Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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Taxis-VTC : les nouvelles règles du jeu

Certes, les VTC vont devoir composer avec de nouvelles contraintes. Les véhicules disponibles ne pourront, par exemple, pas être géolocalisés par le biais d’une application sur smartphone, alors que cela devrait bientôt être le cas pour les taxis. En outre, les chauffeurs relèveront du code des transports, et non plus de celui du tourisme, ce qui les contraindra, pour démarrer, à justifier comme les taxis d’une capacité financière de 1.500 euros par véhicule. De quoi amener Yves Wesselberger, cofondateur de Snapcar, à parler d’une « mauvaise loi, qui introduit des freins artificiels à l’activité. »
BeerBergman's insight:

Affaire à suivre...

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"Certes, les VTC vont devoir composer avec de nouvelles contraintes. Les véhicules disponibles ne pourront, par exemple, pas être géolocalisés par le biais d’une application sur smartphone, alors que cela devrait bientôt être le cas pour les taxis. En outre, les chauffeurs relèveront du code des transports, et non plus de celui du tourisme, ce qui les contraindra, pour démarrer, à justifier comme les taxis d’une capacité financière de 1.500 euros par véhicule. De quoi amener Yves Wesselberger, cofondateur de Snapcar, à parler d’une « mauvaise loi, qui introduit des freins artificiels à l’activité. »

En savoir plus sur http://www.lesechos.fr/industrie-services/tourisme-transport/0203786280178-la-nouvelle-loi-ne-bridera-pas-le-developpement-des-vtc-face-aux-taxis-1044249.php?9mgPCPfq05aLC4ei.99"

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Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage

Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Pourquoi Uber et Lyft lancent la bataille du covoiturage
BeerBergman's insight:

Voilà voilà ce que donne une veille à la réntrée : trop d'information tue l'information. Mais je vous le donne quand-même :-). Extrait.

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"Ces nouveaux services visent à "combler un vide dans l’offre actuelle de transport", explique Snir Kodesh, co-fondateur et directeur général d'Hitch, une start-up qui s'est lancée sur ce marché au début de l'été. Ils offrent un compromis entre les bus municipaux “pas chers mais lents” et les chauffeurs privés et les taxis “rapides mais chers”."

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FredColantonio's curator insight, September 3, 2014 9:30 AM

Le genre de petite phrase qui va plaire…


Ces nouveaux services visent à "combler un vide dans l’offre actuelle de transport", explique Snir Kodesh, co-fondateur et directeur général d'Hitch, une start-up qui s'est lancée sur ce marché au début de l'été. Ils offrent un compromis entre les bus municipaux “pas chers mais lents” et les chauffeurs privés et les taxis “rapides mais chers”.

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Uber’s Secret Agents: When Poaching Becomes Unethical

Uber’s Secret Agents: When Poaching Becomes Unethical | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
How the smartphone-based car service tried to lure drivers from its main competitor.
BeerBergman's insight:

On the verge of ethical behavior: is fighting this way to gain drivers for Uber still acceptable? Read the article, tell me what you think about it!

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"This may ultimately work to the benefit of drivers, as the two services compete to make themselves more attractive to those who provide the labor. But in the meantime, workers at firms may want to take some cues from the intelligence business and trust no one."

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Will Uber Destroy the Driving Profession?

Will Uber Destroy the Driving Profession? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Startups like Uber argue that technology can transform the casual driver into a professional, and they’re destabilizing the taxicab industry.
BeerBergman's insight:

And the story continues. What will our future look like? 

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"The fight between the upstart T.N.C.s and the taxi industry has been pitched in ideological terms: free-market innovation versus old-guard competition-killing regulation. In reality, it’s a labor war, and it has destabilized the core of what it means to be a professional driver.

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As bad as the shift to being independent contractors was for drivers, labor leaders argue that the ascendance of ride-sharing outfits will be even more painful. If the market is flooded with part-timers, few cities will be able to maintain a fleet of trained drivers who can make a living driving cabs. Speaking of the drivers her union represents, Desai said, “If the Ubers of the world are successful, we’ll be reduced to nothing.”

