Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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Decentralization as a mean of empowerment

Decentralization as a mean of empowerment | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
A good thing, however, is that there are more and more actors trying to solve challenges through this process of interchange. Among them is the EU as a global player which recently brought the Collective Awareness Platforms for Sustainability and Social Innovation (CAPS) call into practice. This demonstrates that also government agencies increasingly support processes to create awareness of problems and possible solutions which request collective efforts and enable new forms of social innovation. Distributed knowledge creation and data from real environments is at the center of their interest to empower people.

Also investors move empowerment and decentralization more into focus as a next macro trend. Fred Wilson from Union Square Ventures underlines for example during his talk at Le Web the need to transform bureaucratic hierarchies into technology driven networks. He clearly sees the need to “unbundle” or in other words to decentralize everything that we see tied into today’s’ platforms. The new social dynamic that will result from this process will be more then ever driven by societal empowerment and behavioural learning processes enabled through the interplay of global knowledge and local action – or in one word: decentralization.
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Who invented the World Wide Web and the Internet? » Sociology Lens

Who invented the World Wide Web and the Internet? » Sociology Lens | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Examining their claims to fame is not an attempt to debunk these men’s status: it’s an exercise to show that technology never emerges in isolation. The sociology of technology tells us the invention and development of the Web and the Internet, like all technology, has to be understood within a broader social context that involves networks of people and technology as well as cultural values. I can’t do this statement justice here. By applying this logic to these t-shirts in the picture above I can, however, begin to show the value of the sociology of technology.
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Utilisation possibles des drones : transports et aménagement du territoire

Utilisation possibles des drones : transports et aménagement du territoire | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Alors que nous entendons beaucoup parler de drones ces derniers mois, découvrez leurs usages, notamment dans le domaine des transports.
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Media for Thinking the Unthinkable

BeerBergman's insight:

"Media are thinking tools.

Representations that we use of the system are how we think about it. Representations are how we understand the system and what we understand about it.

Representations are the way we if we want to build powerful new systems, we need powerful new representations".

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the-future-of-work-evidence-report.pdf

BeerBergman's insight:

The future of work in the UK, a February 2014 report

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Waar komt de volkswoede om twee blauwe vinkjes in WhatsApp vandaan? | Media

Waar komt de volkswoede om twee blauwe vinkjes in WhatsApp vandaan?  | Media | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Innovaties bij de belangrijkste sociale netwerken lijken de afgelopen jaren een vaste cyclus te hebben, een nieuwe functionaliteit leidt tot onrust en onvrede bij de gebruikers. Die gebruikers kondigen met veel bombarie hun vertrek aan. Volgens Van Lange komen de boze reactie vooral vanuit een aantasting in het gevoel van autonomie van de gebruikers. 'Een gebrek aan keuzevrijheid is een bron van onvrede. De techniek, waar jij in zekere mate van afhankelijk bent om met je vrienden te communiceren, legt jou iets op. In dit geval dat de ander jou kan controleren en om sneller te reageren.'
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What is “fairness”?

What is “fairness”? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
What happens when technology decides?
BeerBergman's insight:

Another interesting question posed by danah boyd: the ethics of fairness in a tech-mediated world. Excerpt.

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"The market-driven logic of fairness is fundamentally about individuals at the expense of the social fabric. Not surprisingly, the tech industryvery neoliberal in cultural ideologyembraces market-driven fairness as the most desirable form of fairness because it is the model that is most about individual empowerment. But, of course, this form of empowerment is at the expense of others. And, significantly, at the expense of those who have been historically marginalized and ostracized."

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Alain Damasio : « Le HACKER est l’homme cultivé du présent et du futur »

Alain Damasio : « Le HACKER est l’homme cultivé du présent et du futur » | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

Dans son nouveau numéro, sorti en kiosques le 15 juin dernier, Usbek & Rica se demande si, en produisant des mondes futurs prenant la forme de descriptions outrancières du système capitaliste, la science-fiction n’est pas la plus efficace des contre-cultures. À cette occasion, la journaliste Anne de Malleray a rencontré l’écrivain français Alain Damasio pour parler de science-fiction et de contre-pouvoir, de Nietzsche et de transhumanisme, nouvelle religion d’un monde en voie de dévitalisation.


« Le transhumanisme, c’est juste un déficit, un handicap intime. »


« La SF est fondamentalement un art critique. »


« Je n’ai pas de téléphone portable car ça représente à mes yeux une régression psychanalytique majeure. »


« À travers les techniques de contrôle, c’est notre rapport au monde qui se dématérialise. »


« J’attends encore le robot qui va marcher sur une plage de galets sans se casser la gueule… »


« Qui aurait parié un kopek sur le SMS en 1990 ? »



Via Lockall, association concert urbain, Grd Lyon-millenaire3
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Journalists can learn lessons from coders in developing the creative future

Journalists can learn lessons from coders in developing the creative future | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Richard Sambrook: It's about more than learning JavaScript or Python – we need graduates who understand tech if the UK is to stay competitive
BeerBergman's insight:

The day before the official start of Dutch start-up Blendle.nl, a new concept of newspaper reading, the old question of coding or no coding competences for journalists, pops up in The Guardian (present at the start of Blendle in Utrecht, today :-). 

