is roughly equivalent to the market capitalization of General Motors. It is a global phenomenon that is redesigning urbanites’ relationship with the world around them, transforming their smartphones into control pads for their harried lives. Uber—the first company since Google with a service so popular that its name is in regular use as both a noun and a verb—has spawned an entire category of business known as the one-tap economy: Millions of people now routinely open an app to enlist a distributed workforce to deliver groceries, hot meals, and their clean laundry on demand.

But no other one-tap-economy company has changed society like Uber has. The availability of cheap and reliable transportation has helped spur a real estate surge in San Francisco and a nightlife boom in downtown Los Angeles while also (at least according to some studies) reducing drunk driving.
BeerBergman's insight:

Interesting article about innovation and technology, about long-term and short-term insights, raising questions about the nature of work and associated rights. But meanwhile, "New engineers hired each week, in pursuit of his goal of hiring 1,000 in 2015" : when UberPool and automated cars will reduce the number of chauffeurs (right now the reverse is the case!), the numbers of the specialized workforce might be the real interesting part of companies like Uber.

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To grow in emerging markets, Uber goes low-tech

Almost 90% of monetary transactions in the country, according to India’s central bank, are conducted via cash. In 2014, only about 3% of the country’s monetary transactions took place through electronic mode. That stands in stark contrast to economies like the US—a major market for Uber—where non-cash payments account for more than 70% of transactions.
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The Sharing Economy Isn’t About Sharing at All

The Sharing Economy Isn’t About Sharing at All | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
It’s about access and convenience, not community.
BeerBergman's insight:

"It is important to highlight the benefits that access provides in contrast to the disadvantages of ownership and sharing. These consist of convenient and cost-effective access to valued resources, flexibility, and freedom from the financial, social, and emotional obligations embedded in ownership and sharing."

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Uber executive stirs up privacy controversy

Uber executive stirs up privacy controversy | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
“We have never in history been at a point where we were more extortable,” said Chris Hoofnagle, a law professor at the University of California at Berkeley who specializes in online privacy. “We have to think about how the service provider itself can be a threat.”
BeerBergman's insight:

Still going (str)on(g)

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Taxis-VTC : les nouvelles règles du jeu

Certes, les VTC vont devoir composer avec de nouvelles contraintes. Les véhicules disponibles ne pourront, par exemple, pas être géolocalisés par le biais d’une application sur smartphone, alors que cela devrait bientôt être le cas pour les taxis. En outre, les chauffeurs relèveront du code des transports, et non plus de celui du tourisme, ce qui les contraindra, pour démarrer, à justifier comme les taxis d’une capacité financière de 1.500 euros par véhicule. De quoi amener Yves Wesselberger, cofondateur de Snapcar, à parler d’une « mauvaise loi, qui introduit des freins artificiels à l’activité. »
BeerBergman's insight:

Affaire à suivre...

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"Certes, les VTC vont devoir composer avec de nouvelles contraintes. Les véhicules disponibles ne pourront, par exemple, pas être géolocalisés par le biais d’une application sur smartphone, alors que cela devrait bientôt être le cas pour les taxis. En outre, les chauffeurs relèveront du code des transports, et non plus de celui du tourisme, ce qui les contraindra, pour démarrer, à justifier comme les taxis d’une capacité financière de 1.500 euros par véhicule. De quoi amener Yves Wesselberger, cofondateur de Snapcar, à parler d’une « mauvaise loi, qui introduit des freins artificiels à l’activité. »

En savoir plus sur http://www.lesechos.fr/industrie-services/tourisme-transport/0203786280178-la-nouvelle-loi-ne-bridera-pas-le-developpement-des-vtc-face-aux-taxis-1044249.php?9mgPCPfq05aLC4ei.99"

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Uber Drivers Forum

Uber Drivers Forum | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Uber Drivers Forum - UberPeople.NET
BeerBergman's insight:

To see what producers for uber think about #uber :-)

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Waarom een verbod op Uber belachelijk is  

Waarom een verbod op Uber belachelijk is    | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Goed nieuws voor de traditionele Duitse taxichauffeur. Door het verbod op taxi-dienst UberPop, dat dinsdag per direct werd ingesteld door de Duitse rechtbank, zullen hij en z’n collega’s vandaag weer fluitend in hun wagen stappen. Maar de Duitse rechter zou …
BeerBergman's insight:

Het lijkt wel alsof in de discussie tussen de voor- en tegenstanders van Uber en andere, overeenkomstige platforms voor diensten er alleen maar zwart of wit bestaat. Meer regelgeving versus geen regelgeving. Daarom is de uitspraak van Neelie Smit-Kroes wel prettig om te lezen: "Dat is in ieder geval wel hoe Eurocommissaris Neelie Kroes er over denkt: “Dit gaat niet om het beschermen of helpen van passagiers, maar om de bescherming van een taxikartel”, schreef ze in april, nadat Uber al in Berlijn en België verboden werd, op de website van de Europese Commissie. En, zo voegde ze daaraan toe: “Niemand zegt dat de chauffeurs van Uber geen belasting zouden hoeven betalen, zich niet aan regels hoeven te houden, of hun klanten niet moeten beschermen. Maar door Uber te verbannen krijgen ze niet eens de kans om het goede te doen.”"