There is now talk within the taxi community of developing mobile applications to compete with the T.N.C.s. Desai sees this as a viable strategy, one that could stitch together the obvious benefits of technology and professionalism. “In cities where ride-share has grown, it’s because professional taxi drivers have switched to the other side,” Desai explained. “The Uber model isn’t sustainable without professional drivers.”

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In the Sharing Economy, Workers Find Both Freedom and Uncertainty

In the Sharing Economy, Workers Find Both Freedom and Uncertainty | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Workers are their own bosses in the so-called sharing economy, but that flexibility also brings much uncertainty — and few of the protections of full-time work.
BeerBergman's insight:

More of the same stuff, but worth a reading. Excerpt.

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"Technology has made online marketplaces possible, creating new opportunities to monetize labor and goods. But some economists say the short-term gig services may erode work compensation in the long term. Mr. Baker, of the Center for Economic and Policy Research, argues that online labor marketplaces are able to drive down costs for consumers by having it both ways: behaving as de facto employers without shouldering the actual cost burdens or liabilities of employing workers.

“In a weak labor market, there’s not much of a floor on what employers, or quasi employers, can get away with,” Mr. Baker contends. “It could be a big downward pressure on wages. It’s a bad story.”

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Labor activists say gig enterprises may also end up disempowering workers, degrading their access to fair employment conditions.

“These are not jobs, jobs that have any future, jobs that have the possibility of upgrading; this is contingent, arbitrary work,” says Stanley Aronowitz,director of the Center for the Study of Culture, Technology and Work at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. “It might as well be called wage slavery in which all the cards are held, mediated by technology, by the employer, whether it is the intermediary company or the customer.”"

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Why Uber must be stopped

Why Uber must be stopped | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The touted start-up is proving to be the embodiment of unrestrained hyper-capitalism. What happens when it wins?
BeerBergman's insight:

Now that a federal judge in Germany prohibited Uber to exercice in their country, the #digiwar as it is called by some, is back on stage. What do we think about its operating ways and how do we relate to labor and rights, is an important question to be addressed. Ecxerpt.

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"So here’s what’s going to happen. Society is going to realize that power as great as Uber’s needs to be checked. Uber, by virtue of its own success, will demonstrate where the lines need to be drawn for the general good. When Uber is the only game in town, the necessity for comprehensive requirements for commercial insurance and background checks will be obvious. When Uber starts using its logistics clout and unlimited investment capital to go after UPS and Hertz and FedEx, regulators will start wondering about antitrust issues.

It’s probably too soon to cry out “Break up Uber.” The company hasn’t won yet. But the smart money is on Uber (by definition, if you consider Google and Goldman Sachs, two prominent Uber investors, to be “smart”). When we allow capitalism to play out without rules, and learn anew how labor gets exploited under that scenario, we may recall why we had rules in the first place.

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From Zipcar to the Sharing Economy

From Zipcar to the Sharing Economy | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
How peer-to-peer marketplaces are "reengineering" consumption.
BeerBergman's insight:

More on sharing economy.... Excerpt.

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"In 2013, corporate America will need to pay very close attention to this new paradigm. The terms “collaborative consumption” and “sharing economy” might seem more reminiscent of flower power than of Gordon Gekko, but the business threats they embody are very real. For companies in a growing number of industries, it’s no longer sufficient if you leverage digital technologies to rationalize and optimize your internal production. If your business relies on a model of consumption that is inefficient for your consumers, chances are that there’s already a new sharing economy marketplace that is looking to streamline it for them."

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The Oversharing Economy

The Oversharing Economy | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Airbnb, Sidecar and their brethren give me the creeps. Just because you're sharing a service, do you have to get so...close?
BeerBergman's insight:

Excellent tale of the unwritten rules of equilibrium: between intimacy and boundaries, sharing economy actors have to learn to balance. Forget oversharing, since it will harm the sharing.

Excerpt.

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"Yet what I appreciated most about HA was her ability to leave me alone. She never waited for me to come home, she never hovered, she never overshared. Let it be known: Hippie Abuela is a master of the sharing economy. She managed to cajole someone with mid-century reservations about mingling commerce and intimacy into something kind of like…. friendship."

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