Even if you can say that hard coding competences is not the core activity of journalists, a thorough understanding of what technology is about, seems a non negociable issue to me.

Excerpts.

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"It's about more than data journalism, although that certainly sits at the heart of the issue. New digital platforms and applications offer new means of illustrating and disseminating information – but should technical development simply be the province of technologists or should modern journalists take an active role in shaping these new opportunities?"

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"

ndustry increasingly recognises the need to recruit graduates with both computer science and journalism skills. As online and mobile more clearly become the future of media, recruits are needed who can combine editorial judgment and sensibility with a technical understanding of what's possible. They also require a more entrepreneurial mindset in new graduates who will be developing the digital services on which major media brands will rest in future.

It's a new area of expertise which is opening up – and a major source of creative energy."

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The truth about Facebook’s plan to literally alter reality

The truth about Facebook’s plan to literally alter reality | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Last month, Facebook acquired a company that makes virtual-reality machines — so we took one for a test drive
BeerBergman's insight:

Interesting, very interesting: will Oculus Rift make Frances' Futuroscope look like a "carnival sideshow"? Will we all be able to experience this at home?

Must read. Excerpts.

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“This is really a new communication platform,” Zuckerberg stated in a press release at the time. “By feeling truly present, you can share unbounded spaces and experiences with the people in your life. Imagine sharing not just moments with your friends online, but entire experiences and adventures.”

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Zuckerberg is not alone in wanting to use new technology  – artists are using different modes to bridge the gap between coding and creativity.

As I wound my way through Storyscape, I glimpsed several different attempts by artists to bridge the gap between computer code and creativity, hybridizations of art and technology hoping to key into something human — a piano whose sounds were composed by New Yorkers singing notes, an installation that gave a window into the U.S. immigration system, for example.

And then I found Oculus Rift.

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Virtual reality makes 3-D movies look like a carnival sideshow by comparison.

The most marvelous part was physically experiencing the diversity of the technology.

 

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Design and Ethics: Reflections on Practice | MichaelZimmer.org

Design and Ethics: Reflections on Practice | MichaelZimmer.org | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

This 

BeerBergman's insight:

Not recent, but it seems an interesting book, on an ever important subject: the relationship between design, practice and ethics. 

Excerpt.

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"Approaches to design recognise design as a practice that can transform human experience and understanding, expanding its role beyond stylistic enhancement. The traditional roles of design, designer and designed object are therefore redefined through new understanding of the relationship between the material and immaterial aspects of design where the design product and the design process are embodiments of ideas, values and beliefs."

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Who invented the World Wide Web and the Internet? » Sociology Lens

Who invented the World Wide Web and the Internet? » Sociology Lens | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

"Examining their claims to fame is not an attempt to debunk these men’s status: it’s an exercise to show that technology never emerges in isolation. The sociology of technology tells us the invention and development of the Web and the Internet, like all technology, has to be understood within a broader social context that involves networks of people and technology as well as cultural values. I can’t do this statement justice here. By applying this logic to these t-shirts in the picture above I can, however, begin to show the value of the sociology of technology.

BeerBergman's insight:

Saturday night reading :-).

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Les US Marines aussi auront droit à de la réalité augmentée

Les US Marines aussi auront droit à de la réalité augmentée | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
La réalité augmentée n'a pas pour unique ambition de servir au divertissement, la marché militaire se veut également très intéressé par cette technologie et développe ses propres systèmes.
BeerBergman's insight:

I really thought this was already history - but no, apparently, the US marine is developing augmented reality. 

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Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust

Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Ethics is the issue at the heart of all these technology stories. Or rather a lack of it, and a lack of leadership in ethics. The internet is certainly capable of enormous economic and social good; it is a platform for networking and communicating on an unprecedented scale. But it is just that scale, and facilitating that communication, that presents challenges the world has never had before. The challenge is, uncommonly, a practical, philosophical one for a modern age.
BeerBergman's insight:

"We need a technology philosopher in chief for our age, before the technology runs away with itself."

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The Utopian UI Architect

The Utopian UI Architect | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
An ex-Apple interface designer’s 40-year plan to redesign not just the way we use computers, but the way we think with t…
BeerBergman's insight:

"In other words, Victor practices what he preaches: he doesn’t use computers to build better mousetraps, but to explore and communicate ideas in a way that uniquely exploits the properties and possibilities of a programmable, dynamic, interactive medium."