Citaat.

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"Innovatie, en daarmee dus ook disruptieve innovatie, is iets van alle tijden. Dat ziet ook Jill Lapore, professor Amerikaanse geschiedenis aan Harvard, die dit voorjaar met haar essay in de New Yorker antwoord gaf op het werk van Christensen (overigens is ze het over het algemeen niet met hem eens). “Elk tijdperk kent theorieën over stijgen en dalen, over groei en krimp, over bloeien en verwelken: het is een natuurlijk proces.”

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Volgens Lapore werd vanaf de achttiende eeuw het idee van vooruitgang omarmd, begon men vanaf de negentiende eeuw te spreken over evolutie en ging het in de twintigste eeuw over groei en innovatie. En nu, in de 21ste eeuw, lijkt de angst toe te slaan, en maken we ons vooral zorgen om het verval dat optreedt als gevolg van die innovatie. En dat is zonde."

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German court orders Uber to suspend services across the country

German court orders Uber to suspend services across the country | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
It’s not the first ban Uber’s faced in Germany, but it is the first country-wide ban and the stakes are much higher this time — up to €250,000 per infraction, plus possible jail time.
BeerBergman's insight:

Je vais essayer de reprendre l'écriture (#procrastination #procrastination) mais voici une dernière, le scoop de la journée. #digiwar

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Uber’s Biggest Danger Is Its Business Model, Not Bad PR | Business | WIRED

Uber’s Biggest Danger Is Its Business Model, Not Bad PR | Business | WIRED | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The real peril to Uber isn't bad PR. It's what the costs of recruiting drivers, both in terms of money and a blemished brand, says about Uber's business model compared to those of traditional software companies. More drivers don't equal more value added. They simply equal staying alive.
BeerBergman's insight:

Is Uber's model sustainable enough to endure? Not sure. Excerpts. And don't forget to read the comments on this article :-).

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"But the real peril to Uber isn’t bad PR. It’s the costs of recruiting drivers and what that says about Uber’s business model compared to those of traditional software companies. More drivers don’t equal more value added. They simply equal staying alive.

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"In the brief history of online businesses, competitive advantage typically has been gained by virtualizing away the costs of the physical, or lost by failing to shed that real-world weight. Amazon used the web to eliminate the overhead of brick-and-mortar retail stores. Newspapers were weighed down by the costs of paper and ink. But Uber isn’t really using tech to make something that was once physical virtual. It’s simply taking an existing service—hailing and dispatching rides—and making it better by leveraging mobile tech to make it more efficient. The need for a physical operation on the ground doesn’t shrink."

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How Uber conquered London | Sam Knight

How Uber conquered London | Sam Knight | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The Long Read: To understand how the $60bn company is taking over the world, you need to stop thinking about cars
BeerBergman's insight:
Interesting but long read of a complex situation.
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Taxis, l'avenir en 3D - durable, digital et darwinien

Taxis, l'avenir en 3D - durable, digital et darwinien | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
KissKissBankBank est leader Européen du crowdfunding dédié à la création et l’innovation internationale.
BeerBergman's insight:

Présentation du livre à financement collaboratif (KissKissBankBank - il y a deux ans).

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Un syndicat de VTC Uber créé à Paris - Business - Numerama

Un syndicat de VTC Uber créé à Paris - Business - Numerama | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Inquiets par leur dépendance à la plateforme américaine et par les réductions tarifaires qui leur sont imposées, des chauffeurs de VTC à Paris ont décidé de créer le Syndicat des exploitants de transport des personnes et VTC.
BeerBergman's insight:

Quand un marché arrive à maturité, ou au moins évolue du startup à une industrie plus mature...

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This Is How Bad the Sharing Economy Is for Workers

This Is How Bad the Sharing Economy Is for Workers | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Silicon Valley entrepreneurs keep telling us their way of doing business will “change the world.” And in many ways it already has, but it’s changed your world differently than it’s changed theirs.


The “sharing” or “gig” economy—think Airbnb, Uber, and Taskrabbit—has made massive fortunes reducing labor to disassembled microtasks; unfortunately, it’s shrunk workers’ rights too. But as our jobs are redefined by labor-brokering platforms, some advocates are trying to redefine labor rights for a digital economy.
BeerBergman's insight:

NELP (National Employment Law Project) and alike laws will probably be voted in the years to come, since emancipation is part of the flexible workers culture.

