Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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Digital Ethics – Michel Riguidel, Jacques Bus

Digital Ethics – Michel Riguidel, Jacques Bus | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The user is not in a position to understand deficiencies or dangers of computer systems, because of difficult technicalities, irrelevance to his daily activities and because of lack of transparency of the IT players and software opacity.

Digital ethics operates in a complex world. It seems necessary to develop and implement new formal models of digital ethics, consisting of subjects (individuals, organizations, robots), which enforce an “ethical conscience” (knowledge and behavior) defined by a set of principles that are formulated as rules of conduct (one might think of Isaac Asimov’s axioms for robots).

Computing ubiquity makes it increasingly difficult for national jurisdiction to be applied.
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IMMATCONF-OlivierAuber-FULL%20PAPER.03.pdf

BeerBergman's insight:

"I argue that nothing but the awareness of the people themselves may prevent, at their level, the takeover by some misleading systems or predatory artificial species. If one day, the Global Brain is a reality, it will need a Global Immune System to ensure its viability.

This immune system would involve each of its agents (that is us) to evaluate at all level, at all time, the Legitimacy of all its components. As network agents structured by the Anoptical Perspectives, we are most often in the position of the Selected, leaving them to shape our imagination and our judgments.

On the contrary, by becoming aware of these perspectives and questioning their Legitimacy, we can choose to be in the position of the Selectors of quasi-living species that proliferate on networks.

This Global Immune System would be finally the relevant and proportionate update of our Evolutionarily Stable Strategy. With the help of everyone, that could lead to a new era which could be called Aethogenesis: from a world without ethics to a world with ethics. Finally, that would trigger a new explosion of codes respecting the beings of all species, starting with our own."

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Hawking: AI could end human race

Hawking: AI could end human race | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
"We cannot quite know what will happen if a machine exceeds our own intelligence, so we can't know if we'll be infinitely helped by it, or ignored by it and sidelined, or conceivably destroyed by it," he says.
BeerBergman's insight:

Meanwhile... we focus on less important issues. Let's talk ethics, for example.

#important issues to solve

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Concept: Media Ethics in the Digital Age

Concept: Media Ethics in the Digital Age | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

"As some First Amendment theorists have suggested, there needs to be a balance between freedom of speech and other values.15 As such, there is an ethical imperative to balance the public’s right to know with citizens' right to privacy.  Similarly, it is important to consider the ethical dimensions of public vs. private and quasi-public figures and data and how much access the public and journalists are granted digitally and online. There is a question of legal rights vs. ethical responsibility, and both of these must be placed in the context of corporate drive for profits and commercial exploitation. "

BeerBergman's insight:

Now, is "rescooping", retweeting, publishing on Linkedin and Tumblr ethical ? Interesting questions about ethics and journalism, but beyond the realm of journalism, about the use of information in general.

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We will see these street signs from the future very soon

We will see these street signs from the future very soon | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

solutSigns From the Near Future—a Tumblr that features photoshopped images that show the upcoming consequences of technology development—has quickly become one of my favorite blogs. Some of the street signs are genius— I have no doubt that we will see them in the very near future.

BeerBergman's insight:

Absolutely fantastic!

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The truth about Facebook’s plan to literally alter reality

The truth about Facebook’s plan to literally alter reality | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Last month, Facebook acquired a company that makes virtual-reality machines — so we took one for a test drive
BeerBergman's insight:

Interesting, very interesting: will Oculus Rift make Frances' Futuroscope look like a "carnival sideshow"? Will we all be able to experience this at home?

Must read. Excerpts.

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“This is really a new communication platform,” Zuckerberg stated in a press release at the time. “By feeling truly present, you can share unbounded spaces and experiences with the people in your life. Imagine sharing not just moments with your friends online, but entire experiences and adventures.”

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Zuckerberg is not alone in wanting to use new technology  – artists are using different modes to bridge the gap between coding and creativity.

As I wound my way through Storyscape, I glimpsed several different attempts by artists to bridge the gap between computer code and creativity, hybridizations of art and technology hoping to key into something human — a piano whose sounds were composed by New Yorkers singing notes, an installation that gave a window into the U.S. immigration system, for example.