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Chez Axa, les jeunes geeks initient les patrons à Facebook et Snapchat

Chez Axa, les jeunes geeks initient les patrons à Facebook et Snapchat | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Pour compléter sa mutation technologique, Axa France a mis en place d'étonnantes formations internes. Au programme, "reverse mentoring" et "serious game".

Via Jerome Naif
BeerBergman's insight:

Enfin, enfin... on y arrivera :-).

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Artist Profile: Genevieve Belleveau

Artist Profile: Genevieve Belleveau | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
You've explicitly addressed the selfie culture as a device for self-healing or self-affirmation; what are your thoughts on the female body and the gaze in the age of total [self] surveillance?
BeerBergman's insight:

Los Angeles based artist Genevieve Belleveau works with technology and the self. Here are her thoughts on #selfies (amongst other subjects that you might like). Excerpt.

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"You've explicitly addressed the selfie culture as a device for self-healing or self-affirmation; what are your thoughts on the female body and the gaze in the age of total [self] surveillance?

***

One of my main missions is to de-stigmatize the internet as a narcissistic guilt trip. We all long for affection, and social media can be a wonderful way of meeting people you would not have found in any other way. If someone takes a selfie and you see something in their eyes that you can relate to, it is pure magic; we are examining ourselves refracted through a couple thousand followers, creating an ever more prismatic version of identity. It’s possible that this could dispel a notion of rigid self-identity and begin to vaporize the ego into a collective expression and ethical experience of reality. We are already developing psychic abilities and ways of diminishing the lines that separate you from me. Last night at 5am I was lying in bed and you (Jesse) liked the picture of my cat I had posted to Instagram. There is a lot of information that remains unshared in the process but we were also brought together in the moment and I love that. I live for that ecstatic bliss of beingthat we can achieve if we open our hearts to really loving ourselves and sharing that self-love with one another. I don't think that selfies solve the problem, but I think they can be a step towards self-acceptance that can be further explored as we inevitably thrust onwards in this vision of the future."

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We will see these street signs from the future very soon

We will see these street signs from the future very soon | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

solutSigns From the Near Future—a Tumblr that features photoshopped images that show the upcoming consequences of technology development—has quickly become one of my favorite blogs. Some of the street signs are genius— I have no doubt that we will see them in the very near future.

BeerBergman's insight:

Absolutely fantastic!

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Project for Public Spaces | What is Placemaking?

Project for Public Spaces | What is Placemaking? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
BeerBergman's insight:

My interest about Placemaking for this topic comes from the idea that the bottom up approach has been triggered by the technological revolutions: it is about how people are interacting with their spaces, physical in the realm of Placemaking, but the same counts for digital spaces. What about more co-creation in the digital realm?

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"The concepts behind Placemaking got traction in the 1960s, when visionaries like Jane Jacobs and William H. Whyte (who was Jacobs’ Fortune Magazine editor that got her to write Death and Life of Great American Cities) offered groundbreaking ideas about designing cities that catered to people, not just to cars and shopping centers. Their work focused on the importance of lively neighborhoods and inviting public spaces. Jane Jacobs advocated citizen ownership of streets through the now-famous idea of “eyes on the street.” Holly Whyte emphasized essential elements for creating social life in public spaces."

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Is it possible to build an artificial superintelligence without fully replicating the human brain ?

Is it possible to build an artificial superintelligence without fully replicating the human brain ? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The technological singularity requires the creation of an artificial superintelligence (ASI). But does that ASI need to be modelled on the human brain, or is it even necessary to be able to fully replicate the human brain and consciousness digitally in order to design an ASI ?
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Pourquoi mon peignoir connecté peut-il me rendre meilleur chaque matin ? | Le Cercle Les Echos

BeerBergman's insight:

The article describes the - supposed - influence of a connected object, the peignoir, to enhance everyday life: it describes how the connected peignoir, not only a connected object but also a learning object, changes the habits and helps the user through its actual use of the object, to adjust his habits to its imperatives. An exemple of how human - technologie interactivity will probably shape our actual lives a few years on. 

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Interesting article: from the use of the central notion "better [person]" to the integration of technology in everyday life. As for the first notion, the use of the word "better" (meilleur) in relation to the person : how can an object, connected as it is, make somebody "a better person"? What is a "better person"? What is the opposite of "the better person"?

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The concept of connected items is in the center of attention of researchers, philosophers and sociologists, as well as journalists. The exemple of the connected peignoir is a nice exemple of how technology is supposed to augment our physical lifes. The main question is: how normative is the "embetterment", how effective we want to become and at what cost?

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This type of technology being mostly in the hands of and used by early adopters, its testing takes place on a real life scale, and research is probably using clinical investigation as well as real life observations.

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The outcome may well not be the "better person", and the technology here invoked may probably serve completely other purposes a couple of years from now, but the real life testing of the early adopters and the observations noted in the online press as well as in scientific journals is highly exciting!

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