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Airbnb and Uber’s sharing economy is one route to dotcommunism

Airbnb and Uber’s sharing economy is one route to dotcommunism | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Peer-to-peer platforms have changed the game. Make them cheap or free, and it would be way of reinventing the economy to deliver participation and choice alongside social justice
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Et maintenant, vers l'ubérisation de l'Etat lui-même ?

Et maintenant, vers l'ubérisation de l'Etat lui-même ? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
La conséquence la plus positive du phénomène d'ubérisation est une remarquable élévation du niveau de qualité du service - pensons aux taxis qui n'ont jamais fait autant d'efforts pour se moderniser. En matière politique, un peu plus de concurrence pourrait sans doute être profitable, suscitant une saine amélioration du « service » fourni pas nos représentants. Prenons donc ce sérieux défi lancé à l'action publique telle que nous la connaissons comme une opportunité d'en améliorer l'efficacité.
BeerBergman's insight:

Même si je ne suis pas d'accord (ou plus précisément, si j'ai des interrogations quant à la première partie de cet article) avec tout ce qu'il écrit ici (genre, la juxtaposition de "assurances, santé, retraite, éducation, sécurité" comme suggérer que ce sont tous des domaines où l'état devrait intervenir pour en décider les normes - et à côté, une vision franco-française vs vision américaine, là où il y a d'autres modèles qui pourraient inspirer la France par exemple, mais bref...), je trouve que cet article a sa place sur mon Scoop.it. Voilà, à lire.



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Co-voiturage : pourquoi l’État tient tant à savoir qui vous faites voyager et à quel prix | Contrepoints

Co-voiturage : pourquoi l’État tient tant à savoir qui vous faites voyager et à quel prix | Contrepoints | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Le fond de l’affaire, pour le dire de manière abrupte, c’est la volonté de l’État de taxer. S’il souhaite réguler, c’est pour mieux prélever. Or, chacun comprend qu’il est difficile de fiscaliser une transaction entre deux particuliers, pour des montants limités. Le plus simple pour la puissance publique est donc d’interdire cette activité et de créer ainsi un statut légal spécifique dont les bénéficiaires sont connus de l’administration. La protection des consommateurs n’est pas vraiment en cause : il serait possible d’imaginer qu’elle soit garantie sans interdiction générale et absolue.

En protégeant certains modes d’exercice (sommairement : les taxis) et en interdisant d’autres (le co-voiturage rémunéré), le régulateur entretient des rentes. Il garantit à certains ce qu’il refuse à d’autres : le droit de travailler. Ce faisant, il limite la concurrence et assure à un groupe des revenus qui devraient être distribués entre des acteurs plus nombreux.
BeerBergman's insight:

Il est clair que la relation au travail a subi de grandes métamorphoses et que les excès libertaires devraient mener à des réflexions sérieuses. Mais on peut penser également que l'excès étatiste ne peut que générer des excès libertaires. (Qu'est-ce que l'excès, d'ailleurs ?)

Mais à l'heure actuelle on soupçonne un état qui ne reconnaît pas les vraies raisons des changements et évolutions et qui n'agît que sur la forme. Au risque de favoriser les lobbies et de générer encore plus d'incompréhension de la part des citoyens, en leur refusant une autonomie qui semble de plus en plus nécessaire à la survie. Ca me rappelle le titre du livre de Pierre Clastres "La société contre l'état" - on y est déjà ?

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Uber Scandal Highlights Silicon Valley’s Grown-Up Problem

Uber Scandal Highlights Silicon Valley’s Grown-Up Problem | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
But there is a bigger story here that goes far beyond Uber: With the power that comes from being a big, important company comes great responsibility. And the culture of technology start-ups sometimes has trouble recognizing that.

In other words, the very values at the core of start-up culture — the move fast, break things, us-against-the-world spirit of experimentation — are inconsistent with the kinds of responsibilities that come with being an economically important company that touches millions of customers.
BeerBergman's insight:

"It’s great to have employees exhibit “fierceness” and “super-pumpedness,” two qualities on which Uber reportedly evaluates its workers. But the bigger you get, the more you also need qualities like discipline and wisdom."

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Kamer: regels aanpassen voor Uber en Airbnb

Kamer: regels aanpassen voor Uber en Airbnb | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
De overheid moet de bestaande regels aanpassen of nieuwe regels introduceren om deeleconomiebedrijven als Uber en Airbnb een kans te geven op de ...
BeerBergman's insight:

Ander land, andere gewoonten. 

