Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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Americans’ Privacy Strategies Post-Snowden

Americans’ Privacy Strategies Post-Snowden | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

Nearly two years after Snowden's revelations, 87% of Americans say they have heard about U.S. surveillance programs. 

BeerBergman's insight:

For the records. And maybe to debate. Excerpt.

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"Many have not considered or are not aware of some of the more commonly available tools that could make their communications and activities more private

One potential reason some have not changed their behaviors is that 54% believe it would be “somewhat” or “very” difficult to find tools and strategies that would help them be more private online and in using their cell phones. Still, notable numbers of citizens say they have not adopted or even considered some of the more commonly available tools that can be used to make online communications and activities more private:

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The Snowden Effect, Quantified

The Snowden Effect, Quantified | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
39 percent of Germany’s 94 percent awareness figure implies that more than 36 percent of online Germans are taking greater pains to protect their security. Various statistics put German Internet penetration at at least 70 percent (CIA data implies a greater than 80 percent rate, but, again, let’s be conservative). Germany has around 81 million citizens.

So, in a single country, the Snowden effect is that at least 20 million people are trying to be safer and more private online.

I wouldn’t call that small. In fact, that’s pretty damn impressive.
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Nous sommes au bout du modèle fordiste, il faut passer à un modèle contributif - Without Model

Nous sommes au bout du modèle fordiste, il faut passer à un modèle contributif - Without Model | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Bernard Stiegler est philosophe, théoricien de l’évolution des systèmes techniques. Il a découvert les modèles du libre de façon presque accidentelle, en tant que Directeur de l’INA. Initiateur et président du groupe de réflexion philosophique Ars industrialis créé en 2005, il dirige également depuis avril 2006 l’Institut de recherche et d’innovation (IRI) qu’il a créé …
BeerBergman's insight:

Etonnante mélange dystopique et utopique en fait, ce qui peut être du à l'effet "interview". Quand il dit "Sur un autre plan, les designers ont un rôle majeur à jouer. Ils sont appelés à devenir les concepteurs et les accompagnateurs de ces systèmes contributifs. Un fablab ne fonctionne pas seulement grâce à un lieu et des machines, il fonctionne parce qu’il y a une architecture sociale de contribution, c’est un travail de designer.", il semble rester dans une opposition (le mot est peut-être trop fort) entre le matériel et ce que fait l'homme (l'action), mais presque sans intégrer l'homme lui-même (dénudé de ses fonctions) dans ce processus. On a un lieu et un designer, et oh oui ! il y a une architecture sociale

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Mais avec une belle définition : recapacitation - "L’économie contributive est fondée sur la recapacitation : elle augmente la capacité des gens plutôt qu’elle ne la diminue. Ce terme de recapacitation s’inspire de l’approche par les capabilités d’Amartya Sen (une capabilité est un savoir – une savoir vivre, un savoir faire ou un savoir formel – partagé avec d’autres et qui constitue une communauté de savoir, Sen ayant montré que le consumérisme diminue la capabilités)."

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Enfin, je ne suis pas philosophe, et je me rends compte à quel point il est difficile de mettre des mots sur ce type d'idées abstraites .

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via @Stéphane Vial

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Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust

Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Ethics is the issue at the heart of all these technology stories. Or rather a lack of it, and a lack of leadership in ethics. The internet is certainly capable of enormous economic and social good; it is a platform for networking and communicating on an unprecedented scale. But it is just that scale, and facilitating that communication, that presents challenges the world has never had before. The challenge is, uncommonly, a practical, philosophical one for a modern age.
BeerBergman's insight:

"We need a technology philosopher in chief for our age, before the technology runs away with itself."

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Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’

Social Media and the ‘Spiral of Silence’ | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms did not provide new outlets for the discussion of the Snowden-NSA revelations. People who thought their social media friends disagreed with them were less likely to discuss the issues in person and online.
BeerBergman's insight:

Well, the conclusions are very similar to what some of my students reported last year. Interesting study. Excerpt.

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"The survey did not directly explore why people might remain silent if they felt that their opinions were in the minority. The traditional view of the spiral of silence is that people choose not to speak out for fear of isolation. Other Pew Research studies have found that it is common for social media users to be mistaken about their friends’ beliefs and to be surprised once they discover their friends’ actual views via social media. Thus, it might be the case that people do not want to disclose their minority views for fear of disappointing their friends, getting into fruitless arguments, or losing them entirely. Some people may prefer not to share their views on social media because their posts persist and can be found later—perhaps by prospective employers or others with high status. As to why the absence of agreement on social media platforms spills over into a spiral of silence in physical settings, we speculate that social media users may have witnessed those with minority opinions experiencing ostracism, ridicule or bullying online, and that this might increase the perceived risk of opinion sharing in other settings."

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"There are limits to what this snapshot can tell us about how social media use is related to the ways Americans discuss important political issues. This study focuses on one specific public affairs issue that was of interest to most Americans: the Snowden-NSA revelations. It is not an exhaustive review of all public policy issues and the way they are discussed in social media."

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Edward Snowden accuse la NSA d'espionnage industriel

Edward Snowden accuse la NSA d'espionnage industriel | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Dans un entretien télévisé à une chaîne allemande, il affirme que l'agence américaine utilise parfois des informations « qui n'ont rien à voir avec la sécurité nationale » à des fins économiques.
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