And then I found Oculus Rift.

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Virtual reality makes 3-D movies look like a carnival sideshow by comparison.

The most marvelous part was physically experiencing the diversity of the technology.

 

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Facebook: Breasts are evil, beheadings aren't.

Facebook: Breasts are evil, beheadings aren't. | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
What's going to scar you more — seeing a woman's breast or seeing someone butchered before your eyes?
BeerBergman's insight:

Social media are redefining the rules. What is appropriate and what is not? How can we stay out of the echo chamber, and stay critical of what is shown to us and what is hidden? 

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Le problème de la voiture autonome, c'est qu'elle respecte le Code de la route - L'Express L'Expansion

Le problème de la voiture autonome, c'est qu'elle respecte le Code de la route - L'Express L'Expansion | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

Une Google Car a récemment été impliquée dans un accident car elle a fait preuve d'un zèle que n'aurait peut-être pas montré un humain. Son respect à la lettre du Code de la route la met parfois dans des situations délicates.


Via 15marches
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Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust

Tech companies and social networks need an ethics body to rebuild trust | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Ethics is the issue at the heart of all these technology stories. Or rather a lack of it, and a lack of leadership in ethics. The internet is certainly capable of enormous economic and social good; it is a platform for networking and communicating on an unprecedented scale. But it is just that scale, and facilitating that communication, that presents challenges the world has never had before. The challenge is, uncommonly, a practical, philosophical one for a modern age.
BeerBergman's insight:

"We need a technology philosopher in chief for our age, before the technology runs away with itself."

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9780262513630_Young_People_Ethics_and_New_Digital_Media.pdf

BeerBergman's insight:

Full book online!

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What is “fairness”?

What is “fairness”? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
What happens when technology decides?
BeerBergman's insight:

Another interesting question posed by danah boyd: the ethics of fairness in a tech-mediated world. Excerpt.

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"The market-driven logic of fairness is fundamentally about individuals at the expense of the social fabric. Not surprisingly, the tech industryvery neoliberal in cultural ideologyembraces market-driven fairness as the most desirable form of fairness because it is the model that is most about individual empowerment. But, of course, this form of empowerment is at the expense of others. And, significantly, at the expense of those who have been historically marginalized and ostracized."

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How One Woman Hid Her Pregnancy From Big Data

How One Woman Hid Her Pregnancy From Big Data | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

w that A Princeton University professor tried to hide her pregnancy from targeted online advertising for the past nine months. It wasn't easy.

BeerBergman's insight:

It has become mainstream within certain communities not to deliver any personal data that can be used for commercial activities, and that alone raises important questions for me.

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Whereas I can understand that people don't want their whole life rendered visible online, the point of not being approached for commercial benefits by a third party at all, seems to me a bit over the top.

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That is to say: interesting exercice, but what does it say? You don't want other to propose their services to you? You don't feel comfortable or are not sure you can refuse the proposal? You are overwhelmed with everything others propose to you and zapping is not an option? If not, what else, besides the exercice? 
Also, you rarely hear these sounds from entrepreneurs, or from people gaining their money in businesses: frequently, it is the socially accepted habit of people in the service industry or of those in a scientific environment. 

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Perhaps the most important question it raises is: how does the fact that other people possess information about you change the image you have of yourself, image others have of yourself and thus change you as a person? 

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Design and Ethics: Reflections on Practice | MichaelZimmer.org

Design and Ethics: Reflections on Practice | MichaelZimmer.org | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it

This 

BeerBergman's insight:

Not recent, but it seems an interesting book, on an ever important subject: the relationship between design, practice and ethics. 

Excerpt.

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"Approaches to design recognise design as a practice that can transform human experience and understanding, expanding its role beyond stylistic enhancement. The traditional roles of design, designer and designed object are therefore redefined through new understanding of the relationship between the material and immaterial aspects of design where the design product and the design process are embodiments of ideas, values and beliefs."

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