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"Dat is grof geschetst de wijze waarop politiek Den Haag het fenomeen deeleconomie ziet. Het verbieden van bijvoorbeeld Uber en Airbnb is niet aan de orde. 'Integendeel, ze zijn nodig om de gevestigde verhoudingen op te schudden', zegt D66-Kamerlid Kees Verhoeven. 'Oude spelers krijgen er nieuwe concurrenten bij, dus de consument heeft meer keuze.'
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Maar, verwoordt Verhoeven het Kamerbrede gevoel, die nieuwe aanbieders moeten zich wel aan de regels houden.
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En als die er niet zijn, omdat het wetboek nog niet is ingericht op een digitale deelsamenleving, dan moeten er nieuwe regels komen."

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The Disruption Machine - The New Yorker

The Disruption Machine - The New Yorker | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
In the last years of the nineteen-eighties, I worked not at startups but at what might be called finish-downs. Tech companies that were dying would hire temps—college students and new graduates—to do what little was left of the work of the employees they’d laid off. This was in Cambridge, near M.I.T. I’d type users’ manuals, save them onto 5.25-inch floppy disks, and send them to a line printer that yammered like a set of prank-shop chatter teeth, but, by the time the last perforated page coiled out of it, the equipment whose functions those manuals explained had been discontinued. We’d work a month here, a week there. There wasn’t much to do. Mainly, we sat at our desks and wrote wishy-washy poems on keyboards manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation, left one another sly messages on pink While You Were Out sticky notes, swapped paperback novels—Kurt Vonnegut, Margaret Atwood, Gabriel García Márquez, that kind of thing—and, during lunch hour, had assignations in empty, unlocked offices. At Polaroid, I once found a Bantam Books edition of “Steppenwolf” in a clogged sink in an employees’ bathroom, floating like a raft. “In his heart he was not a man, but a wolf of the steppes,” it said on the bloated cover. The rest was unreadable.
BeerBergman's insight:

In the Airnb / Uber disruption debate, this article has its just place. Excerpt.

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"Ever since “The Innovator’s Dilemma,” everyone is either disrupting or being disrupted. There are disruption consultants, disruption conferences, and disruption seminars. This fall, the University of Southern California is opening a new program: “The degree is in disruption,” the university announced. “Disrupt or be disrupted,” the venture capitalist Josh Linkner warns in a new book, “The Road to Reinvention,” in which he argues that “fickle consumer trends, friction-free markets, and political unrest,” along with “dizzying speed, exponential complexity, and mind-numbing technology advances,” mean that the time has come to panic as you’ve never panicked before. Larry Downes and Paul Nunes, who blog for Forbes, insist that we have entered a new and even scarier stage: “big bang disruption.” “This isn’t disruptive innovation,” they warn. “It’s devastating innovation.”

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In the Sharing Economy, Workers Find Both Freedom and Uncertainty

In the Sharing Economy, Workers Find Both Freedom and Uncertainty | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Workers are their own bosses in the so-called sharing economy, but that flexibility also brings much uncertainty — and few of the protections of full-time work.
BeerBergman's insight:

More of the same stuff, but worth a reading. Excerpt.

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"Technology has made online marketplaces possible, creating new opportunities to monetize labor and goods. But some economists say the short-term gig services may erode work compensation in the long term. Mr. Baker, of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, argues that online labor marketplaces are able to drive down costs for consumers by having it both ways: behaving as de facto employers without shouldering the actual cost burdens or liabilities of employing workers.

“In a weak labor market, there’s not much of a floor on what employers, or quasi employers, can get away with,” Mr. Baker contends. “It could be a big downward pressure on wages. It’s a bad story.”

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Labor activists say gig enterprises may also end up disempowering workers, degrading their access to fair employment conditions.

“These are not jobs, jobs that have any future, jobs that have the possibility of upgrading; this is contingent, arbitrary work,” says Stanley Aronowitz,director of the Center for the Study of Culture, Technology and Work at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. “It might as well be called wage slavery in which all the cards are held, mediated by technology, by the employer, whether it is the intermediary company or the customer.”"

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Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage

Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage
BeerBergman's insight:

Voilà voilà ce que donne une veille à la réntrée : trop d'information tue l'information. Mais je vous le donne quand-même :-). Extrait.

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"Ces nouveaux services visent à "combler un vide dans l’offre actuelle de transport", explique Snir Kodesh, co-fondateur et directeur général d'Hitch, une start-up qui s'est lancée sur ce marché au début de l'été. Ils offrent un compromis entre les bus municipaux “pas chers mais lents” et les chauffeurs privés et les taxis “rapides mais chers”."

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FredColantonio's curator insight, September 3, 2014 9:30 AM

Le genre de petite phrase qui va plaire…


Ces nouveaux services visent à "combler un vide dans l’offre actuelle de transport", explique Snir Kodesh, co-fondateur et directeur général d'Hitch, une start-up qui s'est lancée sur ce marché au début de l'été. Ils offrent un compromis entre les bus municipaux “pas chers mais lents” et les chauffeurs privés et les taxis “rapides mais chers”.