Web 2.0 et société
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Web 2.0 et société
La société en mouvement « 2.0 » : quels enjeux, quelles opportunités, quel avenir ?
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With Ukraine in crisis, Russia and America try a new diplomatic tactic: online trolling

With Ukraine in crisis, Russia and America try a new diplomatic tactic: online trolling | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Tweets and blogs to push the message.
BeerBergman's insight:

Internet, politics, spinning and trolling seem inevitably connected, with the Ukraine as the latest hotspot. Interesting article with a funny comic (meme) about Cameron at the end. Excerpt.

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"Ignoring questions of taste, the drawback of using online media like this is that, in the end, you're mostly just performing for a home audience, and what little effect you have on your rival might best be described in Internet language as "trolling.""

Even worse, however, is the possibility that you wind up trolling yourself. For an example of that, look to David Cameron, the prime minister of the United Kingdom and now an Internet meme:

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Avaaz: can online campaigning reinvent politics?

Avaaz: can online campaigning reinvent politics? | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
The petitioning group Avaaz is polling its 17 million members to redefine its priorities as part of a huge exercise in global democracy. But does its brand of online activism actually work?
BeerBergman's insight:

Excellent article on the future of politics and democracy, through an investigation on the benefits and draw backs of online petition platforms, like Avaaz. A must read, here are some excerpts.

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"But with scale comes challenges: what have the groups actually achieved? Who's really in charge – the paid staff or the diffuse member base? And now governments are starting to take digital democracy seriously – with official petition sites, open policymaking and more – what's the point in the long term?

Avaaz began its annual consultation with half a million emails sent last Thursday, imploring its members – those who have signed previous petitions, or participated in other actions – to answer an extensive poll on what should be done in 2013. The resulting ballot is perhaps one of the biggest exercises in direct democracy ever undertaken: across millions of members, 14 languages, over a hundred countries."
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""I think the clicktivism debate is just silly. I don't think anyone doubts that iTunes has changed music, or eBay has changed commerce. No one calls that clicktivism," she says. "No one calls Gandhi a 'walkavist', or Rosa Parks a 'sitavist'. The internet is really just the place where this change is happening. Think local, act local, think national, act national, think global, act global – I think that's what Avaaz provides."
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"... has a somewhat damning verdict on the effectiveness of petitions. "They are definitely the junk food of democracy – they make you feel good for the moment but they don't necessarily move things forward," he says. "Like with everything, the easier it is for people in a power position to discredit what you're doing as just the usual suspects, or just people signing a petition, then it will be discredited."

Zacharzewski supports the idea of more interventionist, participatory democracy, but advocates more subtle interventions, online and offline: gathering "juries" of citizens to discuss in detail specific issues, or opening up policy-making beyond traditional lobbies and civil servants."
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"And in all probability, says Zacharzewski, the losers will be the political parties, as people focus directly on each individual issue they support rather than signing up to the bundle of compromises that makes up a traditional party manifesto."
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""I think parties have a huge structural problem," he says. "One of my trustees says the parties are dead and not coming back. I think that's a bit strong, but I think the concept of the party as a vehicle for mass compromise is foundering on the fact that people aren't willing to put up with mass compromise any more."

 

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Anonymous in Context: The Politics and Power behind the Mask

BeerBergman's insight:

"This paper, the third in the Internet Governance Paper Series, examines the intersecting elements that contribute to Anonymous’ contemporary geopolitical power: its ability to land media attention, its bold and recognizable aesthetics, its participatory openness, the misinformation that surrounds it and, in particular, its unpredictability."

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What If the Feature Is the Bug? — The Message — Medium

What If the Feature Is the Bug? — The Message — Medium | Web 2.0 et société | Scoop.it
Turkey’s election night was a strange one. Many questions swirled around the process, coalescing into an uproar — and then a citizen-led…
BeerBergman's insight:

On social media and Democracy 2.0 issues : interesting article. Excerpts.

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"But I write not in praise of new media, but to ask a question: What if the new power that social media gives ordinary citizens is also part of the new problem? What if the very abilities of social media —ad-hoc but powerful capacity for organizing and logistics— lead to shortcomings which then hobble movements, at least in the short to medium term?

What if the positive capacity we celebrate is actually the problem we are lamenting?

What if, as the technologists themselves say, the feature is the bug?

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But who, if anyone, is going to fix the failing institutions that continue to have an enormous impact on the everyday lives of everyone, regardless of their opinions about how corrupt, unpopular or even illegitimate these institutions are? Especially given how tedious, tiring, unexciting organization-building can be, compared with humorous, energized, adrenaline-filled efforts such as protests and occupations?

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New media certainly enables even the coalitions of ordinary citizens to realize impressive logistics. I am amazed at the energy and creativity I’ve witnessed in country after country, as citizens organize everything from election monitoring to disaster aid. They do not lack in numbers, talent or creativity, and they have an impressive array of new tools. It’s not that the protesters are shying away from sacrifice or hard work, and it’s not that they are preferring online over offline—the Gezi Park protest thoroughly mixed online and offline, as had Occupy Wall Street.

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And yet, these new movements keep failing to mount a successful — or even credible — electoral challenge, and they have not yet found a way to impact institutions which hold great sway and influence over our lives.

What if the feature is the bug?"

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The Battle for Power on the Internet: Bruce Schneier at TEDxCambridge 2013

Bruce Schneier gives us a glimpse of the future of the internet, and shares some of the context we should keep in mind, and the insights we need to understan...
BeerBergman's insight:

"Who will win, the quick or the strong?" - INteresting TEDtalk by Bruce Schneier on the future of the Internet, and society. "We will have to balance the differences in power", and although that is true for any imbalanced power, it sounds right in this context.

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